The United Nations:
The World in One Building
1. Warm-up
Questions
2. Background
Knowledge
3. Text Analysis
4. Exercises
5. Questions
For Discussion
Questions for Discussion
1.In the U.N. all the member states,
large or small, developed or
underdeveloped, have the same
rights and obligations. Do you think
this principle is being strictly applied?
2.Where would we be without the U.N.?
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1. How the U. N. came into existence
The name “United Nations” is accredited to U.S.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the first group of
representatives of member states met and signed a
declaration of common intent on New Year’s Day 1942.
Representatives of five powers worked together to draw up
proposals, completed at Dumbarton Oaks in 1944. These
proposals, modified after deliberation at the conference
on International Organization in San Francisco which
began in April 1945, were finally agreed on and signed as
the U.N. Charter by 50 countries on 26 June 1945. Poland,
not represented at the conference, signed the Charter later
and was added to the list of original members. It was not
until that autumn, however, after the Charter had been
ratified by China, France, the U.S.S.R., the U.K. and the
U.S. and by a majority of participants that the U.N.
officially came into
existence. The date was 24 October, now
universally celebrated as United Nations Day.
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2. Essential functions of the U.N.
The essential functions of the U.N. are to maintain
international peace and security, to develop friendly
relations among nations, to cooperate internationally in
solving international economic, social, cultural, and
human problems, promoting respect for human rights and
fundamental freedom and to be a center for coordinating
the actions of nations in attaining these common ends.
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3. Six major organs of the U.N.
The General Assembly (picture)
The Security Council (picture)
The Economic and Social Council (picture)
The Trusteeship Council (picture)
The International Court of Justice (picture)
The Secretariat
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The General Assembly 联合国会员大会
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The Security Council 联合国安全理事会
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The Economic and Social Council
联合国的经济社会理事会
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The Trusteeship Council
信托投资理事会
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The International Court of Justice
(联合国)国际法庭
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Answer the following questions to see what you
know about the U.N.
1. What is the U.N.?
Answer the following questions to see what you
know about the U.N.
1. What is the U.N.?
Answer:
An international organization of the world’s states, which aims
to promote peace and cooperation.
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2. When was it founded?
2. When was it founded?
Answer:
It was founded at the 1945 San
Francisco conference prepared by the
“Big Three” Allied Powers of WWII
(the U.S., the U.K. and the U.S.S.R.).
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3. What are the essential functions of
the U.N.?
3. What are the essential functions of
the U.N.?
Answer:
To keep world peace, to find answers
to the world’s social and economic
problems, to win respect for human
rights, and to help win freedom for
all people on earth.
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4. How many member states are
there now in the U.N.?
4. How many member states are
there now in the U.N.?
Answer:
189.
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5. Where are the U.N. Headquarters?
5. Where are the U.N. Headquarters?
Answer:
In New York City, New York, U.S.A.
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6. Can you name some important UN
offices which are not in New York City?
6. Can you name some important UN
offices which are not in New York City?
Answer:
The World Health Organization in
Geneva; The International Court of
Justice in the Hague; The Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization in
Paris.
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7. How often does the General
Assembly meet?
7. How often does the General
Assembly meet?
Answer:
Once a year.
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8. Can you name some persons who
were the UN Secretary General?
8. Can you name some persons who
were the UN Secretary General?
Answer:
Thant, U; 吴丹
Waldheim, Kurt; 瓦尔德海姆
Pérez do Cuéllar, Javier; 德奎里亚尔
Boutros-Ghali; 加利
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9. Who is the UN Secretary General
now?
9. Who is the UN Secretary General
now?
Answer:
Kofi Annan; 安南
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10. How many working languages are
used now at the General Assembly?
10. How many working languages are
used now at the General Assembly?
Answer:
Five (English, French, Russian,
Spanish, and Chinese).
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Exercises
1. Multiple-choice Questions
2. True/False Questions
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Multiple-choice Questions
1. The purpose of this article is
.
A) to defend the U.N. Charter
B) to introduce early developments in the U.N.
C) to introduce the different organizations of
the U.N.
D) to offer a defense for the existence of the
U.N.
Multiple-choice Questions
1. The purpose of this article is
D
.
A) to defend the U.N. Charter
B) to introduce early developments in the U.N.
C) to introduce the different organizations of
the U.N.
D) to offer a defense for the existence of the
U.N.
