Decision Making
Making responsible decisions will
help you deal with conflict and
peer pressure while managing
• To gain a feeling of empowerment, you
must take responsibility for decisions.
• A person who has some sense of
control over their behavior and
decisions feels empowered.
Teenagers usually make decisions
using one of three decision making
• A person who fails to make
a choice and the failure to
choose determines what
will happen is using an
inactive decision-making
• Individuals who use this
style don’t know what they
want, put off making
difficult decisions and do
not gain self confidence.
Another style is:
• A reactive decision-making
• A person using this style
allows others to make
decisions for them.
• These individuals are
usually easily influenced
and lack self-confidence.
• They have a need to be
liked by others and give
control of their decisions to
A proactive decision-making
style is one in which a person:
• Examines the decision
to be made
• Identifies and evaluates
actions to take
• Selects an action
• Takes responsibility for
the consequences of
this action
Teenagers who have a proactive
decision-making style are
responsible decision makers.
Responsible decisionmaking:
• Promotes health
• Protects safety
• Follows laws
• Shows respect for self
and others
• Follow guidelines set
by responsible adults
• Demonstrates good
The steps used to make
Responsible Decisions include:
1. Describe the
situation that
requires a
For example:
Johnny has been
nominated for an
office in the student
council, but he does
not always have a ride
home after school. So
he may not be able to
attend the after school
Responsible Decision Making
2. List possible
decisions you might
Johnny could do nothing and see
what happens
Johnny could talk to the sponsor
and see if he/she could help
Johnny could talk to his parents
about possible ways to get home
He could find out if there is a bus
that goes close to his home
He could ask friends who are in
student council if he can ride
home with them
He could tell his friends and the
sponsor that he can not be an
officer because it is not the
responsible thing to do since he
can’t always have a ride
Responsible Decision Making
3. Share the list of
possible decisions
with a trusted adult.
Johnny shows the list to his
counselor or a teacher.
OR, he shows the list to his
OR, Johnny shows the list to
another adult who he
knows has his best
interest at heart.
Responsible Decision Making
4. Evaluate the
consequences of
each decision. Ask
questions about the
consequences of
each possible
Johnny ASKS:
Will this decision result in an
action that:
• Is healthful
• Is safe
• Is legal
• Shows respect for self and
• Follows the guidelines of
responsible adults such as
parents or guardians
• Demonstrates that I have good
Responsible Decision Making
5. Decide which
decision is
responsible and
Johnny decides to take to the sponsor and
see if she has any suggestions.
Johnny finds out that as an officer he
must be at all meetings unless he is
sick or has been excused in advance.
But she tells him that the activity bus
is an option to take him home. She
also states that several very active
members of student council live in his
neighborhood and she would be glad
to help arrange a ride with one of
Johnny decides based on these facts that
he will run for an office.
Responsible Decision Making
6. Act on your
decision and
evaluate the
Johnny runs for office and wins.
After he has been an officer for 2 months
he talks to the sponsor and they
discuss how he has been getting
Three other students have offered to give
him rides home, so he has not had to
miss any meetings.
He decides to write thank you notes to
his new friend’s parents telling them
he appreciates the rides home.
He is glad that he spoke with the sponsor
and made the decision to run for
student council office.
Sometimes Peer Pressure
influences decisions!
Peer Pressure is the
influence people of
similar age or status
place on others to
have them behave
in certain ways or
make certain
Peer pressure can be positive
or negative!
• An example of
positive peer
pressure is when
friends encourage
you to study and
make good grades.
• Negative peer
pressure occurs
when friends want
you to try drugs.
Resistance skills can be used by a
person who want to say NO or to
leave a situation.
• Resistance skills
can be used when
peer pressure is
• Resistance skills
help you say NO
and stick to your
Some resistance skills
teenagers can use include:
• Say NO in an assertive
• Give reason for saying
• Make sure your body
language or nonverbal
behavior matches what
you say.
• Avoid being with
people who make
harmful decisions.
• Avoid being in
situations in which
there will be pressure
to make harmful
• Resist the pressure to
engage in illegal
• Influence others to
make responsible
Please get out a sheet of
Respond to the open response
question on the next slide.
Place the completed journal entry
(answer to the open response
question) in your journal or notebook.
Answer all parts to this question using only
one side of your notebook paper.
Sara’s friend Jane uses alcohol or marijuana almost every day. Jane has
been cutting classes, failing most of her subjects and spending time
with other kids who use drugs. She says she’s having a great time,
but when ever Sara ask her what she’s doing that’s so much fun,
she can’t remember. So far, Sara hasn’t said anything to her, but
she’s really worried about her.
List and the steps of the decision making process.
B. Explain how using a decision making process will help Sara make a
better decision and allow her to help Jane in a more productive
manner. Be very specific.

Decision Making - Nova Scotia Department of Education