Houston Regains Presidency p. 281 - 284 THE LONE STAR REPUBLIC CAUSE-EFFECT STATEMENTS USE YOUR NOTES TO PROPERLY MATCH THE CAUSE-EFFECT STATEMENTS: Because Texas was a slave-holding state… Because of Texas debt… Because of threat of Mexican invasion… Because he believed Texas would one day be a large and strong country… Because of the Native American threat in Texas …abolitionists did not want Texas annexed. … Houston called the Texas Rangers to patrol central Texas. … Lamar did not want Texas annexation. … Texas requested protection from the U.S. … Texas sold land to the U.S. when annexed. A POLICY OF ECONOMY Sam Houston defeated David G. Burnet for the presidency. Houston disliked Lamar’s policies and wanted to undo the damage. The major issues during Houston’s second term were: The budget Threat of invasion from Mexico Annexation by the United States In attempt to save money, Houston eliminated dozens of government positions and cut the size of the navy. He tried to sell the navy ships, but angry citizens prevented the sale. Houston also tried to renew peaceful with Native Americans. THE TEXAS QUESTION During Houston’s first term, the United States was not ready to annex Texas because it would unbalance the ratio of slave and free states. The United States also felt annexation would mean war with Mexico. The push for annexation stopped when Mirabeau B. Lamar became president because he did not favor becoming part of the U.S. In 1844 a treaty was signed making Texas a territory of the United States. Texas would give its public land to the U.S. and the U.S. would pay all debts of the Republic of Texas. POLK WINS ELECTION Annexation became an issue during the United States presidential election of 1844. Democratic presidential candidate, James K. Polk, supported Texas annexation. Polk’s victory in a very close election showed that most of the voters favored annexation. Annexation gained momentum from growing support for expansion. MANIFEST DESTINY Most Americans believed the United States was destined to expand coast to coast. This belief was called manifest destiny. Manifest - apparent: clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment. Destiny - an event (or a course of events) that will inevitably happen in the future. On December 29, 1845, President Polk signed the resolution that made Texas a state. MEXICO OFFERS RECOGNITION Great Britain and France both preferred that Texas remain an independent nation rather than become a part of the United States. Both tried to convince Mexico that it should recognize Texas independence. In May 1845, Mexico agreed to acknowledge an independent Texas on one condition – Texas must reject annexation by the United States. Texas was not interested. The Texas Congress quickly rejected the Mexican proposal and voted to accept annexation by the United States. “THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS IS NO MORE” On February 19, 1846, Anson Jones, the last president of the republic, turned over the government to J. Pinkney Henderson, the first governor of the state. President Jones closed his farewell address by declaring that “the final act in this great drama is now performed: the Republic of Texas is no more.” The Lone Star flag was lowered, and the Stars and Stripes were raised. Texas officially became the 28th state in the United States of America. PEOPLE TO KNOW… Edwin Moore – Texas Navy commander in the 1840’s Jack “Coffee” Hays – Most famous Texas Ranger from the 1840’s Chief Bowles - Cherokee chief who attempted to save their land, but died fighting the Texas army. He was a good friend of Sam Houston William Goyens - Free African American who was a successful businessman. Served as an interpreter of the Native American languages during the Texas Revolution. Mary Maverick - Famous frontier woman who lived in San Antonio Jose Antonio Navarro - Native Texan who signed the Texas declaration. He was a Texas congressman during the Republic then became a Texas Senator after annexation. EVENTS TO KNOW… Cordova Rebellion - A group of about 100 Hispanics and 300 Cherokees who rebelled against the Republic of Texas over Anglo’s taking their land. Council House Fight - A meeting between Texas authorities and Comanche’s that turned into a battle when the Comanche negotiators were taken hostage. Comanche’s refused to make treaties with Texas again. Santa Fe Expedition - Lamar’s attempt to gain control of a major trading center, but failed when the Texas soldiers surrendered in New Mexico. Most of the Texas men were imprisoned or died in Mexican prison.