The Use of Educational
Resources in Wyoming:
Updated Report to the
Wyoming Legislature’s Joint
Interim Education Committee
October 28, 2008
by
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus,
Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
Goal of Wyoming Funding Formula
•
Provide adequate resources to all
schools and districts
Districts and schools use the resource
to improve student achievement
•
•
We call dramatic improvements in student
learning a “doubling” of performance
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
2
Ten Steps to Double Performance
1. Analyze state testing data to determine
performance status
2. Set higher goals
3. Adopt a new curriculum
4. Engage in data-based decision making with
formative and benchmark assessments
5. Invest in on-going professional development
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Ten Steps to Double Performance
6. Focus class time more efficiently
7. Provide multiple interventions for struggling
students
8. Create professional learning communities
9. Empower leaders to support instructional
improvement
10. Take advantage of external expertise
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Core Instructional Elements
of the Wyoming Funding Model
• Small class sizes
• 16 elementary (K-5)
• 21 secondary (6-12)
• High quality instruction
• Professional development
• School-based instructional facilitators
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Core Instructional Elements
of the Wyoming Funding Model
• Sequenced and integrated strategies
– continuum of services -- to help
struggling children meet state
standards
• Tutoring
• Extended days
• Summer school
• Special education with no budget cap
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Core Instructional Elements
of the Wyoming Funding Model
• Substantial resources for
• Instructional materials, at sufficient
•
levels to buy any number of formative
assessments: NWEA, DIBELS, Wireless
Generation
Technology
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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The Wyoming Evidence Based
School Funding Model
Instructional
Materials
Technology
Small School
Adjustment
Elem
20%
ELL
1 per
100
K-5: 16 to 1
6-12: 21 to 1
Middle
33%
High School 33%
Tutors and pupil support:
1 per 100 at risk
Gifted
Site-based Leadership
District Admin
State
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Research Questions
1. How are actual resource patterns in
Wyoming aligned with or different
from the resource use strategies that
are used in the Wyoming Funding
Model?
2. What are the current instructional
improvement strategies at the schoollevel in Wyoming?
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Instructional Strategies
and the Use of Resources
At the School Level
Findings
Methodology
• 334 Schools visited in Year 1 (n=254) & Year 2 (n=80)
• 189 Elementary
• 71 Middle
• 74 High Schools
• 15 are alternative learning environment (ALE) schools
• Results based on 319 non-ALE, elementary, middle, &
high schools.
• In-person interviews with principals & superintendents
to collect schools’ staffing and fiscal resources
• Quantitative analyses and case studies
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Updated Sample Characteristics
Demographics
Number of Students
Number of Schools
Percent Free and
Reduced-Price Lunch
Percent ELL
Percent Special
Education
Statewide (2007-08)
Updated Sample
85,332
78,447
Average ADM per School: Number of Students in
238
Average School: 235
Elementary
Middle
High
196
80
83
Elementary
Middle
High
189
71
74
33%
30%
4%
4%
14%
13%
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average Number of Students in
Updated Sample Schools*
Elementary
Schools
< 49:
49-96:
>96:
17
72
275
Middle
Schools
< 49:
24
49-105: 61
>105: 406
High
Schools
< 49:
38
49-105: 80
>105: 449
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Overall Findings in General
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
About same level of school administration
Somewhat fewer core class teachers
More elective classes and teachers
More instructional aides
Much less tutoring
Much less librarian resources
Less pupil support
About the same instructional facilitators
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Instructional Time*
