Houston Regains Presidency
p. 281 - 284
THE LONE STAR REPUBLIC
CAUSE-EFFECT STATEMENTS
USE YOUR NOTES TO PROPERLY MATCH THE CAUSE-EFFECT STATEMENTS:
Because Texas was a slave-holding state…
 Because of Texas debt…
 Because of threat of Mexican invasion…
 Because he believed Texas would one day be a
large and strong country…
 Because of the Native American threat in Texas
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…abolitionists did not want Texas annexed.
… Houston called the Texas Rangers to patrol central Texas.
… Lamar did not want Texas annexation.
… Texas requested protection from the U.S.
… Texas sold land to the U.S. when annexed.
A POLICY OF ECONOMY
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Sam Houston defeated David G. Burnet for the presidency.
Houston disliked Lamar’s policies and wanted to undo the
damage. The major issues during Houston’s second term
were:
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The budget
Threat of invasion from Mexico
Annexation by the United States
In attempt to save money, Houston eliminated dozens of
government positions and cut the size of the navy. He tried to
sell the navy ships, but angry citizens prevented the sale.
Houston also tried to renew peaceful with Native Americans.
THE TEXAS QUESTION
During Houston’s first term, the United States was
not ready to annex Texas because it would
unbalance the ratio of slave and free states.
 The United States also felt annexation would mean
war with Mexico.
 The push for annexation stopped when Mirabeau
B. Lamar became president because he did not
favor becoming part of the U.S.
 In 1844 a treaty was signed making Texas a
territory of the United States. Texas would give its
public land to the U.S. and the U.S. would pay all
debts of the Republic of Texas.
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POLK WINS ELECTION
Annexation became an issue during the United
States presidential election of 1844.
 Democratic presidential candidate, James K.
Polk, supported Texas annexation.
 Polk’s victory in a very close election showed
that most of the voters favored annexation.
 Annexation gained momentum from growing
support for expansion.
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MANIFEST DESTINY
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Most Americans believed the United States was
destined to expand coast to coast. This belief
was called manifest destiny.
 Manifest
- apparent: clearly revealed to the mind or
the senses or judgment.
 Destiny - an event (or a course of events) that will
inevitably happen in the future.
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On December 29, 1845, President Polk signed
the resolution that made Texas a state.
MEXICO OFFERS RECOGNITION
Great Britain and France both preferred that Texas
remain an independent nation rather than become
a part of the United States. Both tried to convince
Mexico that it should recognize Texas
independence.
 In May 1845, Mexico agreed to acknowledge an
independent Texas on one condition – Texas must
reject annexation by the United States.
 Texas was not interested. The Texas Congress
quickly rejected the Mexican proposal and voted to
accept annexation by the United States.
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“THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS IS NO MORE”
On February 19, 1846, Anson Jones, the last
president of the republic, turned over the
government to J. Pinkney Henderson, the first
governor of the state.
 President Jones closed his farewell address by
declaring that “the final act in this great drama is
now performed: the Republic of Texas is no more.”
 The Lone Star flag was lowered, and the Stars and
Stripes were raised.
 Texas officially became the 28th state in the United
States of America.
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PEOPLE TO KNOW…
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Edwin Moore – Texas Navy commander in the 1840’s
Jack “Coffee” Hays – Most famous Texas Ranger from the 1840’s
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Chief Bowles - Cherokee chief who attempted to save their land, but
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died fighting the Texas army. He was a good friend of Sam Houston
 William Goyens - Free African American who was a successful
businessman. Served as an interpreter of the Native American
languages during the Texas Revolution.
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Mary Maverick - Famous frontier woman who lived in San Antonio
Jose Antonio Navarro - Native Texan who signed the Texas
declaration. He was a Texas congressman during the Republic then
became a Texas Senator after annexation.
EVENTS TO KNOW…
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Cordova Rebellion - A group of about 100 Hispanics
and 300 Cherokees who rebelled against the Republic of
Texas over Anglo’s taking their land.
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Council House Fight - A meeting between Texas
authorities and Comanche’s that turned into a battle when
the Comanche negotiators were taken hostage.
Comanche’s refused to make treaties with Texas again.
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Santa Fe Expedition - Lamar’s attempt to gain control
of a major trading center, but failed when the Texas soldiers
surrendered in New Mexico. Most of the Texas men were
imprisoned or died in Mexican prison.
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The Lone Star Republic - Eagle Mountain