Illegal Immigration: Pro or
Con for America?
Group Members: Alex Cull, Matt
Kingsbury, Mike Sorgi, Huy Tran
Did you know…
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Between 1891 and 1920: America
received 18 million immigrants
2002: 4 million illegal immigrants
Info taken
from the
American
Resistance
Question
Should the Untied States take stronger
action upon Illegal Immigration? Why or
why not?
Picture taken from MSNBC
Illegal Immigration
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The act of entering
any country or
territory unlawfully
From Canadian and
Mexican Border
9/11 terrorists
Mostly looking for
job opportunities
7-20 million people
illegally
Info taken from MSNBC and Dictionary.com
They Should
1.
2.
3.
4.
Economic
Disadvantages and
Taxes
Jobs
Crime and Security
Education
They Shouldn’t
1.
2.
3.
4.
Cheap workers
Benefits to the
Economy
Cultural Diversity
Unwanted Jobs
The U.S. Should Take Stronger
Action upon Illegal
Immigration
Economic Disadvantages
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Lack of U.S. Citizenship
 Hurts Social Security
Money made in USA taken to
Mexico
10 billion dollars a year
1 billion for deportation
Info taken from the American
Resistance
Economic Disadvantage (Cont.)
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Border control
Construction of fences
Police
X-ray and gamma ray scanner
Coast Guard
Info taken from the American
Resistance
Taxes
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Illegals have found a way to game the
IRS’s individual taxpayer identification
number system (ITIN)
Issued to people who owe taxes but are
not eligible for a social security
 E.g.; Foreign business owners
Info taken from J.D.
Hayworth’s Whatever It
Takes
Taxes (Cont.)
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IRS has issued over 8 million ITINs
Illegals can receive ITINs
Before they asked for ITINs’
Now they apply when filing a tax return
Approval of ITINs’ approve Immigrants for
Financial Benefits
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Home loans
Mortgages
Bank application
Info taken from Whatever It Takes
Jobs
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Come to America
looking for jobs
Paid “dirt” cheap
Guest worker
program
14% of workforce is
foreign born
George Bush’s speech on the
Guest Worker Program
Jobs (Cont.)
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Contractors use illegals
Tomato factory, $3.35 an hour
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US workers replaced when they demanded
normal pay
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Approximate 45% wage difference
Immigrants exploited as workers
Info taken from “Illegal Immigrants:
Opposing View Points”
Crime and Security
Drug Smuggling
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60% of US imported
contraband from
Southern border
Terrorist
Environmental Concerns
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Abandoned vehicles
Litter
Drug abandonment
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Scattering
Info taken from Whatever It Takes
Crime and Security (Cont.)
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Large amount of immigrants contain
criminal record
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In 2003…
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46,000 criminal aliens in federal prison
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74,000 criminal aliens in state prison
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Cost of 1.3 billion dollars
Cost of 880 million dollars
147,00 in local jails
Info taken from Whatever It Takes
Crime and Security (Cont.)
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Of the following…
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15% property related
offenses
12% violent offenses
Cause for gang
violence
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Only category of violent
crime on the increase
in the USA
Info taken from Whatever It Takes
Crime and Security (Cont.)
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Document fraud
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Documents near replicated
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Case in which fake work identification could not
be identified until sent to a Crime Lab
Visa’s, birth certificates, drivers license,
identification, work papers
Easily susceptible to terrorism
Info taken from Whatever It Takes
Education
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Supreme Court 1982; Philly vs. Doe
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School officials may not ask students of
citizenship
Illegal immigrant minors
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California Public Schooling
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Texas, Arizona, Illinois, Nevada
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Populate more than 15% of students
Populate 10%-15% of Students
11 other States
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Populate up to 5% of Students
Info taken from Whatever It Takes
Education (Cont.)
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Costs of education is $12 billion for
illegals
Any attempt of getting rid of student
results in huge protests
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Canadian students kicked out of New
Jersey public school
Utility bill to prove residency
Info taken from Whatever It Takes
Education (Cont.)
