Jesus is coming. . .soon! Are you ready?
The Seven Churches
The
Seven
Churches
of
Revelation
The history of God’s
church through time,
beginning with the time of
the Apostle John and
ending with the church at
the time of Jesus’ second
coming in clouds of glory.
This history spans two
millennia, from A.D. 31
until the present day.
Ephesus
Smyrna
Pergamos
Thyatira
Sardis
Philadelphia
Laodicea
A.D. 31- 100
A.D. 100- 313
A.D. 313 - 528
A.D. 528 - 1350
1350 - 1740
1740 - 1844
1844 – present
Commendation:
patience, good
works, tested
false teachers
Commendation:
perseverance in
tribulation; rich in
spiritual things
Commendation:
held to Christ’s
name; didn’t deny
Jesus’ faith
Commendation:
Love, service, and
patience
Commendation:
faithfulness of
some
Commendation:
loyalty and
patience
Commendation:
none
Reproof:
false teachings,
Jezebel harbored
Reproof:
dead
Reproof:
none
Reproof:
lukewarmness
and pretension
Exhortation:
repent, be vigilant
Exhortation:
hold fast what you
have
Promise:
white robes,
names in Book of
Life
Promise:
pillar in the
temple of God
Reproof:
left her first love
Reproof:
none
Reproof:
false teachings
Exhortation:
repent and do the
first works
Exhortation:
do not fear, be
faithful
Exhortation:
repent
Promise:
tree of life
Promise:
crown of life
Promise:
hidden manna,
white stone, new
name
Exhortation:
repent and hold
fast to truth
Promise:
power, “Morning
star”
Exhortation:
need faith,
righteousness,
discernment
Promise:
with Christ on His
throne
The
Seven
Churches
of
Revelation
These letters to the seven
churches are not merely
historical portraits of the
Christian churches in the
days of the apostles, but
rather are prophetic types
of conditions within the
church universal until the
second coming of Christ.
Ephesus
Smyrna
Pergamos
Thyatira
Sardis
Philadelphia
Laodicea
A.D. 31- 100
A.D. 100- 313
A.D. 313 - 528
A.D. 528 - 1350
1350 - 1740
1740 - 1844
1844 – present
Commendation:
patience, good
works, tested
false teachers
Commendation:
perseverance in
tribulation; rich in
spiritual things
Commendation:
held to Christ’s
name; didn’t deny
Jesus’ faith
Commendation:
Love, service, and
patience
Commendation:
faithfulness of
some
Commendation:
loyalty and
patience
Commendation:
none
Reproof:
false teachings,
Jezebel harbored
Reproof:
dead
Reproof:
none
Reproof:
lukewarmness
and pretension
Exhortation:
repent, be vigilant
Exhortation:
hold fast what you
have
Promise:
white robes,
names in Book of
Life
Promise:
pillar in the
temple of God
Reproof:
left her first love
Reproof:
none
Reproof:
false teachings
Exhortation:
repent and do the
first works
Exhortation:
do not fear, be
faithful
Exhortation:
repent
Promise:
tree of life
Promise:
crown of life
Promise:
hidden manna,
white stone, new
name
Exhortation:
repent and hold
fast to truth
Promise:
power, “Morning
star”
Exhortation:
need faith,
righteousness,
discernment
Promise:
with Christ on His
throne
The
Seven
Churches
of
Revelation
Significantly, each one of
the reproofs, exhortations,
and promises have an
accumulative application
for the people of final
church — the Laodicean
church that will see Christ
come in clouds of glory
Ephesus
Smyrna
Pergamos
Thyatira
Sardis
Philadelphia
Laodicea
A.D. 31- 100
A.D. 100- 313
A.D. 313 - 528
A.D. 528 - 1350
1350 - 1740
1740 - 1844
1844 – present
Commendation:
patience, good
works, tested
false teachers
Commendation:
perseverance in
tribulation; rich in
spiritual things
Commendation:
held to Christ’s
name; didn’t deny
Jesus’ faith
Commendation:
Love, service, and
patience
Commendation:
faithfulness of
some
Commendation:
loyalty and
patience
Commendation:
none
Reproof:
false teachings,
Jezebel harbored
Reproof:
dead
Reproof:
none
Reproof:
lukewarmness
and pretension
Exhortation:
repent, be vigilant
Exhortation:
hold fast what you
have
Promise:
white robes,
names in Book of
Life
Promise:
pillar in the
temple of God
Reproof:
left her first love
Reproof:
none
Reproof:
false teachings
Exhortation:
repent and do the
first works
Exhortation:
do not fear, be
faithful
Exhortation:
repent
Promise:
tree of life
Promise:
crown of life
Promise:
hidden manna,
white stone, new
name
Exhortation:
repent and hold
fast to truth
Promise:
power, “Morning
star”
Exhortation:
need faith,
righteousness,
discernment
Promise:
with Christ on His
throne
Protestant View
From a commentary
published in the 1600s
we find this description
of the seven church
periods:
1. Ephesus – apostolic
age
2. Smyrna – period of
pagan persecution
3. Pergamos – from
Constantine’s time to
the great apostasy
Johannes Cocceius, 1603 – 1669
Protestant View
4. Thyatira – period of
papal persecution
5. Sardis – Protestant
Reformation period
6. Philadelphia –
Cocceius, writing in the
17th century, called this
“a church yet to come”
7. Laodicea – church of
the “last age”
preceding the second
coming of Christ
Protestant View
From a Bible commentary
published in Holland in 1705
we read:
“Under this emblematical
representation of the seven
churches of Asia, the Holy
Spirit has delineated seven
different states of the
Christian church, which would
appear in succession,
extending to the coming of
our Lord.”
