MFL
©CAS 2002
MFL
©CAS 2002
In English:
To achieve a Grade C
Preterite
Tense are three
There
The
The Imperfect
Perfect
or above at GCSE, you
tenses that you
III played
was
haveplaying
played
will have to use the
can use:
II did
usedplay
to
play
Past Tenses in your
Speaking and Writing.
The Preterite
The Imperfect
The Perfect
In English: I played / I did play
The Preterite Tense is formed by adding
endings onto the stem.
AR Verbs
MFL
©CAS 2002
I
You (sg)
He / she / it
We
You (pl)
They
comprar
compr
compré
compr
compraste
compr
compró
compramos
compr
comprasteis
compr
compraron
compr
Practice………
caminar
(to walk)
MFL
dibujar
(to draw)
2. You
7.
She (pl)
watched
walked
hablar
(to speak)
3. IThey
8.
worked
worked
mirar
(to watch)
4. We watched
9.
drew
trabajar
(to work)
©CAS 2002
1. IHe
6.
walked
spoke
caminé
habló
miró
caminasteis
trabajaron
trabajé
dibujamos
miramos
5. You
10.I
drew
(sg) spoke
hablaste
dibujé
ER and IR Verbs
MFL
©CAS 2002
I
You (sg)
He / she / it
We
You (pl)
They
vender
vend
vendí
vend
vendiste
vend
vendió
vendimos
vend
vendisteis
vend
vendieron
vend
vivir
viv
viví
viv
viviste
viv
vivió
vivimos
viv
vivisteis
viv
vivieron
viv
Practice………
MFL
©CAS 2002
romper
(to break)
6.
1. You
We ran
(pl) broke
rompisteis
corrimos
correr
(to run)
7.
2. She
He ate
discussed
comer
(to eat)
8.
3. We
I chose
ate
discutió
comió
comimos
elegí
elegir
(to choose)
9.
4. IYou
ran(sg) broke
discutir
(to discuss)
10.
5. They
You (sg)
discussed
chose
corrí
rompiste
elegiste
discutieron
Irregular preterites:
MFL
©CAS 2002
andar
caber
dar
decir
estar
haber
hacer
ir
poder
poner
producir
querer
saber
ser
tener
traer
venir
ver
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
walk
fit
give
say
be
they don’t
have
verbs
are
do/make
follow
any
of
Check
the summary
irregular
in the
go
sheet for the verb forms.
be able
that we have
put
Tense.
produce
already seen.
want
know
be
have
bring
come
see
In other words,
All of these
the patterns
Preterite
In English: I was playing / I used to play
Like the Preterite Tense, the Imperfect is
formed by adding endings onto the stem.
MFL
©CAS 2002
AR Verbs
ER and IR Verbs
dejar
dej
dejaba
dej
dejabas
dej
dejaba
dejábamos
dej
dejabais
dej
dejaban
dej
temer
tem
temía
tem
temías
tem
temía
temíamos
tem
temíais
tem
temían
tem
vivir
viv
vivía
viv
vivías
viv
vivía
vivíamos
viv
vivíais
viv
vivían
viv
One of the good things about the Imperfect
Tense is that it only has 3 irregular verbs !
MFL
©CAS 2002
Ser (to be)
era
eras
era
éramos
erais
eran
Ir (to go)
iba
ibas
iba
íbamos
ibais
iban
Ver (to see)
veía
veías
veía
veíamos
veíais
veían
Irregular
stem and
endings
Uses –AR
endings
Stem has
an extra e
Practice……
ganar
(to win)
1. IShe
6.
wasused
winning
to believe
ganaba
creía
cocinar
(to cook)
2. You
7.
They(pl)
used
were
to hide
hiding
escondíais
escondían
creer
(to believe)
MFL
esconder
(to hide)
decidir
(to decide)
©CAS 2002
3. He
8.
I used
wasto
cooking
win
cocinaba
ganaba
4. We used
9.
were to
deciding
cook
decidíamos
cocinábamos
5. You
10.
You (sg)
(sg) were
used believing
to decide
creías
decidías
In English: I have played
To form the Perfect Tense you need part of
the verb haber and a past participle.
haber
MFL
©CAS 2002
+
past participle
he to
llegar
lleg
llegado
hasarrive
to
comer
com
comido
eat
ha
to
unir
un
unido
hemos join
habéis
You
You
They
(sg)
(pl)have
have
have
We
IHe
have
have
has
arrived
joined
eaten
Hemos
Habéis
Han
Has
Ha
He llegado
comido
comido
llegado
unido
arrived
joined
eaten
han
Practice………
What are the past participles of these verbs ?
MFL
©CAS 2002
bailar
bailado
amar
amado
permitir
permitido
deber
aprender
entrar
debido
aprendido
entrado
temer
temido
vivir
vivido
admitir
admitido
desear
deseado
esperar
esperado
beber
bebido
decidir
prometer
existir
decidido
prometido
existido
There are some irregular past
participles:
MFL
©CAS 2002
abrir
to open
abierto
cubrir
to cover
cubierto
decir
to say
dicho
escribir
to write
escrito
hacer
to do/make
hecho
morir
to die
muerto
poner
to put
puesto
resolver
to solve
resuelto
ver
to see
visto
volver
to return
vuelto
MFL
©CAS 2002
Now have a go
So
there
A
tour
at the exercises
you
are…
of
the
to check your
past
tenses
understanding
FIN
MFL
©CAS 2002
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Preterite Tense - Light Bulb Languages