Chapter 6
Chapter 6:
Server Configuration
Learning Objectives
Chapter 6


Explain how to use the tools in the
Control Panel
Install and configure the display,
pointing devices, keyboard, computer
hardware, recovery options, protocols,
and additional Windows 2000 Server
components
Learning Objectives (continued)
Chapter 6

Use the Device Manager to view
hardware properties and troubleshoot
problems
Control Panel
Chapter 6


The Control Panel is one of the first
places to start when configuring a
server
The Control Panel is like a control
center from which to customize
Windows 2000 Server for devices,
network connectivity, and other
functions
Accessing the Control Panel
Chapter 6

Three ways to access the Control Panel
are:
 Click
Start, point to Settings, and click
Control Panel
 Open Control Panel from My Computer
 Open Control Panel from Windows
Explorer via the My Computer option
Customizing Control Panel
Chapter 6
Figure 6-1 Control Panel toolbars
Accessibility Options
Chapter 6

The Accessibility Options tool is for
accommodating visual, audio, and
sensory needs of the user
Accessibility Options (continued)
Chapter 6
A c c e ssib ility O p tio n
P u r p o se
D isp la y
E n a b les th e d isp la y to b e set to u se c o lo rs a n d c o n tra st fo r
ea sier v iew in g
G en era l
S ets a ltern a tiv e k eyb o a rd a n d m o u se a c c ess fea tu res a n d
p ro v id es n o tific a tio n w h en a n a c c essib ility fea tu re is tu rn ed o ff
K eyb o a rd
P ro v id es a ltern a tiv e to u c h a n d so u n d o p tio n s fo r k eyb o a rd
fu n c tio n s
M o u se
E n a b les th e k eyb o a rd k eyp a d to a c t a s a p o in tin g d ev ic e
Sound
D isp la ys v isu a l w a rn in g s a n d c a p tio n s fo r so u n d s
Add/Remove Hardware
Chapter 6

Use the Add/Remove Hardware tool to
install new hardware, remove hardware,
unplug a device, and make sure that a
device is functioning
Add/Remove Hardware
(continued)
Chapter 6
Figure 6-2 Add/Remove Hardware Wizard
Add/Remove Programs
Chapter 6


Use the Add/Remove Programs tool to
install new software and to remove
software
A vital function of Add/Remove
Programs is to enable you to add and
remove Windows 2000 components
Windows Components
Chapter 6
C om p onent
D escrip tion
A ccessories and U tilities
Installs com ponents that include a w izard to configure
accessibility options, accessories such as N otepad,
com m unications tools, gam es, and m ultim edia tools
C ertificate S ervices
U sed for certification authority for security through
certificates
Indexing S ervice
U sed to quickly search file contents for specific w ords or
strings of w ords
Internet Inform ation S ervices (IIS )
Installs Internet Inform ation S ervices for a W eb site and
for FT P -based file transfers through T C P /IP
Windows Components
(continued)
Chapter 6
C om p onent
D escrip tion
M anagem ent and M onitoring T ools
U sed to m anage and m onitor the server and the netw ork
M essage Q ueuing S ervices
S ervices for netw ork-based m essaging
N etw ork S ervices
Installs protocols for specialized services that include
D N S , Q oS , D H C P , and other services
O ther N etw ork File and P rint
E nables print services for U N IX and M acintosh
S ervices
com puters
R em ote Installation S ervices
E nables the installation of W indow s 2000 P rofessional on
rem ote com puters that can be booted rem otely
Windows Components
(continued)
Chapter 6
C om p onent
D escrip tion
R em ote S torage
U sed to enable W indow s 2000 to w rite files to rem ote devices,
such as tape drives
S cript D ebugger
E nables debugging of A ctiveX script tools, V B script for
exam ple
T erm inal S ervices
E nables clients to run program s on the server as though they
w ere term inals
T erm inal S ervices Licensing
C ontrols licensing for term inal services
W indow s M edia S ervices
U sed to “ stream ” m ultim edia from the server to the clients, so
that an audio/video file starts playing before it is fully received
Administrative Tools
Chapter 6

