JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
California Department of Education
Jack O’Connell
State Superintendent
No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
Teacher Requirements
Professional Development and Curriculum Support Division
http://www.cde.ca.gov/nclb/sr/tq
What Are the NCLB
Key Performance Goals?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Goal 1: All students will attain proficiency in
reading and mathematics by 2014.
• Goal 2: All English learners will become
proficient in reading/language arts and
mathematics.
• Goal 3: All students will be taught by highly
qualified teachers by the end of the 2005-06
school year.
• Goal 4: All students will learn in schools that
are safe and drug free.
• Goal 5: All students will graduate from high
school.
What are the NCLB requirements
for teachers?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Each local educational agency (LEA) must
develop a plan to ensure that all teachers
assigned to teach core academic subjects
meet the NCLB requirements by the end of the
2005-06 school year.
What are the timelines for compliance with the
NCLB teacher requirements?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• All teachers hired in Title I programs after
the first day of the 2002-03 school year
must meet requirements when hired.
• Other teachers have until the end of the
2005-06 school year to meet the
requirements.
• Some teachers in rural areas and in special
education have extended deadlines.
What are the three requirements for NCLB
teacher compliance?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Teachers of core academic subjects must have:
1.
A bachelor’s degree
2.
A state credential or intern certificate or be
currently enrolled in an approved California
Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CCTC)
intern program
3.
Demonstrated core academic subject matter
competence
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Bachelor’s Degree
What are the core academic subject
areas defined in NCLB?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• English
• Reading/language arts
• Mathematics
• Science
• Foreign languages
• Civics/government
• Economics
• Arts
• History
• Geography
Differences in
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
FEDERAL and STATE
subject areas
Federal vs. State
subject areas in Science
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Science
Biological
GeoChemistry
Sciences
sciences
Physics
Science Teacher Qualifications
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
•
Defers to state credentialing.
•
California has four science credentials.
•
Many science teachers have sufficient
units in other sciences.
Federal vs. State
Subject areas in Social Science
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Social Science
Civics/
Government
Economics
History
Geography
Social Science
Teacher Qualifications
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
California social science credential
verifies subject matter competence
for the four NCLB areas.
–
California’s exam or subject matter
program includes civics and
government, economics, history, and
geography
Federal vs. State
Subject areas in the Arts
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Arts
Visual Arts
Music
Drama/Theatre
Dance
Visual and Performing Arts
Appropriate Credentials* for the Arts
Subject
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Credential
Theatre
English
Dance
Physical Education
Music
Music
Visual Arts
Visual Arts
*Subject matter authorizations available in all four
subjects.
What are the classifications
of teachers under NCLB?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• “New” to the Profession
Holds a Credential or Intern Certificate issued
on or after July 1, 2002.
• “Not New” to the Profession
Holds a credential or Intern Certificate issued
before July 1, 2002.
1)
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Does this mean that teachers are “not new” if
they received a credential from another state
prior to July 1, 2002, but they didn’t get a
California credential until after?
Yes. This was clarified in the revised
Title 5 regulations
2)
Does this mean that teachers are “not new” if
they received a preliminary credential prior to
July 1, 2002, but didn’t get a clear credential
until after?
Yes, “Not New”
What are the types of teachers
under NCLB?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Elementary, Middle, and High School
6100(c) – Elementary, Middle, and High School:
The local educational agency shall determine,
based on curriculum taught, by each grade or by
each course, if appropriate, whether a course is
elementary, middle, or high school.
What are the options for demonstrating
subject matter competency for “New”
elementary teachers?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
“New” elementary teachers must:
•
Pass a California Commission on Teacher
Credentialing (CCTC) approved subject matter
examination – currently, the California Subjects
Examination for Teachers (CSET) Multiple
Subject
Tests for Elementary/Multiple Subject
Teachers:
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Current CCTC approved Exam:
California Subject Examinations for Teachers: Multiple
Subjects (CSET: MS)
Prior Exams:
•Multiple Subject Assessment for Teachers (MSAT)
•National Teaching Exams (NTE): General Knowledge
Section of the Core Battery
•National Teaching Exams (NTE): Commons
Examination
“What are the options for demonstrating
subject matter competency for “Not New”
elementary teachers?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
“Not new” elementary teachers have two
options to demonstrate subject matter
competence:
1. Exam Option: Passing any prior or current
CCTC-approved subject matter exam
2. HOUSSE Option: Completing the California High
Objective Uniform State Standard of Evaluation
(HOUSSE)
What are the options for demonstrating
subject matter competency for “New”
middle/high school teachers?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
“New” middle and high school teachers
have two options to demonstrate subject
matter competency:
1. Exam Option: Passing a CCTC-approved
subject matter examination in the core area
2.
Course work Option: Completing a Course
work Option for each core area
“New” middle and high school teachers
course work options
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
1.
CCTC-approved subject matter program in
the core area, or
2.
Major in the core area, or
3.
