The European Day of Languages
Le Lingue e la cultura non
conoscono frontiere
Peter Brown
Director, British School Trieste
Founder Chair, EAQUALS
Europe Direct – Comune di Trieste
26 Settembre 2006
Background






The Council of Europe:
Founded in 1949
46 member states
Distinct from the EU
Based in Strasbourg
on the principles of:
 Democracy
 The Rule of Law
 Human Rights
Winston Churchill
 In 1946
 gave two key speeches
which changed our
understanding our
Europe
 5th March – Fulton
 19th September Zurich
 barbecue
 tattoo
zero
saga
cruise
 shampoo
 cravat
 penguin
 bistro
 mosquito
 Native Cuban
Polynesian
Arabic
Icelandic
 Dutch
 Hindi
 Croatian
 Welsh
 Russian
 Spanish
British School Trieste
EDL - 26 September 2006
Linguistic Diversity - 1
Some facts:
Some research:
6000-7000 languages
Languages borrow
6bn people | 189 states
Languages are related
Losing 1 language a day
Multilingual (L >300)
3% languages in Europe
Babies hear >40 vowels
>50% world’s population
Children learn all
estimated as plurilingual
languages equally easily
Linguistic Europe
 ≧ 225 languages
 3 main families



Germanic
Romance
Slavic
 all 3 in Trieste
 most use the Latin
alphabet, but ....
Linguistic Diversity - 2
Europe: most common mother
tongues:
Europe: common immigrant
languages (London):
Russian
Arabic
German
Turkish
English
Kurdish
French
Berber
Italian
Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, ….
www.alpeadria.org
Deutsch
Hrvatski
Italiano
Magyar
Slovensko
English
Polyphiloprogenitive ..
(T.S. Eliot)
In the beginning was the Word
In principio era il Verbo
(from logos...)
Language Migration
Language Migration
Base
Language
Language Migration
Local
Separation
• Experience
• Knowledge
Base
Language
Language Migration
Local
Separation
• Experience
• Knowledge
Base
Language
Language Migration
Local evolved
Local
Separation
• Experience
• Knowledge
Base
Language
Language Migration
Local evolved
Local
Separation
Base
• Experience
• Knowledge
Base
Language
Language Migration
Local evolved
Local
Separation
Base
• Experience
• Knowledge
Interacts ind.
Base
Language
Language Migration
Local evolved
Local
Separation
Base
• Experience
• Knowledge
Interacts ind.
Base
Language
New
Language
evolves
Frontiers
Frontiers
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
Frontiers
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
International
Political,
Borders, Wars
Frontiers
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
International
Political,
Borders, Wars
Cultural
Behaviour
Meanings
No Frontiers
Frontiers
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
International
Political,
Borders, Wars
Cultural
Behaviour
Meanings
No Frontiers
Frontiers
Science
maths
astronomy
medicine
physics
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
International
Political,
Borders, Wars
Cultural
Behaviour
Meanings
No Frontiers
Frontiers
Science
maths
astronomy
medicine
physics
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
Philosophy
Religion
International
Political,
Borders, Wars
Cultural
Behaviour
Meanings
No Frontiers
Frontiers
Science
maths
astronomy
medicine
physics
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
Philosophy
Religion
Arts, drama,
architecture
International
Political,
Borders, Wars
Cultural
Behaviour
Meanings
Growth
No Frontiers
Frontiers
Science
maths
astronomy
medicine
physics
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
Philosophy
Religion
Arts, drama,
architecture
Age
International
Political,
Borders, Wars
Cultural
Behaviour
Meanings
Growth
No Frontiers
Frontiers
Science
maths
astronomy
medicine
physics
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
Philosophy
Religion
Age
International
Political,
Borders, Wars
Arts, drama,
architecture
Cultural
Behaviour
Meanings
Knowledge base
Intercultural Und
Information Highway
Growth
No Frontiers
Frontiers
Science
maths
astronomy
medicine
physics
Natural
Seas, lakes, ..
Mountains, ..
Philosophy
Religion
Age
International
Political,
Borders, Wars
Arts, drama,
architecture
Cultural
Behaviour
Meanings
Knowledge base
Intercultural Und
Brain activity
Raichle Neuro imaging
High
Low
Marcus E. Raichle. M.D. Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis
Above: the result of experiments where people were confronted with simple
Indeed, all areas
reading (left picture) or simple listening (right picture) tasks. Amount
involved in each of
of activity in different areas of the brain is shown by color shades.
thecolors
separate
High activity is yellow, low activity is blue. Other
mark a range
activities
are
now
of intermediate degrees of activity (see legend
to the top
right).
involved
We can clearly see that different language activities
are handled in
simultaneously.
different areas of the human brain.
SEEING + HEARING
What will happen if weWORDS
present two tasks simultaneously?
M E Raichle M.D. Washington U
School of Medicine St. Louis
29
Language is the light of reason..,
 “words are the signs of ideas...”
 Language diversity (opportunity v. threat)
 Diversity implies
 Knowledge
 Frontiers
 Culture
 “invisible cities” (Italo Calvino on translation)
 Myrddin “I know why men are troubled...”
 My languages define me
As pine trees
Hold the wind’s imprint
After the wind is gone, is no longer there
So words
Retain a man’s imprint
After the man is gone, is no longer there
George Seferis (Greek Poet – 1966)
The European Association
for Quality Language Services
Recognised by
The Council of Europe
British School
Trieste 2006
Descargar

EAQUALS - Trieste