How 2011 Census data can help you
&
It’s easier than you think
2011 Census Benefits Realisation Team
Email: [email protected]
Nothing quite like it: Census history
• A count (estimate) of the whole population
• Every town, every village, every street
• Every 10 years since 1801 (except 1941)
• Essential for planning public services
• The last census was March 2011 and had
a 94% national response rate
BIG THANK YOU
• You helped to make this a better census during the
census operations in 2011
• Over 6,000 completion & awareness events
• You promoted the 2011 Census
AND NOW
How the Census can help you
• Improved segmentation and targeting at national
and local level, e.g. support for the elderly
• For charities to understand local communities
they are working in - demographics, ethnicity,
languages, household structures, education etc.
• Census statistics are used as evidence to inform
public debate, research and policy
• Evidence-based argument to support funding
applications/grants
• Planning campaigns and fund raising
• Evidence-based evaluations
What is great about the Census
Nationally consistent insights for
small areas and population groups
• Population & housing unit counts
• Family structures
• Detailed characteristics
• Denominators of non-census statistics
• Survey sampling frames
Free-of-charge for standard
tables
Who we are. How we live. What we do.
What respondents to the census told us about society in 2011
Our population
• England and Wales population 56.1 million on
27 March 2011
• Population grew by 3.7 million (7.1 per cent)
since 2001
• Increased numbers in their 20s and increased
number of young children
• More over 65s
• One in six aged 65 or over
• 430,000 people aged 90 or over
Understanding our ageing population
• Improved segmentation and targeting at national
and local level
• Regional ageing trends to consider
Usual residents aged 65 and
over by local authority in 2001
Usual residents aged 65 and
over by local authority in 2011
Useful tools to help you
• Population pyramids to analyse and compare
age/sex structures
• Interactive maps, e.g. lone person household by
percentage of 65s
More diverse population since 2001:
More people born abroad
• 7.5 million people were born abroad, 2.9 million
more than 2001
• Half of those born abroad arrived since 2001
• 95 per cent were aged under 45 when they
arrived
• In London, 1 person in 3 was born abroad
compared with North East where 1 in 20 was
born abroad
Top 10 countries of birth outside of the UK
2001
2011
Thousands
Thousands
Two most common foreign countries of birth
• Local authorities with
highest percentage
of people born in
India:
•Leicester (11.3%)
•Hounslow (10.7%)
•Brent (9.2%)
•Harrow (9.0%)
•Newham (8.7%)
• Local authorities with
highest percentage of
people born in
Poland:
•Ealing (6.4%)
•Slough (5.9%)
•Boston (4.6%)
•Haringey (4.3%)
•Hounslow (4.1%)
Languages
• 92 per cent of usual residents aged three and
over reported English as their main language
• Of the remaining 8 per cent (4.2 million)
• 79 per cent could speak English very well or well
• 17 per cent could not speak English well
• 138,000 usual residents aged three years and
over could not speak English at all
• 22,000 usual residents used sign language;
70 per cent of these used British Sign
Language as their main language
Main languages other than English
Thousands, per cent
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
27
40
Main language
English or Welsh
Polish
Panjabi
Urdu
Bengali (with Sylheti and Chatgaya)
Gujarati
Arabic
French
All other Chinese
Portuguese
Spanish
Tamil
Turkish
Italian
Somali
Lithuanian
German
Persian/Farsi
Tagalog/Filipino
Romanian
Cantonese Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
Number Per cent
49,808
92.30
546
1.01
273
0.51
269
0.50
221
0.41
213
0.39
159
0.30
147
0.27
141
0.26
134
0.25
120
0.22
101
0.19
99
0.18
92
0.17
86
0.16
86
0.16
77
0.14
76
0.14
70
0.13
68
0.13
44
0.08
22
0.04
Local Authority where
Percentage of
percentage is largest
region
Redcar and Cleveland
99.3
Ealing
6.3
Slough
6.2
Slough
5.0
Tower Hamlets
18.0
Leicester
11.5
Westminster
5.7
Kensington and Chelsea
4.9
Cambridge
1.6
Lambeth
3.4
Kensington and Chelsea
2.7
Harrow
3.6
Enfield
6.2
Kensington and Chelsea
2.4
Brent
2.0
Boston
2.8
Kensington and Chelsea
1.4
Barnet
2.0
Kensington and Chelsea
0.9
Harrow
2.0
Manchester
0.4
Manchester
0.2
Main language not English
• London had the
highest percentage
(22 per cent) of
people who reported
that English was not
their main language
• The North East had
the lowest percentage
(3 per cent)
Religious affiliation
Percentage of people by religion,
2001 and 2011
12 percentage
point decrease
2 percentage point
increase
10 percentage
point increase
Number of people by religion, 2001,
2011 and difference between 2001
and 2011 (thousands)
Religion
Christian
2001
