HCOM 100 Instructor Name Developing Your Presentation Preview: Developing your speech An overview of the Public-Speaking Process Understanding Speaker Anxiety Managing Speaker Anxiety Selecting and Narrowing Your Topic Identifying Your Purpose Developing Your Central Idea Generating Main Ideas Gathering Supporting Materials An Overview of Public Speaking The Public-Speaking Process Select and narrow topic Identify your purpose Develop central idea Generate main ideas Gather supporting material Organize Presentation Rehearse Presentation Deliver Presentation Overview of Presentational Speaking Audiencecentered presentational speakers are inherently sensitive to the diversity of their audience. Understanding Speaker Anxiety Speaker anxiety results from your brain signaling to your body to help with a challenging task. Blood flow Breathing rate Adrenaline Most speakers feel more nervous than they look. Managing Speaker Anxiety Know how to Prepare a Presentation Be Prepared Focus on your Audience Focus on your message Think Positively Use deep-breathing Techniques Take Advantage of Opportunities to Speak Seek Professional Help Selecting & Narrowing Your Topic Who is the audience? What is the occasion? What are my interests and experiences? Silent brainstorming Scanning web directories and web pages Listening and Reading for Topic Ideas Identifying your Purpose General Purpose Inform, persuade, entertain Specific Purpose Concise statement of what your listeners should know or be able to do, i.e.: At the end of my presentation, the audience will be able to explain the causes and most successful treatments for anorexia & bulimia. At the end of my presentation, the audience will try Zen meditation. Developing Your Central Idea The central idea specifies the topic of the speech and makes some definitive statement about it. Criteria for Central Ideas: Audience-centered Single topic Complete declarative sentence Specific language Generating Main Ideas Use the central Idea to Generate Main Ideas Does the central idea have logical division? Can you think of several reasons the central idea is true? Can you support the central idea with a series of steps of chronological sequence? Gathering Supporting Material Supporting Material Can be Verbal and Visual Verbal Visual Illustrations, explanations, descriptions, definitions, statistics, etc. Objects, charts, graphs, posters, maps, models, videos (no more than a 1-minute clip per speech) etc. Audio Music, CD-ROM, DVD Sources of supporting Material You and People you know Internet Criteria for Evaluating Internet Sources Accountability Accuracy Objectivity Date Usability Library Sources of Supporting Material Books Periodicals Newspapers Reference Resources Government Documents Special Services Types of Supporting Materials Illustrations Hypothetical illustrations Descriptions and Explanations Definitions Classification Operational definitions Types of Supporting Material Illustrations Descriptions & Explanations Definitions Analogies Statistics Oral citations Opinions Literal analogy Figurative analogy Expert testimony, lay testimony, literary quotations Acknowledgement of supporting material What questions do you have? Homework: Reading? Turn in assignments?