Provides shortcuts to the Windows 2000
Server administrative tools, such as
tools to manage user accounts, the
Active Directory, and IIS
Date/Time
Chapter 6

The Date/Time tool is used to configure
the calendar, date, time, and time
zones.
Display
Chapter 6

The Display tool configures video
characteristics such as the desktop
background, display colors and
resolution, and the appearance of title
bars
Display Options
Chapter 6
D isp lay O p tion
P urp ose
A ppearance
S ets the appearance of desktop entities such as title bars,
application background, w indow s borders, and icons
B ackground
S ets the display pattern and w allpaper
E ffects
S ets visual param eters for icons and w hich icons to
associate w ith desktop functions
Display Options (continued)
Chapter 6
D isp lay O p tion
P urp ose
S creen S aver
S ets up a screen saver, controls screen saver param eters,
and controls the energy saving features of your display
(if the display is energy saver com patible)
S ettings
S ets up the color palette and pixel desktop area and is
used to troubleshoot problem s w ith display settings
W eb
S ets the properties of W eb page displays
Folder Options
Chapter 6

Use the Folder Options tool to
customize My Computer, Windows
Explorer, and desktop options
Folder Options Configuration
Chapter 6
Figure 6-3 Folder Options window
Folder Options Tabs
Chapter 6
F old er O p tion
P urp ose
G eneral
S ets up the active d esk to p and W eb view s, custo m izes ho w fo ld ers are
o p ened , and d eterm ines if item s are o p ened thro ugh a single o r d o ub le click
V iew
D eterm ines ho w files and fo ld ers are view ed , such as w hether hid d en files and
fo ld ers are d isp layed and if certain file extensio ns are d isp layed
File T yp es
E nab les yo u to asso ciate a file typ e, such as an http file (. htp ), w ith a p ro gram
that runs w hen yo u o p en the file, Internet E xp lo rer fo r exam p le
O ffline Files
E nab les yo u to set up netw o rk files shared b y o ther co m p uters so yo u can
access them o ffline b y sto ring the files o n the server and synchro nizing the
files b etw een the server and netw o rk b efo re lo gging o ff (an o p tio n W ind o w s
2 0 0 0 P ro fessio nal users are m o st lik ely to use instead o f W ind o w s 2 0 0 0
S erver, b ut availab le in b o th o p erating system s)
Fonts
Chapter 6

The Fonts tool is used to install,
remove, and manage fonts in Windows
2000
Game Controllers
Chapter 6

Included more for compatibility with
Windows 2000 Professional and
enables the setup of game controllers,
such as a controller in an expansion slot
or connected to a USB port
GSNW
Chapter 6

The GSNW tool enables you to
configure and manage Gateway
Services for NetWare, when the
Windows 2000 server is setup up to
offer a gateway to files on a NetWare
server
Internet Options
Chapter 6

The Internet Options tool is used to
customize Internet access, such as the
home Web page, storage of temporary
files, and security
Keyboard
Chapter 6

The Keyboard tool is used to customize
keyboard parameters such as the
repeat rate and cursor blink rate
Licensing
Chapter 6

The Licensing tool is used to manage
licenses and is the place in which to add
more licenses when they are purchased
as your network grows
Mail and Fax
Chapter 6

The Mail and Fax tool enables you to
configure the Windows 2000 Server
mail and fax services, such as mail
reception options and information about
each fax user and fax cover pages
Mouse
Chapter 6

Use the Mouse tool to configure mouse
properties such as pointer symbols and
the mouse response rate
Network and Dial-up
Connections
Chapter 6

The Network and Dial-up Connections
tool is one you will come to rely on for
configuring all kinds of network
connections, configuring protocols, and
managing other network properties
Troubleshooting Tip
Chapter 6