2011 Difference
37,338 33,243
-4,095
Buddhist
144
248
103
Hindu
552
817
264
Jewish
260
263
3
Muslim
1,547
2,706
1,159
329
423
94
7,709 14,097
6,388
Sikh
No religion
Ethnicity
Number of people by ethnic group, 2001, 2011 and difference between 2001
and 2011 (thousands)
Broad ethnic group
White - British
White - other
Mixed/multiple ethnic groups
Asian/Asian British
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
Other ethnic group
2001
2011 Difference
45,534
45,135
-
399
1,987
3,075
1,088
661
1,224
563
2,501
4,214
1,713
1,140
1,865
725
220
564
344
Growing ethnic diversity
2001
2011
Percentage of people who have Asian, Black, mixed, other white, other ethnicity
Median age for different ethnic groups
Ethnic group: Median age
All usual residents
England and Wales, 2011
Mixed/multiple ethnic groups: White and Black Af rican
Mixed/multiple ethnic groups: White and Asian
Mixed/multiple ethnic groups: White and Black Caribbean
Mixed/multiple ethnic groups: Other Mixed
Black/Black British: Other Black
16
17
18
20
23
Asian/Asian British: Bangladeshi
24
Asian/Asian British: Pakistani
25
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller
26
Other ethnic group: Arab
27
Asian/Asian British: Chinese
28
Black/Black British: Af rican
28
White: Other White
31
Asian/Asian British: Other Asian
31
Other ethnic group: Any other ethnic group
31
Asian/Asian British: Indian
32
Black/Black British: Caribbean
40
White: British
42
White: Irish
53
Usual resident population
39
Median age (years)
Useful tools to help you
• Census statistics can help charities to
understand local communities they are
working in, e.g. demographics, ethnicity,
languages etc
• Census analysis and videos for various
topic areas, e.g. languages, ethnicity and
religion etc
Percentage of households by type
Tenure
• 15 per cent of
households in privately
rented accommodation,
nine per cent in 2001
• More people were
renting from private
landlords in 2011 than
renting from the
council.
Percentage of households by
tenure, 2001 and 2011
Useful tools to help you
• Many charities interested in household
& family structures
• Analyses and comparison tools
available to support data, e.g. lone
parents 2001 v 2011
General health
• 81 per cent of usual
residents reported their
general health as ‘Very
good’ or ‘Good’
• England: 81 per cent
• Wales: 78 per cent
• Regionally this ranged
from 77 per cent in the
North East to 84 per
cent in London
London
North East
Limiting long-term illness
• 18 per cent of usual
residents were limited in
their daily activities in 2011
• Regionally this ranged
from 14 per cent in London
to 23 per cent in Wales
Gender inequality in unpaid care
• 5.8 million unpaid carers in England and Wales
• Over 2 million people provided over 20 hours of unpaid care week
• 58% of unpaid carers are female; 42% are male
Age 0-24
2%
3%
Age 25-49
Each figure represents
1%
8%
13%
17%
Age 50-64
24%
Health of unpaid carers
50
Per cent (not
good health)
45
No unpaid care
1 to 19 hours unpaid care
40
20 to 49 hours unpaid care
35
50 hours or more unpaid care
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0 to 24
25 to 49
Age group
50 to 64
Full-time workers providing 50+
hours per week unpaid care
Between 2001 and 2011:
• the number of men has increased from
108,000 to 126,000 (17% increase)
• the number of women has increased from
63,000 to 88,000 (39% increase)
2.5 times more likely to report not
good health than those working fulltime and providing no unpaid care
2011 Census statistics helping you
• Census statistics are used as evidence to inform
public debate, research and policy
• Recent example: Unpaid Care, May 2013
• The Children’s Society report ‘Hidden from view: The
experience of young carers in England’
Qualifications in 2011
• 27 per cent of those aged 16 or over had a
degree or higher qualification
• This was larger than the 23 per cent who had no
qualifications; different across regions
Getting census statistics is easy
& free of charge for standard tables
Visit www.ons.gov.uk/census
OR
Census Customer Services - to help you find and interpret data
Tel: 01329 444972
Email: [email protected]
Everything about the Census
• Dedicated Census
web pages on ONS
website
• Links to:
• Data tables
• Statistical bulletins
• Data visualisations
• Analysis
• Videos
• Census prospectus
We would love to hear from you
how you use 2011 Census data
2011 Census Benefits Realisation Team
Email: [email protected]
2011 Census case studies
• Want to hear from you how you use 2011
Census data and what impact it makes
• Want to showcase the work you do with census
data – case studies of census uses will be on
our ONS website
• Important for our census evaluation and case
studies will feel feed into Beyond 2011
• Happy to help you with your case studies –
what is the best way to communicate with you?