• Average Instructional Day: 5 hrs, 57 min
• Average Class Length
• Math: 1 hr, 5 minutes
• Reading (Elementary): 1hr, 45 minutes
• English/LA (Mid/High): 1 hr, 10 minutes
• Soc. Studies & Science (each)
• (Elementary): 31 minutes
• (Mid/High):
55 minutes
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average Resources in Elementary
Schools* with More than 96 Students
Staffing
Funding Model
Sample
Principals
1.10
0.90
Assistant Principals
0.00
0.06
Core Teachers
16.73
14.26
Specialist Teachers
3.35
2.48
Instructional Aides
0.00
3.95
Certified Tutors
1.13
0.70
Librarians/Media Staff
0.93
0.43
Pupil Support Staff
1.13
2.04
Secretaries
1.10
1.13
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average Resources in Elementary
Schools* with 49-96 Students
Staffing
Funding Model
Sample
Principals
0.73
0.42
Assistant Principals
0.00
0.02
Core Teachers
4.40
5.33
Specialist Teachers
0.88
1.07
Additional Teachers
0.92
0.00
Instructional Aides
0.00
1.39
Certified Tutors
0.29
0.00
Librarians/Media Staff
0.25
0.24
Pupil Support Staff
0.29
0.53
Secretaries
0.73
0.70
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average Resources in Elementary
Schools* with Less than 49 Students
Staffing
Funding Model
Sample
Principals
0.00
0.17
Assistant Principals
1.00
0.00
Core & Specialist
Teachers
2.82
2.17
Instructional Aides
0.00
0.65
Certified Tutors
0.00
0.02
Librarians/Media Staff
0.00
0.03
Pupil Support Staff
0.00
0.12
Secretaries
0.00
0.20
Total Professional Staff
3.82
3.36
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Key Findings on Resource
Use in Elementary Schools
• Compared to the Wyoming Funding Model,
large elementary schools have:
• Slightly less school site administration
• Fewer core and specialist teachers
• More aides
• Fewer certified tutors
• Less than half the certified library and media staff
• More pupil support
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average School-Level Resources in Middle
Schools* with More than 105 Students
Staffing
Funding Model
Sample
Principals
1.00
0.97
Assistant Principals
0.53
0.69
Core Teachers
20.25
18.37
Specialist Teachers
6.63
8.64
Additional Teachers
0.48
0.02
Instructional Aides
0.00
2.73
Certified Tutors
1.60
0.64
Librarians/Media Staff
2.36
0.86
Pupil Support Staff
3.20
2.56
Secretaries
1.53
1.79
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average School-Level Resources in
Middle Schools* with 49-105 Students
Staffing
Funding Model
Sample
Principals
0.68
0.50
Assistant Principals
0.00
0.00
Core Teachers
3.49
3.58
Specialist Teachers
1.10
1.89
Additional Teacher
3.50
0.00
Instructional Aides
0.00
1.28
Certified Tutors
0.32
0.00
Librarians/Media Staff
0.88
0.21
Pupil Support Staff
0.58
0.64
Secretaries
0.68
0.65
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average School-Level Resources in Middle
Schools* with Less than 49 Students
Staffing
Funding Model
Sample
Principals
0.00
0.21
Assistant Principals
1.00
0.01
Core & Specialist
Teachers
3.48
3.00
Instructional Aides
0.00
0.42
Certified Tutors
0.00
0.10
Librarians/Media Staff
0.00
0.06
Pupil Support Staff
0.00
0.26
Secretaries
0.00
0.32
Total Professional Staff
4.48
4.38
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Key Findings on
Resource Use in Middle Schools
• Compared to the Wyoming Funding Model,
large middle schools have:
• About the same level of school administration
• Fewer core teachers
• More specialist teachers
• More aides
• Fewer tutors
• Less certified library and media staff
• Less pupil support
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average School-Level Resources in High
Schools* with More than 105 Students
Staffing
Funding Model
Sample
Principals
1.00
0.92
Assistant Principals
0.71
0.73
Core Teachers
21.72
18.47
Specialist Teachers
7.83
12.32
Additional Teacher
1.44
0.01
Instructional Aides
0.00
2.17
Certified Tutors
1.51
0.41
Librarians/Media Staff
2.61
0.84
Pupil Support Staff
3.30
2.96
Secretaries
1.18
2.45
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average School-Level Resources in
High Schools* with 49-105 Students
Staffing
Funding Model
Sample
Principals
0.74
0.61
Assistant Principals
0.00
0.02
Core Teachers
3.71
5.18
Specialist Teachers
1.34
2.92
Additional Teachers
5.34
0.00
Instructional Aides
0.00
1.03
Certified Tutors
0.37
0.11
Librarians/Media Staff
0.99
0.22
