2015/10/7
CHARLES LAMB
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CHARLES LAMB
2015/10/7
DREAM CHILDREN: A REVERIE
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Dream Children: a Reverie
Children love to listen to stories about their elders, when they
were children; to stretch their imagination to the conception of a
traditionary great-uncle, or grandame1, whom they never saw. It
was in this spirit that my little ones2 crept about me the other
evening to hear about their great-grandmother Field3, who lived in
a great house in Norfolk4 (a hundred times bigger than that in
which they and papa5 lived) which had been the scene — so at
least it was generally believed in that part of the country — of the
tragic incidents which they had lately become familiar with from
the ballad of the Children in the Wood6. Certain it is that the whole
story of the children and their cruel uncle was to be seen fairly
carved out in wood upon the chimney-piece of the great hall, the
whole story down to the Robin Redbreasts7, till a foolish rich
person pulled it down to set up a marble one of modern invention
in its stead, with no story upon it. Here Alice8 put out one of her
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dear
mother's looks, too tender to be called upbraiding9.
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Then I went on to say how religious and how good their greatgrandmother Field was, how beloved and respected by everybody,
though she was not indeed the mistress of this great house, but
had only the charge of it (and yet in some respects she might be
said to be the mistress of it too) committed to her by the owner,
who preferred living in a newer and more fashionable mansion
which he had purchased somewhere in the adjoining county; but
still she lived in it in a manner as if it had been her own, and kept
up the dignity of the great house in a sort10 while she lived, which
afterwards came to decay, and was nearly pulled down11, and all
its old ornaments stripped and carried away to the owner's other
house12, where they were set up, and looked as awkward13 as if
someone were to carry away the old tombs they had seen lately at
the Abbey14, and stick them up in Lady C.'s tawdry gilt drawingroom. Here John15 smiled, as much as to say, “that would be
foolish, indeed.”
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And then I told how, when she came to die, her funeral was
attended by a concourse of all the poor, and some of the gentry too,
of the neighborhood for many miles round, to show their respect
for her memory, because she had been such a good and religious
woman; so good indeed that she knew all the Psaltery16 by heart,
ay, and a great part of the Testament17 besides. Here little Alice
spread her hands18. Then I told what a tall, upright, graceful
person their great-grandmother Field once was; and how in her
youth she was esteemed the best dancer — here Alice's little right
foot played an involuntary movement, till upon my looking grave, it
desisted19 — the best dancer, I was saying, in the county, till a cruel
disease, called a cancer, came, and bowed her down with pain; but
it could never bend her good spirits, or make them stoop20, but
they were still upright, because she was so good and religious.
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Then I told how she was used to sleep by herself in a lone chamber
of the great lone house; and how she believed that an apparition of
two infants21 was to be seen at midnight gliding up and down the
great staircase near where she slept, but she said “those
innocents22 would do her no harm”; and how frightened I used to
be, though in those days I had my maid sleep with me, because I
was never half so good or religious as she — and yet I never saw
the infants. Here John expanded all his eyebrows and tried to look
courageous23. Then I told how good she was to all her
grandchildren, having us to the great house in the holidays, where I
in particular used to spend many hours by myself, in gazing upon
the old busts of the twelve Caesars24, that had been emperors of
Rome, till the old marble heads would seem to live again, or I to be
turned into marble with them25;
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how I never could be tired with roaming about that huge mansion,
with its vast empty rooms, with their worn-out hangings, fluttering
tapestry, and carved oaken panels, with the gilding almost rubbed
out — sometimes in the spacious old-fashioned gardens, which I
had almost to myself, unless26 when now and then a solitary
gardening man would cross me — and how the nectarines and
peaches hung upon the walls without my ever offering to pluck
them, because they were forbidden fruit27, unless now and then —
and because I had more pleasure in strolling about among the old
melancholy-looking yew-trees, or the firs, and picking up the red
berries, and the fir apples, which were good for nothing but to look
at — or in lying about upon the fresh grass, with all the fine garden
smells around me — or basking in the orangery, till I could almost
fancy myself ripening too along with the oranges and the limes in
that grateful warmth — or in watching the dace28 — that darted to
and fro in the fishpond, at the bottom of the garden,
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with here and there a great sulky pike hanging midway down the
water in silent state, as if it mocked at their impertinent29
friskings — I had more pleasure in these busy-idle diversions30 than
in all the sweet flavors of peaches, nectarines, oranges, and suchlike common baits of children. Here John slyly deposited back upon
the plate a bunch of grapes which, not unobserved by Alice, he had
meditated dividing with her, and both seemed willing to relinquish
them for the present as irrelevant. Then in somewhat a more
heightened tone, I told how, though their great-grandmother Field
loved all her grandchildren, yet in an especial manner she might be
said to love their uncle, John L — 31, because he was so handsome
and spirited a youth, and a king to the rest of us; and, instead of
moping about in solitary corners, like some of us, he would mount
the most mettlesome horse he could get, when but an imp no
bigger than themselves, and make it carry him half over the county
in a morning,
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and join the hunters when there were any out — and yet he loved
