Unit 6, Week 4 4th Grade eMINTS4ALL Vocabulary: applauded- showed approval; clapped headlines: lines printed at the top of newspaper or magazine article unstable- easily moved; not firmly fixed glider: an aircraft that flies without a motor wingspan- the distance between one wing tip and the other on an airplane or bird assured- made certain hoisting- lifting or pulling up Games: Matching Cloze Vocabulary: Words in Context assured hoisting glider headlines wingspan unstable applauded The force of the wind could easily make early planes ______________. Orville and Wilbur felt ________ of their success. They built a successful _______ before they learned to build a plane. The brothers found a way of ____ the glider into the air. The crowd ______ when they saw the plane fly. The _______ in newspapers around the world told of the Wrights’ adventures. The _________ of planes today is longer than the entire first flight! Vocabulary/Word Work: Inflected Endings Inflections are endings that are added to a word that help readers identify the word’s purpose in a sentence. The ed ending is one of the most common inflections. Inflections can be added to different types of base words, including nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. These endings can change the tense of a word, as well as its number or part of speech. Vocabulary/Word Work: Inflected Endings Identify the words with inflected endings. Tell what part of speech the word plays. Example: My little sister barged in on our party. (past-tense verb) 2. Pedro crammed the flyers into his backpack. 3. The sultan’s coat was made with very expensive and rare material. 4. My new coach is stricter than Mr. Arnold was. 5. Both ushers marched down the aisle together. 6. Of all the tomatoes, these are the hardiest. Vocabulary: Story Words author’s perspective- the author’s point of view or their position regarding an idea, subject, concept, or object sultan- a ruler of some Muslim countries clogs- the teeth on the wheels that turn machinery baby buggy- a four-wheeled baby carriage that is pushed calculations- answers or predictions figured out mathematically aphorisms- a short and clever saying that expresses something generally accepted as true repetition- the repeated use of a word or phrase at different points throughout the poem personification- literary device in which animals or objects are given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes narrative poem- tells a story, some have rhyming words and some don’t Fluency: Tempo Good readers practice reading by working to increase their tempo. Choral Read......(3 times...notice the change in tempo) • After that, Will built sturdy kites, which he sold to his pals in school. Orv made a printing press, with an old tombstone for a press bed, wheels and cogs from a junkyard, and the folding top of my old baby buggy that he had found in the barn. My, it made me smile to see it. Fluency: Tempo • • Papa and Mama applauded their efforts. Orv’s press could print a thousand pages an hour. A printer from the great city of Denver came to visit and climbed under and over Orv’s baby-buggy press. At last he laughed, amazed. “Well it works,” he said, “but I certainly don’t see how.” In 1903 Wilbur and Orville Wright built an airplane with an engine. They became the first people to fly a power-driven aircraft safely. Flight became safer and more popular in decades after the Wright Brothers’ first flight. Many people dreamed of becoming pilots. Phonics: Suffixes A suffix is a group of letters added to the end of a word to make a new word. Recognizing common suffixes can help good readers decode words and understand their meanings. Some common suffixes are ly, which makes words into adverbs; y, ful, and less, which make words into adjectives; and ness, which makes words into nouns. Adding a suffix can sometimes change the spelling of a word. Phonics: Suffixes Lesson Word breathless happiness handful illness barely sunny successful Base/Root Suffix Meaning Phonics: Suffixes Practice Sites Quia 1 Skillwise Suffixes Suffixes Say Plenty Suffixes: Rags to Riches Suffix Matching Game Suffix Game Comprehension: Fact and Opinion A fact is something that can be proven true. An opinion is a thought or feeling about something. Good readers check the accuracy of an author’s facts by using the text and other resources. Good readers learn to look for the author’s opinions to help them evaluate the accuracy of what they are reading. Comprehension: Fact and Opinion Practice Sites: Fact and Opinion Game Fact and Opinion Game 2 Fact and Opinion Quiz Fact and Opinion Quiz 2 Fact and Opinion Quiz 3 Binky’s Fact and Opinion Game Comprehension: Summarize A summary is a short retelling of what you’ve read. When you summarize, include only the most important ideas, and be sure to use your own words. Many libraries have computers. You can use these computers to find the books you need. Some library computers can go online. These computers can help you find information you need to do your homework. Many people want to use the computers, so there is usually a time limit on how long you can use them. You need to take turns and be fair. Give a short summary of the passage above. Comprehension: Author’s Perspective Good readers try to determine the author’s perspective, or point of view to get a clearer understanding of what is being read. Readers should try to determine the author’s position regarding a particular idea, subject, concept, or object. Look for words that express opinions, such as best, worst, should, must, and ought to. To verify an author’s statements, readers can refer to other resources. Readers must decide whether the author has persuaded them to agree with his or her point of vies. Comprehension: Figurative Language metaphor- compares two different objects or ideas and states that one is the other: Example: A hawk is a feather airplane circling the desert. simile- compares two different things using like or as. Example: I can run as fast as the wind. aphorisms- a short and clever saying that expresses something generally accepted as true. Authors sometimes use aphorisms to tell what a character is feeling about life or to summarize the meaning of a series of events. Example: “A stumble may prevent a fall.” Comprehension: Literary Elements: Figurative Language Practice Sites Quia: Similes and Metaphors Do you know your metaphors? Do you know your similes? Metaphors Battleship Similes Lesson and Quiz Reflection: Day 1 What are some facts about Wilbur and Orville Wright? What is the sister’s opinion about her brothers’ bicycle shop? Are the author’s opinion the same as the narrator’s? Reflection: Day 2 What clue to the author’s perspective on Will and Orv can you find on page 740? Support your answer with examples from the text. Reflection: Day 3 According to the poem on page 754, what kind of person was Amelia Earhart? Give details to support your answer. Reflection: Day 4 Reread the list of items that Orv used to build the printing press on page 738. What does it tell you about the kind of person he was? Reflection: Day 5 Using the information in the last paragraph on page 744, what conclusions can you draw about the landscape and weather patterns near Dayton, Ohio?