オーストラリア研究(英語)
Chris Burgess (1号館1308研究室、内線164)
[email protected] ・http://edu.tsuda.ac.jp/~cburgess
November 4th (Tuesday)
Attended by over 100,000 race-goers…
The Melbourne Cup
“The race that stops a
メルボルン・カップnation™”
1861年に第1回が行われ
た南半球で最も歴史があり最も賞金の高い
Public Holiday in
レース。国際GIでは珍しくハンデ戦で行われ
る。開催日は11月の第1火曜日で、メルボル
Melbourne & some parts
ンでは「カップ・デー」として祝日になり、豪州
of Victoria
の国民的行事。日本馬は(2005年)にアイ
ポッパーが初挑戦したが、12着だった。(讀
(known as ‘Family and
賣新聞
2006/08/11
p.23)
Community Day’ in ACT,
2007~2009)
Melbourne Cup (2008・11・07)
HANSON: BACKGROUND
• 13 years of Labour government (‘83-96)
• Mabo (92) & Wik (96) Judgments
• Growing Criticism of ‘Multiculturalism’
• Rise in Asian Migration/Asianisation of
Australia
50%
白豪主義
廃止
ベトナム難
民受け入れ
34%
53%
(75%留学生)
オーストラリアのアジア化
30%
26.7%
25%
20%
人口の%
15%
10%
10%
7.4%
5%
0.3%
0.4%
1945
1966
0%
1991
2003
2020
THE RACIST REACTION…
AFL player
Nicky Winmar
making a
stand against
racism
(April 17 1993)
“I said I was
black and I
was proud”
(AFL racial
code of
conduct
implemented
in 1995)
Hanson: Profile
•
•
•
•
100% British descent
Twice married and divorced
Parent of 4 children
Ex fish n’ chip shop owner
Hanson: The Rise…
• 1994: Won a seat on the Ipswich Town
Council as an Independent
• 1996: Pre-selected as Liberal Candidate for
Oxley; lost Liberal support after writing
anti-Aboriginal letter to newspaper
• 1996: Won Oxley as Independent in Federal
Election (record 20% swing)
• 1997: Founded ‘One Nation’ Party
• 1998: One Nation wins 11 seats in Queensland
state elections (24% of 1st preferences)
Hanson’s Policies
• Abolish multiculturalism
“to treat all Australians equally and abolish
divisive and discriminatory policies, such
as those attached to aboriginal and
multicultural affairs”
• Attacked ethnic ghettos (少数民族居住地
区) and spending public money on ethnic
groups who refuse to integrate
Criticised spending on Aborigines
“How can we expect this race to help
themselves when governments shower
them with money, facilities, and
opportunities that only these people can
obtain no matter how minute the
indigenous blood that flows through their
veins, and this is what is causing racism.”
Reverse Wik decision
Stop Asian Migration
“Immigration must be halted in the shortterm so that our dole queues are not
added to by, in many cases, unskilled
migrants not fluent in the English
language”
“I, and most Australians, want our
immigration policy radically reviewed and
that of multiculturalism abolished. I believe
that we are in danger of being swamped
by Asians.”
Anti-Globalisation
• Nationalism/Anti-UN
– Stop all foreign aid immediately
– Support, don’t sell, Australian companies,
banks, and media (e.g. Telstra)
– Restrict foreign ownership of Australia (e.g.
Qantas)
– Restore tariff protection on imports
“We must look after our own before lining the
pockets of overseas countries and investors at the
expense of our living standards and future. “
Just an Ordinary Australian…
“I consider myself just an ordinary
Australian… Of course, I will be
called racist but, if I can invite
whom I want into my home,
then I should have the right to
have a say in who comes into
my country.”
Clip 1
• Talk-back Radio
– 司会者が一般の聞き手からの電話を通し様々
なテーマについて討論や意見交換をしたり提案、
問題提起を受けるなどして進めていく双方向ラジ
オ番組
• Returned Services League (帰還兵士同盟)
– 保守的なロビー団体として政治的影響力を持つ
– 各地方市町に設けられたクラブハウスが地元の
唯一の社交場として機能するなど、地方の暮らし
に欠かせない存在となっている
VIDEO (clip 2)
Hanson: The Fall…
• 1998: Failed to win the seat of Blair in the
national election (One Nation won 9% of
vote nationally, but only one seat)
• 1999: Fined for breaking electoral law
• 2003: Failed to win senate seat in NSW
• 2003: Sentenced to 3 years in jail for electoral
fraud (released after 11 weeks on appeal)
• 2004/07 Failed in bid for Queensland senate
Comeback?
Howard’s Reaction
• Refrained from condemning Hanson
– 5 former prime-minister’s condemned Hanson
– Looked to Hanson’s support base of ‘battlers’
(生計をたてるのに大変苦労している人々)
• Move to the right?
