Howard Gardner’s:
Multiple Intelligences
Presented to you by the:
Jr. Gifted and Talented Class
2003-2004
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Title Page and Table of Contents……..1-2
Introduction……..3-6
Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence……..7-11
Logical/Mathematical Intelligence……..12-17
Visual/Spatial Intelligence……..18-23
Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence……..24-29
Musical/Rhythmic Intelligence……..30-35
Interpersonal Intelligence……..36-40
Intrapersonal Intelligence……..41-44
Bibliography……..45-47
Credits……..48-61
The theory of multiple intelligences is
Howard Gardner’s theory that proposes that
people are not born with all of the intelligence
they will ever have. It says that intelligence
can be learned throughout life. Also, it claims
that everyone is intelligent in at least seven
different ways and can develop each aspect of
intelligence to an average level of
competency. Intelligence, as defined by
Gardner, is the ability to solve problems or
fashion products that are valuable in one or
more cultural settings.
The 7 intelligences included in Gardner’s theory are:
*Verbal/ Linguistic
*Visual/ Spatial
*Interpersonal
*Musical/ Rhythmic
*Logical/ Mathematical
*Intrapersonal
*Bodily/ Kinesthetic
There are 8 Criteria for Defining Multiple Intelligences:
*Each of the intelligences can potentially be isolated by brain
damage.
*Each of the intelligences exists in exceptional people (savants or
prodigies).
*Each of the intelligences has a process of developing during
normal child development and has a peak end-state
performance.
*Each of the intelligences is evidenced in species other than
human beings.
*Each of the intelligences has been tested using various measures
not necessarily associated with intelligence.
*Each of the intelligences can work without the others being
present.
*Each of the intelligences has a set of identifiable operations.
*Each of the intelligences can be symbolized or has its own
unique symbol or set of symbols.
The theory of multiple intelligences
has encouraged the idea that a
person is not born with all the
intelligence they will ever possess.
In the rest this slide show, each of
the intelligences will be explained
to give you a better understanding
of Howard Gardner’s theory.
Linguistic
Intelligence
~*Linguistic Intelligence*~
Gardner's Definition:
Linguistic Intelligence (Word Smart) is the capacity to use language, your
native language, and perhaps other languages, to express what's on your
mind and to understand other people.
Criteria Used for Linguistic Intelligence
•Can understand words and manipulate the structure of language
•Has highly developed communication skills including writing, speaking, and story-telling
•Knows and correctly uses rules of grammar
•Enjoys reading, writing, and speaking
•Has a large vocabulary
This person learns best by:
•Saying, hearing, and seeing words
•Writing
•Talking
•Reading
These people would do well in these careers.
•Author
•Typist
•Journalist
•Novelist
•Poet
•Comedian
•Playwright
•Politician
•Radio Announcer
•Orator
•Speech Pathologist
(one who interprets)
•Actor
•Curator
Famous People With
Linguistic Intelligence
•William Shakespeare
•Edgar Allen Poe
•Earnest Hemmingway
•F. Scott Fitzgerald
•Emily Dickinson
•Agatha Christie
•T.S. Eliot
•Rudyard Kipling
Activities These People
Would Enjoy
• Book
reporting
• Telling jokes
• Writing words
• Reading
• Journal writing
• Speaking
•Letter writing
•Storytelling
•Discussing
•Creative writing
•Debating
•Persuading
Logical-Mathematical
Intelligence
Logical-mathematical intelligence is the
capacity to use numbers effectively and reason
well. Someone who has this kind of intelligence is
able to see cause and effect really well; also, they
are able to identify a problem and solve it right
there on the spot. People with this intelligence
think by reasoning, and they love experimenting,
questioning, figuring out logical puzzles, and
calculating.
What kinds of processes are used in the
logical-mathematical intelligence
sequence?
•Categorization
•Classification
•Inference
•Generalization
•Calculation
•Hypothesis testing
Careers
• Accountant
• Economist
• Actuary
• Legal Assistant
• Auditor
• Mathematician
• Banker
• Purchasing Agent
• Bookkeeper
• Science Researcher
• Businessperson
• Science Teacher
• Computer Analyst
• Statistician
• Computer Programmer
• Technician
• Doctor
• Underwriter
Famous Mathematicians
• Einstein
• Pythagoras
• Newton
• Pascal
• Archimedes
• Euclid
• Copernicus
• Plato
• Galileo
• Aristotle
Activities
•Analyzing
•Categorizing
•Formulas
•Logic Games
•Numbers
•Outlining
•Patterns
•Problem Solving
•Reasoning
•Time Lines
•Synthesis
•Sequencing
•Rational Thinking
•Scientific Thinking
•Venn Diagrams
•Statistics
Spatial Intelligence
What is spatial intelligence?
