Want to work
in Portugal?
IO Lavoro European Job Fair
– Torino, 9th – 10th October
Living & Working in Portugal
 The Country
 Labour Market
 Working Conditions
 Social Security
 Taxation
 Recognition of Diplomas
and Qualifications
 Language
 Accommodation
 Healthcare
 Education
 Cost of Living
 Looking for a Job
 Starting up a
Business
The Country
The Country
Area: 92,412 km2
Territorial organisation: 18 districts in the
Mainland, 2 Autonomous regions
(Azores and Madeira archipelagos)
Capital: Lisboa (Lisbon)
Population: 10.634.400 (2nd Q 2009)
Active Population: 5.583.900 (2nd Q 2009)
Unemployment Rate: 9.1 (2nd Q 2009)
Currency: Euro
GDP: 162.489,5 million Eur (2008)
Per capita GDP: 74% EU27 avg (2008)
Minimum Wage: 450,00 Eur/month (2009)
Inflation Rate: 2.7% (2008); -1.5% (Jul. 2009)
The Labour Market
Labour Market
Portuguese Economy
 Based in traditional industries - textiles, clothing,
footwear, cork and wood products, beverages (wine),
ceramics, glass and glassware, fish canning, metal
working, oil refining and chemicals;
 A world-class mould-making industry
 Changing its role in Europe’s automotive sector, IT
and renewable energies
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Labour Market
Portuguese Economy
 Agriculture is a small part of the economy
 B2B Market: growth oriented sectors are construction &
public works, environment, medical equipment, information
technology, communications and transportation
 B2C Market: the major visible trend in the last few years
has been the increase of hypermarkets, large retailers &
shopping malls
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Labour Market
Portuguese Economy
 Tourism is the driving force of the economy and the
labour market
 Trying to develop a cultural and rustic rather than “only
sun & beach” tourism in order to attract tourists
 New touristic offers: organisation of events, adventure
and nature, cultural, rural, residential and SPA tourism
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Labour Market
Surpluses

Teachers

Clerks

Sales and Services Elementary Occupations

Non-Qualified Workers in Mining, Construction,
Manufacturing and Transports

Personal and Protective Services Workers
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Labour Market
Graduate Surpluses
 Teachers (kindergartens, basic & secondary schools)
 Graduates in Economics, Management & other Business
Sciences (including Accountancy, Marketing and Advertising)
 Graduates in Languages & other Communication Sciences
 Social Workers and Psychologists
 Other graduates in Social & Human Sciences: Sociologists,
Lawyers, Historians, etc.
 Engineers (Civil, Chemical, Electro, Agronomy,
Environmental, IT, Mechanical,…)
 Nurses
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Labour Market
Shortages
 Health Sector
 Medical Doctors, mostly in some expert specialties
 ICT’s (Information & Communication Technologies)
 IT Engineers, with very specific profiles and skills
 Construction & Public Works
 Qualified workers
 Services
 Specialized Contact Centres, Shared Service Centres
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Labour Market
Seasonal Shortages
 Hotels & Restaurants

Bartenders

Waiters/Waitresses

Recepcionists
 Agriculture

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Fruit picking: grapes, pears, strawberries
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The Working
Conditions
Working Conditions
Average Monthly Earnings
Eur 1.071,6
(Oct. 2008)
Activity Areas
Professional Level

Manufacturing
936,7

Construction
917,6

Managers/Directors 3.283,2


Sales & Repair Services
988,3
Employees
1.129,4


Hotels & Restaurants
695,8
Labourers
791,0


Transports & Communications
1.577,7
Apprentices
578,9

Financial Activities
2.185,9

Health Care & Social Work
1.190,4

Community & Family Services
1.319,6
906,2

Education
1.205,3
Gender

Male

Female
898,5
Source: GEP-MTSS
Working Conditions
Relevant Info
 Holiday & Christmas subsidies total 14 earning months per year
 Lisbon has the highest wage level in Portugal, due to
concentration of higher paying activities
 Normal working period cannot exceed 40 hours weekly (avg. is 39
hours, 5 working days)
 Holiday duration: in general, 22+3 useful days as a base (or 2
days per complete month of work in short-term contracts)
 Fixed term contract maximum duration: 3 years (incl. 2 renewals
max. during the period); mandatory to be in writing
 Day limit for supplementary work: 2 hours
Further info: www.act.gov.pt
Working Conditions
Temporary Work
 Significantly increasing in Portugal (around 250 TWA’s)
 Only TWA’s licensed by the Public Employment Service
(IEFP, I.P.) are authorised to perform the activity (assigning
workers to other companies)
 For information on licensed TWA’s, please visit:
www.iefp.pt > Soluções para Entidades > Empresas
Trabalho Temporário regulamentadas
The Social Security
Social Security
Deductions
 Social Security contributions of 11% deducted from gross monthly earnings
 Employers contribute a further 23,75%
 The employer is responsible for making the contribution for each worker,
corresponding to the overall rate of 34,75% of his/her gross monthly
earnings, at the District Social Security Centre (or online)
 For the self-employed, contribution rate is calculated on the basis of
declared wage:

