Welcome to the College of Marin Welcome to the College of Marin (COM) Orientation where your excellence is determined by your own personal achievements and success. College of Marin- An Opportunity to Develop Personal Excellence The right choice for you!!!! 1) Small class sizes 2) Excellent faculty to classroom-student ratios 3) Affordable fees 4) Diverse student population 5) Student activities 6) Earn associate degrees or vocational certificates 7) Complete Freshman and sophomore level college courses acceptable to University of California,California State Universities and Private institutions. College of Marin –Online Orientation - Your First Choice Towards Your Personal Excellence Important How long does the orientation take? You must have an application of admission on file with COM so that we can record your completion of this Orientation. If you have not done so, please complete the online application now. (www.marin.edu ) Go to “New Student” link. This orientation takes 45 minutes which will allow you to develop a sound foundation for your plan of success at COM. How do I proceed? To proceed through the steps in sequence, click on NEXT>> or BACK>> at the bottom of each page. COM Orientation What does this orientation offer? It will provide you with information that will allow you, the student, to make choices towards your personal success at the College of Marin. It will allow you to explore the numerous opportunities that are available to you to… Enhance basic skills Embark on new career Enrich yourself Transfer to a university College of Marin – The 7 Steps towards Personal Excellence Complete Application for Admission Complete Orientation Take English and Math Assessment Tests Counseling Appointment to create Plan for Success Registration Buy textbooks and supplies Follow-up (checking your academic progress) College Success Tips and Resources No Charge No Charge No Charge No Charge Fees or Fee Waiver Fees No Charge Your Choice College of Marin – Three Ways to Complete the Application for Admission www.marin.edu 1) Go to the website listed above and complete the online application for admission (or) 2) Come to the Kentfield Campus and fill out an application for admission in person and turn it in to the Admissions and Records Office located in the Student Services Building (or) 3) Come to the IVC Campus and fill out an application for admission in person and turn it in to the Admissions and Records Office located in the Student Services Bldg. College of Marin – The College Success Workshop (Orientation / English and Math Placement Test You may complete this online orientation prior to taking the English Placement Test and Math Placement Test. To sign up for a College Success Workshopplease check the Fall / Spring Credit Schedule or the COM website If you have completed less than 15 college units, you are required to take a workshop. For exemptions from the workshop, please see the Schedule or COM Website. College of Marin – Your Plan for Success The Counseling Appointment. You will be offered a ½ hour scheduled appointment with a counselor to review your Assessment Test scores and to create and develop a plan for success. Please bring SAT scores / Advanced Placement (AP) test scores, transcripts / grades from other two year or four year institutions. After you have seen a counselor you will be able to do online registration for courses that you wish to take for the upcoming term. College of Marin – Registration –Your Development of Life Long Skills are Worth the Price!!! The enrollment fees are $20 a unit. (subject to change) A Health Fee and Student Rep Fee is also charged. You may do: Online Registration In Person Registration You may pay with either cash /check /Credit Card. You may be eligible for a BOGG- Board of Governors Grant, which will pay for your enrollment fees. Please visit the Financial Aid office located in the Student Services Building for additional opportunities and programs to assist you. College of Marin – Preparing for the First Day at COM…. Visit the COM bookstore for a listing of your textbooks needed. Bring your registration receipt to aid you in finding your books You may be eligible for financial assistance in purchasing your books. Visit the Financial Aid Office for further information Be sure you purchase a parking permit. ATTEND THE FIRST DAY OF CLASS!!! BE ON TIME TO CLASS!!!!! #1- College of Marin – Terms and Definitions KTD Kentfield Campus IVC Indian Valley Campus College Success Workshop An expanded activity that includes Orientation to COM and the English and Math Placement Test for new students EPT English Placement Test MPT Math Placement Test Reentry Orientation If you are a new or returning student after an absence from school and older than 25 years of age DSPS Orientation Find out how DSPS helps students succeed, qualify for classroom accommodations, and receive testing for a learning disability. COM ONLINE ORIENTATION QUIZ #1 1) What are the different ways to fill out the Application for Admissions? Phone / Paper Application / Online / Voicemail/ 2) What are the two (2) ways to enroll into classes at COM?