— Campeius Vitringa
General Theme
General theme of the
Book of Revelation
concerns the conflict
between Christ and Satan
as played out through
religious and political
events effecting Christ’s
church on earth during
the last two millennia
Ephe
sus
Christ introduces Himself to
the church at Ephesus by
drawing attention to His
position as High Priest,
walking among the
candlesticks in the Holy
Place, or first apartment of
the sanctuary
Rev. 2:1
Ephe
sus
He further identifies Himself
as the one who controls
world affairs; the “stars”
(leaders) are in His hands
Rev. 2:1
Ephe
sus
Stars are used in other places
in the Bible to denote
leadership, either religious or
civil (as lordship or kingship)
Ephe
sus
The time frame for this
prophecy begins in A.D. 31
(the year of Christ’s
crucifixion) until the death
of John, the last apostle
who personally knew Jesus;
John died at Ephesus
shortly after A.D. 100
Ephe
sus
Under Paul’s influence and teaching, the power of
the Holy Spirit’s working was so great in Ephesus
that it threatened the supremacy of the goddess
Diana, and mob violence resulted
Ephe
sus
Library front view
Ephe
sus
In A.D. 431 the church held an ecumenical council in
Ephesus and declared that Mary was the “God-Bearer” or
“Mother of God” which echoed back to the claim held for the
ancient goddess, Diana, who was called the “Divine Mother”
Ephe
sus
During this period in church history, in spite of
orthodoxy and doctrinal purity, error began to make
inroads into the church, partly through the influence of
the writings of the Alexandrian leaders, and partly
through the influence of the Nicolaitans
Ephe
sus
“The Nicolaitans were persons who excused certain
forms of impurity, and made the grace of God a cloak
for lasciviousness. I believe the heresy was known in
latter days as Antinomianism, that the life [character] is
of little moment [importance].” G. Campbell Morgan
Ephe
sus
“Their doctrines and lives were equally corrupt. They
allowed the most abominable lewdness and adulteries,
as well as sacrificing to idols; all of which they placed
among things indifferent and pleaded for as branches of
‘Christian liberty’.”
John Wesley
Ephe
sus
Also during this period clergymen began to take on
more of an exalted status, exercising lordship over the
laity, and men were put in place of Christ as the head of
the church — they left their First Love, and began to
assume that they could be saved through their works
Smyr
na
Smyrna was built on the 500 foot
conical-shaped Mount Pagus
Smyr
na
As the centuries passed, more and more
corruptions began to creep into the
church, until today we find many pagan
practices, which God hates, as doctrinal
norms among His professed followers
Smyr
na
“I know the blasphemy of them
which say they are Jews, and are not,
but are the synagogue of Satan.”
In Romans 2:28, 29 Paul says that “he is
not a Jew who is one outwardly” by
circumcision and keeping the ceremonial
law, “but he is a Jew, which is one
inwardly” through circumcision of the heart
Smyr
na
Smyrna was the very center of Roman
religion in Asia Minor. As early as 195
B.C. a temple to Dea Roma (“Rome the
goddess”) had been built in Smyrna. In
25 A.D. many cities of Asia Minor vied
with one another for the honor of
building the temple to Tiberius — the
honor was granted to Smyrna because
of its worship of Rome.
When Christians refused to burn incense
to the emperor of Rome as god, they were
accused of treason and sentenced to die.
During this period of the church’s history
pagan Roman emperors attempted to
destroy the new Christian faith
Smyr
na
Christians were hated because they were
seen as inflexible, obstinate, superstitious,
and depraved.
