Want to work in Portugal? IO Lavoro European Job Fair – Torino, 9th – 10th October Living & Working in Portugal The Country Labour Market Working Conditions Social Security Taxation Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications Language Accommodation Healthcare Education Cost of Living Looking for a Job Starting up a Business The Country The Country Area: 92,412 km2 Territorial organisation: 18 districts in the Mainland, 2 Autonomous regions (Azores and Madeira archipelagos) Capital: Lisboa (Lisbon) Population: 10.634.400 (2nd Q 2009) Active Population: 5.583.900 (2nd Q 2009) Unemployment Rate: 9.1 (2nd Q 2009) Currency: Euro GDP: 162.489,5 million Eur (2008) Per capita GDP: 74% EU27 avg (2008) Minimum Wage: 450,00 Eur/month (2009) Inflation Rate: 2.7% (2008); -1.5% (Jul. 2009) The Labour Market Labour Market Portuguese Economy Based in traditional industries - textiles, clothing, footwear, cork and wood products, beverages (wine), ceramics, glass and glassware, fish canning, metal working, oil refining and chemicals; A world-class mould-making industry Changing its role in Europe’s automotive sector, IT and renewable energies 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 6 Labour Market Portuguese Economy Agriculture is a small part of the economy B2B Market: growth oriented sectors are construction & public works, environment, medical equipment, information technology, communications and transportation B2C Market: the major visible trend in the last few years has been the increase of hypermarkets, large retailers & shopping malls 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 7 Labour Market Portuguese Economy Tourism is the driving force of the economy and the labour market Trying to develop a cultural and rustic rather than “only sun & beach” tourism in order to attract tourists New touristic offers: organisation of events, adventure and nature, cultural, rural, residential and SPA tourism 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 8 Labour Market Surpluses Teachers Clerks Sales and Services Elementary Occupations Non-Qualified Workers in Mining, Construction, Manufacturing and Transports Personal and Protective Services Workers 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 9 Labour Market Graduate Surpluses Teachers (kindergartens, basic & secondary schools) Graduates in Economics, Management & other Business Sciences (including Accountancy, Marketing and Advertising) Graduates in Languages & other Communication Sciences Social Workers and Psychologists Other graduates in Social & Human Sciences: Sociologists, Lawyers, Historians, etc. Engineers (Civil, Chemical, Electro, Agronomy, Environmental, IT, Mechanical,…) Nurses 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 10 Labour Market Shortages Health Sector Medical Doctors, mostly in some expert specialties ICT’s (Information & Communication Technologies) IT Engineers, with very specific profiles and skills Construction & Public Works Qualified workers Services Specialized Contact Centres, Shared Service Centres 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 11 Labour Market Seasonal Shortages Hotels & Restaurants Bartenders Waiters/Waitresses Recepcionists Agriculture 03-10-2015 Fruit picking: grapes, pears, strawberries EURES PORTUGAL 12 The Working Conditions Working Conditions Average Monthly Earnings Eur 1.071,6 (Oct. 2008) Activity Areas Professional Level Manufacturing 936,7 Construction 917,6 Managers/Directors 3.283,2 Sales & Repair Services 988,3 Employees 1.129,4 Hotels & Restaurants 695,8 Labourers 791,0 Transports & Communications 1.577,7 Apprentices 578,9 Financial Activities 2.185,9 Health Care & Social Work 1.190,4 Community & Family Services 1.319,6 906,2 Education 1.205,3 Gender Male Female 898,5 Source: GEP-MTSS Working Conditions Relevant Info Holiday & Christmas subsidies total 14 earning months per year Lisbon has the highest wage level in Portugal, due to concentration of higher paying activities Normal working period cannot exceed 40 hours weekly (avg. is 39 hours, 5 working days) Holiday duration: in general, 22+3 useful days as a base (or 2 days per complete month of work in short-term contracts) Fixed term contract maximum duration: 3 years (incl. 2 renewals max. during the period); mandatory to be in writing Day limit for supplementary work: 2 