/ Voicemail / Email / In Person / Online 3) To enroll into classes during the first two weeks of classes, what color card to you use? Blue / Yellow / White 4) What is the College of Marin website address?www.com.edu / www.marin.edu /www.marin.cc.ca.us ./ www.com.cc.ca.us 5) Where do you go to establish a student web account? ( a place where you can register, see your grades, etc.) Records and Admissions Office/ Transfer Center / Bookstore / www.mycom.marin.edu / Counseling Department COLLEGE OF MARIN – Academic Support Resources Counseling Transfer / Career Center Academic / Career / Personal Counseling Services are available both day and evening hours to help students establish or clarify educational goals and work out problems of a social and personal nature that can negatively affect a student’s academic performance. The Transfer / Career Center provides information and guidance to all students intending to transfer to a four- year college or university. Outreach The Office of Outreach will employ COM’s educational resources to contribute to improving the quality of life and education for Marin County residence. COLLEGE OF MARIN – Academic Support Resources Testing – COM recognizes the importance of testing and assessment in both educational planning and successful academic performance. English and Math Assessments ESL Placement Testing Vocational Interest and Personality inventories COLLEGE OF MARIN – Academic Support Resources Reentry Services The Reentry Services Program assists women and men who are single parents, displaced homemakers, or returning to school after a long period of time. Academic, Personal and Career Counseling is available as well as referral services to campus and community organizations CalWORKS COM, in partnership with Marin County, provides educational and support services to students who participate in this program. You must be referred by Marin County CalWORKS Department. COLLEGE OF MARIN – Academic Support Resources High School Equivalency Preparation (GED and CHSPE) Basic Skills. The High School Equivalency Preparation Program is a learning lab to help those who have not graduated from high school pass the General Educational Development (GED) and California High School Proficiency Exam ( CHSPE.) The Basic Skills Program is a learning lab for community members wishing to improve their reading, writing and math skills. COLLEGE OF MARIN – Academic Support Resources Disabled Students Program This program offers support services and/or special classes to students with learning, communication, physical and psychological disabilities. Children’s Centers The Children’s Centers are located on both campuses and provide a high quality preschool program. Interested parents must submit a preliminary application available at the Centers. COLLEGE OF MARIN – Academic Support Resources Job Placement / Career Employment The Job Placement Office helps students and former students find employment in the community and the greater Bay Area. Extended Opportunity Program and Services (EOPS) / Cooperative Agencies and Resources for Education (CARE) EOPS offers assistance to students who meet the EOPS State guidelines. Support services include counseling, tutoring, books grants, and peer advisement. CARE is an additional support program for EOPS eligible students who are AFDC / TANF parents. CARE grants are available for books, transportation and childcare. COLLEGE OF MARIN – Academic Support Resources Tutoring Center The Tutoring Center offers free drop-in and small group tutoring to College of Marin students in nearly all disciplines. (Learning Center Rm.160) College Health Center The COM Health Center provides first aid, care, health education and treatment for short term medical concerns, over the counter medications and some prescription medications and immunizations, Tuberculin testing, voluntary insurance plans and much more. Student Affairs Program and Associated Students Through involvement with the Associated Students or College Clubs, students may participate in “hands-on” curriculum designed for personal and professional development. Student Services Center Associated Students (ASCOM) / (ASEC) Student Clubs Students may promote their special interests by joining or forming student clubs on campus under the sponsorship of ASCOM. Student Affairs Program and Associated Students College Honor Society The Alpha Gamma Sigma, Sigma Nu and Phi Theta Kappa Chapters at COM are associated with the California Community Colleges Alpha Gamma Sigma Honor Society. Both societies encourage and recognize scholarship and also promote community and college service. Food Services Campus Bistro offers a variety of food selections throughout the year. Library and Bookstore Library Kentfield Monday: Thursday- 8:00am – 9:00pm / Fridays: 8:00am – 4:00 pm (Fall and Spring Semesters) Summer Hours - as posted. The library is located in the Learning Resource Center - 2nd Floor Bookstore Kentfield - Learning Resource Center – Ground floor Transportation and Parking Transportation Student Parking Parking is available on various campus locations. Please do not park in areas designated for Staff or Faculty. Please read all signs that are posted at each entrance of each parking lot for special rules and the permits that are required. Student