Literacy Map Japan Jennifer Olesiewicz TAL 203 Japan In-depth Analysis of Theme of Under the Blood Red Sun by Graham Salisbury Annotated Bibliography Under the Blood Red Sun by Graham Salisbury Attacks on Hiroshima Oahu, Hawaii https://www.cia.gov/library/publicati ons/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html Quote Attacks on Pearl Harbor http://www.frankosmaps.com/grafixbin/products/P earl_Harbor_Side1_Zoom_Oahu_Attack.jpg Annotated Bibliography Salisbury, Graham. (1994). Under the blood red sun. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group, Inc. Under the Blood Red Sun by Graham Salisbury Tomi, a Japanese American boy who lives in Hawaii, must deal with the horrors and the aftermath of the Pearl Harbor attacks. Tomi learns that people’s prejudices and discrimination can cause great pain and grief to good people. He also learns that cultural traditions and family are important, especially in times of difficulty and strife. From the perspective of Tomi, the reader more fully comprehends the atrocities of war for individual people and families. http://www.christievilsack.org/summer_book _club/images/bloodred_sun.jpg Suggested Grade Levels: 4th grade to 7th grade Back to Map Pearl Harbor attacks on December 7, 1941 For more information, please visit: http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/eve nts/wwii-pac/pearlhbr/pearlhbr.htm http://z.about.com/d/gohawaii/1/0/L/4/4/lest_we_for get_004.jpg The Japanese destroyed most of the U.S. battleship force in one surprise attack. http://www.olivedrab.com/gallery/photos/pearl_harbor_attack_shaw_ex plosion_sm.jpg Back to Map Japanese Internment Camps For more information, please visit: http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW2/japan _internment_camps.htm http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/ Japanese_internment_camp_in_British_Columbia.jpg Fearful of another attack, the United States government sent about 120,000 Japanese Americans away from their homes and loved ones to internment camps. These camps serve as a reminder that we must not act out of fear, but love and understanding toward our fellow man. http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW2/japan_intern ment_camps.htm http://education.nebrwesleyan.edu/eisenhow er/partsites/northeastpage/safarik/map.gif The katana, a Japanese samurai sword, is an important family heirloom in Tomi’s family. It signifies the Japanese values of cultural traditions and family ancestry. http://www.japaneseswords4samurai.com/images/japaneseswords-paul-chen-shinto-katana.jpg Quote from Under the Blood Red Sun by Graham Salisbury “I decided that tonight I would take out the katana and carefully rub away any spots of rust I found on the blade. Then I would run the oilcloth over it and let Kimi hold it. I would tell her where it came from, and why we needed to protect it and keep it clean, and what it stood for. I would tell her that Papa and Grampa would be so proud of her when they came home and found out that she knew all about why we still had it after all these years” (244). Back to Map In-depth Analysis of Theme in Under the Blood Red Sun by Graham Salisbury Theme, an important literary element, conveys the key messages that the author weaves into the fabric of the book. The themes of Under the Blood Red Sun are centered around the tragedies of war and the Japanese heritage of the main character, Tomi, who lives in Hawaii during the time of the Pearl Harbor attacks. This award-winning book contains many powerful, meaningful messages that still hold true in today’s world. Please click here for an in-depth analysis of theme. You can also visit the next slide. Back to map In-depth Analysis of Theme in Under the Blood Red Sun Graham Salisbury’s Under the Blood Red Sun contains many powerful, important messages as themes. Through the perspective of Tomikazu, a young Japanese boy living in Hawaii during the Pearl Harbor attack, the reader grasps the heartbreaking realities of war along with the blindness of prejudice and the importance of family and culture Three generations of people are clearly juxtaposed in this novel. Tomi’s grandfather honors the great traditions of Japan. Tomi’s father works hard as a fisherman as he tries to live the American dream while still maintaining the Japanese values and traditions that he so cherishes. Tomi, on the other hand, is, at times, embarrassed to be Japanese. He calls himself an American. At times, he is fed up with his grandfather’s loyalty to Japan. At other times, he feels pressure to live up to the Japanese ideals of humility and graciousness that his father has instilled in him. Salisbury skillfully transmits the message of the importance of remembering one’s cultural traditions through the Japanese items throughout Tomi’s home. A sacred samurai sword called the katana, the picture of the Japanese emperor, and the Japanese flag serve as reminders of Tomi’s Japanese heritage. After the FBI takes away Grampa, Tomi must protect the cherished katana, a symbol of his family’s Japanese ancestry: “Ancestors. Honor. Respect. It was all just an old man’s talk. Something I’d always listened to with only half of one ear, if even that. But now Grampa counted on me to save it all, save the katana. Not my katana…but the family katana. It belonged to no one, and to everyone…past, present, and future” (Salisbury, 