CHEROKEE
JENNIFER MITCHELL
FALL 2007: MKGT 301
http://www.stayinnorthcarolina.com/images/dynamic/towns/04348886251/cherokee_indian_dance.jpg
GEOGRAPHY
Cherokee is one of the Largest
American Indian Tribes
Cherokee is the largest Native
American group in the United
States, population: 370,000
The Census Bureau estimates
that Asheville's population is
72,789
http://cherokeehistory.com/original.gif
EARTH CONT…
North Carolina's
geography is usually
divided into three
biomes: Coastal,
Piedmont, and the
Appalachian Mountains.
The Appalachian
Mountains and the Gulf
Stream influence climate
and, hence, the vegetation
(flora) and animals
(fauna).
There are The Appalachian
Mountains with elevations
between 1500 to more
than 6000 feet.
Weather averages for Asheville, North Carolina
Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year
Averag
e high 47 (8) 50 (10) 57 (13) 68 (20) 76 (24) 82 (27) 84 (28) 83 (28) 77 (25) 68 (20) 57 (13) 48 (8) 67 (19)
°F (°C)
Averag
e low 28 (-2) 30 (-1) 35 (1)
°F (°C)
45 (7) 53 (11) 60 (15) 63 (17) 62 (16) 56 (13) 45 (7)
35 (1) 29 (-1) 45 (7)
Precipi
tation
2.6 (6) 3.1 (7) 4.0 (10) 3.3 (8) 2.9 (7) 3.5 (8) 3.4 (8) 4.0 (10) 3.1 (7) 2.7 (6) 2.6 (6) 2.7 (6)
inch
(cm)
38.1
(39)
HISTORY
•The Paleo Indian Period (13000 BC to 7000 BC)
•The Archaic Period (8000 BC to 500 BC)
•The Woodland Period (800 BC to AD 1200)
•The Late Prehistoric Period (AD 1200 to circa AD 1650)
Paleo Indian
•The Historic Period (AD 1650 to AD 1843)
The Woodland
http://www.mysteriousworld.com/Journal/2002/Autumn/EffigyMounds/#TheMysteryBegins
HISTORY CONT…
•The Great Smoky Mountains
•Columbus discovered America
•1540 everything changed
•The first recorded European, Hernando De Soto
http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/smmindex3/CherokeeTimeline.html
HISTORY CONT…
De Soto
•Europeans brought along many diseases
•Native American grew worse and worse
•The Cherokee made many war treaties;
ended up starting the Indian Wars
•Seventeen thousand Cherokee
started west on the Trail of Tears
in 1938
“Place where they cried”
CULTURE
•“Cherokee” is Creek for 'people with
another language. There are 350,000
Cherokee people today, mostly in Oklahoma
and North Carolina.
•Language: Cherokee--more properly spelled
Tsalagi--is an Iroquoian language with an
innovative written syllabary
Tsalagi is spoken by 22,000 people,
primarily in Oklahoma and North Carolina
•Tsalagi is still in imperiled condition
because of government policies as late as the
fifties which enforced the removal of
Cherokee children from Tsalagi-speaking
homes, reducing the number of young
Cherokees being raised bilingually from 75%
to less than 5% today.
CULTURE CONT…
•The first dance is by invitation, tribal elders, elders, medicine men
and clan heads while they dance around the fire
•Dance is a holy place to worship God
•Feathers are believed by the Indians to be a symbol of power,
strength, and spirituality
•Indians believed that the feathers were a good protecting
The Four Directions
of the Universal Circle
EAST
SOUTH
WEST
NORTH
Color - Red
Direction Spiritual
Path of Sun
Color - White
Direction Natural
Path of Peace
Color - Black
Direction Physical
Path of
Introspect
Color - Blue
Direction - Mental
Path of Quiet
Four Sacred Directions in the Universal Circle of Life, are observed in the Cherokee Tradition. Each
represents a specific color, direction, attribute of learning focus, and path to follow.
This clockwise circle represents the spiral of life, with the directional energy that influences it. The
Center is for the Creator, and the Four Directions of the Universal Circle. The Four Directions provide
guidance in understanding our behaviors and directions. The Directions provide us balance and we must
find the harmony in relationship to all that exists in our environment.
