How 2011 Census data can help you & It’s easier than you think 2011 Census Benefits Realisation Team Email: [email protected] Nothing quite like it: Census history • A count (estimate) of the whole population • Every town, every village, every street • Every 10 years since 1801 (except 1941) • Essential for planning public services • The last census was March 2011 and had a 94% national response rate BIG THANK YOU • You helped to make this a better census during the census operations in 2011 • Over 6,000 completion & awareness events • You promoted the 2011 Census AND NOW How the Census can help you • Improved segmentation and targeting at national and local level, e.g. support for the elderly • For charities to understand local communities they are working in - demographics, ethnicity, languages, household structures, education etc. • Census statistics are used as evidence to inform public debate, research and policy • Evidence-based argument to support funding applications/grants • Planning campaigns and fund raising • Evidence-based evaluations What is great about the Census Nationally consistent insights for small areas and population groups • Population & housing unit counts • Family structures • Detailed characteristics • Denominators of non-census statistics • Survey sampling frames Free-of-charge for standard tables Who we are. How we live. What we do. What respondents to the census told us about society in 2011 Our population • England and Wales population 56.1 million on 27 March 2011 • Population grew by 3.7 million (7.1 per cent) since 2001 • Increased numbers in their 20s and increased number of young children • More over 65s • One in six aged 65 or over • 430,000 people aged 90 or over Understanding our ageing population • Improved segmentation and targeting at national and local level • Regional ageing trends to consider Usual residents aged 65 and over by local authority in 2001 Usual residents aged 65 and over by local authority in 2011 Useful tools to help you • Population pyramids to analyse and compare age/sex structures • Interactive maps, e.g. lone person household by percentage of 65s More diverse population since 2001: More people born abroad • 7.5 million people were born abroad, 2.9 million more than 2001 • Half of those born abroad arrived since 2001 • 95 per cent were aged under 45 when they arrived • In London, 1 person in 3 was born abroad compared with North East where 1 in 20 was born abroad Top 10 countries of birth outside of the UK 2001 2011 Thousands Thousands Two most common foreign countries of birth • Local authorities with highest percentage of people born in India: •Leicester (11.3%) •Hounslow (10.7%) •Brent (9.2%) •Harrow (9.0%) •Newham (8.7%) • Local authorities with highest percentage of people born in Poland: •Ealing (6.4%) •Slough (5.9%) •Boston (4.6%) •Haringey (4.3%) •Hounslow (4.1%) Languages • 92 per cent of usual residents aged three and over reported English as their main language • Of the remaining 8 per cent (4.2 million) • 79 per cent could speak English very well or well • 17 per cent could not speak English well • 138,000 usual residents aged three years and over could not speak English at all • 22,000 usual residents used sign language; 70 per cent of these used British Sign Language as their main language Main languages other than English Thousands, per cent Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 27 40 Main language English or Welsh Polish Panjabi Urdu Bengali (with Sylheti and Chatgaya) Gujarati Arabic French All other Chinese Portuguese Spanish Tamil Turkish Italian Somali Lithuanian German Persian/Farsi Tagalog/Filipino Romanian Cantonese Chinese Mandarin Chinese Number Per cent 49,808 92.30 546 1.01 273 0.51 269 0.50 221 0.41 213 0.39 159 0.30 147 0.27 141 0.26 134 0.25 120 0.22 101 0.19 99 0.18 92 0.17 86 0.16 86 0.16 77 0.14 76 0.14 70 0.13 68 0.13 44 0.08 22 0.04 Local Authority where Percentage of percentage is largest region Redcar and Cleveland 99.3 Ealing 6.3 Slough 6.2 Slough 5.0 Tower Hamlets 18.0 Leicester 11.5 Westminster 5.7 Kensington and Chelsea 4.9 Cambridge 1.6 Lambeth 3.4 Kensington and Chelsea 2.7 Harrow 3.6 Enfield 6.2 Kensington and Chelsea 2.4 Brent 2.0 Boston 2.8 Kensington and Chelsea 1.4 Barnet 2.0 Kensington and Chelsea 0.9 Harrow 2.0 Manchester 0.4 Manchester 0.2 Main language not English • London had the highest percentage (22 per cent) of people who reported that English was not their main language • The North East had the lowest percentage (3 per cent) Religious affiliation Percentage of people by religion, 2001 and 2011 12 percentage point decrease 2 percentage point