Spatial intelligence is the brain’s
ability to perceive and interpret visual
stimuli. In other words, it’s how our
minds process what we see. Although
not very recognized, spatial
intelligence is very important in the
arts and in everyday life.
Why is spatial intelligence
important?
The way that we visually perceive and
interpret the world around us is an
important quality to have. In the arts, the
ability to transfer a vision to a painting,
sculpture, or film is a key quality. Careers
such as architecture, require a person to
transfer a vision of a structure into a
blueprint. Spatial intelligence is even used
by average people to remember small, but
important facts; like how to travel from
your school to your house. Everyone uses
spatial intelligence in everyday life.
Possible Careers
• Advertising
Agent
• Architect
• Cartographer(Ma
p Maker)
• Drafter
• Engineer
• Fine Artist
• Graphic
Designer
• Fashion
• Interior
Designer
• Inventor
• Painter
• Photographer
• Pilot
• Sculptor
• Surveyor
• Urban Planner
Famous People With High
Spatial Intelligence
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Leonardo Da Vinci
Pablo Picasso
Spike Lee
Vincent Van Gogh
Frank Lloyd Wright
(architect)
• Steven Spielberg
• Ansel Adams
(photographer)
• Amelia Earhart
• Auguste Rodin
(sculptor)
• Robert Fulton
(inventor)
• Michelangelo
Lesson planning activities
for spatial intelligence
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Brochures
Collages
Designs
Drawings
Flow Charts
Mapping
Molding Clay
Patterns
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Painting
Photography
Posters
Pretending
Sculpting
Visualization
Idea Sketching
Labeling
What is Bodily-Kinesthetic
Intelligence?
It is expertise in using one’s whole body to
express ideas and feelings.
Examples: acting, dancing, sports, and using body
language
It is the ability to use one’s hands to produce or
transform things.
Examples: sculpting clay and hands-on learning
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence
Thinking through physical sensations
Need
Love
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Dancing
Running
Jumping
Building
Touching
Gesturing
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Role play
Drama
Movement
Things to build
Sports and physical
games
 Tactile (touchable)
experiences
 Hands-on learning
Other Activities that Would be
Enjoyed
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Acting
Charades
Collections
Demonstrations
Experiments
Field Trips
Gymnastics
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Impersonations
Inventing
Martial Arts
Miming
Puppetry
Visiting
Exercise
Possible Career Choices
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Actor
Athlete
Carpenter
Choreographer (creates
and arranges dances)
Craftsman
Dancer
Farmer
Forest Ranger
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Inventor
Jeweler
Mechanic
Mime
P.E. Teacher
Physical Therapist
Recreational Director
Actress
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Babe Ruth
Jim Thorpe
Kristi Yamaguchi
Mickey Mantle
Thomas Edison
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Isadora Duncan
Cincinnatus
Fabergè
Wilbur Wright
Orville Wright
What is Musical Intelligence?
Being musically
intelligent means that you
are able to distinguish the
sounds around you and
that you have the ability to
make your own melodies.
Even if you are only
singing a song or making
music, you are using your
musical intelligence!
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If you are musically
intelligent, you are able to:
Perceive
Discriminate
Transform
Express
All kinds of musical forms
Types of Musical Intelligence
Figural
(“top-down”)
and
Formal
(“ bottom-up”)
This means that you
This means that you
are very intuitive about
the nature of music and
its creation.
analytic and technical
about music and its
creation.
*Anyone can have either both or one of these forms *
Careers
This will give you just a taste for the jobs available in this
growing field.
• Song Writer
• Performing Musician
• Piano Turner
• Singer
• Musical Theater Actor/
Actress
• Studio Engineer
• Instrument Manager
• Rapper
• Advertising Agent
• Conductor
• Disc Jockey
• Film/Instrument Maker
• Composer
• Music Teacher
• Sound Engineer
• Music Therapist
Famous Musicians
These are just a few of the famous Musicians that helped
shape the field of Music.
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Ludwig van Beethoven
Ray Charles
Robert Schumann
Sergei Rachmaninoff
Yehudi Menuhin
Willie Nelson
The Mavericks
Lawerence Welk
George Gershwin
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Joan Baez
Zubin Mehta
Ethel Merman
Jean Redpath
Gustav Mahler
Leonard Bernstein
Ella Fitzgerald
Jenny Lind
Stephen Foster
Antonio Stradivari
Activities
The following is a list of activities that can be used in a
classroom or anywhere else to enhance one’s own musical
intelligence.
