Tsunami in Education
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Emanuel Gruengard
February 2013
Suddenly …
 Computer
technology is mature enough …
Communication bands are wide enough …
Personal computers are within the reach of many
persons …
Pedagogical issues are better understood and
new ones are introduced …
 There is abounded availability of free
content …
  Online systems geared to
massive (and even free) teaching
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Floating ideas:
• Class Centric? User Centric?
Cohort Centric?
• Learning Spaces / Communities
• Self-Paced
• The Flip Classroom Concept
• The “Salami” Paradigm
• Automated Grading
• Peers’ Evaluation
• Accessibility
• Mobile Learning
• Technologies:
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Synchronous / Asynchronous
Webinars
Podcasts
Wiki
Blogs
Annotations
KSV
Talking Head
Clips
Animations
Simulations
Serious Games
Social Networks
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Animation
Media
Simulations
Accessibility
Serious Games
Webinars
KSV
Taking
Head
Podcasts
Annotation
Clips
Wiki
Synchronous /
Asynchronous
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Blogs
MOOC Projects
(Massive Open Online Classes)
• Udacity
• KSV approach, A lot of short videos (stored on YouTube), Forum for
social and admin
https://www.udacity.com
• edX: MIT, Harvard, Berckley
• KSV approach, A bit longer videos, Subtitles at the side (serve also to
navigate), Forum for admin, Wiki for cooperation, Provides
large sections of a textbook
http://www.edxonline.org
• Coursera: Princeton, Stanford, Michigan, Penn, + 50 more
• Talking Head videos, Very detailed slides, Subtitles in several
languages, Interactive windows
https://www.coursera.org
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• + Khan Academy; OpenLearn (OU UK); Codecademy; ++ +
• + New Players: Futurelearn (OU UK); + + +
Building Blocks:
• Learning Objects (LO)
• “Lego” building blocks
approach
• (Ideal) LO has three parts:
• A Defined Learning Objective
• A Learning Activity
• An Immediate Assessment
• In most cases: atomic (covering a single item)
and short (~10± minutes)
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=
KSV
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 KSV
 Please note that lesson 1 is composed of 40 sections!
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 Full
transcript
 KSV
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 Taking Head
synchronized with
slides
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 Exercise
Pedagogical Concepts
• Flipped Class
• Learn at home and later, in the
class, discuss and expand
• Self Paced
• No hard time-limits
• Minimal interaction between learners
• Everyone can Register
• No need for a matriculation
• No entry tests
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The MOCC Offerings
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Huge classes
“Salami” approach
Self paced (within cycles)
Media Based
No tutoring
Self contained (in most cases …)
No meaningful interaction, unless…
Automatic grading
Peers’ grading
No curriculum (yet?)
Degrees: not yet clear
Business Models: still in development
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Paradigm Shift 1
Present the lesson via short Learning Objects (LO) of
few minutes
Short and focused objects of learning coupled with
Formative Evaluation
Intelligent Tutor System
Selects objects based on learners’ preferences and on
immediate evaluation
Massive reading only complementary and eBook
oriented
Integrated true Digital eBooks rather than Digitized
Books
Emphasis on Media
Multimodal interactions (read it / hear it / see it /
experience it / create it)
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Paradigm Shift 2
Use PDAs as active devices
Record, Photo, Film, Broadcast, Converse
High Interaction
Make use of ‘touch screen’ interactivity
Immediate Recording and Delivery of MP3/MP4
Use of Mini Intelligent Games
Assignments are integral part of the LO approach:
Immediate Responses, Multi Choice Questions, Peers’
Evaluation
Plagiarism control?
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‫גיור סרטוני אקדמיית קהאן לעברית‬
‫פרויקט משותף של שנקר – בי"ס גבוה להנדסה ולעיצוב‪,‬‬
‫קרן טראמפ‪ ,‬איגוד האינטרנט הישראלי‪ ,‬חברת קונדואיט‪,‬‬
‫רשת אורט‪ ,‬ערי חינוך‬
‫‪http://www.hebrewkhan.org‬‬
Islands of Time
• Our diverse activities
create “islands of free time”
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/07/31/business/20080801-metrics-graphic.html
• Can these periods be used for even
more productive learning, based on the
“salami” / LO approach of short durations?
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Yes! The Next Major Phase:
Mobile Learning
Durations and Locations
Monolithic Lectures
(Hours)
Islands of Time
(Minutes)
Devices
Fixed
Location
Ubiquitous
But this is another presentation...
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Slide 1