increase 10 percentage point increase Number of people by religion, 2001, 2011 and difference between 2001 and 2011 (thousands) Religion Christian 2001 2011 Difference 37,338 33,243 -4,095 Buddhist 144 248 103 Hindu 552 817 264 Jewish 260 263 3 Muslim 1,547 2,706 1,159 329 423 94 7,709 14,097 6,388 Sikh No religion Ethnicity Number of people by ethnic group, 2001, 2011 and difference between 2001 and 2011 (thousands) Broad ethnic group White - British White - other Mixed/multiple ethnic groups Asian/Asian British Black/African/Caribbean/Black British Other ethnic group 2001 2011 Difference 45,534 45,135 - 399 1,987 3,075 1,088 661 1,224 563 2,501 4,214 1,713 1,140 1,865 725 220 564 344 Growing ethnic diversity 2001 2011 Percentage of people who have Asian, Black, mixed, other white, other ethnicity Median age for different ethnic groups Ethnic group: Median age All usual residents England and Wales, 2011 Mixed/multiple ethnic groups: White and Black Af rican Mixed/multiple ethnic groups: White and Asian Mixed/multiple ethnic groups: White and Black Caribbean Mixed/multiple ethnic groups: Other Mixed Black/Black British: Other Black 16 17 18 20 23 Asian/Asian British: Bangladeshi 24 Asian/Asian British: Pakistani 25 White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 26 Other ethnic group: Arab 27 Asian/Asian British: Chinese 28 Black/Black British: Af rican 28 White: Other White 31 Asian/Asian British: Other Asian 31 Other ethnic group: Any other ethnic group 31 Asian/Asian British: Indian 32 Black/Black British: Caribbean 40 White: British 42 White: Irish 53 Usual resident population 39 Median age (years) Useful tools to help you • Census statistics can help charities to understand local communities they are working in, e.g. demographics, ethnicity, languages etc • Census analysis and videos for various topic areas, e.g. languages, ethnicity and religion etc Percentage of households by type Tenure • 15 per cent of households in privately rented accommodation, nine per cent in 2001 • More people were renting from private landlords in 2011 than renting from the council. Percentage of households by tenure, 2001 and 2011 Useful tools to help you • Many charities interested in household & family structures • Analyses and comparison tools available to support data, e.g. lone parents 2001 v 2011 General health • 81 per cent of usual residents reported their general health as ‘Very good’ or ‘Good’ • England: 81 per cent • Wales: 78 per cent • Regionally this ranged from 77 per cent in the North East to 84 per cent in London London North East Limiting long-term illness • 18 per cent of usual residents were limited in their daily activities in 2011 • Regionally this ranged from 14 per cent in London to 23 per cent in Wales Gender inequality in unpaid care • 5.8 million unpaid carers in England and Wales • Over 2 million people provided over 20 hours of unpaid care week • 58% of unpaid carers are female; 42% are male Age 0-24 2% 3% Age 25-49 Each figure represents 1% 8% 13% 17% Age 50-64 24% Health of unpaid carers 50 Per cent (not good health) 45 No unpaid care 1 to 19 hours unpaid care 40 20 to 49 hours unpaid care 35 50 hours or more unpaid care 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 to 24 25 to 49 Age group 50 to 64 Full-time workers providing 50+ hours per week unpaid care Between 2001 and 2011: • the number of men has increased from 108,000 to 126,000 (17% increase) • the number of women has increased from 63,000 to 88,000 (39% increase) 2.5 times more likely to report not good health than those working fulltime and providing no unpaid care 2011 Census statistics helping you • Census statistics are used as evidence to inform public debate, research and policy • Recent example: Unpaid Care, May 2013 • The Children’s Society report ‘Hidden from view: The experience of young carers in England’ Qualifications in 2011 • 27 per cent of those aged 16 or over had a degree or higher qualification • This was larger than the 23 per cent who had no qualifications; different across regions Getting census statistics is easy & free of charge for standard tables Visit www.ons.gov.uk/census OR Census Customer Services - to help you find and interpret data Tel: 01329 444972 Email: [email protected] Everything about the Census • Dedicated Census web pages on ONS website • Links to: • Data tables • Statistical bulletins • Data visualisations • Analysis • Videos • Census prospectus We would love to hear from you how you use 2011 Census data 2011 Census Benefits Realisation Team Email: [email protected] 2011 Census case studies • Want to hear from you how you use 2011 Census