Social Well-being in New Zealand
Insights from the New Zealand General
Social Survey 2012
Philip Walker and Henriette Rawlings
Overview of the Workshop
Background context - social wellbeing & NZGSS
NZ General Social Survey findings
National and regional data, tools and products
Future directions and opportunities
Links to other Statistics NZ surveys
Interactive Session
Contact us
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The New Zealand General Social
Survey
Face-to-face interviews with 8,500 people
nationwide
Held every two years since 2008
Data available now from 2008, 2010, 2012
A multidimensional survey of well-being
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Social wellbeing: measurement beyond
GDP
“gross national product … measures everything in
short, except that which makes life worthwhile”
Robert F Kennedy. Kansas. March 18th 1968
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Why measure Overall Life Satisfaction?
People are generally the best judges of
how their own lives are going
How we respond to circumstances can be
as important as the circumstances
themselves
Measuring life satisfaction complements
objective measures like income because it
recognises individual preference
According to OECD data, New Zealand levels of overall life satisfaction
are above average and comparable to those of Australia, the United
Kingdom and Canada.
Life
Life satisfaction and GDP per capita OECD data
NZGSS objectives
To measure the
social well-being
of New
Zealanders
across life
domains.
To measure the
distribution of
wellbeing
among sub
populations of
policy interest
To enable
analysis of the
interrelationship
of outcomes
across domains
Cross-domain analysis
“Developments in one domain of quality of life
affect other domains”
“The consequences for quality of life of having
multiple disadvantages far exceed the sum of
their individual effects”
Stiglitz, Sen & Fitoussi, 2009.
The GSS asks people about their:
Overall life satisfaction
Health
Standard of living
Safety & security
Housing
Human rights
Knowledge and skills
Paid work
Leisure & recreation
Physical environment
Social Connectedness
Culture and identity
By core demographics such as age, sex,
ethnicity, migrant status
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Unique value of this data
National survey of well-being
Robust statistics – use of Statistics Act 1975,
survey methodology
Data available at regional level
Applications for the monitoring of social,
community and regional outcomes
Sustainable, affordable, embedded
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What NZGSS tells us
87% of New Zealander’s said they were
‘satisfied’ or ‘very satisfied‘ with their lives overall
But life satisfaction is not evenly distributed
across the population
Among those New Zealanders
less satisfied with their lives
overall :
Unemployed people
People in one parent family households
People living with household incomes below
$30,000
People in the middle life stages
Important aspects of well-being
Four aspects of people’s lives have a strong
relationship with their overall life satisfaction
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Health
Money
Relationships
Housing
Social well being interactive tool
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Good outcomes
in each of the four aspects
How New Zealanders rated themselves in each
of these four aspects of life:
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60 percent rated their health as excellent or very good
52 percent had more than enough or enough money
69 percent had not felt lonely
67 percent had no major housing problems
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More good outcomes,
more satisfied people
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We found that …
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People with all four good outcomes
were more likely to be
Older
European
Born in New Zealand
Tertiary qualified
Living in a high income household
Living in a couple-without-children family
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Putting data in your hands
“Data remains data until it’s used.
Once it’s used it becomes knowledge”
Government statistician Liz McPherson
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First Release & CURF
Commentary and standard tables
Info-graphics and interactive web tool
First Release
Reports, data dictionary & questionnaire
Confidentialised unit record data for researchers
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NZ.Stat
Flexible data online
Free to the user
NZ.Stat
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Regional high charts
Selected well being variables across 16 regional
council areas
Dynamic graphs showing 2008, 2010 and 2012
data
Link to Highcharts
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Monitoring Community Outcomes
Legislative change within the local government
sector with implications for community outcomes
Planning and monitoring through council long
term and annual plans.
Potential for use of NZGSS data for spatial plans
and regional monitoring
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NZ Treasury Living
Standard Framework
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Future Directions & Opportunities
Integrated Household surveys:
Survey vehicles
Rotating supplements
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The GSS vehicle and supplement(s)
Social Well-being
Population (C)
Age
Sex
Social Marital Status
Ethnicity
Country of Birth/ Year of arrival
Relationship in household
Maori Descent
Dependent children
Region
Family type
Subjective
Well-being
-Overall life
satisfaction
-Eudaemonic
well being
Safety and
Security
Health
-Self assessed
general health status
-Self assessed
physical health status
(SF12)
-Self assessed mental
health status (SF12)
-Cigarette smoking
behaviour
Economic Standard
of Living
-Personal income (C)
-Sources of personal
income (C)
-Household income
(C)
-Multiple deprivation
(ELSI)
-Material Wellbeing
Index (9 item)
-Experience of safety &
security issue
-Type of safety and
security issue
-Adverse impacts of
safety and security
issues
-Perceptions of safety &
security (walk alone, at
home, on net)
-perceived victimisation
-perception of
neighbourhood anti
social behaviour
Paid Work
-Satisfaction with housing
-Problems with housing
-Sector of landlord
-Number of bedrooms
-Tenure of household (C)
-Labour force status (C)
-Main occupation
-Usual hours worked
-Number of jobs
-Job satisfaction
-Prefer more or less hours
-Type of job
-Participation in employment
(household)
Leisure and
Recreation
Knowledge
and Skills
Housing
Physical
Environment
-Satisfaction with
amount of leisure time
-Barriers to leisure
-Highest qualification (C)
-Satisfaction with own skills
& knowledge
-Reasons for dissatisfaction
with own skills & knowledge
-Barriers to gaining more
knowledge and skills
-Perception of importance of
education
Culture and
Identity
Social
Connectedness
-National identity,
sense of belonging
-Perception of ability to
develop, express and
retain culture
-Generation of New
Zealander
-Satisfaction with built
environment
-Satisfaction with natural
environment
-Attitudes relating to
sustainability
-Behaviours relating to
sustainability
-Preparedness for natural
disasters (potential mini supp
2014)
Human
Rights
-Discrimination
-Tolerance of diversity
- Trust in institutions
-Voting participation
-Contact with family & friends
-Barriers to more social
contact
-Formal voluntary work
-Informal unpaid work outside
home
-Feelings of isolation
-Support across households
-Availability of help in times of
need
- Generalised trust
Social networks and support
supplement 2014:
Key:
• Items in black are GSS primary content
• Items in blue are new additions
• Items in red with strikethrough are existing GSS
content not included in GSS 2014 (but may be
included in future supplements)
• Items in purple are considered for one off
inclusion in 2014
Major topic areas:
• Characteristics of Social Network
• Strength of Social Network
• Effectiveness of Social network
Includes sub topics:
- Contact with family and friends
- Network size and composition
- Diversity of social networks
- Household relationships
- Social support
- Support during a significant life change
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GSS programme 2016 & 2018
Potential topics
Civic and cultural participation 2016?
