What are we doing in
Afghanistan?
Cole Harrison
thanks to Steve Burns, Tom Hayden
and Connie Frisbee Houde
What is the US doing in Afghanistan?
• Military
• Diplomatic, “nation building”,
“democracy promotion”
• Reconstruction
Afghanistan civilian casualties
CIVILIANS KILLED BY US-LED MILITARY ACTION
4,800-6,873 [2001-2008, est.]
TOTAL CIVILIANS KILLED AS RESULT OF WAR
6,069-7,607 [est.]
PERCENTAGE OF CIVILIAN DEATHS CAUSED BY US
79%-90%
Source: average of multiple surveys, high and low estimates.
•
“U.S. Killed 90 in Afghan Village,
Including 60 Children, U.N. Finds”
-Carlotta Gall, New York Times, August 27, 2008 (image
accompanies)
•
“Civilian Deaths in Afghanistan Are
Undermining Allies’ War on the
Taliban”
- Carlotta Gall and David E. Sanger, New York Times,
May 13, 2007
•
“A special investigator for the United
Nations on Thursday accused foreign
intelligence agencies of conducting
nighttime raids and killing civilians in
Afghanistan with impunity...he was
accusing the Central Intelligence
Agency or American unconventionalwarfare units of operating without
accountability…”
- New York Times, May, 16, 2008
Extreme Poverty in Afghanistan
Afghanistan ranked 173rd of 178 countries on the
United Nations Human Development Index in 2005.*
“A troop increase is likely to inflame Afghan
nationalism because Afghans are more
foreign than we acknowledge and the
support for our presence in the insurgency
areas is declining. The Taliban, which was
a largely discredited and backward
movement, gains support by portraying
itself as fighting for Islam and Afghanistan
against a foreign military occupation.”
- Rory Stewart, Time, July 28, 2008.
http://www.peacefultomorrows.org
What’s happening in Pakistan
• Pakistan contains four main ethnic groups –
Punjabis, Sindhis, Baluch and Pashtun
• Punjab and Sind are more economically
developed and populous; Baluchistan and
Pashtun areas are less so
• Baluch and Pashtuns have grievances which
have not been addressed for decades
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What are we doing in Afghanistan?