Pupil Support Staff
0.68
0.96
Secretaries
0.74
0.79
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average School-Level Resources in High
Schools* with Less than 49 Students
Staffing
Funding Model
Sample
Principals
0.00
0.47
Assistant Principals
1.00
0.00
Core & Specialist
Teachers
5.75
5.97
Instructional Aides
0.00
0.37
Certified Tutors
0.00
0.06
Librarians/Media Staff
0.00
0.02
Pupil Support Staff
0.00
0.46
Secretaries
0.00
0.53
Total Professional Staff
6.75
7.88
*Does not include alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Key Findings on Resource
Use in High Schools
• Compared to the Wyoming Funding Model,
large high schools have:
• Similar amounts of administration (Principals &
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
assistant principals)
Fewer core teachers
More specialist teachers
More aides
2/3 fewer certified tutors
2/3 fewer certified librarian and media staff
Less pupil support
Double the number of secretaries
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Students per Core Teacher (Excludes
Small & Alternative Schools data)
Ratio of Students to Core
Teachers Funded by State
Model
Ratio of Actual Students to
Core Teachers in Updated
Sample Schools
Elementary
16:1
AVERAGE
19:1
RANGE 11:1 to 25:1
Middle
21:1
AVERAGE
22:1
RANGE 10:1 to 42:1
High
21:1
AVERAGE
21:1
RANGE 8:1 to 36:1
Actual student to teacher ratios are slightly larger than the model in
elementary and middle schools, and about the same as the model level
in high schools. But there are wide ranges in actual practice.
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Core Teachers in Sample Schools
(Excludes Small & Alternative Schools Data)
Elementary
Middle
High
TOTAL
Core Teachers Funded
by State Model in
Sampled Schools
Actual Core Teachers
in Updated Sampled
Schools
2,348.9
2,015.7
872.1
796.1
952.9
4,173.9
851.4
3,663.2
510.7 fewer core teachers than provided by the funding model
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Number of Instructional Aides*
Type of
Inst. Aide
Library
# Elementary # Middle School # High School
Aides
Aides
Aides
103
35
35
ELL
27
7
10
144
11
3
97
22
21
105
12
14
Non-Certified Tutors
69
23
15
Special Education
Inclusion & Resource
432
203
164
In-School Suspension
6
18
8
Gifted & Talented
5
0
0
988
331
270
Title I
Other Extra Help
Other Instructional
TOTAL
*Does not include small or alternative schools data
Model does not fund instructional aides
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Students Per Core Teacher
Medium and Large Elementary
25
23
21
21
No. of Students
20
15
12
12
11
10
8
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
1
0
S:CT Ratio
1
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
2
1
3
5
6
7
12
21
23
21
12
11
8
4
1
Student:Core Teacher Ratio
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Students Per Core Teacher
Medium and Large Middle School
7
6
6
5
5
No. of Students
5
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
S:CT Ratio
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
1
1
2
1
0
1
3
1
0
3
5
6
4
3
5
2
3
0
4
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
Student:Core Teacher Ratio
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
32
Students Per Core Teacher
Medium and Large High School
8
7
7
6
6
No. of Students
5
4
4
4
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
S:CT Ratio
0
0
0
0
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
1
1
0
1
2
2
0
2
1
4
6
2
7
1
2
3
1
1
4
2
2
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
Student:Core Teacher Ratio
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Number of Tutors*
Tutors Funded by
State Model in
Sampled Schools
Teachers
Tutoring in
Sampled Schools
Aides Tutoring
in Sampled
Schools
Elementary
158
96
69
Middle
69
26
23
High
67
19
15
We found substantially fewer certified tutors to provide
extra help to struggling students, especially
in middle and high schools
*Does not include small or alternative schools data
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average Number of Instructional
Facilitators in Medium and Large Schools
Elementary
Middle
High School
Model Funded
1.30
0.87
1.60
1.07
1.80
1.20
Sample
0.83
0.93
0.92
Actual instructional facilitators loosely mirrored
the level funded through the categorical
program (about two thirds of model level).
