US Pacific Command
Area of Responsibility
< < L 22 > >
Overview
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Area of Responsibility
Political Systems
Religion
Art
US Interests
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Area of Responsibility
 Waters off the Pacific Coast to the western border of India,
North Pole to Antarctica
 36 nations, 50% of the world population, 3,000 languages
 2 of the 3 largest economies in the world
 Largest democratic Muslim majority nation in the world
 Smallest republic in the world
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Area of Responsibility
 USPACOM headquarters in HI is closer to NYC than Sydney,
Australia
 Joint Base Lewis-McChord near Seattle closer to Kuwait
City than Bangkok, Thailand
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Political Systems
 Majority representative governments
 China and North Korea: communist states w/large
standing armies & nuclear capability
 Laos: communist state w/continued class system, limited
private enterprise, and normal trade relations w/US
 Burma: aka Myanmar, ruling military junta
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Political Systems
 Majority representative governments
 China and North Korea: communist states w/large
standing armies & nuclear capability
 Laos: communist state w/continued class system, limited
private enterprise, and normal trade relations w/US
 Burma: aka Myanmar, ruling military junta
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Religion
 Home to Buddhism and Hinduism
 Large population of India, Indonesia and Bangladesh make
Islam and Hinduism most prevalent religions in the region
 Christianity dominant in British Commonwealth nations &
smaller island nations
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Religion
 Hinduism:
 World’s oldest organized religion
evolving since 1500 BCE
 World’s 3rd largest religion after
Christianity and Islam
 Dominant religion in India, Nepal and
Sri Lanka
 No single founder, concept of deity, holy
text, system of morality, central religion
authority, concept of prophet
 All encompassing way of life
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Religion
 Buddhism
 4th largest religion in the world
 No congregational membership,
little participation in public
ceremonies, often exists in
nations with little or no religious
freedom (such as China)
 Often combined w/other
religions
 Founded in Northern India
around sixth century BCE
(predates Christianity & Islam)
 Shares w/Hinduism belief in
karma, dharma, and
reincarnation
Bodhi Tree where The Buddha
achieved enlightenment 9
Religion
 Buddhism, Cont.
 No recognition or worship of deities
 No concept of the human soul
 Multiple forms across world; Theravada Buddhism is most common
in Southeast Asia, Mahayana Buddhism most common in China,
Japan, Korea, Tibet, Mongolia; Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet
 Zen Buddhism developed in China but increasingly popular in West
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Religion
 Islam
 2nd largest religion in world, estimated to be
largest in world by mid-twenty-first century
 Mostly Sunni Islam in USPACOM region
 Indonesia
 4th largest population in world, republic,
 Largest Islamic constitutional democracy in the
world after massive student protests in 1990s
 Bangladesh
 7th largest population in world, Islamic
democracy
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Art
 Western vs. Eastern Art
 West
 Art is communication between artist and audience
 Distinction between visual arts and performing arts
 East
 Art is the essence or inherent nature of object
 Visual and performing arts are blended
 Painting & calligraphy are only “fine” arts because they alone require
no physical labor and have no physical function
 Art is highly symbolic
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Art
 Chinese, Korean and Japanese calligraphy considered an
art form; developed from Chinese characters but borrow
from each other
 Characters serve as symbols for complex ideas
 Literature in China, Korea and Japan bound to the
development of written language
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Art
 East Asian music = small ensembles emphasizing melody
over harmony
 South Asian music = typically played against drone
 Music, dance and drama are linked; little evidence of
separate evolution or development
 East Asian dance = music played to the rhythm of dancer’s
feet (music played to dancers, dancers don’t dance to
music)
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Art
 Masked and unmasked dances, theater, processionals,
opera, shadow theater, puppet theater, dialogue plays with
music and dance are common
 Indian dance gestures (madras) are highly abstract
symbols expressing non-physical states of being, similar
to Chinese calligraphy
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Art
 Aesthetic
 Wabi-sabi
 Non-linear, holistic approach to art and beauty
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US Interests
 Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships
 5 of 7 mutual defense treaties in USPACOM: Japan, Australia, South
Korea, Thailand, the Phillipines
 Date back to 1950s and US attempts to prevent spread of
communism after WWII
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US Interests
 Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships
 Australia:
 Active participant in stabilization efforts in region
 Recently increased participation in Afghanistan
 Regular collaboration in ISR, humanitarian assistance and disaster
relief
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US Interests
 Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships
 Japan:
 Cornerstone of US security strategy in Northeast Asia
 Close military and political ties
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US Interests
 Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships
 Republic of Korea:
 Provide active anti-piracy efforts and maritime security
 Direct assistance in OEF in Afghanistan
 US is actively handing off security responsibilities to ROK
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US Interests
 Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic
Partnerships
 Republic of the Philippines
 Transitioning forces from internal security to
territorial defense
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US Interests
 Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships
 Thailand
 Providing important contributions to overseas contingency ops,
counternarcotics, humanitarian assistance, and peacekeeping
operations
 Contributes to regional security, shares goals of democracy, regional
stability, counterterrorism and counter-proliferation with United
States
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US Interests
 Trade and Commerce
 4 of “Top 10” trading partners of the US: China, Japan, South Korea,
Taiwan; China and Japan are also 2 of “Top 5”
 Interdependent economies felt in emergencies such as
earthquake/tsunami/nuclear disaster in Japan
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US Interests
 Strategic Influence
 US influence in region being increasingly challenged by China and
India
 USPACOM leaders consistently telling USPACOM/CC that
constraints on partnerships imposed by United States make
partnerships increasingly difficult
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Summary
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Area of Responsibility
Political Systems
Religion
Art
US Interests
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Homework
 UCC Briefs
 9/11 Nov
 Prepare for Lesson # 23
 Air and Space Expeditionary Force (AEF)
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