25,4% (compulsory protection scheme)

32% (wider protection scheme)
Further info: www.seg-social.pt
Social Security
Unemployment Benefits
Unemployment benefit (UB)
 due to workers with minimum 450 days of paid work and a record of
contributions in the 24 months preceding the date of unemployment
 duration depends on the benefit recipient’s age and on the number of
years with registered earnings (after last record as unemployed
benefit recipient): minimum 12 months and maximum 38 months
 65% of the reference wage (max. limit 3 x IAS* per month)
*
IAS (Indexante dos Apoios Sociais): Social Supports Index;
equal to €419,22 in 2009 (amount revised every year)
Social Security
Unemployment Benefits
Social unemployment benefit (SUB)
 paid to workers with min. 180 days worked and a record of
contributions in the 12 months preceding the date of unemployment,
and whose family per capita income is lower than 80% the IAS
 duration identical to UB, except when following the UB payment (in
which case it is reduced to half)
 Equal to IAS for benefit recipients with a family; to 80% of the IAS
for single benefit recipients
Partial unemployment benefit (PUB)
 paid when workers receiving an unemployment benefit sign a parttime work contract, with a wage lower than the amount of the UB
 differential between the wage and the UB due to the worker
Social Security
Unemployment Benefits
Rules for unemployment benefit export
If receiving an UB in Italy and wanting to look for a job in
Portugal, you may request that it is exported to Portugal for up
until 3 months, since you comply to the following rules:
 to remain available for work for a minimum period of 4 weeks in the
Job Centre
 to inform the Social Security in Italy of your intention to look for a job
in Portugal
 to bring the E303 form obtained from the Social Security in Italy
 to register as a jobseeker in the PES in Portugal (IEFP Job Centres)
at max. 7 days after departure from Italy
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The Tax System
Taxes
Personal Income Tax (IRS) Rates (%)
Annual Income Amount (Eur)
Normal Rate (A)
Avg. Rate (B)
Up to 4.755
10,5
10,5000
4.755 to 7.192
13,0
11,3471
7.192 to 17.836
23,5
18,5986
17.836 to 41.021
34,0
27,3037
41.021 to 59.450
36,5
30,1545
59.450 to 64.110
40,0
30,8701
More than 64.110
42,0
Taxes
Principles to avoid double taxation
 IRS is paid on the annual amount of income received by people
living in Portugal
 In case of non-residents, it is paid exclusively on income received
in Portugal
 Employers will retain 25% of the income due to non-resident
employees
 To avoid double taxation, Portugal has tax agreements with the
other EEA member states (and Switzerland)
Further info: www.dgci.min-financas.pt
The Recognition of
Diplomas and
Qualifications
Recognition of
Diplomas and Qualifications
In Portugal, access to certain occupational activities is conditioned by
the possession of diplomas, certificates or other degrees. The recognition
schemes are not, in most occupational activities, automatic.
Requests for recognition should be addressed at the competent
authority in Portugal.
Further info:
NARIC - National Academic Recognition Information Centres
www.naricportugal.pt
PNRQ - National Reference Point for Vocational Qualifications
http://portal.iefp.pt/pnrq/index.html
The Language
Language
Although many Portuguese people speak English, French or Spanish, most
employers will require at least a basic knowledge of Portuguese:
Portuguese e-learning tools:
 Camões Virtual Centre: http://cvc.instituto-camoes.pt/
 Easy Portuguese: www.easyportuguese.com
Portuguese language teacher (Camões Institute)
in several European Universities in Italy
In Portugal:
 “Portugal Acolhe” (“Portugal Welcomes”) Programme (VT Centres)
 Search by “Português para Estrangeiros” in Yellow Pages (www.pai.pt)
The Accommodation
Accommodation
Looking for a place to stay
 Housing in the largest cities (Lisboa, Porto) and in touristic areas
(Algarve) may be difficult to find and very expensive
 The renting price for houses and flats does not include water
supply, electricity, telephone and gas expenses; usually it does
not include furniture either
 Still not very common to find houses with central heating or air
conditioning
 Leasing contracts normally last for a minimum 6 months
 It is common to be asked for a 1 to 2 months rent payment in
advance
 In the University cities, there are also people who rent rooms to
students (already furnished)
Accommodation
Looking for a place to stay
 Accommodation offered with a job is rare in Portugal
 Average rental of a 1 bedroom appt. Eur 500, 2 bedroom appt. Eur
700 (more expensive in Lisbon)
 Arrange for temporary accommodation before you leave:
 Portugal Official Tourism website
www.visitportugal.com > Where to stay
 Portuguese Youth Hostels network
www.pousadasjuventude.gov.pt
 Most newspapers (“Classificados” sections) and real estate
agencies are already on the Internet…
Accommodation
Looking for a place to stay
most useful websites

