In d o -E u ro p e a n la n g u a g e s
E n g lis h
m o n th
m o th e r
new
n ig h t
nose
th re e
W e ls h
m is
m am
new ydd
nos
trw y n
tri
G a e lic
mí
m á th a ir
nua
o íc h e
s ró n
trí
F re n c h
m o is
m è re
nouveau
n u it
nez
tro is
S p a n is h
m es
m a d re
nuevo
noche
n a riz
tre s
P o rtu g u e s e
m ês
m ãe
novo
n o ite
n a riz
trê s
I ta lia n
m ese
m a d re
nuovo
n o tte
naso
tre
L a tin
m e n s is
m a te r
novus
nox
nasus
tre s
G e rm a n
M onat
M u tte r
neu
N acht
N ase
d re i
D u tc h
m aand
m oeder
n ie u w
nacht
neus
d rie
I c e la n d ic
m ánudur
m ó d ir
nýr
n ó tt
nef
b rír
S w e d is h
m ånad
m oder
ny
n a tt
näsa
tre
P o lis h
m ie s i ? c
m a tk a
now y
noc
nos
trz y
Czech
m ěśc
m a tk a
nový
noc
nos
tři
R o m a n ia n
lu n ?
m am ?
nou
n o a p te
nas
tre i
A lb a n ia n
m uaj
nënë
iri
n a të
hundë
tre ,tri
G re e k
m en
m e te r
neos
nux
rh ïs
tre is
R u s s ia n
m e s y a ts
m at
novy
noch
nos
tri
L ith u a n ia n
m enuo
m o tin a
n a u ja s
n a k tis
n o s is
try s
A rm e n ia n
a m is
m ayr
nor
k is h e r
k it
y e re k
P e rs ia n
m ãh
m ãdar
nau
shab
b in i
se
S a n s k rit
m ãs
m a ta r
nava
nakt
nãs
tra y a s
T h e En c a r t a ® 2 0 0 0 N e w W o r l d A l m a n a c © C o p y r i g h t 1 9 9 8 , H e l i c o n Pu b l i s h i n g L t d . A l l r i g h t s
r eser v ed .
Hittite Warriors
Hattusas
The King's Gate at Hattusas
Abraham or Abram, biblical patriarch, according to the
Book of Genesis (11:27-25:10), progenitor of the Hebrews,
who lived probably in the period between 2000 and 1500
BC. Muslims regarded Abraham, who they call Ibrahim, as
an ancestor of the Arabs through his son Ishmael.
According to tradition, Abraham was
born in the city of Ur, where he
married his half sister, Sarah. God
promised to make Abraham a great
nation, promised him a son by Sarah,
and confirmed these promises by a
covenant. Abraham attempted to save
the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah
from destruction by God. Isaac was
born to Sarah in Abraham's 100th year.
God demanded that Abraham
sacrifice Isaac as a test of
faith, but because of Abraham's
unquestioning compliance, God
spared Isaac's life. Abraham
died at the biblical age of 175
and was buried beside Sarah in
the Cave of Machpelah, in what
is now Hebron, West Bank.
Moses, c.a. 1250 B.C.
Invasion of the “Sea Peoples” around 1200 B.C.
The days of Egyptian empire were ended, and the New Kingdom expired with
the end of the twentieth dynasty in 1085 B.C. For the next thousand years,
despite periodic revivals of strength, Egypt was dominated by Libyans, Nubians,
Persians, and Macedonians.
Egyptian
Drawings of Two
Different Tribes of
Sea People
Philistines
•Monopoly of iron
technology
•Warrior aristocracies
under weak kings, in
which the people at large
seem to have had some
say in important
governmental decisionmaking processes.
•David and Goliath
King Saul (c.a.
1020-1000 B.C.
David and Goliath
King David
King Solomon the Wise, the
builder of the Temple (c.a. 971931)
Phoenicians
Jehu, King of Israel, is forced to pay
tribute
The Babylonian Captivity: Jews in Exile
Persia (c. 560-330 B.C.)
Cyrus (559-530 B.C.)
Aerial photo of Susa
Chair of Darius, King of Persia
Persepolis, the dynastic capital
built by Darius I
Persepolis
Ahura Mazda
Zoroaster
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