Next
Multiple-choice Questions
2. What was the main reason for the creation of
the United Nations at the end of W.W.II?
A) To end W.W.II.
B) To find a way to solve world health problems.
C) To prevent wars from starting again.
D) To allow small nations an opportunity to speak.
Multiple-choice Questions
2. What was the main reason for the creation of
the United Nations at the end of W.W.II? C
A) To end W.W.II.
B) To find a way to solve world health problems.
C) To prevent wars from starting again.
D) To allow small nations an opportunity to speak.
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Multiple-choice Questions
3. Some people feel the U.N. is too weak because it
cannot
.
A) act without the agreement of all the five big
powers
B) allow every nation an equal say in world affairs
C) make all nations rich
D) create a single world language
Multiple-choice Questions
3. Some people feel the U.N. is too weak
because it cannot A .
A) act without the agreement of all the five
big powers
B) allow every nation an equal say in world
affairs
C) make all nations rich
D) create a single world language
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Multiple-choice Questions
4. We learn from the article that
.
A) all important problems must be brought to the General
Assembly
B) international debates should be sent to the Court of
Justice
C) the important organizations of the U.N. can decide war
or peace
D) important problems can be solved at the Security
Council when the General Assembly is closed
Multiple-choice Questions
4. We learn from the article that
D
.
A) all important problems must be brought to the
General Assembly
B) international debates should be sent to the Court
of Justice
C) the important organizations of the U.N. can
decide war or peace
D) important problems can be solved at the
Security Council when the General Assembly is
Next
closed
Multiple-choice Questions
5. The U.N. is described in this article as an
organization that
.
A) uses many languages to discuss world affairs
B) has beautiful hopes for and far-reaching effects
on world peace
C) never lets the small countries speak
D) creates wars more often than it solves
Multiple-choice Questions
5. The U.N. is described in this article as an
organization that B .
A) uses many languages to discuss world affairs
B) has beautiful hopes for and far-reaching effects
on world peace
C) never lets the small countries speak
D) creates wars more often than it solves
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True/False Questions
1. The first international meeting of the United
Nations was held in 1945.
2. Most of the important U.N. organizations are in the
United States.
3. The General Assembly is always held in New York
City.
4. People are not always satisfied with the work of the
U.N.
True/False Questions
1. The first international meeting of the United
Nations was held in 1945. (T)
2. Most of the important U.N. organizations
are in the United States.
3. The General Assembly is always held in New
York City.
4. People are not always satisfied with the
work of the U.N.
True/False Questions
1. The first international meeting of the United
Nations was held in 1945. (T)
2. Most of the important U.N. organizations
are in the United States. (F)
3. The General Assembly is always held in New
York City.
4. People are not always satisfied with the
work of the U.N.
True/False Questions
1. The first international meeting of the United
Nations was held in 1945. (T)
2. Most of the important U.N. organizations
are in the United States. (F)
3. The General Assembly is always held in New
York City. (T)
4. People are not always satisfied with the
work of the U.N.
True/False Questions
1. The first international meeting of the United
Nations was held in 1945. (T)
2. Most of the important U.N. organizations
are in the United States. (F)
3. The General Assembly is always held in New
York City. (T)
4. People are not always satisfied with the
work of the U.N. (T)
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True/False Questions
5. The U.N. can help people win human rights in any
country.
6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of its
member countries.
7. The U.N. was established because people felt that
only an international organization could keep world
peace and control modern science.
8. When the U.N. was first started, all its member
states were large countries.
True/False Questions
5. The U.N. can help people win human rights
in any country. (F)
6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of
its member countries.
7. The U.N. was established because people felt
that only an international organization could
keep world peace and control modern science.
8. When the U.N. was first started, all its
member states were large countries.
True/False Questions
5. The U.N. can help people win human rights
in any country. (F)
6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of
its member countries. (T)
7. The U.N. was established because people felt
that only an international organization could
keep world peace and control modern science.
8. When the U.N. was first started, all its
member states were large countries.
True/False Questions
5. The U.N. can help people win human rights
in any country. (F)
6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of
its member countries. (T)
7. The U.N. was established because people felt
that only an international organization could
keep world peace and control modern science. (T)
8. When the U.N. was first started, all its
member states were large countries.