Parking Permits Golden Gate Transit provides bus service from most areas of Marin County to the College. Permits are required except on Saturday, Sunday and holidays. A $50 parking permit may be purchased for Fall or Spring semester. Summer Term parking permit is $25. A daily parking permit is available for $3.00 at machines located in each parking lot. (All fees are subject to change.) Disabled Parking Parking Permits are not required on vehicles displaying disabled placard or license plates issued by the California DMV. Computer Centers Science Computer Center CIS and Business Office Systems Labs Science Ctr Rms 143 and 144 – Provides students with easy, open access to computers to help them with their classes in math, science and engineering. KTD – Room LC 22 . At the Indian Valley Campus located in the Ohlone Cluster-Rooms 123 / 121. Labs provide Windows- based personal computers on both campuses. Access to laser printing, scanning and variety of application software is for support of classes offered. Multimedia Studies Labs Indian Valley Campus Ohlone Cluster - Room 103/121 houses Macintosh computers. Lab hours for multimedia courses take place in this lab. Special Programs Media Courses (Distance Learning) The College offers a variety of credit courses by television, videocassette and the Web. Echo Times A student newspaper is the production of the journalism classes. It is published regularly throughout the academic year. College of Marin - Special Programs Dance Program Drama Program A variety of programs are offered at Kentfield and IVC. including jazz, ballet, modern and musical theater dance, plus choreography, improvisation and dance history. This program stages two Fine Arts Theater Main Stage and two Studio Theater productions during the school year. Music Program The program includes groups that serve the various interests and abilities of students and the community. #2 - College of Marin – Terms and Definitions Media Courses ASCEC COM classes that are offered as a distance learning version of the traditional courses at the college. Activities and programs that develop leadership ability, interpersonal skills and community involvement. Tutoring Center The Tutoring Center offers free drop-in and small group tutoring to College of Marin students in nearly all disciplines. COM ONLINE ORIENTATION QUIZ #2 What is the name of the COM student Newspaper? The Student Voice / Independent Journal /.Echo Times Where is the Tutoring Center located? Student Services Building Room A/B / LC 160 / FH 120 How much does it cost for a semester long parking permit? (Fall or Spring term) $50.00/ $30.00 / $40.00 / Video cassette and Web- Based courses are what type of courses? Video Courses / Videoteleconferenced Courses / Web Based Courses / Televised Courses/ Distance Education Courses GRADUATION AND DEGREE REQUIREMENTS – The Associate of Arts (AA) or the Associate of Science (AS) Degrees will be awarded to any student upon satisfactory completion of all the following 7 requirements. 1) Units – Minimum requirement of 60 degree applicable units. (Courses numbered 1-99 are not degree applicable). 2) Major Requirement – At least 18 units of study must be taken in a single discipline or related disciplines as indicated in the College of Marin Catalog. 3) Scholarship – An overall GPA of 2.0 (“C” average) in all degree applicable courses ( numbered 100 and above) either taken at COM and in all accredited lower division courses transferred from other colleges. 4) Residence – Complete 12 units in the major requirements at COM GRADUATION AND DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 5) Math Proficiency – Satisfactory Score on the Math Assessment Test- Eligible for Intermediate Algebra (Math 103) OR completion of Math 101 or Math 101A and B or Math 101X and Y 6) General Education – A minimum of 19 units of General Education is required for the AA or AS. 7) Application for Graduation College of Marin Academic Departments Behavioral Sciences 415 485 9480 415 485 9580 Physical Sciences 415 485 9460 Physical Education / Athletics 415 485 9348 Performing Arts 415 485 9348 Fine / Visual Arts 415 485 9510 Modern Languages 415 485 9642 English/Humanities 415 485 9510 Mathematics 415 485 9432 English as a 2nd Language 415 485 9667 Life / Earth Sciences 415 485 9348 Counseling 415 485 2211 EXT 108 Communications Health Sciences 415 485 9610 Career Education 415 485 9630 Business / Information Systems 415 485 9510 Social Sciences 415 485 9630 Associate Degree Programs ( A.A. Degree) Art Behavioral Science Business Admin. Communication Dance Drama English Ethnic Studies French History Humanities Liberal Arts / Science Mathematics Modern Languages Music Natural Sciences Phys Education / Health Political Science Social Science Spanish Speech University Transfer Associate Degree Programs ( A.S. Degree) Administrative Justice Applied Accounting Auto Collision Repair Auto Technology – Chassis Auto Technology – Electrical Auto Technology – Emission Auto Technology – Master Repair Biology Business-General Business-Management Business Office Systems Chemistry Computer Information Systems Computer Science Court Reporting Dental AssistingRegistered Design-Applied Associate