• Here to help – email the Census Benefits
Realisation Team
Practical guide:
What is available and how to access the
2011 Census data
2011 Census release timetable
Four release stages:
R1
R2
R3
Age, sex and occupied household numbers, info on
2nd addresses by age, sex, & type of second
address (Jul 12-Nov 12)
Key & Quick statistics (Dec 12 – Mar 13)
Detailed Characteristics, Theme & Armed forces
(May 13 – Jul 13)
R4
Local characteristics (Jul 13 – Oct 13)
Following these four stages – specialist products such as
flow data, microdata & alternative population databases
(Nov 13 onwards)
Types of 2011 Census data available
• Univariate tables - simple tables that provide
estimates with only one variable (e.g.
population of UK by single year of age)
Releases 1 & 2
• Multivariate – more complex tables that
provide estimates with two or more variables
(e.g. population of UK by single year of age
that have more than 2 ‘A’ levels)
Releases 3 & 4
Chargeable non-standard tables
Commissioned table service for those that have
needs not covered by our standard table provision:
• Univariate commissioned tables requests can be
made now
• Multivariate commissioned table request will
taken in October 2013
All requests for commissioned tables should be
made to Census Customer Services at:
[email protected]
(A charge will be made for all commissioned tables)
Important census definitions
•
Usual residents - in the UK and have stayed or intends to stay in the UK
for a period of 12 months or more, or;
have a permanent UK address and is outside the UK and intends to be
outside the UK for less than 12 months.
•
Short term resident - anyone born outside the UK who has stayed or
intends to stay in the UK for a period of three months or more but less than
12 months.
•
Household - one person living alone; or • a group of people (not
necessarily related) living at the same address who share cooking facilities
and share a living room or sitting room or dining area.
•
Dwelling – a unit of accommodation which may comprise one or more
household spaces (the accommodation used or available for use by an
individual household).
A dwelling may be classified as shared or unshared. A dwelling is shared if:
• the household spaces it contains have the accommodation type ‘part of a
converted or shared house’,
• not all of the rooms (including kitchen, bathroom and toilet, if any) are behind
a door that only that household can use, and
• there is at least one other such household space at the same address with
which it can be combined to form the shared dwelling.
A full glossary of 2011 Census terms can be downloaded from:
www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/census/2011/census-data/2011-census-data/2011-firstrelease/2011-census-definitions/2011-census-glossary.pdf
Where to find census data
• The ONS census website www.ons.gov.uk/census
• More detailed data on two other websites; both link
from ONS census website
1) The NeSS website www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/
2) The NOMIS website www.nomisweb.co.uk/
ONS Census
NeSS
NOMIS
What tools are available to help #1
• Key Statistics Interface
• Available at:
www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/census/2011/census-data/2001-2011-census-comparator-tool.zip
What tools are available to help #2
• Search tables by topics
2011 Census Index of Tables and Topics - Search by table number or topics
Select table number
Or search by topic:
_None selected_
Add a second topic:
_None selected_
Add a third topic:
_None selected_
For details and data links:
_None selected_
1. Search for these
topics
Then select an item from
the tables matching your
topics, and click to view
details:
Tables matching your selected topics
2. View table details
Cycle through details of
every available table:
View next table
Clear topics & results
Reset table search
For help with understanding census statistics, check out:
2011 Census User Guide
• Available at
www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/census/2011/census-data/2011census-data-catalogue/2011-census-index-of-tables-and-topics.zip
Presentation of data
• Both NeSS and NOMIS provide mapping and
charting tools
• All census data is available for download in
.xls and .csv format.
• Graphics for presentation can be done using
standard charting tools such as Excel.
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