True/False Questions
5. The U.N. can help people win human rights
in any country. (F)
6. The U.N. cannot exist without the support of
its member countries. (T)
7. The U.N. was established because people felt
that only an international organization could
keep world peace and control modern science. (T)
8. When the U.N. was first started, all its
member states were large countries. (F)
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True/False Questions
9. Except the World Health Organization and the
International Court of Justice, all the offices of the
U.N. are in New York City.
10. The job of the Security Council is to solve serious
problems before they lead to war.
11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.:
English and French.
12. People have different opinions about the U.N.
True/False Questions
9. Except the World Health Organization and
the International Court of Justice, all the offices
of the U.N. are in New York City. (F)
10. The job of the Security Council is to solve
serious problems before they lead to war.
11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.:
English and French.
12. People have different opinions about the
U.N.
True/False Questions
9. Except the World Health Organization and
the International Court of Justice, all the offices
of the U.N. are in New York City. (F)
10. The job of the Security Council is to solve
serious problems before they lead to war. (T)
11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.:
English and French.
12. People have different opinions about the
U.N.
True/False Questions
9. Except the World Health Organization and
the International Court of Justice, all the offices
of the U.N. are in New York City. (F)
10. The job of the Security Council is to solve
serious problems before they lead to war. (T)
11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.:
English and French. (F)
12. People have different opinions about the
U.N.
True/False Questions
9. Except the World Health Organization and
the International Court of Justice, all the offices
of the U.N. are in New York City. (F)
10. The job of the Security Council is to solve
serious problems before they lead to war. (T)
11. Two working languages are used in the U.N.:
English and French. (F)
12. People have different opinions about the
U.N. (T)
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The United Nations:
The World in One Building
What do you know about the United
Nations? How important is it to world
development and world peace? The
following article may add something
to your knowledge.
Do you know the old Arab story about
a bird called the phoenix? First it burned
to death. Then it came back to life. That
doesn’t sound believable, does it? But
there is an example of the phoenix in our
own time: The United Nations. In 1945, it
brought the dream of world peace back
to life again after World War II.
Since the day of its birth, the United
Nations has been the subject of much
debate. Some people attack the
organization because they think it is too
powerful. Others think that it is too weak.
We can better understand this debate if
we learn more about the U.N. and its
history.
The U.N. was started for two reasons. First, when the
idea was born, people all over the world were tired of war.
They were tired not just of World War II, but of war itself.
They felt that there must be peaceful answers to the
world’s problems. They felt that only an international
organization could keep world peace.
The second reason was that modern science had
developed new bombs and airplanes. These weapons made
it almost impossible for a country to defend itself. National
borders were beginning to lose their meaning. There was
also a feeling that this was only the beginning. Science
would develop even more dangerous weapons in the future.
Only an international organization would be able to
control modern science.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who was
President of the United States at the time,
believed that the Allies should plan for peace
before the war ended. On December 1, 1943,
Roosevelt, Winston Churchill of Great Britain
and Joseph Stalin of the former Soviet Union
agreed to start an organization for world peace.
They asked all countries, large and small, to join
them.
During the next year and a half, the
idea of such an organization was debated
in all the capitals of the world. Then
came a big day in modern history. On
April 11, 1945, the first international
meeting of the United Nations took place
in San Francisco.
The goal of the meeting was to write
the U.N. Charter. All of the fifty-one
nations at the meeting had their own
ideas to offer for the Charter. After a
long debate, a Charter was agreed upon.
Every nation present voted for the
Charter, no one voted against it.
The U.N. Charter is a beautiful piece
of writing. In clear language it explains
why the U.N. was started. The reasons
are: 1)to keep world peace; 2)to find
answers to the world’s social and
economic problems; 3) to win respect for
human rights; and 4) to help win
freedom for all people on earth.
Since 1945, the number of nations
that have signed the U. N. Charter has
more than doubled. These countries
contain almost the whole population of
the world. Every kind of government
can be found at the U.N. And there is
one idea which all these countries agree
on: the need for world peace.
Most of the offices of the United
Nations are in New York City. But there
are other important U. N. offices all over
the
world.
The
World
Health
Organization, for example, is in Geneva,
Switzerland. The International Court of
Justice is in the Hague, Holland.
The buildings in New York stand along the East River
on the island of Manhattan. The park around them leads
right to the water. The park contains many works of art
that were given as presents to the U.N. by member
countries. There is a Russian work of art next to an
American one. In another part of the garden there is a
beautiful Japanese bell. In some ways the garden itself
shows the idea of the U. N.—peace among the nations of
the world.