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Sing Ballads
Create Chants
Create Concept Songs
Discographies (lists of
musical selections to
enhance what you are
learning or teaching.)
Environmental Sounds
Humming
Illustrate With Sounds
Rhythms
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Instrumental sounds
Listening
Lyrics
Mood Music
Music Composition or creation
Musical concepts
Musical Performance
Percussion and Raps
Reproduce sounds and rhythms
Singing and Songs
Vocal Sounds and Tonal
Patterns
Interpersonal
Intelligence
Interpersonal Intelligence
Gardner's Definition:
• Interpersonal intelligence, (people
smart), is understanding other
people. It’s an ability we all need, but
is at a premium if you are a teacher,
clinician, salesperson, or a
politician. Anybody who deals with
other people has to be skilled in the
interpersonal sphere.
Interpersonally intelligent people
enjoy:
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Giving feedback to the teacher or to classmates
Understanding other's feelings
Person-to-person communication
Cooperative learning strategies
Receiving feedback
Group projects
Teaching someone else something new
Learning from someone outside of school
Other points of view
Creating group rules
Acting in a play or simulation
Conducting an interview
Creating "phone buddies" for homework
Sensing others’ motives
Creating group rules
Famous Interpersonal People
• Abraham Lincoln
• George Washington
• Ghandi
• Dr.Joyce Brothers
• Oprah Winfrey
• Jesse Jackson
• Martin Luther King
• Rev. Billy Graham
Interpersonal Careers
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Administrator
Anthropologist
Arbitrator
Counselor
Manager
Nurse
Personnel Director
Politician
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Public Relations
Salesperson
School Principal
Sociologist
Therapist
Teacher
Travel Agent
Religious Leader
Psychologist
“What is intrapersonal intelligence?”
Intrapersonal intelligence is self-knowledge
and the ability to act adaptively on the basis
of that knowledge. This intelligence includes
having an accurate picture of oneself (one’s
strengths and weaknesses); awareness of
inner moods, intentions, motivations,
temperaments, and desires; and the capacity
for self-discipline, self-understanding, and
self-esteem. Essentially, it’s how well you
know yourself.
• Clergyman
• Entrepreneur
• Program planner
• Psychiatrist
• Psychology Teacher
• Philosopher
• Theologian
• Researcher
• Spiritual Counselor
• Psychologist
* Aristotle
* Emily Dickinson
* General George Patton
* Helen Keller
* Malcolm X
* Mohammed
*Autobiography
*Awareness of Personal Feelings
*Concentration
*Expression of Feelings
*Focusing
*Free-Choice Time
*Goal Setting
*Higher-Order Thinking and Reasoning
*Independent Studies Projects *Mood Awareness and Shifting
*Personal Application
* Personal Priorities
*Personal Projection
*Sensing the Emotions of the Moment
*Self –Identification
*Thinking Strategies
Book References
• Multiple Intelligences: In The Classroom
by Thomas Armstrong
• Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice
by Howard Gardner
• Multiple Intelligence Approaches Assessment:
Solving the Assessment Conundrum
by David Lazear
• Teaching & Learning Through Multiple
Intelligences
by Linda Campbell
• Multiple Intelligences: Activities
by Deirdre Korff Wilkins, M.A.
A Bite From The Internet
• http://www.arches.uga.edu/~hmt/webwrite/linguist
ics.htm
• http://www.cookps.act.edu.au/mi_ling.htm
• www.1stepenglish.com
• www.ul.ie/~mearsa/9519211/
• www.chariho.k12.RI.us
• www.chariho.k12.us/curriculum/MISmart/inter.ht
m
Junior G/T Class
Linguistic Intelligence
Michelle Markovich & Rachel Sullivan
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
Josh Hughes, Mike Phelps, & Gary DeWitt
Spatial Intelligence
T.J. Pope & Ashley Torres
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence
Kristina Heinecke & Mallary Williams
Musical Intelligence
Rachel Snedecor & Marilynn Pester
Interpersonal Intelligence
Melissa Hamilton & Kyle Gospodarek
Intrapersonal Intelligence
Kaitlin Hancock & Ashley Wathen
Cover and Table of Contents
Amanda Cappiello
Introduction
Kaitlin Hancock
Bibliography
Joel Martinez & Christina Pacheco
Credits
Bud Sothman & Brittany Claussen
Everyone has a special talent!
Señora Shinovich & Ed Jimenez
Our Teacher and Assistant
We hope you had an enjoyable learning
experience!!!!!
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Multiple Intelligence Theory