THE NEUTER LO, LO QUE (LO CUAL)
Por:
Bradley Scott
Amy Lee
Katryna Olarte
Daniel Taylor
THE NEUTER LO
The neuter lo is used with a masculine
singular adjective to express an
abstract idea or quality.
*Neuters are essentially replacing the
use of a noun with an adjective.
EXAMPLE
Singular Adjective
Ex. Lo cierto es que la computadora es
un invento muy útil.
The sure thing is that the computer is a
very useful invention.
EXAMPLES
Le di lo inútil a mi hermana.
I gave the useless things to my sister.
Lo peor de mi casa es el baño.
The worst part of my house is the
bathroom.
PRACTICE
The important thing is to love.
Lo importante es amar.
The new thing is that he studies.
Lo nuevo es que él estudia.
THE NEUTER LO
The neuter lo can also refer to an idea or
quality already mentioned. [The lo refers
to the adjective in the aforementioned
sentence, not the noun(s)].
EXAMPLE
¡Esas fotos son horribles!
-No, no lo son.
Those photos are terrible!
-No, they are not (horrible).
*The lo is used as a substitute for the
word horrible.
EXAMPLE
Es divertido hacer su propia ropa.
-Sí, lo sé.
It’s fun to make your own clothes.
-Yes, I know (it is fun).
PRACTICE
The pig is fat.
-No, no it isn’t (fat).
El cerdo es gordo.
-No, no lo es.
THE NEUTER LO QUE AND LO CUAL
Lo cual and lo que are used to refer to
an idea previously mentioned.
*Both phrases are interchangeable
(except at the beginning of a
sentence…then lo que MUST be used)
in this use and can be translated into
meaning which in English.
EXAMPLE
Gabriela Mistral era una gran escritora
chilena, por lo cual ganó el Premio
Nóbel de Literatura en 1945.
Gabriela Mistral was a great Chilean
writer, for which reason she won the
Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945.
EXAMPLE
Mi abuela está aprendiendo a tejer, lo
que la ayuda a pasar el tiempo
mientras está en el hospital.
My grandma is learning to knit, which
helps her pass time while she is in
the hospital.
PRACTICE
My brother receives really good grades,
for which reason he loves school.
Mi hermano recibe buenísimas notas,
por lo cual le encanta la escuela.
THE NEUTER LO QUE AND LO CUAL
However, the use of lo cual is limited
only to sentences in which there is an
antecedent or person/noun already
mentioned. Thus, if there is no
antecedent, one must use lo que.
*Lo que in this case is translated into
meaning what.
EXAMPLES
No entiendo lo que quiere decir, señor.
I don’t understand what you mean, sir.
No puedo describir lo que vi en la calle
esta mañana.
I can't describe what I saw in the street
this morning.
PRACTICE-LO CUAL OR LO QUE
Enrique began to shout in a very loud
voice, which bothered his family very
much.
Enrique empezó a gritar en voz muy
alta, lo cual (lo que) le molestó mucho
a su familia.
What you said doesn't make any sense.
Lo que dijiste no tiene sentido.
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The Neuter Lo, lo qUe (lo cual)