Portal da Habitação www.portaldahabitacao.pt

ComprarCasa (APEMIP Associates Portal) www.comprarcasa.pt

ERA Portugal www.era.pt

REMAX Portugal www.remax.pt

Lardocelar – Imobiliários e Serviços

Imoproposta www.imoproposta.pt

BPI Expresso Imobiliário http://clix.bpiexpressoimobiliario.pt

Casa Sapo – Portal Nacional de Imobiliário www.casa.sapo.pt
www.lardocelar.com
Further links: please check at the EURES Portal > L&W section
The Health Care
System
Health Care
National Emergency Services: 112
 Medical services from the NHS (National Health System) are free
to EEA citizens working or looking for work in Portugal
 When travelling to Portugal, don’t forget your European Health
Insurance Card
 Once you start working, and after being registered in Portuguese
Social Security, register with the nearest Health Centre
 Health Centres: general practice/family medicine, public health
care, nursing, vaccination and some diagnostic exams
 Public Hospitals: external specialist consultations,
hospitalization and emergency services
Further info: www.portaldasaude.pt or www.dgs.pt
The Educational
System
Education
Educational System
Pre-School
Education
Basic Education
Secondary
Education
PostSecondary
Education
Higher Education
University Education
1st cycle
kindergarten
3rd cycle
2nd cycle
Courses:
Technological
Specialisation
Courses
Scientific-Humanistic
Technological
Specialised Artistic
Professional
Graduate
4
5 6
9 10
1st, 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
11 12
6th
14 15
7th 8th 9th
Compulsory Education
10th
17 18
11th
12th
1st
19
2nd
Doctor
Polytechnics
Education
Graduate
3
Master
Ages
18
1st
Master
20 21
2nd 3rd
1st
22
2nd
…
…
Schooling
Years
Education
Educational System
 No school may refuse to enrol a child, independently of his or her
nationality, provided it is located in the area in which his or her parents
reside and places are still available
 Pupils from kindergarten to the 9th grade registered in the public
education system whose mother tongue is not Portuguese may
benefit from support measures: they will attend Portuguese lessons
along with others but may receive extra tuition in the language if
necessary
 There are also some International Schools in Greater Lisbon as well
as in the Algarve
Further info on the education and training systems:
http://portal.iefp.pt/pnrq/index.html
The Cost of Living
Cost of Living
Food and Beverages
 Milk (1 lt)
€ 0,67 – 1,00
 Bread (1 kg)
€ 1,50 – 2,30
 Pork Meat (1 kg)
€ 4,50
 Eggs (12 units)
€ 1,58 – 1,88
 Codfish (1 kg)
€ 9,98 – 12,98
 Oranges (1 kg)
€ 1,20 – 1,40
 Beer (1 lt)
€ 0,75 – 1,29
 Coke (1 lt)
€ 0,89 – 0,95
Cost of Living
Accommodation (apt. Rents, €)
Lisbon
Oporto
T2 Apartment
350 - 1100
450 – 700
T3 Apartment
750 – 2000
600 – 900
250 - 900
300 - 500
Studio (T0)
Cost of Living
Transports
 1 single bus ticket (Lisbon)
€ 1,40 (bought on board)
 1 single underground ticket (Lisbon)
€ 0,80
 Monthly Travel Card (Lisbon Area)
€ 22,60 – 75,25
 Gas 95 octanes (1 lt)
€ 1,022 - 1,074
 Train 2nd class from Lisbon to Oporto
€ 20,00 – 27,50
 Coach from Lisbon to Oporto
€ 17,50
Cost of Living
Leisure
 1 cup of coffee (‘bica’)
€ 0,55 - 0,80
 1 cinema ticket
€ 5,50 – 6,00
 1 theatre ticket
€ 10,00 – 30,00
 1 McMenu (McDonalds)
€ 4,25
 1 DVD
€ 19,00 – 25,00
 1 meal in a café / snack bar
€ 7,00 – 10,00
 1 meal in a restaurant (2nd class) € 14,00 – 22,00
 Packet of 20 cigarettes
€ 3,10 – 3,95
 1 daily newspaper
€ 0,80 – 1,00
Looking for a Job
Looking for a Job
Job Search Strategies
 Invest in the Portuguese language learning
 Contact the EURES Advisers network in your country
 Visit www.eures.europa.eu for info on job vacancies and
living and working conditions in Portugal
 Place your CV on the EURES portal – or, if you have enough