Use the Network and Dial-up
Connections tool to temporarily
disconnect a server from the network
while you are maintaining it or fixing a
problem
Disabling a Connection
Chapter 6
Figure 6-4 Disabling the local area network connection
Phone and Modem Options
Chapter 6

The Phone and Modem Options tool
enables you to configure
telecommunications lines, such as setting
modem speed and transmission properties
Power Options
Chapter 6

The Power Options tool is used to
configure energy saving features such
as turning off the monitor and hard drive
when they are not in use; plus it is used
to configure communication with an
uninterruptible power source
Printers
Chapter 6

Use the Printers tool to install, remove,
and manage printers, including making
the Windows 2000 server function as a
print server
Regional Options
Chapter 6

The Regional Options tool is used to
customize the time format and
international formats for numbers, the
date, and currency; plus it is used to set
the language used
Scanners and Cameras
Chapter 6

The Scanners and Cameras tool is used
to install a scanner card or configure the
attachment of a digital camera
Scheduled Tasks
Chapter 6

The Scheduled Tasks tool is used to run
a task, command, or script at a
particular time
Troubleshooting Tip
Chapter 6

If the Task Scheduler is not working,
make sure that the Task Scheduler
service is started and set to start
automatically (use the Computer
Management tool or the Services tool to
check)
Sounds and Multimedia
Chapter 6

Use the Sounds and Multimedia tool to
configure sounds with particular actions
and to configure multimedia capabilities
such as compression, MIDI, and other
features
System
Chapter 6

The System tool enables you to configure
user profiles, the computer’s name,
server performance, and access the
Device Manager
System Properties
Chapter 6
Figure 6-5 System options
Driver Signing
Chapter 6

Driver signing: A digital signature that
Microsoft incorporates into driver and
system files as a way to verify the files and
to ensure that they are not inappropriately
overwritten
System File Checker
Chapter 6

The System File Checker is a tool that is
used to find inappropriate versions of
critical files, such as .dll and .sys files
and restore the appropriate versions
Troubleshooting Tip
Chapter 6

If you install software from a vendor and
afterward find that certain features of
Windows 2000 Server no longer work
properly, use the System File Checker
to locate which system files have been
overwritten and then to restore those
files
Configuring the Display
Chapter 6

After installing Windows 2000 Server,
use the display tool to:
 Check
the color and pixel settings
 Install a new display driver
 Set up a screen saver
 Set up the background display
Display Properties
Chapter 6
Figure 6-6 Configuring the display
Troubleshooting Tip
Chapter 6


Use the password option with your
screen saver to protect the server from
intruders
Use a screen saver that is not CPU
intensive
Screen Saver Configuration
Chapter 6
Figure 6-7 Screen saver setup
Configuring the Mouse or
Pointing Device
Chapter 6

Configure the mouse or install a new
pointing device to match the way that
you work, for example you can use the
Mouse tool to install a driver for a
pointing device that you set up to
replace the mouse that came with the
server
Mouse Setup Options
Chapter 6
O p tion
P urp ose
B utto ns
S ets right-hand ed and left-hand ed o p tio ns, single-click and d o ub le-click
o p tio ns, p lus the d o ub le-click sp eed
H ard w are
S ets up a new m o use and d river and hard w are reso urces, such as the IR Q
M o tio n
C o ntro ls the m o use sp eed o r resets the d efault sp eed
P o inters
C usto m izes the p o inter ico ns d isp layed w ith sp ecific functio ns such as b usy
o r text select
Installing a Driver
Chapter 6
Figure 6-8 Installing a pointing device driver
Configuring the Keyboard
Chapter 6

Change the keyboard characteristics to
match the way you work or install a new
keyboard and driver
Keyboard Setup Options
Chapter 6
O p tion
P urp ose
H ardw are
Installs a keyboard driver
Input Locales
S ets up language and other keyboard properties for locales that
use different languages, such as E nglish and S w edish
S peed
S ets up keyboard characteristics such as repeat delay, repeat rate,
and cursor blink rate
Adding, Removing,
and Testing Hardware
Chapter 6