When it appeared to the pagans that they
were making headway against the hated
Christians, they struck a coin in celebration
of the triumph of the pagan gods over the
faith of Jesus.
Jesus addressed
these very events
• By addressing this church period as the
One who was dead, but is alive
• By warning them of their persecutions
and trials and telling them not to fear
• By promising them that, even though
they might lose their physical life on
earth, they were assured of eternal
life in Him
Perga
Perga
mos
• When Cyrus captured Babylon, it
was the ancient seat of Satan’s
counterfeit religion
• The supreme pontiff of the
Chaldean mystery religion fled
the city with his priests and
ultimately made their residence
in Pergamos
Perga
mos
At Pergamos there was
a magnificent temple to
Zeus, which was also
called the Temple of
Aesculapius or the
“Great Physician” and
“Saviour”
Perga
mos
Pergamos has a double meaning
• elevation, which carries the idea
of exaltation
• union through marriage (gamos)
Perga
mos
“And out of one of them came forth
a little horn, which waxed exceeding
great, toward the south, and toward
the east, and toward the pleasant
land. And it waxed great . . . Yea, he
magnified himself even to the prince
of the host and from him the daily
was taken away, and the place of his
sanctuary was cast down”
Perga
mos
“And another shall arise after them;
and he shall be diverse from the
first, and he shall subdue three
kings. And he shall speak great
words against the Most High, and
shall wear out the saints of the Most
High, and think to change times and
laws . . .”
Dan. 7:24, 25
Perga
mos
During the Pergamos period of the
church’s history we find an exalting
and setting in place of pagan ideas
and practices within the Christian
church, creating a counterfeit
religion and a counterfeit Christ
(antichrist)
Perga
mos
“I know thy works, and where thou
dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and
thou holdest fast My name, and hast not
denied My faith, even in those days
wherein Antipas was My faithful martyr,
who was slain among you, where Satan
dwelleth.”
Revelation 2:13
Perga
mos
• Doctrine of the Nicolaitans
• Doctrine of Balaam
• Balaam was an apostate prophet
of God who turned traitor to secure
worldly gain and kingly favors
• He seduced Israel into heathen
worship and whoredom at Baal Peor
Perga
mos
After centuries of persecution, Satan
finally realized that he could not
destroy God’s church by attacking it
from without, so he joined the church
in order to ruin it from within through
an amalgamation with the world
(“baptized” paganism) and union of
church and state (papalism)
Perga
mos
During the Pergamos period the
transition between pagan and papal
Rome took place —
“The Pergamite period, in which true
faith more and more disappeared
from view, and clericalism gradually
formed itself into a system, and the
Church united with the world, and
Babylon began to rear itself aloft.”
Perga
mos
Constantine
was the human
agent through
whom Satan
accomplished
his counterfeit
system of
church and
state united
Perga
mos
Battle at
Milvian Bridge
Perga
mos
Chi Rho became known
as the “sign of Christ”
Perga
mos
Constantine
signed into
law the first
national
Sunday law
in A.D. 321
Perga
mos
“On the venerable day of the sun let the
magistrates and people residing in the
cities rest, and let all workshops be
closed. In the country, however, persons
engaged in agriculture may freely and
lawfully continue their pursuits . . . Lest
by neglecting the proper moment for such
operation, the bounty of heaven should
be lost.”
Edict signed March 7, 321 A.D.
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
Thyati
ra
A.D. 538 Emperor
Justinian issued a
decree elevating the
bishop of Rome to
sovereign power,
not just over church
matters, but also
over civil affairs
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
Cardinal Baronius claimed that this was
a fulfillment of Christ’s prophecy of the
“abomination of desolation” and further
stated that “the son of perdition
occupied the papal chair, not as vicar of
Christ, but as the predicted antichrist.”
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
During this period
of church history
we find the full
development of
the counterfeit
system that
challenged
Christ’s authority
Thyati
ra
Jezebel usurped
power from her
husband, Ahab, and
assumed full control
both of the state and
the church of the day
(Baal worship)
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
Baal was the sun-god of the Sidonians.
Under the reign of Jezebel, Baal became
the chief god in apostate Israel. Sun
worship is the foundation of all pagan
religions, and it is perpetuated under
the papal system.
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
College of
Cardinals
assembled
at Rome
Thyati
ra
Dagon, the pagan fish god
of the Philistines, was also
worshipped in ancient
Babylon and Egypt
Thyati
ra
Pope John Paul II
wearing his fish
miter with the tails
coming down the
back of his neck
Thyati
ra
Church of the
Dark Ages
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
The papacy forsook the true Sabbath of
Jehovah, the memorial of creation and
the finished work of Christ as our
Sacrifice (He “rested” over the Sabbath
after His crucifixion). In place of the true
Sabbath, the papal system has adopted
the sun’s day, or Sunday, as the day of
worship.
