Date and Place
FOOD AND NUTRITIONAL SECURITY:
IMPACTS, IMPLICATIONS AND
OPPORTUNITIES FOR LATIN AMERICA
AND THE CARIBBEAN
Index
I. State of Food and NutritionSecurity
II. A Policy agenda for Food and Nutrition Security
What’s Food Security?
“There exists food security when all people at
all times have access to sufficient, safe,
nutritious food to maintain a healthy and
active life”
World Food Summit, 1996
Evolution of hunger in LAC
World:925 Millions of people
LAC: 52.5 Millions of people
A favorable scenario for food production
Food production in LAC
Cereals production in LAC, 1000 tons
South America
Argentina
Brazil
Central America and Caribbean
Mexico
Latin America and the Caribbean
Wheat
2010/11 2011/12
26.620
24.276
15.800
13.410
6.037
5.646
9
9
3.680
4.045
30.309
28.330
Maize
2010/11 2011/12
89.407
90.058
22.677
22.900
56.060
56.100
4.285
4.482
22.394
20.400
116.086
114.940
Rice
2010/11 2011/12
15.787
17.854
843
1.170
7.813
9.121
1.727
1.773
167
153
17.681
19.780
World’s Cereal Markets
Million tonnes
3100
2900
2700
2500
2300
2100
1900
1700
1500
06/07
07/08
Production
08/09
09/10
Utilization
10/11
11/12
Prod. + Stocks
Total
2010/11 2011/12
143.521 146.220
46.660
46.436
72.172
73.600
6.431
6.713
34.026
31.812
183.978 184.745
Change (%)
2011/12-2010/11
Total
1,9%
-0,5%
2,0%
4,4%
-6,5%
0,4%
Challenges to food access
Headline and Food inflation rate in LAC, 2007-2011*
y-o-y % change
Headline
15
Food
10
5
0
2007/07 2008/01 2008/07 2009/01 2009/07 2010/01
*/ Weigthed average using information for 10 countries.
Source: FAO-RLC
2010/07
2011/01
Dic
Poverty in Latin America:
Impacts of higher food prices on the poorest
Number
Percentage
Poverty
Extreme poverty
Poverty
Extreme poverty
Fuente: ECLAC, 2011.
Change in poverty rates in LA, 2011 vs. 2010
Poverty
Extreme poverty
Percentage
2010
2011 Var. (pp %)
31,4 %
30,4 %
-1,0
12,3 %
12,8 %
0,5
Number (Millions)
2010
2011
Var.
177
174
-3,0
70
73
3,0
Nutritional transition in LAC
II: A Policy agenda for FSN
 Governance mechanisms on FSN
 Increase investments on a more sustainable
agriculture
 Transform food production and consumption
patterns
Governance mechanisms
on global and regional levels
 Globally: CFS; G-20:UUNN
 Regionally: CELAC; UNASUR; MERCOSUR; CAN;
SICA; CARICOM; ALBA; SELA; ALADI
 LAC Hunger Free Initiative 2025
 Intra-regional food trade
 Animal, forest & fish health, and food safety
Investment and Sustainability
 Greater public and private productive
investment in family farming
 Adapting agriculture to climate change
 Fostering local food markets
 Improving property rights over land and water
Food access and consumption patterns
 Social protection systems
 Labor markets
 Consumption of traditional food
 School meals and education on food safety
Gracias
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