The Control Panel Add/Remove
Hardware tool can detect a new device
that is installed -- it is also used to
remove a device, unplug a device, and
run a test to determine if a device is
working
Configuration Tip
Chapter 6

For the most automated installation of a
device, make sure that the Plug and
Play service is started and set to start
automatically
Uninstalling a Device
Chapter 6
Figure 6-9 Uninstalling a NIC
Configuring Startup
and Recovery
Chapter 6


Configure the startup sequence and
configure how to recover from a system
failure
Example system failure configuration options
are:
 Record
the failure in the system log
 Send an alert
 Write debug information in a log
 Have the computer attempt to reboot
automatically
Configuring Startup
and Recovery
Chapter 6
Figure 6-10 Configuring startup and recovery options
Configuring Power Management
Chapter 6



Use a default power management
scheme or configure your own
Configure power management for the
monitor, disk drives, standby options,
and hibernation
Configure UPS power management, if a
UPS is used with the server
Configuring Power Management
Chapter 6
Figure 6-11 Configuring power management
Configuring Protocols
Chapter 6

Use the Network and Dial-up
Connections tool in Control Panel to
install, remove, and configure protocols
such as TCP/IP, NWLink, NetBEUI,
DLC, and AppleTalk
General Steps to Install
a Protocol
Chapter 6




Open the Network and Dial-up
Connections tool from Control Panel or
from the Start button, Settings option
Right-click Local Area Connection and
click Properties
Click Install, click Protocol, and click
Add
Double-click the protocol you want to
install
Installing a Protocol
Chapter 6
Figure 6-12 Installing a protocol
Installing NWLink
Chapter 6

When installing NWLink, make sure that
you configure:
 Frame
type
 Network number
 Internal network number (if needed)
Installing NWLink (continued)
Chapter 6
Figure 6-13 Configuring NWLink
Configuring TCP/IP
Chapter 6


Typically you will configure static
addressing for a server
Parameters associated with static
addressing include:
 IP
address -- assign a unique address
 Subnet mask -- such as 255.255.0.0
 Default gateway -- a computer or router that
forwards communications to another network
 DNS server -- to resolve computer names to IP
addresses
Configuring TCP/IP (continued)
Chapter 6
Figure 6-14 Configuring TCP/IP
Configuring IPSec
Chapter 6

Use the Advanced button in the TCP/IP
Properties to configure IPSec for extra
security
Configuring IPSec (continued)
Chapter 6
Figure 6-15 Configuring IPSec
Installing Additional
Windows 2000 Components
Chapter 6


Use the Network and Dial-Up
Connections tool to install additional
networking components such as
Gateway Services for NetWare
Use the Add/Remove Programs tool to
install additional software components
such as Network Monitor or Remote
Installation Services
Using the Add/Remove
Programs Tool
Chapter 6
Figure 6-16 Adding and configuring components
Troubleshooting Tip:
Check for Resource Conflicts
Chapter 6


Use the Device Manager or the
Computer Management tool to check for
a resource conflict
Example hardware resources include:
 Interrupt
request (IRQ) line
 I/O address
 Reserved memory range
Using Device Manager to
Check for a Conflict
Chapter 6
Figure 6-17 Checking for a resource conflict
Chapter Summary
Chapter 6


The Control Panel is one of the first
places where you will begin configuring
a newly installed server
Some of the Control Panel tools that
you will use most often include the
Add/Remove Hardware tool, the
Add/Remove Programs tool, and the
Network and Dial-up Connections tool
Chapter Summary
Chapter 6


Use the driver signing features of
Windows 2000 Server to protect
important system files
To prepare for troubleshooting, plan to
become familiar with the Device
Manager and the Computer
Management tool
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A Guide to Windows 2000 Server