hours Further info: www.act.gov.pt Working Conditions Temporary Work Significantly increasing in Portugal (around 250 TWA’s) Only TWA’s licensed by the Public Employment Service (IEFP, I.P.) are authorised to perform the activity (assigning workers to other companies) For information on licensed TWA’s, please visit: www.iefp.pt > Soluções para Entidades > Empresas Trabalho Temporário regulamentadas The Social Security Social Security Deductions Social Security contributions of 11% deducted from gross monthly earnings Employers contribute a further 23,75% The employer is responsible for making the contribution for each worker, corresponding to the overall rate of 34,75% of his/her gross monthly earnings, at the District Social Security Centre (or online) For the self-employed, contribution rate is calculated on the basis of declared wage: 25,4% (compulsory protection scheme) 32% (wider protection scheme) Further info: www.seg-social.pt Social Security Unemployment Benefits Unemployment benefit (UB) due to workers with minimum 450 days of paid work and a record of contributions in the 24 months preceding the date of unemployment duration depends on the benefit recipient’s age and on the number of years with registered earnings (after last record as unemployed benefit recipient): minimum 12 months and maximum 38 months 65% of the reference wage (max. limit 3 x IAS* per month) * IAS (Indexante dos Apoios Sociais): Social Supports Index; equal to €419,22 in 2009 (amount revised every year) Social Security Unemployment Benefits Social unemployment benefit (SUB) paid to workers with min. 180 days worked and a record of contributions in the 12 months preceding the date of unemployment, and whose family per capita income is lower than 80% the IAS duration identical to UB, except when following the UB payment (in which case it is reduced to half) Equal to IAS for benefit recipients with a family; to 80% of the IAS for single benefit recipients Partial unemployment benefit (PUB) paid when workers receiving an unemployment benefit sign a parttime work contract, with a wage lower than the amount of the UB differential between the wage and the UB due to the worker Social Security Unemployment Benefits Rules for unemployment benefit export If receiving an UB in Italy and wanting to look for a job in Portugal, you may request that it is exported to Portugal for up until 3 months, since you comply to the following rules: to remain available for work for a minimum period of 4 weeks in the Job Centre to inform the Social Security in Italy of your intention to look for a job in Portugal to bring the E303 form obtained from the Social Security in Italy to register as a jobseeker in the PES in Portugal (IEFP Job Centres) at max. 7 days after departure from Italy 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 21 The Tax System Taxes Personal Income Tax (IRS) Rates (%) Annual Income Amount (Eur) Normal Rate (A) Avg. Rate (B) Up to 4.755 10,5 10,5000 4.755 to 7.192 13,0 11,3471 7.192 to 17.836 23,5 18,5986 17.836 to 41.021 34,0 27,3037 41.021 to 59.450 36,5 30,1545 59.450 to 64.110 40,0 30,8701 More than 64.110 42,0 Taxes Principles to avoid double taxation IRS is paid on the annual amount of income received by people living in Portugal In case of non-residents, it is paid exclusively on income received in Portugal Employers will retain 25% of the income due to non-resident employees To avoid double taxation, Portugal has tax agreements with the other EEA member states (and Switzerland) Further info: www.dgci.min-financas.pt The Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications In Portugal, access to certain occupational activities is conditioned by the possession of diplomas, certificates or other degrees. The recognition schemes are not, in most occupational activities, automatic. Requests for recognition should be addressed at the competent authority in Portugal. Further info: NARIC - National Academic Recognition Information Centres www.naricportugal.pt PNRQ - National Reference Point for Vocational Qualifications http://portal.iefp.pt/pnrq/index.html The Language Language Although many Portuguese people speak English, French or Spanish, most employers will require at least a basic knowledge of Portuguese: Portuguese e-learning tools: Camões Virtual Centre: http://cvc.instituto-camoes.pt/ Easy