SHORT STORY
REVIEW
WHAT MUST A STORY HAVE?
 Setting-
 the
locale or period in which the action
of a novel, play, film, etc., takes place
 Characters A person or thing portrayed in an
artistic piece, such as a drama or novel, a
part or role, as in a play or film
 Plot Also called storyline. the plan, scheme,
or main story of a literary or dramatic
work, as a play, novel, or short story.
WHAT ELSE?
 Point
of View the position of the narrator in
relation to the story, as indicated by
the narrator's outlook from which
the events are depicted and by the
attitude toward the characters, also
1st or 3rd person view
WHAT ARE 1ST AND 3RD PERSON?
 1st
person the grammatical person used by a
speaker in statements referring to
himself or herself or to a group
including himself or herself, as I and
we in English
 3rd person the person that is used by the speaker of
an utterance in referring to anything or
to anyone other than the speaker or the
one or ones being addressed
WHAT ARE THE PARTS OF A STORY?
 Exposition
 dialogue, description, etc., that gives the
audience or reader the background of
the characters and the present situation.
 Rising action –
 a related series of incidents in a
literary plot that build toward the point
of greatest interest
 Climax –
 a moment that is of maximum
intensity or is a major turning point in a
ARE THERE OTHER PARTS?
 Falling
action  the part of a literary plot that occurs
after the climax has been reached
and the conflict has been resolved
 Resolution –
 the resulting state
“THERE WILL COME SOFT RAINS”
 Paranoia baseless
or excessive suspicion of the motives
of others
 Regiment a group or army
 Incinerator a furnace or apparatus for burning trash,
garbage, etc., to ashes
 Oblivious unmindful; unconscious; unaware
 Psychopathic an antisocial personality disorder, manifested
in aggressive, perverted, criminal, or amoral
behavior without empathy or remorse
“THERE WILL COME SOFT RAINS”
Simile a comparison using “like” or “as”
 Personification giving human characteristics to something non-human
 Setting place and time of story
 Symbolism something that stands in place of something else
 Protagonist the main character
 Imagery descriptive language that creates pictures in the mind

“THERE WILL COME SOFT RAINS”
 Who/what
 The
is the protagonist?
house
 What is the setting?
 Year 2026, a smart house, California
 Who had lived in the house?
 A family of four, the McClelands
 What things can the house do?
 Cook, speak the time, clean itself
“CHARLES”
 Elaborately marked
by intricate and often excessive
detail
 Simultaneously existing, occurring, or operating at the same
time
 Cynically bitterly or sneeringly distrustful
 Matronly a married woman, esp. one who is mature
and staid or dignified and has an
established social position
“CHARLES”
 Characterization the
creation and convincing representation of
fictitious characters
 Plot storyline, the plan, scheme, or main story of
a literary or dramatic work, as a play, novel,
or short story- consists of exposition, rising
action, climax, falling action, and resolution
 Theme a unifying or dominant idea or truth,
motif, or underlying message
“CHARLES”
 Who
is the protagonist?
 Laurie
 What is the setting?
 Home, a kindergarten class
 What is fact?
 Something that can be proven
 What is opinion?
 What a person thinks or feels about
something, people can have different or
opposing opinions- no right or wrong
 Who is Charles?
 Laurie
“SEVENTH GRADE”
 Catechisma
series of questions and answers to help
learn religion
 Propelled pushed forward
 Scowl a look of displeasure
 Lingered stayed behind
 Trudge to walk heavily or wearily
 Sprint to run quickly
“SEVENTH GRADE”
 Who
is the protagonist?
 Viktor
 What is the setting?
 Fresno, CA, a middle school
 Why does Michael scowl?
 He saw it in a magazine and thinks it
makes him look cool
 Why does Viktor take French?
 Because he knows Teresa is taking
“SEVENTH GRADE”
 Why
is Teresa so impressed with
Viktor?
 She thinks he knows French
 Why does Viktor think he will like
seventh grade?
 He knows he will be spending time
with Teresa helping her with French
“ANTAEUS”
 Robust strong
and healthy
 Obscure unclear
 Awe overwhelming feeling of reverence,
admiration, fear, etc.
 Flourishing growing vigorously; thriving; prosperous
 Nurtured to feed and protect
“ANTAEUS”
 Conflict-
 to
come into collision or disagreement
 Three types of conflict
 Man vs. Man
 Man vs. Self
 Man vs. Nature
 Allusion an incidental mention of something,
either directly or by implication
“ANTAEUS”
 Where
is T.J. from?
 Alabama
 What does his gang decide to grow?
 Grass
 Where do they grow it?
 A factory roof
 Who destroys it?
 The boys
 Why do they destroy it?
 To keep the owner from destroying it
“BROKEN CHAIN”
 Sullen showing
irritation or ill humor by a gloomy
silence or reserve
 Swagger walk with arrogance or attitude
 Muster to gather
 Frustrated disappointed; thwarted
 Desperation the state of being desperate or of having the
recklessness of despair
“BROKEN CHAIN”
 What
is the setting?
 Fresno, CA, a neighborhood
 Who is the protagonist?
 Alfonso
 Who is older? Alfonso or Ernie?
 Ernie
 What is the positive outcome for
helping the little boy?
 Alfonso meets Sandra
“BROKEN CHAIN”
 Why
doesn’t Alfonso borrow Raul’s
bike?
 He is afraid that he will be charged
 How do Alfonso and Sandra finally
get to ride together?
 Ernie allows Alfonso to borrow his
bike and they ride together
“HOME”
 Magnificent grand
 Extension-
 add
to length, such as time
 Burden heavy weight, literally or
figuratively
 Suspect in question
“HOME”
 Imagery-
 descriptive
language that paints a picture in the
mind
 Inference the process of arriving at some conclusion,
especially when not directly stated
 Theme a unifying or dominant idea or truth, motif, or
underlying message
 Plot Also called storyline. the plan, scheme, or main
story of a literary or dramatic work, as a play,
novel, or short story
“HOME”
 What
is the setting?
 Chicago, Illinois
 Where does Papa go during his lunch hour?
 The office of Home Owner’s Loan
 Does this family want to move?
 No
 What does Helen plan to do at the end of
the story?
 Throw a party
AUTHORS
 “There
Will Come Soft Rains”
 Ray Bradbury
 “Charles”
 Shirley Jackson
 “Seventh Grade”
 Gary Soto
AUTHORS
 “Antaeus”
 Borden
Deal
 “Broken Chain”
 Gary Soto
 “Home”
 Gwendolyn Brooks
FIVE PARTS OF PLOT
Climax
Rising
Action
Exposition
Falling
Action
Resolution
TEST FORMAT
 True/False
 Matching
 Fill-in-the-blank
 Multiple
Choice
 Label and Define
 Discussion
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Short Story Review - Shelby County Schools