Major equivalent in the core area (32 units), or
4.
Graduate degree in the core area
“What are the options for demonstrating
subject matter competency for “Not New”
middle and high school teachers?
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
1. Passing any prior or current CCTC-approved
subject matter exam in the core area, or
2. Completing course work in the core area, or
3. Advanced certification in the core area, or
4. California HOUSSE in the core area
HOUSSE
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• A process for “not new” teachers (and some
“new” special education teachers) to
demonstrate or verify subject matter
competence in the subject(s) they are teaching
• Includes credit for experience, course work,
professional development, and leadership/
service in the subject(s)
• Includes additional option for observation or
portfolio
Areas where we recognize the
difficulty of full compliance:
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
•
Secondary Independent Study
•
Middle school
•
Rural & small schools (March 2004 flexibility)
•
Special education (IDEA December 2004 options)
•
Alternative programs
•
Certain career technical/vocational education programs
•
Any self-contained secondary setting
Alternative Program, Continuation High
School, Independent Study Teachers
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Only one credential needed.
• Must meet NCLB requirements in each
subject.
• Federal guidance encourages creativity and
distance learning.
Independent Study Teachers
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• The K-12 Multiple subject credential is still
appropriate for Independent Study teachers,
but they must also verify/demonstrate NCLB
subject matter competence in each subject.
NCLB Considerations for Other Types of
Schools and Programs
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Charter school teachers must meet the
NCLB teacher requirements if teaching
core academic subject area(s).
NCLB defers to state charter school law on
credentialing.
Reading Teacher Qualifications
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Appropriate credential for reading teacher:
Multiple Subject, Single Subject English,
General Elementary, Standard Elementary,
Reading Specialist, Reading Certificate,
Special Education (for special education
students)
Reading
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
How can a secondary reading intervention
teacher verify subject matter competence?
NCLB subject matter competence for reading
teacher:
1) Use HOUSSE for “not new.”
2) New” teachers must have course work
(major, 32 units, advanced degree, reading
certificate or reading specialist).
Special Education Teachers:
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Have the same requirements as general
education elementary and middle/high
school teachers, unless they provide only
consultation or instructional support
services.
IDEA Reauthorization
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Highly Qualified Special Education Teacher
provisions effective December 3, 2004
• Special education teachers of core subjects
must meet NCLB requirements, but IDEA
changes how some may demonstrate subject
matter competence
IDEA Requirements for
Special Education Teachers
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Bachelor’s degree
• Special education credential
• NCLB subject matter competence
Special Education Teachers Teaching
Multiple Subjects May:
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Use same options as any other elementary,
middle, or secondary teacher who is new or
not new.
• If not new, use a single HOUSSE process for
multiple subjects.
• If new and HQT in math, language arts, or
science, and teaching middle/secondary,
complete single HOUSSE for other subjects in
two years from hire (Title 5 regulations
pending).
Concerns and Issues in IDEA
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Nearly 25 percent of California special ed
teachers do not meet the credential
requirement—is credentialing a priority over
subject matter compliance?
• What criteria will California use to determine
when a secondary special education teacher in
a self-contained setting could meet elementary
subject-matter requirements?
More Concerns:
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• What does it mean to use a “single” HOUSSE
process for multiple subjects?
• If special education teachers of multiple
subjects have two years from hire to be fully
compliant, how does the local educational
agency/state educational agency ever become
100 percent compliant? How are the data
reported?
• What will be the impact on recruitment and
retention of special education teachers?
• Physical Education Teachers
Physical education teachers are not
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
required to meet the NCLB teacher
requirements, but must meet California
credentialing laws.
• Career Technical Teachers
Career technical teachers must meet the
NCLB teacher requirements if they teach
a core academic subject.
Adult Education
and
Preschool Teachers
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
•
Are not required to meet the NCLB
teacher requirements.
•
NCLB law pertains to K-12 only.
NCLB Paraprofessional Requirements
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
•
Paraprofessionals who assist in instruction in
Title I programs are required to have:
1. Two years of college (48 units) or
2. A.A. degree (or higher) or
3. Pass a local assessment of knowledge
and skills in assisting in instruction
Timelines for Paraprofessionals
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Those hired before January 8, 2002 have until
June 30, 2006, to meet the NCLB
requirements.
• Those hired after that date must be compliant
when hired.
General Requirement
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• All Title I paraprofessionals must have a high
school diploma or the equivalent.
This requirement went into effect January 8, 2002.
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
We will continue to update this
information as we receive guidance and
clarity on NCLB.
Questions?
NCLB Resources:
JACK O’CONNELL
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• http://www.cde.ca.gov/nclb/sr/tq/index.asp
• Teacher/Paraprofessional Requirements
– Penni Hansen, Consultant
[email protected]
• Data Collection & Reporting
– Jeanne Ludwig, Consultant
[email protected]
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NCLB Teacher Requirements - Improving Teacher Quality …