Improving Math Instruction for
LEP Students
Susy Morrison
Lenoir-Rhyne College
[email protected]
Purpose
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Learn strategies to improve math instruction
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Determine what changes would help all systems
meet AYP
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Discuss ways to collaborate with content teachers
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Learn from each other
Questions to Ponder
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What are the 5 strands of math on the SCS?
What vocabulary is essential to instruction?
Are manipulatives used in all classrooms?
What should a typical math lesson include?
Do your classroom teachers welcome inclusion?
How can teachers teach to their strength?
How do we get everyone on board?
(teachers, principal, and students)
Quote
Acquiring good math skills resembles
building a skyscraper in that regardless of
how high you go, you must first begin with a
good foundation.
Senitha Frost
Mathematics K-8
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5 strands interwoven
-Numbers & Operations
-Measurement
-Geometry
-Data Analysis & Probability
-Algebra
Concrete,pictorial, and symbolic representation
Problem-solving strategies
Mathematics 9-12
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4 strands interwoven
-Numbers & Operations
-Geometry & Measurement
-Data Analysis & Probability
-Algebra
High School Math Classes
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Introductory Math
Geometry
Algebra I
Technical Math I
Technical Math II
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Advanced Function
Discrete Math
Precalculus
Integrated Math I
Integrated Math II
Integrated Math III
Integrated Math IV
AP Statistics
AP Calculus
Grade Level Requirements
Kindergarten-8th
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K-2 Math assessments
Tested annually
High School
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Need 3 math credits
Algebra I (Level III)
Group Activity
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What are your math weaknesses?
Is math taught in your ESL classes?
Do your ESL teachers know what their
students are doing in math?
What math programs are being used?
How is math assessed?
How often is math assessed?
Evaluation of Your Math Program
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Visit schools, classes, and teachers
Frequently evaluate
Determine what is working well
Don’t be afraid to change
Support your changes
Checklist for Observing
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___discussing content & language objectives
___building on prior knowledge
___using supplementary material
___engaging meaningful activities
___stressing key vocabulary
___employing a variety of techniques (manipulatives)
___scaffolding
___emphasizing HOT skills
___providing wait time for student responses
___listening, speaking, reading, and writing
___using appropriate assessment
Barriers English Language
Learners Face
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Multiple meanings of words
Structures
Cultural knowledge
Decimals, commas, and periods
Square root/ division
Similar sounds of words
Math words with multiple
meanings
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operation
power
problem
plot
table
area
face
plane
tree
Math Structures
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Add to…
Decrease by
Take away from
Greater than
Less than
6 is 2 greater than 4
If x = y, then…
Prepositions in word problems often signal
operations
Passive voice (twenty is divided by five)
Key Focus Words
Addition
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add
plus
and
combine
sum
total of
more than
increased by
greater than
Subtraction
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subtract
minus
less
less than
fewer
decreased by
difference
lower
take away
Multiplication & Division
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multiply
times
product
as a factor
twice
double
triple
groups of
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divide
divided by
quotient
separated into equal groups
shared equally
over
into how many groups
Cultural Knowledge
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Different computational methods
U.S. monetary system
U.S. customary system/metric system
Writing numbers from left to right
Dates
Periods instead of commas
Commas instead of decimals
Similar sound of words
Square root/division
Make Math More Comprehensible
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Increase the use of visuals
Integrate TPR
Use repetition
Use demonstrations
Use drama
Be aware of cultural differences
Increase the use of manipulatives
Word Problems
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Highly language dependent
Must learn to write their own word problems
Learn key words to determine operation
Lu has 3 plates of cupcakes. There are four cupcakes on
each plate. How many cupcakes does Lu have altogether?
Manipulatives
solids
pattern blocks
100’s
board
calculators
clocks
dice
geoboards
number tiles
white boards
vocabulary
cards
word walls
&
bingo
place value
tools
math journals
Mathematical Terms
A Glossary of Mathematical Terms for
parents and teachers is available in a
Spanish-English edition.
http://community.learnnc.org/dpi/math/archives/GlossarySP.pdf
Effective Strategies
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Explicit vocabulary
Language & content
objectives
Less is more
Technology
Prefixes & suffixes
Think aloud
Predictable routines
Think, pair, share
Wait time
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Use consistent formats for
test & assignments
Word walls
Math journals
Chunking
Manipulatives
Real life problem solving
Games to reinforce
Repeat, repeat, repeat
Recommendations
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Share your expertise
Collaborate with math teachers
Integrate language and content objectives
Ask grade level teachers for key math vocabulary
Provide predictable classroom routines
Special scheduling accommodations must be made
Provide tutorials for struggling students
Follow through on goals and assessments
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Improving Math Instruction for LEP students