Outside the U. N. buildings there is a
line of flags almost five blocks long.
These are the flags of the member
nations.
The flag of the United Nations flies
above them. When all the flags are
flying, the General Assembly is meeting
inside.
The General Assembly is the most important part of
the U.N. At its meetings, any country can bring a problem
to the attention of the world. But the first big problem of
the U. N. was what language to use. How would the
delegates understand each other? Should they translate
everything into all languages, or should they choose one
language and translate everything into it?
They decided to do neither. Instead, they chose five
languages. Everything that is spoken at the General
Assembly is translated into Chinese, English, French,
Russian, and Spanish. Above the hall of the General
Assembly there are several little glass rooms. The
translators sit inside them. They are very good at their
jobs. They must be able to listen to delegate and to
translate at the same time! This is a difficult but very
important job. One small mistake could cause many
problems.
The Security Council also meets in
New York. Its job is to solve serious
problems before they lead to war. It
also has the power to send an army
into a country—if members of the
Security Council agree.
There are many other smaller
organizations in the U.N. One is
supposed to help countries with their
economic and social problems. Another
is supposed to help countries win
independence. Another is meant to help
women all over the world.
Since its earliest days, many people have
criticized the U. N. They say that the U. N. is
too weak. As an example, they say that some
member countries promise to respect human
rights, but many member countries show
little or no respect for human rights. The U. N.
can do nothing about this. Some also say that
the Security Council is too weak to do any
good. This happens because all five big
powers have to agree before the U. N. can act.
But there are many people who defend
the United Nations. They say that only
the citizens of a country can make their
government respect human rights. The
U. N. can act only when two countries
are at war. It can’t help the people of a
country fight their own government.
Another important defense of the U. N.
is this: where would we be without it?
When someone speaks at the U. N.,
everyone hears about it. There are
reports in the newspapers, on the radio,
and on television. No one can stop the
debates at the U. N. Even the smallest
country on earth can have its voice heard.
We are all citizens of the United
Nations. Each of us should learn more
about how this important organization
works. If we work to make it better,
maybe this phoenix will never burn to
death again.
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phoenix [5fi:nIks] n. 长生鸟;凤凰
=a bird in Egyptian mythology which, after living
hundreds of years in the Arabian desert, burnt
itself on a funeral pile and rose from the ashes
young again, to live for another cycle, it is often
used as a symbol of immortality
e.g. The new city of Tangshan rose like a phoenix
after the earthquake.
新唐山市在地震后像凤凰一样从废墟中崛起。
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The use of the word “phoenix”:
It refers to something that rises from the ashes of
its predecessor. The League of Nation (1920-1946)
was the first international association of countries.
It was established with the aim to resolve conflicts
peacefully and avert another devastating war.
Though it had a total of 63 member states, it never
had much influence. The Second World War
proved it a failure. As the author puts it, it burned
to death.
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Then the U.N. rose from its ashes and
brought the dreams of world peace back to
life again. In the last paragraph of the
passage the author calls on all the U.N.
member states to offer every assistance to
make the U.N. better so that it will never
burn to death, that is, it will never become a
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second League of Nations.
debate [dI5beIt] n.& vt.争论,辩论
n.=formal discussion
e.g. After a long debate the bill was passed by the House of
Commons and sent to the House of Lords.
经过长久讨论后,该议案在下议院中通过,并送达上议
院。
v.=have a debate about
e.g. We were debating whether to go to the mountains or to
the seaside.
我们正在辩论到底是去山上还是去海边。
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organization
[C:^EnaI5zeIFEn]
n. 组织
=organized body of persons
e.g. He joined a revolutionary
organization headed by Helong.
他参加了贺龙领导的革命组织。
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international [IntE5nAFEnEl]
a. 国际的
=existing, carried on, between nations
e.g. He was a scientist of international
reputation.
他是个享有国际声誉的科学家。
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weapon [5wepEn]
n. 武器
=sth designed for, or used in, fighting or
struggling
e.g. They fought their oppressors with
any weapon they could lay hands on.
他们用拿得到的任何武器与压迫者作
战。
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border [5bC:dE]
n. 国界,边界
=(land near the) line dividing two states
or countries
e.g. The criminal escaped over the border.
