Unit 14
Have you
packed yet ?
Grammar
现在完成时的用法
表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作
对现在造成的影响或结果。
We have known each other since 1997.
(现在完成时把过去的动作和现在联系起
来并着眼于现在)
She has been to Beijing.
(现在已不在北京,从结果上和现在联系
起来)
She has been in Beijing for two years.
(现在仍在北京,从时间上和现在联系起
来)
现在完成时的用法:
未完成用法。表示动作或状态开始于过
去,一直延续到现在,可能继续发展,
也可能刚刚结束。
He has been in the army for ten years.
I have studied English since 1980.
He has lived here all his life.
(1). be, live, study 都是延续性动词。
(2).常用的时间状语:
since…,
for…,
in the last/ past few years,
so far,
all his life.
常用的时间状语:
• Already ,yet, still, never, ever, just等
词常用于现在完成时态中,already一般用于
肯定句中,用于疑问句中常表示惊讶的语气。
yet 常用于否定或疑问句中,意为“还,尚未,
已经”。 Never一般表示否定意义,意为
“从未”。Still 一般用于肯定句或疑问句中,
意为“还,仍旧” just 一般用于肯定句中,
意为“刚刚”。
反复性用法,表示过去到现在这段时
间内反复发生的动作。
I have been to the city twice this
week.
I have often wondered where she
gets her money all these days.
这种用法从时间上与现在发生了联
系。
完成性用法,表示动作或状态到说话时
已经完成,通常所产生的结果把过去的
动作和状态和现在联系起来。
He has gone to Shanghai.
他已经去了上海。
(结果:他已不在这儿)
When I was at college I ___ three
foreign languages, but I ___ all
except a few words of each.
A. spoke; had forgotten
B. spoke; have forgotten
C. had spoken; had forgotten
D. had spoken; have forgotten
“但都忘了”是现在的情况,要用现
在完成时,强调结果。
--I’m sorry to keep you waiting.
--Oh, not at all. I ___ here only a
few minutes.
A. have been
B. had been
C. was
D. will be
“(for) only a few minutes”说明几
分钟前来了这里,一直到现在。
---___ the sports meet might be
put off.
---Yes, it all depends on the
weather.
A. I’ve been told B. I’ve told
C. I’m told
D.I told
“被告知”是过去的事,对现在的影
响
是“我已知道”。
My dictionary ___. I have looked
for it everywhere but still ___ it.
A. has lost; don’t find
B. is missing; don’t find
C. has lost; haven’t found
D. is missing; haven’t found
The CCTV has been broadcasting
English programs ever since 1977.
1977
now
现在完成进行时
表示一个事件在某个事件之前一直进
行, 用于表达事件的持续性。
You look hot and tired.
Have you been exercising?
I'm sorry I'm late.
Have you been waiting long?
---Hi, Tracy, you look tired.
--- I am tired. I ___ the living room
all day.
A. painted
B. had painted
C. have been painting
D. have painted
She ___ letters all morning and felt
tired.
A. has been writing
B. writes
C. has written
D. had been writing
----Isn’t it hard to drive downtown
to work?
----Yes, that’s why I ____ to work
by train.
A. have been going
B. have gone
C. was going to
D. will have gone
Answer the following questions:
1. Why couldn’t Crystal get back to Jake soon?
Because she has so many chores to do today.
2. Has Crystal finished all her chores yet?
No, she hasn’t.
3. What is Crystal’s grandfather telling her?
He’s telling her about all the chores he had to do when
he was a kid.
4. Where did Crystal’s grandfather and his family live?
They lived on the farm.
5. Does Crystal love to listen to her grandfather?
Yes, she does.
Read the e-mail & complete the form.
Chores Crystal has to do Chore Crystal’s
grandfather had to do
do homework
get up to chop wood
take the dog for a walk
light the fire for
breakfast
water plants
collect water from the
village well
do some shopping
feed the animals
Find these phrases and make sentences with them.
1. get back to sb./sw.
2. take sth. /sb. for a walk. =go for a walk with …
3. do some shopping
4. chat with sb./sth.
5. chop wood
6. take care
pairwork
• A: What have you done this week?
• B: I have already had a class
meeting.
• A: Have you had an English exam?
• B: No, I haven’t had it yet.
1、我需要一套晚礼服。I need a suit of evening dress.
什么时间我都行。Any time suits me.
2、她妈妈每天给花园里的花浇水。
Her mother waters the flowers in the garden every day.
3、你什么时候把冰箱给清理一下?
When will you clean out the fridge/refrigerator?
4、Juliet太忙了以致她过一会才和Romeo通电话。
Juliet is too busy so that she will gets back to Romeo.
5、奶奶正在剁肉呢。Grandmom is chopping meat.
6、请开灯。 Please turn on the light.
你可以点火了。
You can light the fire.
Candy最喜欢浅黄色。
Candy’s favorite color is light yellow.
Listen and check (
) the chores
the people have already done.
1b
____ packed the camera.
____ watered the plants.
____ locked the windows
____ bought a travel guidebook.
____ bought a street map.
____ packed the beach towels.
2a Listening
1. No. I haven’t cleaned out the
refrigerator yet. T
2. I’ve already put it in the garage.
T
3. But I haven’t locked the garage yet.
T
4. I’ve already done most of my jobs.
M
5. Not yet. I’ll do it in a minute. M
6. Yes, I have.
T
2b Listening
5
Have you fed the cat yet? ___
What about your bike?