Degree Programs ( A.S. Degree) Design Applied -Interior Design – Architectural Early Childhood Engineering Engineering Tech – Occupational Environmental Landscaping Geography Geology Machine / Metals Technology Medical Assisting – Administrative / Clinical Medical Assisting – Administrative Medical Assisting – Clinical Multimedia Studies Natural History Nursing: Registered (RN) Physical Science Physics Real Estate Career Certificates Prepare students to enter careers designated on their certificates. These programs are generally one year or more with at least 18 units in the major required. Administrative Justice Automotive Technology Chassis Repair Electrical / Performance Emissions / Performance Master Repair Applied Accounting Business General Business Management Medical Specialty Office Management Specialty Computer Information Systems Business Business Office Systems Desktop Publishing Desktop Network Specialty Microcomputer Manager. Microcomputer Programmer Court Reporting Certified Shorthand Reporter Machine Shorthand Option in Legal or Medical Secretary Scopist, Medical Transcriptionist, or Text Entry Specialist Career Certificates Prepare students to enter careers designated on their certificates. These programs are generally one year or more with at least 18 units in the major required. Dental Assisting, Registered Early Childhood Education Environmental Landscape Landscape Construction/ Design Landscape Maintenance Nursery Management International Studies Machine / Metals Technology Medical Assisting Administrative and Clinical Administrative Clinical Multimedia Studies Authoring Specialty Sound and Video Design Visual Design Natural History Real Estate Skills Certificate Program that constitutes a skill set that enables a student to upgrade or advance in an existing career. The program consist of fewer than 18 units and is shorter in duration and narrower in scope than the Career Certificate Auto Collision Repair Technology Mechanical / Electrical Nonstructural Damage Repair Painting / Refinishing Structural Damage Repair Business Office Systems Computer Info Systems Auto Technology Auto Service Advisor Brake and Suspension Drive Trains Electrical / Performance Emissions Engine Repair Heating / Air Conditioning Administrative Assistant Medical Transcriber Desktop A+ Centered Skills Microsoft Office Database Specialist Microsoft Office Specialist Network Security Print Production Web Programming Early Childhood Education Skills Certificate Program that constitutes a skill set that enables a student to upgrade or advance in an existing career. The program consist of fewer than 18 units and is shorter in duration and narrower in scope than the Career Certificate Environmental Landscaping Design Environmental Science Fire Technology (EMT) Medical Assisting Medical Terminology MediSoft Phlebotomy Multimedia Studies Multimedia Animation Multimedia Audio Production Multimedia Design Multimedia Production Multimedia Video Production Multimedia Web Authoring Nursing Education Physical Education IV Insertion Personal Fitness Trainer Real Estate Appraisal Law Property Management #3 - College of Marin – Terms and Definitions Associate Degree Career Certificate The program consist of fewer than 18 units and are shorter in duration and narrower in scope than the Career Certificate Major These programs are generally one year or more with at least 18 units in the major required. Skills Certificate Minimum requirement of 60 degree applicable units, with a minimum of 18 units in a concentration. At least 18 units must be taken in a single discipline Residency Rule Complete at least 12 units of the 18 units of the major requirements at the College of Marin COM ONLINE ORIENTATION QUIZ #3 How many degree applicable units do you need to complete in order to earn an AA degree? 18/ 30/ 56/ 60 What is the Math Proficiency for an AA/AS Degree? Any math above Intermediate Algebra / Testing into Beginning Algebra / Completion of Beginning Algebra or Math Placement test results above Beginning Algebra What are the 3 main components to an AA / AS degree? Major / General Education / Electives / All the Above How many units do you need to complete in order to earn a Skills Certificate? More than 18 units / 30 units / Less than 18 units Transfer Information – Transfer from College of Marin to a 4 - year College or University Students planning to transfer from College of Marin to a 4 - year college or university should plan their program to include both general education requirements and the specific major requirements of the particular college or university. Students should work closely with a counselor in order to make the appropriate course selections that will permit transfer with junior standing to a 4 - year institution after College of Marin. Lower division requirements vary considerably from college to college. Careful planning, with the support of the COM Counseling Dept., will enhance the student’s successful transfer. California State University Transfer Information Lower Division Transfer Admission Requirements – Have less than 60 transferable units Have a minimum GPA of a 2.0 or higher in transferable units In good standing with COM California State