罪犯逃过了边界。
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former [5fC:mE]
a. 前(一度存在过的);以前的
=of an earlier period
e.g. They are all my former students.
他们都是我从前的学生。
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goal [^EJl]
n. 目的,目标
=object of efforts or ambition
e.g. It seemed therefore quite likely that
the year’s ambitious economic goals
would be reached.
因此看来很可能本年度雄心勃勃的经
济目标将被实现。
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social [5sEJFEl]
a. 社会的
=of people living in communities
e.g. Young students need more chances of
social practice.
青年学生需要更多社会实践的机会。
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economic [i:kE5nRmIk]
a. 经济的
=of economics
e.g. There are many debates about the
government’s new economic policy.
关于政府新的经济政策有许多争论。
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sign [saIn]
vt. 在…上签字
=write one’s name on (a letter, document,
etc) to show that one is the writer or that
one accepts or agrees with the contents
e.g. Please sign on the dotted line.
请在虚线上签名。
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justice [5dVQstIs]
n. 司法;正义
=just conduct; the quality of being right and fair
e.g. The sense of justice pushed him to do that.
是正义感驱使他那么做的。
the International Court of Justice:
国际法庭
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assembly [E5semblI] n. 集会;集合
=number of persons who have come together
e.g. The assembly of doctors discussed the latest
medical research.
医生大会讨论了最新的医学研究情况。
the General Assembly:
联合国大会
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delegate [5delI^Et]
n. 代表
=person to whom sth is delegated (e.g. an
elected representative sent to a
conference or convention).
e.g. He said his government hadn’t
appointed any delegates.
他说他们政府没有委派任何代表。
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security [sI5kjJErItI]
n. 安全
=(sth that provides) safety, freedom from
danger or anxiety
e.g. You should cross the street in
security at a pedestrian crossing.
你应该在行人穿越道上安全地过马路。
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council [5kaJnsEl]
n. 理事会;委员会
=group of persons appointed, elected or
chosen to give advice, make rules, and
carry out plans, manage affairs, etc. esp
of government
e.g. This document was issued by the
State Council.
这个文件是国务院发布的。
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independence [IndI5pendEns]
n.
独立
=the state of being independent (independence from)
e.g. Several of these colonies have claimed and have been
given independence from the mother country.
这些殖民地中有几个曾经向它们的母国要求独立并已获
得独立。
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criticize [5krItIsaIz]
vt. 批评
=form and give a judgement of; find
fault with
e.g. There are several articles in the local
newspaper criticizing his work.
当地报纸上有好几篇文章批评他的作
品。
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citizen [5sItIzEn]
n. 公民
=person who has full rights in a State,
either by birth or by gaining such rights
e.g. She’s a British citizen but lives in
India.
她是英国公民却住在印度。
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defense [dI5fens]
n. 辩护词
=(legal) argument(s) used to contest an
accusation
e.g. Counsel worked out a very
convincing defense.
辩护律师完成一篇甚有说服力的辩护
词。
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all over the world
全世界(的),在全世界
e.g. Now the company has branches all
over the world.
现在这个公司在世界各地都有分部。
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be tired of
对…感到厌烦
e.g. She is never tired of talking about
her clever son.
谈到她儿子的聪明伶俐,她从不会感到
厌倦。
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take place
举行;发生
e.g. The celebration took place yesterday.
庆祝会在昨日举行。
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vote for
投票赞成
e.g. The majority of delegates voted for
the proposal.
大多数代表投票赞成这个建议。
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vote against
投票反对
e.g. He voted against the government
party at the last election.
在上次大选中他投票反对执政党。
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works of art
艺术品
e.g. These beautiful needleworks are
completely works of art.
这些美丽的刺绣简直是艺术品。
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be at war
在交战中
e.g. Ruritania and Utopia are at war
again.