knowledge of Portuguese, on www.netemprego.pt
 Search for job opportunities in several on-line job banks
(see Useful Contacts page)
Looking for a Job
Applying for a Job
 Portuguese Resumé (e.g. in Europass CV model – include
photo) and Motivation Letter
 Other Europass tools (Language, IT Skills,
Diploma/Certificate Supplements) may be an added value
 Collect all documents in evidence of your relevant
professional experience and education/training diplomas
and certificates – take them with you for an Interview (in
Portuguese, if required – or, at least, in English)
 Always take previous employers’ references with you
Looking for a Job
When in Portugal…
Register yourself:
 in a Job Centre (“Centro de Emprego”)
 on www.netemprego.pt
(Contact Centre in Portugal: 808 200 670)
You can also:
 check for ads in newspapers
 check online job banks
 apply for a job at TWA’s, if you’re willing to accept a
temporary job (just make sure it is authorised to
exercise the activity)
Looking for a Job
EURES Advisers in Portugal…
3 in the national Coordination
8 at the regional level (2 in the
Autonomous Regions - Azores
and Madeira)
12 in Local Units (in Job
Centres)
23 EURES Advisers
Looking for a Job
Checklist (before leaving)
 I have a valid Identity Card or Passport
 I have a copy of the labour contract or written document confirming
the provided work terms and conditions, and I completely
understand them
 I have documents proving my professional experience,
training/education degrees and professional certificates
 I know the wage payment method and frequency
 I can guarantee accommodation in the area where I’m going to work
 I have the European Health Insurance Card
 I have enough money to remain in Portugal until I get my 1st wage
payment or to return to Italy in case of need
Looking for a Job
Other Advices
 Previously check situation in the labour market in Portugal,
through the Internet (e.g. EURES Portal or online newspapers)
and/or getting in touch with Portuguese EURES Advisers
 Make sure that you have the adequate Portuguese language level
to the job and, in case of need, improve it in due time
 Take previous employers’ references with you
 Take out travel insurance
 Contact Social Security in Italy for more information on the
Portuguese social protection system
 Contact NRP, NARIC or a EURES Adviser for further info on the
recognition of your qualifications and skills in Portugal
Starting up
your own Business
Starting up a business
Portuguese added value
 Investment opportunities
IT, tourism, trade, bioagriculture,…
 Strategic access to markets
 Modern road & communication infrastructures
 Quality of life and nice working environment
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Starting up a business
Basic Procedures
What to think about?
 Juridical statute
 Simplified procedure or traditional method?
 Activities requiring previous licensing
Further Info: please visit the
EURES Portal > L&W section
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Starting up a business
Useful Links
 Company Portal www.portaldaempresa.pt
 Firm On-Line www.portaldaempresa.pt/CVE/pt/EOL
 Firm on the Spot www.empresanahora.mj.pt
 Company Stores www.portaldaempresa.pt/CVE/pt/LojaEmpresa/
 Enterprise Europe Network in Portugal
www.enterpriseeuropenetwork.pt
 AICEP (Portuguese Agency for Investment and External Trade)
www.investinportugal.pt
 IAPMEI (Institute of Support to SME’s) www.iapmei.pt
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Contacts
Teresa Évora
EURES Adviser
IEFP, I.P. – Sintra Job Centre
Phone: +351 21 910 71 39
E-mail: [email protected]
Welcome to
Portugal!
Thank you!
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Diapositivo 1 - Provincia di Torino