Housing and physical environment 2018?
Or ?
You tell us…
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Formal consultation for NZGSS 2016 will begin
in early 2014. Have your say.
Once topic is selected, an objectives paper will
be developed.
Consultation on the objectives and specific
measures will begin in mid 2014.
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Other social data….
Census
Post censal surveys: Te Kupenga and Disability
Surveys
Household Economic Survey
Household Labour Force Survey
Coming soon: Social Statistics Portal
User Forum 2014
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2013 Census data release
Released progressively over 18 months
First releases 2013
Product name
7 Oct 2013
2013 Census national census usually resident population count
15 Oct 2013
2013 Census Population Counts – regional (RC/TA/Local
Boards/AU)
3 Dec 2013
Population and dwelling tables
QuickStats about national highlights
QuickStats about Māori
Customised request service available
Information by variable
10 Dec 2013
Census totals by topic
www.stats.govt.nz/2013release
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Te Kupenga 2013
First survey of Māori well-being
• Release date: 6 May 2014
• Sample of over 5,000 NZers of Māori ancestry from
Census 2013
What to expect
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Health of Te Reo Māori
Engagement in Māori culture
Subjective measures of whānau
Perceptions of whānau well-being
Email: [email protected]
Phone: (04) 931-4600
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….Te Kupenga 2013
Further Products
• Analytical programme of reports, and tables
to follow first release - more detailed report
on Te Reo Māori
• CURF
Potential Uses
• Understanding whānau & Māori well-being – input to any development
projects
• Provides new information on Māori outcomes
• Help inform policies and programmes for Māori
Email: [email protected]
Phone: (04) 931-4600
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2013 Disability Survey
First information release – 17 June 2014
Topics covered in the first release:
Disability prevalence (disability rates) over time
Disability rates and numbers by broad age groups and by sex
Percentage of disabled people living in household and residential
facilities
Impairment types
Cause of impairment
Support level for adults and children
Summary information for Māori and Pacific populations (where
sample error permits)
www.stats.govt.nz/disability contains information from
previous surveys
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2013 Disability Survey
Further products beyond first release
• Currently investigating a range of products in consultation with
stakeholders
• Key data needs identified: outcomes data, regional data
(especially Christchurch) and time series data
Potential uses of the data
• Understanding the needs and outcomes of disabled people in
your area
• Planning the delivery of services and programmes
• Informing policies that affect disabled people in NZ
• Advocacy
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Household Economic Survey
Run every three years. Short version HES
Income run in the two years in between.
Collects information on household expenditure
and income, plus a wide range of demographic
information on individuals and households.
Also asks where households get their money
from – for example, wages and salaries, selfemployment, investments, or benefits.
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HES Objectives
To contribute to the Consumers Price Index
(CPI) & Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
To measure the material living standards of New
Zealanders and how those material living
standards have changed over time.
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Household Labour Force Survey
Official measure of labour force status (including
unemployment) in New Zealand
16,000 households over 8 quarters
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HLFS measures
The number of employed, unemployed, those
not in the labour force, those in formal study
Hours worked
Occupation and industry activity
Duration of unemployment, steps taken to find
work and/or more hours of work
By core demographics such as age, sex, marital
status, locality, ethnic origin
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What is the Social Statistics Portal?
Web-based tool that
Presents NZ’s most important social statistics in one
place
offers a range of options for interacting with the data
offers the stats in similar format and variable set
increases accessibility of important social monitoring
information
September 2013
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September 2013
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September 2013
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User Forum – meeting user needs
26-27 March 2014, Te Papa, Wellington
Theme - ‘Informing today, advancing
tomorrow – working together to obtain better
value from statistics’
Day 1 - Informing Today Day 2 – Advancing
Tomorrow
3 Topic Streams: Access & Use , Obtaining
Better Value, Working Together
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Contact us
Information Centre
PO Box 2922
Wellington 6140
Ph 0508 525 525 toll free
Email: [email protected]
Fax +64 9 920 9395
www.stats.govt.nz/nzgss
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Questions?
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Reminder
Sign the attendance sheet with your email
address to receive the presentation powerpoint
Fill out the evaluation form
Take some of our resources
Visit our website www.stats.govt.nz/nzgss
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Thank you
Your input today and in the future will:
Help us learn more about the statistical
information needs, data sources, applications,
and the monitoring frameworks of stakeholders
Influence analysis and the development of new
products and measures
Inform the content of the GSS going forward
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