the old great house and gardens too, but had too much spirit to be
always pent up32 within their boundaries — and how their uncle
grew up to man's estate33 as brave as he was handsome, to the
admiration of everybody, but of their great-grandmother Field most
especially; and how he used to carry me upon his back when I was
a lame-footed boy — for he was a good bit older than me — many a
mile when I could not walk for pain; — and how in after-life34 he
became lame-footed too, and I did not always (I fear) make
allowances enough for him when he was impatient, and in pain,
nor remember sufficiently how considerate he had been to me
when I was lame-footed; and how when he died, though he had not
been dead an hour, it seemed as if he had died a great while ago,
such a distance there is betwixt life and death; and how I bore his
death as I thought pretty well at first, but afterwards it haunted and
haunted me; and though I did not cry or take it to heart as some do,
and
as I think he would have done if I had died,
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yet I missed him all day long, and knew not till then how much I
had loved him. I missed his kindness, and I missed his crossness,
and wished him to be alive again, to be quarreling with him (for we
quarreled sometimes), rather than not have him again, and was as
uneasy without him, as he, their poor uncle35, must have been
when the doctor took off his limb. Here the children fell a-crying,
and asked if their little mourning which they had on was not for
Uncle John, and they looked up, and prayed me not to go on about
their uncle, but to tell them some stories about their pretty dead
mother. Then I told how for seven long years, in hope sometimes,
sometimes in despair, yet persisting ever, I courted the fair Alice W-n36; and, as much as children could understand, I explained to
them what coyness, and difficulty, and denial37 meant in
maidens — when suddenly, turning to Alice,
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the soul of the first Alice38 looked out at her eyes with such a
reality of representment, that I became in doubt which of them
stood there before me, or whose that bright hair was; and while I
stood gazing, both the children gradually grew fainter to my view,
receding, and still receding till nothing at last but two mournful
features were seen in the uttermost distance, which without
speech, strangely impressed upon me the effects of speech: “We
are not of Alice39, nor of thee, nor are we children at all. The
children of Alice call Bartrum40 father. We are nothing; less than
nothing, and dreams. We are only what might have been, and must
wait upon the tedious shores of Lethe41 millions of ages before we
have existence and a name”— and immediately awaking, I found
myself quietly seated in my bachelor armchair, where I had fallen
asleep, with the faithful Bridget42 unchanged by my side — but
John L. (or James Elia43) was gone forever44.
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Notes
1. to stretch their imagination to the conception of a traditionary great-uncle or grandame: to stimulate
them to imagine a certain great-uncle or grandame of theirs
2. my little ones: my imaginary children
3. their great-grandmother Field: Mary Field, Lamb's grandmother, who had been a housekeeper of the
Plumers for 50 years, keeping Blakesware in Hertfordshire
4. Norfolk: a shire in the east of England
5. papa: Lamb himself, the imaginary father of the dream children
6. the Children in the Wood: a famous ballad in Reliques of Old English Poetry
7. the Robin Redbreasts: According to the ballad mentioned in Note 6, the Robin Redbreasts covered the
corpses of the children after they were murdered.
8. Alice: the imaginary daughter of Lamb
9. upbraiding: reproaching
10. in a sort: more or less
11. which afterwards came to decay, and was nearly pulled down: Here it refers to the building
Blakesware which afterwards came to decay and was pulled down in 1822.
12. The owner's other house: Here it refers to the Plumers's main estate, Gilston, in Hertfordshire, which
was a few miles from Blakesware.
13. looked … awkward: appeared to be nondescript
14. the Abbey: the Westminster Abbey
15. John: the imaginary son of Lamb
16. Psaltery: the Book of Psalms
17. the Testament: Here it refers to the New Testament.
18. spread her hands: This is her body language which expresses her respect to her grandmother.
19. here Alice's little right foot … desisted: This shows that Alice was fascinated by her father's narration
and was almost moved to dancing.
20. make them stoop: make them in low spirit
21. an apparition of two infants: It's said that there were two children in the Plumers mysteriously lost in
the 17th century.
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Notes
22. innocents: here refers to the lost infants.
23. Here John expanded all his eyebrows and tried to look courageous: Pay attention to the author's vivid
description of little John, who was now a little bit frightened but pretended to be brave and manly.
24. the twelve Caesars: the first twelve emperors of Rome Empire
25. or I to be turned into marble with them: or I seemed to be turned into the busts of the Twelve
Caesars.
26. unless: except
27. forbidden fruit: a biblical allusion alluding to things forbidden yet all the more desired.
28. dace: a kind of small fish
29. impertinent: improper
30. diversions: recreations
31. John L —: John Lamb, Charles Lamb's brother, who was 12 years older than Charles Lamb
32. pent up: limited
33. man's estate: adulthood
34. in after-life: in the later half of his life
35. their poor uncle: John Lamb
36. Alice W--n: Alice Winterton. It may alluding to Ann Simmons, who was once in love with Lamb but
finally married William Bartrum. That's why the author says later “The children of Alice call Bartrum
father.”
37. denial: refraining oneself
38. the first Alice: Alice W-n, the imaginary wife of Lamb and the mother of his dream children
39. We are not of Alice: We are not the children of Alice W--n.
40. Bartrum: William Bartrum(c.f. Note 36)
41. Lethe: the river of Hades. It is supposed in the Greek mythology that only after drinking water in this
river can the dead forget things in the mortal world.
42. Bridget: the name given to his sister Mary Lamb by Lamb himself
43. James Elia: the name given to his brother John Lamb by Lamb himself
44. gone forever: disappeared forever, dead
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Charles Lamb