假想国与乌托邦又交战了。
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The United Nations:联合国
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt
([5rEuzEvelt])(1882-1945):
32nd U.S. president (1933-1945)罗斯福
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the Allies([TI`AlaIz]):
第二次世界大战中的同盟国
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Winston
Churchill([`tF\:tFIl])(18741965):
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer
Churchill, British Prime Minister
(1940-1945 and 1951-1955)邱吉尔
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Joseph Stalin (1879-1953):
Premier of the former Soviet Union,
Supreme Commander of the Red
Army 斯大林
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The U.N.Charter:
联合国宪章
( Introduction to the U.N. Charter )
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Introduction to the U.N. Charter
“We the peoples of the U.N. determined to save
succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which
twice in our lifetime has brought untold sufferings to
mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental rights, in
the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal
rights of men and women and of nations large and small,
and to establish conditions under which justice and respect
for the obligations arising from treaties and
other sources of international law can be
maintained, and to promote social progress
and better standards of life in larger freedom,
and for these ends, to practice tolerance and
live together in peace with one another as
good neighbours, and to unite our strength to
maintain international peace and security,
and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles
and the institution of methods, that armed
forces shall not be used, save in the common
interest, and to employ international
machinery for the promotion of economic and
social advancement of all peoples, have
resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish
these aims.”
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The World Health Organization:
世界卫生组织
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Geneva ( [dVI5ni:vE]):
日内瓦
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Switzerland ([`swItsElEnd]):
瑞士
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the Hague ([heI^]):
海牙
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the East River:
the east branch of the Hudson River
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Manhattan ([ mAn`hAtn]):
one of the five administrative divisions of New York
City 曼哈顿,纽约市五个行政区之一
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is supposed to help:
is expected to help
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is meant to help:
is expected to help
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too weak to do any good:
too weak to improve the situation
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The buildings in New York stand along
the East River on the island of
Manhattan. The park around them
leads right to the water.
纽约的联合国大厦矗立在曼哈顿岛哈
德逊河东段沿岸,周围的花园一直延
伸到河畔。
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Outside the U.N. buildings there is a
line of flags almost five blocks long.
These are the flags of the member
nations.
联合国大厦外面飘扬着各会员国的国
旗,首尾相隔几乎达五个街区之长。
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At its meetings, any country can bring
a problem to the attention of the world.
联合国开会期间任何国家都能就某个
问题提请世界注意。
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联合国还有许多较小的机构。其中有
一个机构的职能是帮助各国解决经济
和社会问题;另一个是帮助一些国家
赢得独立;还有一个是为帮助全世界
的妇女而设立的。
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No one can stop the debates at the U.N.
Even the smallest country on earth can
have its voice heard.
谁也无法阻挠联合国里的辩论。即便
是世界上最小的国家,也能让人们听
到她的声音。
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他们不仅厌恶第二次世界大战,而且厌恶战争本身。
not just … but 实际上与not only … but also 在意思和
用法上相同,均表示“不仅……而且”;另外还有一
个更为正式的用法是not merely … but … as well.
e.g. You once told me that you should know your buyers
not just as buyers, but as people.
你曾经告诉我,你不应该把顾客仅仅看作是买主,而
且要把他们看作是普通人。
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This happens because all five big powers have to agree
before the U.N. can act.
这是因为安理会必须要征得五大国一致同意后才能采
取行动。
have to … before (+can)结构表示“必须……才能”的
意思。
e.g. Much more research will have to be done before we
can be sure.
我们还得做更多的研究工作,才能就此做出结论。
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In 1945, it brought the dream of world
peace back to life again after World War II.
1945年第二次世界大战结束后,联合国使
人们得以再次重温世界和平的美梦。
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Since the day of its birth, the United
Nations has been the subject of much
debate.
从联合国诞生的那天起,它一直是人们争
议的焦点。
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These weapons made it impossible for a
country to defend itself. National borders
were beginning to lose their meaning.
这些武器使得单独一国难以自卫。国界正
在开始失去其意义。
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Since 1945, the number of nations that
have signed the U.N. Charter has more
than doubled. These countries contain
almost the whole population of the world.
1945年以来,签署加入联合国宪章的会员
国数量已翻了一倍有余。这些国家几乎包
括了全球的人口。
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Its job is to solve serious problems before
they lead to war.
安理会的工作是及时解决危急的问题,以
免酿成战争。
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As an example, they say that some member
countries promise to respect human rights,
but many member countries show little or
no respect for human rights.
他们举例说,有些成员国许诺尊重人权,
但是很多成员国很少或根本不尊重人权。
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Some also say that the Security Council is
too weak to do any good.
有些人还说道,安理会太软弱无力,发挥
不了什么作用。
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If we work to make it better, maybe this
phoenix will never burn to death again.
如果我们共同努力来完善它,也许这只凤
凰将永远不会再自焚。
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