University Transfer Information Upper Division Transfer Admission Requirements Have 60 or more transferable units GPA must be 2.0 or higher in transferable units In good standing with COM Will have or have completed a minimum 30 semester units of courses equivalent to GE requirements with a “C” or higher. The 30 units must include English Composition, Oral Communication and College level math. University of California Transfer Information This information is for the University of California Campuses: Berkeley, Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, Merced, Riverside, San Diego, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz You are a transfer applicant if you graduate from high school and enroll in a regular session at a college or university. You may not disregard your college transcript and apply as a freshman. COM transfer students should take courses that are transferable and satisfy both University and college requirements and prerequisites in the major. University of California Transfer Information Transfer admission requirements represent the minimum level of achievement to be eligible for admission to the university. If the number of applicants exceeds the spaces available for a particular campus or major- as is often the case, the campus uses supplemental criteria that exceed the minimum requirements to select students. Meeting the minimum requirements, therefore, is not enough to gain admission to many UC campuses and programs. University of California Transfer Information Guaranteed Admission Transfer Contracts – College of Marin has guaranteed admission transfer contracts with many universities. To find out specific details and criteria please contact the Counseling Department. IGETC – Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum (IGETC) is a program that COM students can use to fulfill lower division requirements at both the University of California and the California State University. The IGETC will permit a student to transfer from COM to either the UC or CSU system without the need, after transfer, to take additional courses to satisfy campus lower division general education requirements. University of California Transfer Information IGETC The IGETC is not an admission requirement to the UC or CSU system. Existing campus specific admission requirements for transfer students remain unchanged. IMPORTANT It is not advisable for all transfer students to follow the IGETC. Some students may be better served by taking courses that fulfill the CSU general education breadth requirements or those of the UC campus to which they plan to transfer. Contact a COM counselor for further information regarding the UC or CSU schools where completion of the IGETC is not recommended. #4 - College of Marin Terms and Definitions CSU California State University System with 23 campuses located throughout the state. UC University of California system with 10 campuses Upper Division Status earned by a CC transfer student who completes 60 transferable units with the appropriate general education requirements, major preparation and GPA completed. IGETC Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum, is a program that COM transfer students can use to fulfill lower division general education requirements for either the UC or CSU system COM ONLINE ORIENTATION QUIZ #4 The IGETC is an admission requirement for transfer students. True or False To transfer to a CSU campus you need to complete English Composition, Oral Communication and College level math. True or False The IGETC is a required general education pattern for all transfer students to follow. True or False College of Marin – Terms and Definitions Student Units and Hours The conventional measurement of college work is called a unit. It represents one lecture hour per week for one semester unit.( together with two hours of preparation outside of class) or 3 hours of lab work. Credit for courses offered at COM is awarded in semester units. Prerequisites, Corequisites, and Advisories A prerequisite is a condition of enrollment that a student is required to meet in order to demonstrate current readiness for enrollment in a particular course or program. Students must complete prerequisite courses with a grade of “C”, “CR” or higher, prior to registering in the course that requires the prerequisite. College of Marin – Terms and Definitions Co-requisites Advisories An advisory is a condition that a student is advised, but not required, to meet before or in conjunction with the enrollment in a course or educational program. Grading Systems A co-requisite is a condition of enrollment consisting of a course that a student is required to take simultaneously while enrolled in another course. Different grading systems are used for different courses. Some will be limited to letter grades, some will be limited to credit / no credit grading and the remainder will be optional letter or credit / no credit grades, upon agreement between the instructor and the student. Midterm Grade Midterm grades are available for students online at www.mycom.marin.edu (student portal) College of Marin – Terms and Definitions Final Grade Enrollment, evaluation and credit for courses shall be entered on the student’s official academic record in accordance with the College policy and state law. A copy of that record is called a transcript. Credit / No Credit Option Credit / No Credit grading encourages students to take a wider variety of courses and extend their intellectual horizons without jeopardizing their grade point average. Incomplete Grades An Incomplete grade may be assigned to a student who has completed all but one assignment due to a justifiable emergency or unforeseeable reason at the end of the semester.