Portuguese: www.easyportuguese.com Portuguese language teacher (Camões Institute) in several European Universities in Italy In Portugal: “Portugal Acolhe” (“Portugal Welcomes”) Programme (VT Centres) Search by “Português para Estrangeiros” in Yellow Pages (www.pai.pt) The Accommodation Accommodation Looking for a place to stay Housing in the largest cities (Lisboa, Porto) and in touristic areas (Algarve) may be difficult to find and very expensive The renting price for houses and flats does not include water supply, electricity, telephone and gas expenses; usually it does not include furniture either Still not very common to find houses with central heating or air conditioning Leasing contracts normally last for a minimum 6 months It is common to be asked for a 1 to 2 months rent payment in advance In the University cities, there are also people who rent rooms to students (already furnished) Accommodation Looking for a place to stay Accommodation offered with a job is rare in Portugal Average rental of a 1 bedroom appt. Eur 500, 2 bedroom appt. Eur 700 (more expensive in Lisbon) Arrange for temporary accommodation before you leave: Portugal Official Tourism website www.visitportugal.com > Where to stay Portuguese Youth Hostels network www.pousadasjuventude.gov.pt Most newspapers (“Classificados” sections) and real estate agencies are already on the Internet… Accommodation Looking for a place to stay most useful websites Portal da Habitação www.portaldahabitacao.pt ComprarCasa (APEMIP Associates Portal) www.comprarcasa.pt ERA Portugal www.era.pt REMAX Portugal www.remax.pt Lardocelar – Imobiliários e Serviços Imoproposta www.imoproposta.pt BPI Expresso Imobiliário http://clix.bpiexpressoimobiliario.pt Casa Sapo – Portal Nacional de Imobiliário www.casa.sapo.pt www.lardocelar.com Further links: please check at the EURES Portal > L&W section The Health Care System Health Care National Emergency Services: 112 Medical services from the NHS (National Health System) are free to EEA citizens working or looking for work in Portugal When travelling to Portugal, don’t forget your European Health Insurance Card Once you start working, and after being registered in Portuguese Social Security, register with the nearest Health Centre Health Centres: general practice/family medicine, public health care, nursing, vaccination and some diagnostic exams Public Hospitals: external specialist consultations, hospitalization and emergency services Further info: www.portaldasaude.pt or www.dgs.pt The Educational System Education Educational System Pre-School Education Basic Education Secondary Education PostSecondary Education Higher Education University Education 1st cycle kindergarten 3rd cycle 2nd cycle Courses: Technological Specialisation Courses Scientific-Humanistic Technological Specialised Artistic Professional Graduate 4 5 6 9 10 1st, 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 11 12 6th 14 15 7th 8th 9th Compulsory Education 10th 17 18 11th 12th 1st 19 2nd Doctor Polytechnics Education Graduate 3 Master Ages 18 1st Master 20 21 2nd 3rd 1st 22 2nd … … Schooling Years Education Educational System No school may refuse to enrol a child, independently of his or her nationality, provided it is located in the area in which his or her parents reside and places are still available Pupils from kindergarten to the 9th grade registered in the public education system whose mother tongue is not Portuguese may benefit from support measures: they will attend Portuguese lessons along with others but may receive extra tuition in the language if necessary There are also some International Schools in Greater Lisbon as well as in the Algarve Further info on the education and training systems: http://portal.iefp.pt/pnrq/index.html The Cost of Living Cost of Living Food and Beverages Milk (1 lt) € 0,67 – 1,00 Bread (1 kg) € 1,50 – 2,30 Pork Meat (1 kg) € 4,50 Eggs (12 units) € 1,58 – 1,88 Codfish (1 kg) € 9,98 – 12,98 Oranges (1 kg) € 1,20 – 1,40 Beer (1 lt) € 0,75 – 1,29 Coke (1 lt) € 0,89 – 0,95 Cost of Living Accommodation (apt. Rents, €) Lisbon Oporto T2 Apartment 350 - 1100 450 – 700 T3 Apartment 750 – 2000 600 – 900 250 - 900 300 - 500 Studio (T0) Cost of Living Transports 1 single bus ticket (Lisbon) € 1,40 (bought on board) 1 single underground ticket (Lisbon) € 0,80 Monthly Travel Card (Lisbon Area) € 22,60 – 