data and what impact it makes • Want to showcase the work you do with census data – case studies of census uses will be on our ONS website • Important for our census evaluation and case studies will feel feed into Beyond 2011 • Happy to help you with your case studies – what is the best way to communicate with you? • Here to help – email the Census Benefits Realisation Team Practical guide: What is available and how to access the 2011 Census data 2011 Census release timetable Four release stages: R1 R2 R3 Age, sex and occupied household numbers, info on 2nd addresses by age, sex, & type of second address (Jul 12-Nov 12) Key & Quick statistics (Dec 12 – Mar 13) Detailed Characteristics, Theme & Armed forces (May 13 – Jul 13) R4 Local characteristics (Jul 13 – Oct 13) Following these four stages – specialist products such as flow data, microdata & alternative population databases (Nov 13 onwards) Types of 2011 Census data available • Univariate tables - simple tables that provide estimates with only one variable (e.g. population of UK by single year of age) Releases 1 & 2 • Multivariate – more complex tables that provide estimates with two or more variables (e.g. population of UK by single year of age that have more than 2 ‘A’ levels) Releases 3 & 4 Chargeable non-standard tables Commissioned table service for those that have needs not covered by our standard table provision: • Univariate commissioned tables requests can be made now • Multivariate commissioned table request will taken in October 2013 All requests for commissioned tables should be made to Census Customer Services at: [email protected] (A charge will be made for all commissioned tables) Important census definitions • Usual residents - in the UK and have stayed or intends to stay in the UK for a period of 12 months or more, or; have a permanent UK address and is outside the UK and intends to be outside the UK for less than 12 months. • Short term resident - anyone born outside the UK who has stayed or intends to stay in the UK for a period of three months or more but less than 12 months. • Household - one person living alone; or • a group of people (not necessarily related) living at the same address who share cooking facilities and share a living room or sitting room or dining area. • Dwelling – a unit of accommodation which may comprise one or more household spaces (the accommodation used or available for use by an individual household). A dwelling may be classified as shared or unshared. A dwelling is shared if: • the household spaces it contains have the accommodation type ‘part of a converted or shared house’, • not all of the rooms (including kitchen, bathroom and toilet, if any) are behind a door that only that household can use, and • there is at least one other such household space at the same address with which it can be combined to form the shared dwelling. A full glossary of 2011 Census terms can be downloaded from: www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/census/2011/census-data/2011-census-data/2011-firstrelease/2011-census-definitions/2011-census-glossary.pdf Where to find census data • The ONS census website www.ons.gov.uk/census • More detailed data on two other websites; both link from ONS census website 1) The NeSS website www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/ 2) The NOMIS website www.nomisweb.co.uk/ ONS Census NeSS NOMIS What tools are available to help #1 • Key Statistics Interface • Available at: www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/census/2011/census-data/2001-2011-census-comparator-tool.zip What tools are available to help #2 • Search tables by topics 2011 Census Index of Tables and Topics - Search by table number or topics Select table number Or search by topic: _None selected_ Add a second topic: _None selected_ Add a third topic: _None selected_ For details and data links: _None selected_ 1. Search for these topics Then select an item from the tables matching your topics, and click to view details: Tables matching your selected topics 2. View table details Cycle through details of every available table: View next table Clear topics & results Reset table search For help with understanding census statistics, check out: 2011 Census User Guide • Available at www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/census/2011/census-data/2011census-data-catalogue/2011-census-index-of-tables-and-topics.zip Presentation of data • Both NeSS and NOMIS provide mapping and charting tools • All census data is available for download in .xls and .csv format. • Graphics for presentation can be done using standard charting tools such as Excel.