2
___
Are you ready, Tina?
1
___
Have you turned off your radio? 6
___
Have you fed the cat yet?
What about your bike?
Are you ready, Tina?
Have you turned off your radio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
C
______
B
______
A
_____
______
D
No. I haven’t cleaned out the refrigerator yet.
I’ve already put it in the garage.
Not yet. I’ll do it in a minute.
Yes, I have.
1. I haven’t cleaned out the
refrigerator yet.
我还没有把冰箱清除干净。
clean sth. out 打扫某物之内部,扫
除某物的尘土等。
2. pack sth pack umbrella/towel
3a Reading
Answer the following questions:
1. Why couldn’t Crystal get back to Jake soon?
Because she has so many chores to do today.
2. Has Crystal finished all her chores yet?
No, she hasn’t.
3. What is Crystal’s grandfather telling her?
He’s telling her about all the chores he had to do when
he was a kid.
4. Where did Crystal’s grandfather and his family live?
They lived on the farm.
5. Does Crystal love to listen to her grandfather?
Yes, she does.
Read the e-mail & complete the form.
Chores Crystal has to do Chore Crystal’s
grandfather had to do
do homework
get up to chop wood
take the dog for a walk
light the fire for
breakfast
water plants
collect water from the
village well
do some shopping
feed the animals
Find these phrases and make sentences with them.
1. get back to sb./sw.
2. take sth. sb. for a walk.
3. do some shopping
4. chat with sb./sth.
5. chop wood
6. take care
1、我需要一套晚礼服。I need a suit of evening dress.
什么时间我都行。Any time suits me.
2、她妈妈每天给花园里的花浇水。
Her mother waters the flowers in the garden every day.
3、你什么时候把冰箱给清理一下?
When will you clean out the fridge/refrigerator?
4、Juliet太忙了以致她过一会才和Romeo通电话。
Juliet is too busy so that she will gets back to Romeo.
5、奶奶正在剁肉呢。Grandmom is chopping meat.
6、请开灯。 Please turn on the light.
你可以点火了。
You can light the fire.
Candy最喜欢浅黄色。
Candy’s favorite color is light yellow.
1. What is your favorite band? Savage Garden
2. Have you seen them in concert yet?Not yet. Only on TV.
3. When did you first hear them? In 1999
4. Who is your favorite band member? Darren Hayes
Band’s name:
Apple Ice Cream
_____________________________
How long they’ve been together:
About a year
_____________________________
Number of concerts they’ve done:
Six
_____________________________
__written original songs
__won an award
__had concerts
__made a music video
__been in TV
Read 3a and fill in the chart.
Things they have done
_____________________
*had three concerts
_____________________
*made a hit CD
Things they haven’t done yet
_____________________
*had a few songs in the
_____________________
top ten
*go on a world tour
_________________________
*played other people’s
_____________________
*perform
in ten different cities
_________________________
songs.
_____________________
*have a number one hit .
_________________________
1、别错过了尾班车。Don’t miss the late bus.
你不知道我想念你。
You don’t know I miss you.
2、最近几年我们家乡发生了很大变化。
Great changes have taken place in my hometown in
the last few years.
昨天他不是最后一个离开的。
He wasn’t the last one to leave yesterday.
The speech contest last 2 hours.
演讲比赛持续了2个小时。
3、这部电影获得很大成功。The movie made a hit.
小心!不要撞到小孩!
Look out! Don’t hit the kid.
4、-你学什么专业的?-What’s your major?
-我主修法语。
I major in French.
He’s already visited the place
where his ancestors lived.
1. What has Robert Qian found aobut his family?
He has found that his family is like a tall tree with long roots.
2. What is the program organized by?
It is organized by the local government of Guangdong
Province.
3.What do many students mainly visit and do?
They mainly visit parts of GD Province in southern
China and do many things such as studying Chinese culture,
seeing the changes and visiting interesting sights.
4. Who’s Cathy Qin?
She is a young American student.
5. What’s the purpose of the program?
The purpose of the program is to give young overseas
Chinese the chance to learn more about themselves.
1、他们正在寻找自己祖先居住的地方。
They are in search of the place where their ancestors
lived.
2、到目前为止大多数同学比较认真学习。
So far most of the students have studied hard /
been hard-working.
3、 北京这几年发生了巨大变化。
Great changes have happened/ taken place in
Beijing in the past few years.
4、多亏了警察,他的女儿才被救。
Thanks to the police, his daughter could be saved.
5、我盼望有一天能有宁静和平的生活。
I am looking forward to having a quiet and peaceful
life.
4
Imagine you are Robert . After returning
from China, you write a letter to your good
friend about the “In search of Roots”.
Dear Cathy,
I have just returned from a two-week trip to
Guangdong Province in Southern China. In the
past fourteen days,…
I have been to my ancestors’
village.
There, we studied Chinese culture, saw
___________________________________________
changes
that had happened in that area, and
___________________________________________
visited
the interesting things. Thanks to this trip, I
___________________________________________
am
beginning to understand my Chinese roots,Now
___________________________________________
I _______________________________
am proud of being a Chinese boy.
Yours,
Robert.
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