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
“The observance of Sunday by the
Protestants is an homage they pay, in
spite of themselves, to the authority of
the [Catholic] Church.”
Mgr. Segur
Plain Talk About the Protestantism of Today, p. 213.
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
“It has not always been sufficiently
considered how much the Latin
Church was a reproduction, on a
higher plane, of the old Roman
Commonwealth. The resemblance
between the Roman Catholic
ceremonies and those of Pagan Rome
has been often noticed . . . .
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
“ . . .The Roman Catholic Church has
borrowed from Paganism saints’ days,
incense, lustrations, consecration of
sacred places, votive-offerings, relics;
winking, nodding, sweating, and
bleeding images; holy water,
vestments, etc. . . .
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
“ . . .But the Church of Rome itself, in
its central idea of authority, is a
reproduction of the Roman state
religion, which was a part of the
Roman state. . . . It was the
resurrection of Rome,—Roman ideas
rising into a higher life. . . .
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
“ . . .The Roman Catholic Church, at
first an aristocratic republic, like the
Roman state, afterward became, like
the Roman state, a disguised
despotism. The Papal Church is
therefore a legacy of ancient Rome.”
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
Unfaithfulness to God is called fornication
because throughout the Scriptures the
covenant relation between God and His
people is represented by marriage. Christ
calls Himself the Bridegroom and His
church the Bride.
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
The promise of the “morning star” to this
church indicates that at the end of its
period of darkness would come renewed
light on the truths of the Bible
Sard
is
Protestant Reformation
Sard
is
Protestant Reformation
John Wycliffe, the
“morning star” of
the reformation
b. 1320? – d. 1384
Sard
is
Protestant Reformation
The Sardian period was “the age of
separation and return to the rule of
Christ; the age of comparative
freedom from Balaam and his
doctrines, from the Nicolaitans and
their tenants, from Jezebel and her
fornications . . .
Sard
is
Protestant Reformation
“ . . .an age of many worthy names, but
marked with deadness withal, and having
much of which to repent; an age
covering the spiritual lethargy of the
Protestant countries before the great
evangelical movements of the last
hundred years .”
J. A. Seiss, The Apocalypse, vol. I (1901)
Sard
is
Protestant Reformation
The letter to Sardis pictures the
inauguration, development, corruption,
and judgment of the Protestant
Reformation
Sard
is
Protestant Reformation
Unfortunately, Protestantism came to a
standstill after the original men died;
though it claimed to be “alive” for
Christ, it was really dying spiritually
Due to pride of attainment and
popularity it failed to finish the work
that Jesus intended it to accomplish
Sard
is
Protestant Reformation
“And so it has come about that the old
enemies are becoming friends in the
presence of a common foe. Catholics
speak tenderly of Protestants as
keeping alive belief in the creeds, and
look forward to their return to the
sheepfold . . .
Sard
is
Protestant Reformation
“ . . .while the old Antichrist, the Scarlet
Woman on the seven hills, drunk with
the blood of the saints, is now treated
by Protestantism as an old sister and a
valiant ally in the great war against
infidelity. The points of difference are
forgotten; the points of union are
passionately dwelt upon . . . The dread
of popery is gone.”
Philadel
phia
The “Great Revival”
period of church
history
Philadel
phia
With the work of John Wesley,
George Whitefield, Jonathan
Edwards, and others the
Protestant Reformation had
new life breathed into it
during the First Great
Awakening revivals in Britain
and the American colonies
during 1730 to 1770
George Whitefield
Philadel
phia
With the work of Charles
Finney, Lyman Beecher,
Alexander Campbell, and
others in America, there
developed an exceptional
fervor for the soon
coming of Christ
Charles Finney
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Philadel
phia
Missionary
efforts expanded
around the globe
1793 – William Carey to India
1797 – first missionaries to Tahiti and South Seas
1804 – first Bible society was formed in England
1807 – Robert Morrison went to China
1816 – first Bible society in America
1817 – Robert Moffat went to Africa
1840 – David Livingstone to Africa
Bible translation into many languages was an essential
part of the work during this time of world-wide evangelism
Philadel
phia
The work of the
1830s to 1840s in
America under
the preaching of
William Miller led
to the searching
of the prophecies
and a desire be
ready when
Jesus returned
Philadel
phia
Side by side with the revival in the
study of the Bible came an explosion
in scientific investigation, which
created an era of invention, and
industrial revolution.
