HCOM 100
Instructor
Name
Developing Your Presentation
Preview:
Developing your speech
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An overview of the Public-Speaking Process
Understanding Speaker Anxiety
Managing Speaker Anxiety
Selecting and Narrowing Your Topic
Identifying Your Purpose
Developing Your Central Idea
Generating Main Ideas
Gathering Supporting Materials
An Overview of
Public Speaking
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The Public-Speaking Process
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Select and narrow topic
Identify your purpose
Develop central idea
Generate main ideas
Gather supporting material
Organize Presentation
Rehearse Presentation
Deliver Presentation
Overview of Presentational
Speaking
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Audiencecentered
presentational
speakers are
inherently
sensitive to the
diversity of their
audience.
Understanding
Speaker Anxiety
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Speaker anxiety results from your brain
signaling to your body to help with a
challenging task.
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Blood flow
Breathing rate
Adrenaline
Most speakers feel more nervous than
they look.
Managing Speaker Anxiety
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Know how to Prepare a Presentation
Be Prepared
Focus on your Audience
Focus on your message
Think Positively
Use deep-breathing Techniques
Take Advantage of Opportunities to Speak
Seek Professional Help
Selecting & Narrowing Your
Topic
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Who is the audience?
What is the occasion?
What are my interests and experiences?
Silent brainstorming
Scanning web directories and web
pages
Listening and Reading for Topic Ideas
Identifying your Purpose
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General Purpose
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Inform, persuade, entertain
Specific Purpose
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Concise statement of what your listeners should
know or be able to do, i.e.:
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At the end of my presentation, the audience will be able
to explain the causes and most successful treatments for
anorexia & bulimia.
At the end of my presentation, the audience will try Zen
meditation.
Developing Your Central Idea
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The central idea specifies the topic of
the speech and makes some definitive
statement about it.
Criteria for Central Ideas:
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Audience-centered
Single topic
Complete declarative sentence
Specific language
Generating Main Ideas
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Use the central Idea to Generate Main
Ideas
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Does the central idea have logical division?
Can you think of several reasons the
central idea is true?
Can you support the central idea with a
series of steps of chronological sequence?
Gathering Supporting Material
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Supporting Material Can be Verbal and Visual
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Verbal
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Visual
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Illustrations, explanations, descriptions, definitions,
statistics, etc.
Objects, charts, graphs, posters, maps, models, videos
(no more than a 1-minute clip per speech) etc.
Audio
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Music, CD-ROM, DVD
Sources of supporting Material
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You and People you know
Internet
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Criteria for Evaluating Internet Sources
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Accountability
Accuracy
Objectivity
Date
Usability
Library
Sources of Supporting Material
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Books
Periodicals
Newspapers
Reference Resources
Government Documents
Special Services
Types of Supporting Materials
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Illustrations
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Hypothetical illustrations
Descriptions and Explanations
Definitions
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Classification
Operational definitions
Types of Supporting Material
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Illustrations
Descriptions & Explanations
Definitions
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Analogies
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Statistics
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Oral citations
Opinions
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Literal analogy
Figurative analogy
Expert testimony, lay testimony, literary quotations
Acknowledgement of supporting material
What questions do you have?
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Homework:
Reading?
 Turn in assignments?
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