75,25 Gas 95 octanes (1 lt) € 1,022 - 1,074 Train 2nd class from Lisbon to Oporto € 20,00 – 27,50 Coach from Lisbon to Oporto € 17,50 Cost of Living Leisure 1 cup of coffee (‘bica’) € 0,55 - 0,80 1 cinema ticket € 5,50 – 6,00 1 theatre ticket € 10,00 – 30,00 1 McMenu (McDonalds) € 4,25 1 DVD € 19,00 – 25,00 1 meal in a café / snack bar € 7,00 – 10,00 1 meal in a restaurant (2nd class) € 14,00 – 22,00 Packet of 20 cigarettes € 3,10 – 3,95 1 daily newspaper € 0,80 – 1,00 Looking for a Job Looking for a Job Job Search Strategies Invest in the Portuguese language learning Contact the EURES Advisers network in your country Visit www.eures.europa.eu for info on job vacancies and living and working conditions in Portugal Place your CV on the EURES portal – or, if you have enough knowledge of Portuguese, on www.netemprego.pt Search for job opportunities in several on-line job banks (see Useful Contacts page) Looking for a Job Applying for a Job Portuguese Resumé (e.g. in Europass CV model – include photo) and Motivation Letter Other Europass tools (Language, IT Skills, Diploma/Certificate Supplements) may be an added value Collect all documents in evidence of your relevant professional experience and education/training diplomas and certificates – take them with you for an Interview (in Portuguese, if required – or, at least, in English) Always take previous employers’ references with you Looking for a Job When in Portugal… Register yourself: in a Job Centre (“Centro de Emprego”) on www.netemprego.pt (Contact Centre in Portugal: 808 200 670) You can also: check for ads in newspapers check online job banks apply for a job at TWA’s, if you’re willing to accept a temporary job (just make sure it is authorised to exercise the activity) Looking for a Job EURES Advisers in Portugal… 3 in the national Coordination 8 at the regional level (2 in the Autonomous Regions - Azores and Madeira) 12 in Local Units (in Job Centres) 23 EURES Advisers Looking for a Job Checklist (before leaving) I have a valid Identity Card or Passport I have a copy of the labour contract or written document confirming the provided work terms and conditions, and I completely understand them I have documents proving my professional experience, training/education degrees and professional certificates I know the wage payment method and frequency I can guarantee accommodation in the area where I’m going to work I have the European Health Insurance Card I have enough money to remain in Portugal until I get my 1st wage payment or to return to Italy in case of need Looking for a Job Other Advices Previously check situation in the labour market in Portugal, through the Internet (e.g. EURES Portal or online newspapers) and/or getting in touch with Portuguese EURES Advisers Make sure that you have the adequate Portuguese language level to the job and, in case of need, improve it in due time Take previous employers’ references with you Take out travel insurance Contact Social Security in Italy for more information on the Portuguese social protection system Contact NRP, NARIC or a EURES Adviser for further info on the recognition of your qualifications and skills in Portugal Starting up your own Business Starting up a business Portuguese added value Investment opportunities IT, tourism, trade, bioagriculture,… Strategic access to markets Modern road & communication infrastructures Quality of life and nice working environment 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 51 Starting up a business Basic Procedures What to think about? Juridical statute Simplified procedure or traditional method? Activities requiring previous licensing Further Info: please visit the EURES Portal > L&W section 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 52 Starting up a business Useful Links Company Portal www.portaldaempresa.pt Firm On-Line www.portaldaempresa.pt/CVE/pt/EOL Firm on the Spot www.empresanahora.mj.pt Company Stores www.portaldaempresa.pt/CVE/pt/LojaEmpresa/ Enterprise Europe Network in Portugal www.enterpriseeuropenetwork.pt AICEP (Portuguese Agency for Investment and External Trade) www.investinportugal.pt IAPMEI (Institute of Support to SME’s) www.iapmei.pt 03-10-2015 EURES PORTUGAL 53 Contacts Teresa Évora EURES Adviser IEFP, I.P. – Sintra Job Centre Phone: +351 21 910 71 39 E-mail: email@example.com Welcome to Portugal! Thank you!