Identifying Similarities & Differences Food eaten during frontier days Food eaten today fast food hardtack cow or goal milk open range meats spring water homegrown veggies mincemeat Johnny Cakes butter bread spices berries baking soda Chicken fried Armadillos ice cream domesticated meats city water Supermarket veggies pancakes chocolate Example of Comparison Na me____________________________ I Think I See a Pattern Comparing Maps and Globes Map Globe A map and globe are similar because A map and globe are different because ———————————————————– ———————————————————– ———————————————————– ———————————————————– ———————————————————– ———————————————————– Example of Comparison Comparison Matrix Characteristics Items to be Compared #1 1. #2 #3 Similarities Differences 2. Similarities Differences 3. Similarities Differences 4. Similarities Differences Example of Classification Content Area: Science Learning Goal: Understands that different animals live in different environments We have been learning that different animals live in different environments. Classify the following animals in terms of whether they live in water, forest, soil, or desert. Manatees Lizards Snakes Dolphins Bear Squirrels Ducks Turtle Worms Tortoise Frogs Scorpions moles deer Raccoon Now reclassify these animals using another set of criteria Example of Metaphor His eyes are black pebbles. Her temper was a volcano. Disease is a river. My eyes are open doors. ---------------------------------------------------------Graphic Organizer for Metaphors Element #1 Literal Pattern #1 A b s t r a c t Literal Pattern #2 Element #2 Example of Analogy thermometer is to temperature as odometer is to speed The relationship is that a thermometer measures temperature just as the odometer measures speed. Recommendations for Classroom Practice on Identifying Similarities & Differences c. Use a familiar context to teach steps Example: thermometer measures temperature Thermometer and odometer are both measurement devices odometer measures speed Recommendations for Classroom Practice on Identifying Similarities & Differences e. Guide students as they engage in this process. Gradually give less structure and less guidance. Example: Student-Structure Analogy ________ is to __________ in the movie Peter Pan as ________ is to __________ in Aladdin.