Latin is a language which was spoken by
the ancient Romans and the people they
conquered for more than 1000 years, from
approximately the 8th century B.C.E. to the
5th century A.D.
Roman Empire
How the Latin Language Spread
Roman soldiers occupied the lands
they conquered, set up governments,
and married the native women.
The new speakers of Latin were
often illiterate, and their perceptions
of the Latin language varied from
country to country. Eventually the
Latin these people spoke evolved
into Italian, French, Spanish,
Portuguese and Rumanian.
Although few people speak Latin today, the
language is, however, very much alive.
Chemical Elements
Most chemical elements have Latin or Latinate
Au-gold (aurum=gold)
Pb-lead (plumbum=lead)
Fe-iron (ferrum=iron)
The signs
of the
are Latin
as are the names of constellations.
Anatomical Words
The names of most muscles and bones are
Latin words.
Lawyers use many Latin words.
pro bono
nolo contendere
amicus curiae
et uxor
habeas corpus
in re
in loco parentis
Even English teachers use Latin expressions
when discussing literature:
– in medias res
– deus ex machina
– magnum opus
– dramatis personae
Some Latin words have come into English
in the same form as they were in Latin:
– actor
– millennium
– radius
– alibi
– addendum
– formula
– nucleus
– exit
You probably use Latin expressions, too.
et cetera (etc.)
annō domini (a.d.)
circa (ca.)
in memoriam
post scriptum (p.s.)
ante meridiem (a.m.)
post meridiem (p.m.)
Why should you study Latin?
• Latin will help your English vocabulary.
• 60% of the words in English derive from Latin.
Latin will help you with your understanding of
language and grammar because you can see the
grammatical markers.
Cornelia et Marcus sub arbore
sedent et legunt.
(Cornelia and Marcus sit under the tree and read.)
• Latin will give you a headstart in learning most
European languages. The roots of the vocabualry
words are the same in the Romance languages—
Spanish, French, Italian, etc.—and the grammatical
structure is the same as German.
Latin – currere / liber / nomen / centum
French – courir / livre / nom / cent
Spanish – correr / libro / nombre / cien
Italian – correre / libro / nome / cento
• Latin will teach you to think and reason as you
learn to reason out the structure of a Latin
sentence which has its own clues
Canis magnum os habet.
Canes magnum os habent.
You will learn a great deal about Roman history
Roman senators approaching to assassinate Julius Caesar.
Scene from the Aeneid by Vergil
and mythology.
Narcissus staring at his reflection while Echo looks on.
What will I be able to do?
• Understand and respond to short Latin
classroom commands, comprehension
questions and greetings
• Read and answer simple questions in Latin
• Read simple Latin passages and analyze for
• Read simple Latin passages aloud with novice
What will I be able to do?
• Identify English derivatives from Unit
• Summarize the content of Latin passages
using cartoons, English, and short Latin
• Write simple Latin sentences.
How is this class different?
• We will focus on reading, writing and listening.
• Our speaking component will consist of
greetings, commands and basic sentences.
• We will focus more on grammar than other
foreign languages.
• We will also learn about Greek and Roman
How will I be assessed?
Performance tasks
Self (you will check your progress as well)
Formative vs. Summative
• Formative (assessment for learning)
– how I’ll assess where we are in terms of learning.
– Used to make decisions on where to go next
– Includes exit tickets, warm ups, discussions, practice
assignments, etc.
– Not graded for accuracy
• Summative (assessment of learning)
– Takes place after chunks of learning
– Includes projects and tests
5 C’s
• Communication
– Includes Interpersonal, Interpretive and
Culture—Greek and Roman
Connections—Latin & other subjects
Comparisons—Latin & our own
Communities—global society
• Interpersonal: Person-to-Person Communication**
– informal, one-on-one or small group conversations about
everyday topics.
• Interpretive: Listening and Reading
– Students hear or see the message and respond based on
their interpretation. These messages could be about any
topic and come from a wide variety of sources and media
• Presentational: Speaking and Writing
– Includes preparing information to be shared with an
audience, formal or informal
Proficiency Levels
• Novice
– Low, mid, high
• Intermediate
– Love, mid, high
• Advanced
– Low
• By the end of Latin I, you should be at NH for Interpretive Rdg,
NM for Presentational Writing, NL for Presentational Speaking
and Interpretive Listening
• Interpersonal Communication is not a focus, but we will do a
little bit
• Questions/Concerns????
• Let’s take a look at the little bit of
interpersonal communication that we’ll use.