Improving Math Instruction for LEP Students Susy Morrison Lenoir-Rhyne College morrisons@lrc.edu Purpose Learn strategies to improve math instruction Determine what changes would help all systems meet AYP Discuss ways to collaborate with content teachers Learn from each other Questions to Ponder – – – – – – – What are the 5 strands of math on the SCS? What vocabulary is essential to instruction? Are manipulatives used in all classrooms? What should a typical math lesson include? Do your classroom teachers welcome inclusion? How can teachers teach to their strength? How do we get everyone on board? (teachers, principal, and students) Quote Acquiring good math skills resembles building a skyscraper in that regardless of how high you go, you must first begin with a good foundation. Senitha Frost Mathematics K-8 5 strands interwoven -Numbers & Operations -Measurement -Geometry -Data Analysis & Probability -Algebra Concrete,pictorial, and symbolic representation Problem-solving strategies Mathematics 9-12 4 strands interwoven -Numbers & Operations -Geometry & Measurement -Data Analysis & Probability -Algebra High School Math Classes Introductory Math Geometry Algebra I Technical Math I Technical Math II Advanced Function Discrete Math Precalculus Integrated Math I Integrated Math II Integrated Math III Integrated Math IV AP Statistics AP Calculus Grade Level Requirements Kindergarten-8th K-2 Math assessments Tested annually High School Need 3 math credits Algebra I (Level III) Group Activity What are your math weaknesses? Is math taught in your ESL classes? Do your ESL teachers know what their students are doing in math? What math programs are being used? How is math assessed? How often is math assessed? Evaluation of Your Math Program Visit schools, classes, and teachers Frequently evaluate Determine what is working well Don’t be afraid to change Support your changes Checklist for Observing ___discussing content & language objectives ___building on prior knowledge ___using supplementary material ___engaging meaningful activities ___stressing key vocabulary ___employing a variety of techniques (manipulatives) ___scaffolding ___emphasizing HOT skills ___providing wait time for student responses ___listening, speaking, reading, and writing ___using appropriate assessment Barriers English Language Learners Face Multiple meanings of words Structures Cultural knowledge Decimals, commas, and periods Square root/ division Similar sounds of words Math words with multiple meanings operation power problem plot table area face plane tree Math Structures Add to… Decrease by Take away from Greater than Less than 6 is 2 greater than 4 If x = y, then… Prepositions in word problems often signal operations Passive voice (twenty is divided by five) Key Focus Words Addition add plus and combine sum total of more than increased by greater than Subtraction subtract minus less less than fewer decreased by difference lower take away Multiplication & Division multiply times product as a factor twice double triple groups of divide divided by quotient separated into equal groups shared equally over into how many groups Cultural Knowledge Different computational methods U.S. monetary system U.S. customary system/metric system Writing numbers from left to right Dates Periods instead of commas Commas instead of decimals Similar sound of words Square root/division Make Math More Comprehensible Increase the use of visuals Integrate TPR Use repetition Use demonstrations Use drama Be aware of cultural differences Increase the use of manipulatives Word Problems Highly language dependent Must learn to write their own word problems Learn key words to determine operation Lu has 3 plates of cupcakes. There are four cupcakes on each plate. How many cupcakes does Lu have altogether? Manipulatives solids pattern blocks 100’s board calculators clocks dice geoboards number tiles white boards vocabulary cards word walls & bingo place value tools math journals Mathematical Terms A Glossary of Mathematical Terms for parents and teachers is available in a Spanish-English edition. http://community.learnnc.org/dpi/math/archives/GlossarySP.pdf Effective Strategies Explicit vocabulary Language & content objectives Less is more Technology Prefixes & suffixes Think aloud Predictable routines Think, pair, share Wait time Use consistent formats for test & assignments Word walls Math journals Chunking Manipulatives Real life problem solving Games to reinforce Repeat, repeat, repeat Recommendations Share your expertise Collaborate with math teachers Integrate language and content objectives Ask grade level teachers for key math vocabulary Provide predictable classroom routines Special scheduling accommodations must be made Provide tutorials for struggling students Follow through on goals and assessments

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# Improving Math Instruction for LEP students