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Updated Findings Related to
Instructional Improvement
(319 non-ALE schools)
• Fewer core teachers than model funds in large
schools
• Specialist Teachers in large schools
• Elementary -- About 26% fewer than funded
• Middle schools -- About 30% more than funded
• High schools -- About 57% more than funded
• Large number of aides despite no funding
• Substantially fewer certified tutors than funded
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Updated Findings Related
to Instructional Improvement
(319 non-ALE schools)
•
Instructional facilitators
•
•
•
Observed at less than even the estimated
funding level in all three school levels
This is a categorical not a block grant program
School administrators employed at a
slightly lower level than funded by the
model
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Tentative Conclusions
• The observed resource use patterns:
•
Appear to represent a different theory about
how to boost student achievement
• Less professional development
• More electives
• More classroom aides dealing with academic
needs
•
Are different from evidence-based resource
use patterns to double student performance
observed in Wyoming and other states
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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State-Level
Expenditure
And Salary Analysis
Summary of Findings
Expenditure Analysis: General
Conclusions and Implications
• Five year change in total expenditures
is 44%
• Five year change in expenditures per
pupil is 43.5%
• Percent spent on instruction has
remained about the same
• Compensation as a percent of
instruction has increased by 1.42%
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Findings on Salaries
• Dramatic increase in teacher salaries
in last two years
• Model funds more positions than
districts employ with block grant
funds
• Difference may have led to higher
salaries than anticipated in the model
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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State-Level
Expenditure Analysis
Findings
Total Expenditures:
2002-03 to 2006-07
5-Year
Change
2002-2003
2003-2004
2004-2005
2005-2006
2006-07
Enrollment
85,051
83,871
83,078
83,338
85,332
General Fund
$728,284,018 $741,864,255 $772,813,538 $865,539,002 $1,018,575,240
Special Revenue Funds $91,095,959 $109,714,624 $131,495,499 $138,718,134
$155,786,695
Food
$25,717,247 $26,101,340 $27,838,483
$30,520,781
$33,239,143
Other
$2,612,761
$2,747,464
$2,411,531
$5,205,096
$13,190,513
Total $847,709,985 $880,427,684 $934,559,051 $1,039,983,012 $1,220,791,592
Percent Increase
3.86%
6.15%
11.28%
17.39%
44.01%
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
43
Total Expenditures Per Pupil:
2002-03 to 2006-07
2002-2003
General Fund
$8,563
Special Revenue Funds
$1,071
Food
$302
Other
$31
Total
$9,967
Percent Increase
2003-2004
$8,845
$1,308
$311
$33
$10,497
5.32%
2004-2005
$9,302
$1,583
$335
$29
$11,249
7.16%
2005-2006
$10,386
$1,665
$366
$62
$12,479
10.93%
2006-07
$11,937
$1,826
$390
$155
$14,306
14.64%
5-Year
Change
43.54%
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
44
Expenditures by Function:
2002-03 to 2006-07
$1,400,000,000
$1,200,000,000
$1,000,000,000
Other
Food
Transportation
Maintenance
Operations
Central Office Administration
School Administration
Instructional Support
Student Support
Instruction
$800,000,000
$600,000,000
$400,000,000
$200,000,000
$0
2002-2003
2003-2004
2004-2005
2005-2006
2006-07
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Percent of Expenditures By
Function: 2002-03 to 2006-07
100%
90%
80%
70%
Other
Food
Transportation
Maintenance
Operations
Central Office Administration
School Administration
Instructional Support
Student Support
Instruction
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
2002-2003
2003-2004
2004-2005
2005-2006
2006-07
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Total Compensation
as a Percent of Instruction
Salary
Percent Increase
Per Pupil
Percent Increase
Benefits
Percent Increase
Per Pupil
Percent Increase
Total Compensation
Percent Increase
Per Pupil
Percent Increase
Percent of Total
Instruction
2002-2003
2003-2004
2004-2005