“But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and
seal the book, even to the time of the end:
many shall run to and fro, and knowledge
shall be increased.”
Daniel 12:4
Philadel
It was a time of revolution in
phia many areas
• Industrial – began in 1830s
• Spiritism – 1848 with the Fox sisters
• Evolution – 1859 Darwin’s book
• Higher critical Bible study – 1846
• American and French Revolutions
Philadel
phia
Lisbon Earthquake
Nov. 1, 1755
Philadel
phia
Jesus’ second
sign of His
soon coming
was the
Dark Day of
May 19, 1780
"In some places, the darkness was so great, that persons
could not see to read common print in the open air. . . . The
extent of this darkness was very remarkable."
Prof. Samuel Williams, Cambridge MA
Philadel
phia
The dark day was
followed by a
night illuminated
with a full moon
that had the color
of pure blood
Philadel
phia
These things saith He that is holy, He
that is true, He that hath the key of
David, He that openeth, and no man
shutteth; and shutteth, and no man
openeth; I know thy works: behold, I
have set before thee an open door, and
no man can shut it” Revelation 3:7, 8
Philadel
phia
• The door of the tomb
• The door into the Most Holy Place
• The doors of missionary opportunity
• The door of probation
Laodice
a
Laodice
a
The word Laodicea means “the judging
of the people” or “the judgment of the
people,” which is not to be understood
as a negative definition.
It is a time of reconciliation, of getting
things “right with the Lord,” of
repentance and reformation among
God’s remnant people.
Laodice
a
Under the church of Laodicea the three
angels’ messages and final warning (the
“loud cry message”) go out to the entire
world.
This work will be accomplished through
the power of the Holy Spirit poured out
in the latter rain.
Laodice
a
“Before the final visitation of God's
judgments upon the earth there will
be among the people of the Lord
such a revival of primitive
godliness as has not been
witnessed since apostolic times.
The Spirit and power of God will be
poured out upon His children. . . .”
Laodice
a
“The enemy of souls desires to
hinder this work; and before the
time for such a movement shall
come, he will endeavor to prevent
it by introducing a counterfeit. . . .”
Laodice
a
“In those churches which he
can bring under his deceptive
power he will make it appear
that God's special blessing is
poured out; there will be
manifest what is thought to be
great religious interest. . . .”
Laodice
a
“Multitudes will exult that God is
working marvelously for them,
when the work is that of another
spirit. Under a religious guise,
Satan will seek to extend his
influence over the Christian world.”
GC 464
Laodice
a
A true revival did begin in 1888 under
the preaching of A.T. Jones and E.J.
Waggoner, but just like the revivals
Christ attempted under the churches of
Sardis and Philadelphia, this one also is
sputtering and flickering, unable to
accomplish its intended work.
Laodice
a
“An unwillingness to yield up preconceived
opinions, and to accept this truth [of Christ and
His righteousness], lay at the foundation of a
large share of the opposition manifested at
Minneapolis against the Lord’s message
through Brethren [E.J.] Waggoner and [A.T.]
Jones. By exciting that opposition Satan
succeeded in shutting away from our people, in
a great measure, the special power of the Holy
Spirit that God longed to impart to them.”
1 Selected Messages, pp. 234, 235
Laodice
a
Sir Robert Peel in 1840 said:
“The day is not far distant, and it
may be very near, when we shall have
to fight the battle of the Reformation
over again.”
The Reformation cannot be completed
until God’s people are brought all the
way up to the faith once delivered to the
church by Christ Himself.
Laodice
a
This is why Christ pleads with His
people to be zealous and repent,
to “buy” of Him the necessary
faith (gold), white robe (His robe
of righteousness), and spiritual
eyesalve that we be not deceived.
Laodice
a
To us has been entrusted the
privilege of vindicating the character
of God, but it comes at a cost — the
cost of our self-centeredness. We
must learn the “first works” — the
works of faith and love, that have
been missing from the church since
the Ephesian period.
Eden Lost
Eden Restored
1. Sin deprived us of the
Tree of Life
1. Grace restores the Tree
of Life to us
2. Sin put us under the
death sentence
2. Grace gives victory over
the second death
3. Sin sent us out to earn
our own bread
3. Grace provides “hidden”
manna for us
4. Sin stole our rightful
dominion over earth
4. Grace promises power
over all nations
5. Sin left us naked
5. Grace puts on Christ’s
robe of righteousness
6. Sin drove us from God’s
presence
7. Sin returned us to dust
6. Grace places us before
the throne of God
7. Grace gives immortality
Descargar

Slide 1