– Shunned multiculturalism and ‘political
correctness’
– Reduced no. family migrants (unemployed)
– Stopped welfare to migrants in 1st 2 years
– Curtailed Aboriginal Land Rights (Wik)
Hanson: The Fall…
• 1998: Failed to win the seat of Blair in the
national election (One Nation won 9% of
vote nationally, but only one seat)
• 1999: Fined for breaking electoral law
• 2003: Failed to win senate seat in NSW
• 2003: Sentenced to 3 years in jail for electoral
fraud (released after 11 weeks on appeal)
• 2004/07 Failed in bid for Queensland senate
• 2009 (March) Launches 8th election campaign
March 2009: Launches her eighth
election campaign in Queensland
state election
Daily Telegraph (March ’09)
Fails to win seat, but does get 20%
of popular vote (March ’09)
Feb. 2010: Announces plans to
emigrate to UK…
UK too full of immigrants,
says Pauline Hanson
PAULINE Hanson has abandoned
plans to move to Britain, after
discovering it's not the racially pure
utopia she was hoping for.
After returning a fortnight ago from an
extended holiday in Europe, the former
One Nation leader has told The SunHerald she's back in Australia for good
and considering yet another return to
politics.
"I love England but so many people
want to leave there because it's overrun
with immigrants and refugees”
November 2010
Hanson runs for office again...
March 2011
• Runs in NSW Upper
House state poll but
narrowly fails to win
• Challenges results, in
court but case of
electoral fraud
collapses…
“Redhead you can trust”:
Pauline Hanson's back
• CALLING herself the "redhead
you can trust" Pauline Hanson
has rejoined One Nation, the
“determination to
control
and stamp
party she founded, and will
stand
out the influx of
as its NSW Senate candidate
in
illegal immigrants
the next federal election. swamping our
shores”
• Ms Hanson has unsuccessfully
stood six times for state and
federal elections since being
elected for one term as a member
for Oxley in Queensland in 1996.
June 2013
The Comeback? Rejoins One Nation &
Runs for NSW Senate Seat in
September 2013 Election
• Preference
deals saw
Hanson come
very close to
being elected to
the NSW
senate…
Easy to Criticise Australian
‘Racism’…but what about Japan?
Australia Japan
国籍(出身地)別構成比の推移
White Australia…
Yellow Japan?
平成 23年 6月 法務省入国管理局
外国人労働者受け入れるか?
• 国連の予想によると、労働人口を安
定させるためには、2050年まで毎年
日本は60万人の外国人労働者を
「輸入」しないといけない
(United Nations 2000)
毎年20万人の移民受け入れ
政府が本格検討開始
• Populate or
Perish?
「人口を増やさ
なければオー
ストラリア(日本
?!?)は消滅す
る」
産経ニュース 2014/03/13
Homework: Dear Prime-Minister Abe…
Using the Australian case to support your
arguments, write a letter to Prime Minister
Abe expressing your views on migration to
Japan: should the doors be opened to
migrants or not?
(日本に外国人をもっと受け入れるか、または受
け入れを拒否するか、どちらか自分の考えを決
めて、オーストラリアの状況を参考に、安倍首相
に手紙を書く)
英語・日本語でもOK
オーストラリア研究(英語)
Chris Burgess (1号館1308研究室、内線164)
[email protected] ・http://edu.tsuda.ac.jp/~cburgess
Koalas 'extinct within 30 years'
after Chlamydia outbreak
• Overdevelopment, disease, climate change,
and sexual disease are killing off the species.
• The Australian Koala Foundation has urged
the government to list the species as
vulnerable after it found there may be as few
as 43,000 of the tree-dwelling
animals left on the mainland
(2003 survey estimate: 100,000)
Julia Gillard launches a new policy
document “Australia in the Asian
Century” at the Lowy Institute, in
Sydney, October 28, 2012
“Ambitious Asia plan to Power Australia”
• Confirms Australia’s future lies with Asia
– “becoming a competitive force in the region”
• Aimed at maximising links with booming
China and other Asian economies thereby
powering Australia into world’s top 10
wealthiest nations by 2025
• Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Korea, and
US “Australia’s key partners”
• Asian languages in schools key focus…
OPINION: 'Australia in the
Asian Century' or lost in Asia?
Kuala Lumpur/The Jakarta Post | Asia News Network
• “The paper reeks of Austro-centrism where most of the points
made in the document are written with the expectation that
Australia will win out of closer ties with Asia without necessarily
giving much back in exchange…
• One of the paramount barriers Australia has to overcome is the
deep set belief that its own cultural values are not necessarily
universally accepted across the region.
• It's not about learning Asian languages but about understanding
different points of view, approaches, and "mindsets". Austrocentrism must take a back seat in relationships around the region
for Australia to be seriously considered a member of the region.
• The white paper is still haunted by Australia's past. Maybe it's
time for Australia to release the US security blanket a little and
become a mature and independent nation within the Asian region.
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オーストラリア研究(英語)