Chart taken from Whatever It Takes
The U.S. Should Not Take Stronger
Action upon Illegal Immigration
Cheap Workers
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Earned 1-10 billion
dollars for U.S.
economy per year
Comprise 11.5% of
foreign born worker
comprise of the
American workers
force
Info taken from Immigration and Illegal
Aliens Burden or Blessing
Cheap Workers (Cont.)
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Work well below minimum wages
Work includes restaurants, factories,
hotels, and manual labor
Hired illegally by American business
owners
Info taken from Immigration and Illegal
Aliens Burden or Blessing
Cheap Workers (Cont.)
Info taken from Immigration and Illegal
Aliens Burden or Blessing
Benefits to the Economy
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Immigrants lower unemployment rate
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Between 1978 and 1982…
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Today…
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US rate between 6% to 8%
US rate between 4% to 5%
Immigrants absorb into US workforce
Info taken from Immigration and Illegal
Aliens Burden or Blessing
Benefits to the Economy (Cont.)
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35 million more Americans employed
today than 20 Years ago
USA creating more jobs than all of
Japan and Europe since 1980
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USA takes as many immigrants as does all
of Japan and Europe
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USA contains lowest rate of unemployment in
industrialized world
Info taken from Immigration and Illegal
Aliens Burden or Blessing
Benefits to the Economy (Cont.)
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Medium family income
 Raised in US in 1981-1998
from…
 $39,000 to $45,800
 Approx. 16% increase
Info taken from Immigration and Illegal
Aliens Burden or Blessing
Benefits to the Economy (Cont.)
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(In 1998) Immigrant households…
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Paid estimated 133 billion dollars in direct taxes
to federal, state, and local governments
Tax receipts paid by immigrant business…
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Brings tax contribution of immigrants approx. 162
billion dollars
“Immigrants are a fiscal bargain to
native taxpayers.”
Info taken from Immigration and Illegal
Aliens Burden or Blessing
Benefits to the Economy (Cont.)
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Guest worker program
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1 billion dollars for deportation
10 billion for service
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No need for illegal entry with guest worker
program
Info taken from George Bush’s speech
on the guest worker program
Benefits to the Economy (Cont.)
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Huge net contributors to…
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Social security
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3% of the illegal immigrants that enter the US
are over 65
12% of Americans are over the age of 65
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Grow to 15% over 20 years
Taxes paid over benefits received cntribute to
solving the long term financing problem of
Social Security
Medical programs
Cultural Diversity
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Brings in many…
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Religions
Foods
Traditions
Moral values
Variety of labor workers
Info taken from Illegal Immigration Opposing Viewpoints
Cultural Diversity (Cont.)
Education
 Languages
 Ethnic
Neighborhoods
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Cultural Diversity (Cont.)
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“The American national identity has
never been directly linked to ethnicity
or religion”
“Most Latin American immigrants may
be a source of strength with regard to
family values.”
Info taken from Illegal Immigration
Cultural Diversity (Cont.)
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Immigrant entrepreneurs
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Major source of new jobs
Vitality in American economy
Unwanted Jobs
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Illegal immigrants take unwanted jobs
such as…
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Farm work
Contractor work
Factory work
Restaurants
Hotel maid service
Info taken from Illegal Immigration
Unwanted Jobs (Cont.)
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Are paid much cheaper than Americans
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So less money is spent on paychecks for
companies
Problems with this include…
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Raids on businesses employing illegals
It is illegal to employ illegal aliens
Info taken from Illegal Immigration
Conclusion
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The United States should take stronger
action upon illegal immigration.
The United States should not take
stronger action upon illegal
immigration.
Personal Opinions
Importance of Issue
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Very current debate in the government
Growing in size
Potential problem for the American
workforce
Changed opinions between biased
people
Alters economy
Brings cultural diversity
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Should America take stronger action upon illegal