The Four Directions also connect us with the spirit of the animals and birds as our brothers and sisters
in the Universal Circle. In traditional teachings, the circle represents an omni-present energy that exists
in the universe - which is, the never-ending Circle of Life.
CULTURE CONT…
COLORS FOR FACE/BODY PAINTING
RED was the color of war
WHITE was the color of peace
BLACK was a "living" color, worn on the face to
prepare for war
GREEN worn under the eyes was supposed to empower the wearer with
night vision
YELLOW represented death, as it is the color of "old
bones."
CULTURE CONT…
Seven Clans of the Cherokee
Bird
Blue
Deer
Long Hair
Paint
Wild Potato
Wolf
http://www.cherokee-nc.com/history.php?Name=Seven%20Clans
CULTURE CONT…
*The Wolf Clan is the largest clan and the most prominent clan, providing
most of the war chiefs. The wolf clan is Keepers of the wolf and the only clan
who could kill a wolf
*The Blue or Panther Clan made blue medicine from a special plant to keep
our children well. They were also known as the Wildcat Clan;
*The Long Hair Clan are also known as Twister Clan, Hair Hanging down
Clan or Wind Clan. Peace chiefs are usually from this clan and wore a white
feather robe.
*The Bird Clan are the Keepers of the birds and they are our messengers;
*The Paint Clan made red paint and were sorcerers and medicine men
*The deer Clan are the Keepers of the Deer (our sacred animal), and are
known as fast runners
*The Wild Potato Clan are also known as the Bear Clan, Raccoon Clan or
Blind Savannah Clan. They were known to dig wild potatoes to make flour or
bread.
CULTURE CONT…
Animals are considered to hold certain
powers and represent different traits..
Wolf-A lot is to be learned from this
sacred animal about family life. He is loyal
and perseveres in the most harsh of times
always providing for his family. He is
considered a great hunter who never fails
by the Cherokee….
Look up for some more animals meant
http://pyesetz.furtopia.org/sozont/cherokee-animal-totems.html
VALUES
The Cherokee Nation hosts the Cherokee National Holiday on Labor Day weekend
each year and 80,000 to 90,000 Cherokee Citizens travel to Tahlequah, Oklahoma for
the festivities. The best-known episode in Cherokee history was also the worst: the
Trail of Tears.
http://hooahwife.com/images/chris/Cherokee%20Morning.jpg
VALUES CONT…
Seven Clans of the Cherokee
Bird
Blue
Deer
Long Hair
Paint
Wild Potato
Wolf
VALUES CONT…
•Dance has always been a very important part of the life of
the Cherokee Indians. Indian has a very rich tradition of
dance. Dancers are very important figures in the Indian
culture and Indian dance have many varieties which reflects
all aspect of life from religious to war to social. Some
Cherokees have joined in the pan-Indian practice of
powwow dancing
•Feathers mean a lot to Native American Tribes
•Cherokee Art
•The five civilized tribes
•Medicine men & women
•Cherokee Wedding
•Religion
PRODUCT
•Feathered headdresses are a sign of
power and strength
•The feather is still a very important
symbol in the Native American world
today. Indian feathers contributed to a
large part of Native American culture,
and represent an appreciation for our
natural world
PRODUCT CONT..
•Today, the roach is worn by most male dancers.
There is no society association today, but some
dancers do wear certain colors for various
personal or religious reasons. Most of the time, the
colors are chosen to match the dance clothes.
•Roach made out of porcupine guard hair and deer
hair and sometimes made out of skunk hair
•Today, Cherokee Indian People wear modern
clothes like jeans instead of breechcloths, but still
wear moccasins or beaded shirts are still worn by
some Cherokee people. These people wear feathers
in their hair only on special occasions or on
traditional dances.
PRODUCT CONT..
•Porcupine roaches are what essentially
every modern Native American
powwow dancer wears on their head,
except for the women and not all
Southern Straight dancers (who wear a
hat made out of otter fur).
•Most roaches are between 15″ and 24″
long
PRODUCT CONT..
Colors languages:
http://www.native-languages.org/cherokee_colors.htm
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