$324,271,747 $328,316,000 $342,131,905
1.25%
4.21%
$3,813
$3,915
$4,118
2.67%
5.20%
$103,392,432 $108,118,694 $115,774,840
4.57%
7.08%
$1,216
$1,289
$1,394
6.04%
8.10%
$427,664,178 $436,434,694 $457,906,744
2.05%
4.92%
$5,028
$5,204
$5,512
3.49%
5.92%
87.29%
87.24%
86.86%
2005-2006
$378,968,162
10.77%
$4,547
10.42%
$134,204,864
15.92%
$1,610
15.56%
$513,173,025
12.07%
$6,158
11.72%
2006-07
$446,201,145
17.74%
$5,229
14.99%
$158,235,939
17.91%
$1,854
15.15%
$604,437,084
17.78%
$7,083
15.03%
87.25%
88.71%
5-Year
Change
37.60%
37.15%
53.04%
52.54%
41.33%
40.87%
1.42%
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
47
Salary Analysis
Findings
Changes in Student
Enrollment: 2002-03 to 2006-07
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
49
State Total Teacher FTE:
2002-03 to 2006-07
8,300
8,200
FTE Teachers
8,100
8,000
8,178
Five year change
562 FTE teachers
7.37 percent
7,900
7,732
7,800
7,700
7,616
7,599
2002-03
2003-04
7,645
7,600
7,500
7,400
7,300
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
Year
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
50
Annual Percent Change in Enrollment
Compared to Change in Total FTE Teachers
7.00%
6.00%
Enrollm ent
FTE Teachers
Perentage Change
5.00%
4.00%
3.00%
2.00%
1.00%
0.00%
-1.00%
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
-2.00%
Year
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Composition of Teaching*
Staff: 2002-03 to 2006-07
9,000
Sp ecial Ed
8,000
N o n- Sp ecial Ed
FTE Teachers
7,000
905
814
810
814
839
6,802
6,789
6,831
6,893
7,272
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
Year
*Includes nurses, social w orkers, phychologists, and others
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Percent Change in Enrollment
and FTE Teachers by Type
10.00%
8.00%
Enrollment
All Teachers
Percent Change
Special Ed
6.00%
Non Special Ed
4.00%
2.00%
0.00%
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
-2.00%
-4.00%
Year
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Model v. Actual FTE Teachers
2006-07 (W/O Special Ed.)
8,500
7,474
FTE Teachers
7,500
7,272
6,500
5,500
4,500
3,500
2,500
Model
Actual
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Average Teacher Salary:
2002-03 to 2006-07
$60,000
$51,574
Average Salary
$50,000
$39,364
$40,204
$41,284
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
$44,049
$40,000
$30,000
$20,000
$10,000
$0
2005-06
2006-07
Year
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Percent Change in Average
Teacher Salary: 2003-04 to 2006-07
18.00%
17.08%
16.00%
Five Year Change 29.75 Percent
Percent Change
14.00%
12.00%
10.00%
8.00%
6.70%
6.00%
4.00%
1.62%
2.69%
2.00%
0.00%
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
Year
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Beginning Teacher Salary
Schedules (BA + 0 Years Exp.)
02-03
03-04
04-05
05-06
06-07
5 Yr Chg.
Minimum
$22,000
$22,500
$23,000
$24,310
$24,638
$2,638
Maximum
$32,000
$32,320
$32,820
$35,000
$50,000
$18,000
Range
$10,000
$9,820
$9,820
$10,690
$25,363
$15,363
Average
$26,251
$26,706
$27,729
$29,261
$35,924
$9,673
1.73%
3.83%
5.53%
22.77%
36.85%
% Increase
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Middle Salary Schedule Steps
BA-Step 6
MA-Step 0
02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 5 Yr. Chg.
$29,897 $30,423 $31,493 $33,073 $39,701 $9,804
1.76% 3.52% 5.02% 20.04% 32.79%
$29,664 $30,141 $31,206 $32,009 $39,073
1.61% 3.54% 2.57% 22.07%
$9,409
31.72%
MA-Step 10 $36,652 $37,238 $38,376 $39,901 $46,974
1.60% 3.06% 3.97% 17.73%
$10,322
28.16%
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Top of Salary Schedule
02-03
Minimum $40,838
Maximum $59,000
Range $18,163
03-04
$40,838
$60,320
$19,483
04-05
$43,538
$61,820
$18,283
05-06
$43,538
$63,820
$20,283
06-07 5 Yr. Chg.
$43,538 $2,700
$84,091 $25,091
$40,554 $22,391
Average $48,949 $49,496 $50,786 $52,730 $60,085 $11,137
1.12% 2.61% 3.83% 13.95% 22.75%
Allan Odden, Lawrence O. Picus, Michelle Turner Mangan, Mike Goetz & Anabel Aportela
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Discussion and Questions
Lawrence O. Picus and Associates
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
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