( There are limitations to the use of this type of grading depending on the program of study and/or school.) College of Marin – Terms and Definitions Non Progress Grades – (NPG) Grade Points Grades of I, NC & W Each letter grade has the following point assignment for each unit. A=4, B=3, C=2, D=1, F=0 Grade Point Average –(GPA) Divide the total grade points earned by the number of units attempted. Do not include I,IP,W,CR or NC. College of Marin – Terms and Definitions Probation A warning that a student’s grades or progress do not meet acceptable standards. Dismissal A student is not allowed to continue at COM unless the student receives special permission from the Academic Standards Committee. Academic Probation A student who does not have at least a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or less than a 2.0 GPA during a semester of academic probation. Progress Probation A student who has 50% or more non passing grade (NPG) in cumulative semesters or 50% or more NPG in a semester of probation. College of Marin – Terms and Definitions Academic Dismissal Progress Dismissal A student who has less than a cumulative grade point average ( GPA) of 1.75 in 3 consecutive semesters or less than a 2.0 GPA during a semester of probation including summer session. A student who has 50% or more non passing grades (NPG) in 3 consecutive semesters or a student who has 50% or more NPG during a semester of probation including summer session. Repeatable Classes A student may repeat any non- repeatable course ONE TIME, taken at COM if a substandard grade of “D”, “F”, or “NC” has been recorded. COM ONLINE ORIENTATION QUIZ #5 Progress probation is when a student who does not have at least a 2.0 semester GPA during a semester. True or False Letter grades of a “D” and “F” are considered non progress grades. True or False Transfer requirements for the Business Major is the same for San Francisco State and Sonoma State because they are part of the CSU system. True or False COM ONLINE ORIENTATION QUIZ #5 A student may repeat any course taken at COM for which a substandard grade of “D”, “F”, or “NC” has been recorded 3 times. True or False San Francisco State is part of the UC system. True or False COM students who wish to transfer to a four year college should try to complete General Education requirements as well as major prerequisites courses. True or False Congratulations- you have completed the College of Marin Online Orientation. Please complete the form below and e mail it to: firstname.lastname@example.org If you have not completed or successfully completed any College level English or Math courses, please go to our website for the Schedule of the English and Math Placement Tests. Please register for a scheduled time that is convenient for you. You may also visit our Counseling Department to find out more information regarding the English and Math Placement Tests. Congratulations- you have completed the College of Marin Online Orientation- (cont) If you have completed any College level English or Math courses, please contact the COM Counseling Department within -3working days to make an appointment to meet with a counselor. You may make this appointment in person or by calling 415 485 9432. Please bring academic transcripts and course descriptions with you to this appointment. College of Marin Phone Directory College of Marin Main Number 415 457 8811 Associated Students 415 485 9562 415 883 2211 ext 8221 College of Marin Honor Society 415 485 9350 415 457 8811 ext. 7712 Dance Program 415 485 9469 Concurrent Enrollment for High School Students 415 485 9432 College of Marin Testing Office 415 485 9458 College of Marin Counseling Dept Children’s Center 415 485 9603 Cal WORKS College of Marin Health Center 415 485 9394 Computer Information System (Business Office Systems) 415 485 9390 Bookstore 415 485 9315 Disabled Students Programs and Services 415 785 9406 415 485 9455 (Disabled Parking) College of Marin Phone Directory Drama 415 485 9445 Job Placement 415 485 7661 High School/ CHSPE/ GED 415 485 9605 Food Services 415 485 9555 EOPS / CARE 415 485 9410 Library 415 457 8811 ext. 7756 Re- Entry 415 485 9641 Student Services Center 415 485 9376 Student Parking Permits 415 485 9455 Science Computer Center 415 485 9540 Transfer Center 415 485 9671 Touchtone Registration 415 883 3220 Student Rights and Responsibilities – Student Conduct Upon enrolling in the College, students assume the obligation to conduct themselves in a manner compatible with the educational purposes of the College. If this obligation is neglected or ignored by students, the College shall, in the interest of fulfilling its function, institute appropriate disciplinary action.