222-23). Most people would acknowledge that war creates destruction, devastation, and loss. However, the character of Tomi allows the reader to feel the destruction, devastation, and loss on a personal level. The reader comes to the realization that war personally affects a person’s life, especially a child’s life. This is an important theme throughout the book as the reader painfully watches Tomi grow up too fast: “But I couldn’t help thinking about the battleships in Pearl Harbor, and of all the men who had died there. What about their families? And all those innocent people like Papa and Grampa who’d gotten caught up? What about my friends and the boys in Kaka’ako who’d had someone taken away from them- fathers and uncles and grandfathers? A lot had happened…a lot of bad things. Thinking about it made me sad. For Mama. For Sanji’s wife, and Mari. For everyone” (231-32). Tomi’s words, thoughts, and actions help the reader understand not only the sadness in the young boy’s heart, but also the need for a glimmer of hope in order to survive such devastation. Connecting with Tomi on a personal level, the reader comprehends the important, powerful themes that are intertwined throughout the very fiber of the book. Annotated Bibliography Sierra, Judy. (1999). Tasty baby belly buttons. New York: Random House, Inc. Tasty Baby Belly Buttons by Judy Sierra Uriko, a young girl who was born out of a melon, is the pride and joy of her parents. She goes on a mission with her dog, a monkey, and a pheasant to save her the town’s babies from the evil oni, who want to feast on baby belly buttons. She and her companions return to the town as heroes with the babies and other riches. This Japanese folktale highlights Japanese words, such as boro boro, and aspects of Japanese culture, such a cooking millet dumplings. The vivid, colorful illustrations add to the reader’s understanding of the text. http://www.randomhouse.com/images/dyn/ cover/?source=9780679893691&height=300 &maxwidth=170 Suggested Grade Levels: Kindergarten to 2nd grade Back to Map Annotated Bibliography Spivak, Dawnine. (1997). Grass sandals: The travels of Basho. New York: Simon & Schuster Children’s Publishing Division. Grass Sandals: The Travels of Basho by Dawnine Spivak This beautiful story highlights the many wonders of the land of Japan as Basho, a poet, journeys through the land. As he sees cherry blossom trees and experiences the richness of varied terrain, he writes haikus, ancient Japanese poems. This book provides written Japanese characters for the stops along Basho’s journey. It incorporates many aspects of the Japanese culture and language. A map is included at the end of the story to mark Basho’s stops along his journey through Japan. http://ecx.imagesamazon.com/images/I/21NXMG5HA3L._O U01_SS160_.jpg Suggested Grade Levels: 1st grade to 5th grade Back to Map Annotated Bibliography Yagawa, Sumiko. (1979). The crane wife. New York: William and Morrow Company, Inc. The Crane Wife retold by Sumiko Yagawa The day after Yohei saves an injured crane, a woman mysteriously appears at his door. She asks to become his wife. As the two need money, the young woman weaves cloth upon a loom with the plea for Yohei to not look at her while she weaves. Each time the woman weaves, she appears tired and exhausted. As the prospect of more money tempts him, Yohei asks her a final, third time to weave. He finally peaks in on her and discovers that she is the crane that he had once tended to in her time of need. Revealed, the crane flies away as she wishes Yohei all the best. This tale makes use of the traditional Japanese bird, the crane, for a story with good morals and lessons: It is important to be kind, and greed can cause great sadness. Suggested Grade Levels: 1st grade to 3rd grade http://search.msn.com/images/results.aspx? q=Japanese+Crane&form=QBIR#focal=ed4a9 719aa6b8545ed52a0f6bc62e52b&furl=http %3A%2F%2Fwww.christinevadai.com%2Fjap an2002%2Fjapanese_crane3.gif Back to Map Annotated Bibliography Yep, Laurence. (1995). Hiroshima. New York: Scholastic, Inc. Hiroshima by Laurence Yep This novella recounts the horrific experience of the dropping of the atom bomb on Hiroshima. Yep intertwines the many faces and sides of this account. She tells the story of Riko and Sachi, Japanese children, to put a human face on the account. She also includes the experiences of the Japanese people in the town, as well as the experiences of those involved in dropping the atom bomb. She not only states the facts in a way children can understand, but also evokes emotion. Suggested Grade Level: 5th grade to 7th grade http://images.amazon.com/images/P/059020 8330.01.LZZZZZZZ.gif Back to Map Hiroshima bombing on August 6, 1945 http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhatt an/hiroshima.htm http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/m anhattan/images/HiroshimaClou d.gif A B-29 Bomber, the Enola Gay, released a uranium bomb over the city of Hiroshima. The bombing caused injuries and fatalities along with destruction of much of the city. http://students.umf.maine.edu/~ donoghtp/hiroshima2.gif http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhatta n/images/EnolaGayLarge.jpg Back to Map Japan at a Glance… Japan has a rich cultural tradition rooted in ancient values and practices. Literature about Japan usually reveals this connection to the past.