REFLEXIVE VERBS VERBOS REFLEXIVOS Review: Reflexive Verbs: Reflexive Verbs are used to talk about a person doing something that involves himself or herself. I bathe (myself). I shave (myself). Reflexive Pronouns Reflexive verbs use reflexive pronouns that refer to the person doing the action. Me Te Se Nos Os Se Reflexive Pronouns • Me = myself • Te = yourself • Se = him/herself • Nos = ourselves • Se = yourselves/themselves “Se” Reflexive verb infinitives end in “se” Levantarse = to get oneself up, to get out of bed Levantar = to raise up, pick up something *Levanto el libro. *Me levanto de la cama a las siete. How to use: 1)Take the “se” off the end of the infinitive verb 2) Decide what pronoun to use: me, te, se, nos, os, se 3) Conjugate the verb like normal, and put the pronoun before the verb: I get up. = Me levanto. I got up. = Me levanté. Práctica: 1) I wash my face. (lavarse) Me lavo la cara. 2) I woke up at eight. (despertarse) Me desperté a las ocho. 3) Julia got married. (casarse) Julia se casó. Infinitives: If there is an INFINITIVE in the sentence, you can put the pronoun on the end of the infinitive: Voy a levantarme. OR Me voy a levantar. • No me gusta levantarme temprano. • A mi abuela no le gusta bañarse. Práctica: We are going to get up early. (levantarse) 1) Vamos a levantarnos temprano. 2) Nos vamos a levantar temprano. Are you going to get up early? 1) ¿Vas a levantarte temprano? 2) ¿Te vas a levantar temprano? Vocabulario: • Write an original sentence using the word you are given. • You will then write your word on the board, and read your sentence to the class. • As each student presents, you should add each word to your notes. 1.Aburrirse = to get bored 2.Cansarse = to get tired 3. Cepillarse (los dientes) = to brush (your teeth) 4. Peinarse = to comb one’s hair 5. Pintarse las uñas = to paint one’s nails 6. Ponerse = to put (something) on 7. Vestirse (ei)= to get dressed 8. Preocuparse de = to worry about 9. Lavarse las manos = to wash your hands 10. Lavarse = to wash 11. Arreglarse = to get ready 12. Maquillarse = to put on makeup 13. Secarse = to dry off 14. Acostarse(oue) = to go to bed, lay down 15. Casarse con = to get married to 16. Bañarse = to bathe 17. Ducharse = to shower 18. Afeitarse = to shave 19. Levantarse = to get up 20. Despertarse (eie)= to wake up 21. Irse = to leave 22. Divertirse (eie, ei)= to have fun, enjoy yourself 23. Lastimarse = to hurt (oneself) 24. Sentirse (eie, ei) = to feel 25. Dormirse (oue, ou) = to fall asleep 26. Quemarse = to burn yourself 27. Enfermarse = to get sick 28. Quitarse = to take off, get rid of 29. Sentarse (eie) = to sit down 30. Caerse = to fall Práctica 1.I woke up at seven. 2.I put makeup on. 3.Did you shower? 4.I am going to shower. 5.I leave the house at 7:00. 6.I worry about my classes. 7.I fell asleep last night at 10:00. Reflexive vs. Non-Reflexive Me lavo la cara. vs. Lavo la cara de mi hermanito. Me pongo una chaqueta. vs. Pongo la chaqueta en mi armario. Divertirse = to have fun Divertir = to entertain (others) Dormirse = to fall asleep Dormir = to sleep Irse = to leave, to flee Ir = to go Vestirse = to dress yourself Vestir = to dress other people Levantarse = to get yourself up Levantar = to raise up, lift up Llamar = to call Llamarse = to be called, call yourself Many reflexive verbs can be used as a reflexive or non-reflexive: • • • • • Quemar(se) Lavar(se) Maquillar(se) Duchar(se) Etc. TAREA • 10 original sentences using reflexive verbs. • Use different subjects (me, you, him/her…) • In each sentence tell what the person does and where they do it. Example: Me ducho en el baño.