Identifying Similarities &
Differences
Food eaten
during frontier
days
Food eaten
today
fast food
hardtack
cow or goal milk
open range meats
spring water
homegrown veggies
mincemeat
Johnny Cakes
butter
bread
spices
berries
baking soda
Chicken fried Armadillos
ice cream
domesticated meats
city water
Supermarket
veggies
pancakes
chocolate
Example of Comparison
Na me____________________________
I Think I See a Pattern
Comparing Maps and Globes
Map
Globe
A map and globe are similar because
A map and globe are different because
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Example of Comparison
Comparison Matrix
Characteristics
Items to be Compared
#1
1.
#2
#3
Similarities
Differences
2.
Similarities
Differences
3.
Similarities
Differences
4.
Similarities
Differences
Example of Classification
Content Area: Science
Learning Goal: Understands that different animals live in
different environments
We have been learning that different animals live in different
environments. Classify the following animals in terms of whether they
live in water, forest, soil, or desert.
Manatees
Lizards
Snakes
Dolphins
Bear
Squirrels
Ducks
Turtle
Worms
Tortoise
Frogs
Scorpions
moles
deer
Raccoon
Now reclassify these animals using another set of criteria
Example of Metaphor
His eyes are black pebbles.
Her temper was a volcano.
Disease is a river.
My eyes are open doors.
---------------------------------------------------------Graphic Organizer for Metaphors
Element
#1
Literal
Pattern
#1
A
b
s
t
r
a
c
t
Literal
Pattern
#2
Element
#2
Example of Analogy
thermometer
is to
temperature
as
odometer
is to
speed
The relationship is that a thermometer measures
temperature just as the odometer measures speed.
Recommendations for Classroom Practice on
Identifying Similarities & Differences
c. Use a familiar context to teach steps
Example:
thermometer
measures
temperature
Thermometer
and
odometer
are both
measurement devices
odometer
measures
speed
Recommendations for Classroom Practice on
Identifying Similarities & Differences
e. Guide students as they engage
in this process. Gradually give
less structure and less guidance.
Example:
Student-Structure Analogy
________ is to __________ in the movie Peter Pan
as
________ is to __________ in Aladdin.
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Similarities & Differences 5th Grade PowerPoint