Library of Congress
Classification
Descriptive cataloging
Provides us with a tool for
identifying and describing a
specific book.
Provide access via the title,
person(s) or corporate body
responsible for the intellectual
content, and the series.
Subject cataloging
Allows us to create access
points through subject
headings describing what the
book is about
Does not give an address for a
book on the shelf
Classification
• Provides access via discipline
through the call number
• Allows browsing by
collocating books by
discipline on the shelves
BF
Psychology
QD
Chemistry
• Facilitates rapid retrieval and
re-shelving
Collocation by discipline
LCC
UH
Philosophy/
Religion
Education
Math/
Science
College of
Arts &
Humanities
College of
Education
College of
Natural
Sciences
Subject: Railroads
•Railroad engineering
TF 200
•Railroad economics
HE 2613
•Railroad law
KF 2773
Classification terminology
• Scheme—the intellectual
breakdown of knowledge into
disciplines such as history,
science, and all their
subdivisions
• Notation—the actual numbers
and letters that are used; the
notation is actually the scheme
in code
System of notation
The classification scheme in code
Fun
with
Science
Fun
with
Math
Science
Science
Math
Fun
with
Fun
with
Integral
Calculus
Integral
Calculus
Science
Math
Integral
Calculus
QA
308
System of notation
The classification scheme in code
Fun
with
Integral
Calculus
QA
308
Q
Science
QA
Mathematics
QA300 General works,
treatises, and
textbooks
QA 308 Integral Calculus
Types of notation
• Pure notation—only letters
or only numbers
• Dewey—numbers only
• Mixed notation—both letters
and numbers
• LCC—letters and numbers
Library of Congress (1)
• 1800 – President John Adams
approved legislation allocating
$5,000 to establish a library for
the use of Congress in the city
of Washington
• 1801 – Books arrived (740
volumes and three maps)
• Organization system – by size
Organizing by size
Library of Congress (2)
• 1808 – Second organization
system – form and size
• 1814 – Washington burned by
British soldiers
• Thomas Jefferson sells his
library (6,487 volumes) to
Library of Congress for $23,950
Jefferson’s classification
scheme (1)
Jefferson’s classification
scheme (2)
• 44 chapters with subdivisions
• Each book marked with
chapter and book number
Brown
Baker
Adams
Chapter 4
American
history
4/1 4/2
4/3 . . .
?4/2a
Choices
• Use existing scheme
• Dewey Decimal System
• Charles Ammi Cutter’s
Expansive Classification
System
• Halle Schema
• Build their own
LC Classification
• Mixed notation
SB457.55
• Not all letters used – room for
future expansion G H J K
• Letters don’t stand for
anything
BS ?
• Subject specialists developed
each class schedule
2 Approaches
Classification of knowledge
• Classification of entire body of
knowledge
• Philosophical in nature
• Looks for similar universal
concepts; tries to group them
in anticipation of need
• Dewey
Classification of books
• Literary warrant
• Put like books together
• Library of Congress
Library of Congress Classes
(A – H)
A
B
C
D
General works
Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Auxiliary sciences of history
History (General) and History of
Europe
E History: America
F History: America [U.S. local & other countries]
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
H Social Sciences
Library of Congress Classes
(J – P)
J
K
L
M
N
P
Political Science
Law
Education
Music and Books on Music
Fine Arts
Language and Literature
Library of Congress Classes
(Q – Z)
Q
R
S
T
U
V
Z
Science
Medicine
Agriculture
Technology
Military Science
Naval Science
Bibliography. Library Science.
Information Resources (General)
Class B – Philosophy.
Psychology. Religion
Subclass B
Subclass BC
Subclass BD
Subclass BF
Subclass BH
Subclass BJ
...
Philosophy (General)
Logic
Speculative philosophy
Psychology
Aesthetics
Ethics
Two-letter
subclass
Class B – Philosophy.
Psychology. Religion (cont.)
Subclass BL Religions. Mythology.
Rationalism
Subclass BM Judaism
Subclass BP Islam. Bahaism.
Theosophy, etc.
Subclass BQ Buddhism
Subclass BR Christianity
...
Class K – Law
Subclass K
Law in general.
Comparative and uniform
law. Jurisprudence
Subclass KBR History of canon law
Subclass KBU Law of the Roman Catholic
Church. The Holy See
Subclass
KD-KDK
United Kingdom and
Ireland
Subclass KDZ America. North America
...
Three-letter subclass
LC CLASSIFICATION
OUTLINE
LC CLASSIFICATION OUTLINE
GENERAL WORKS
A
For works too general or
comprehensive to be classed
with any particular subject,
however broad
AC
1-195
Collections. Series. Collected
works
Collections of monographs,
essays, etc.
LC CLASSIFICATION OUTLINE
B
PHILOSOPHY. PSYCHOLOGY. RELIGION
B
Philosophy (General)
For general philosophical
treatises, see BD10-41
69-5739
History and systems
Including individual
philosophers and schools
of philosophy
BC
Logic
BD
Speculative philosophy
10-41
General philosophical works
95-131
Metaphysics
LC CLASSIFICATION OUTLINE
AGRICULTURE
S
69-5739
583-589
590-599
605-621
SB
110-112
Agriculture (General)
Farm management. Farm
economics
Agricultural chemistry and
physics
Soils
Reclamation and irrigation
of farm land
Including organic farming
Plant culture
Methods for special areas
S
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION
AGRICULTURE
S
Schedule contents
• Preface
• Broad outline or synopsis
listing subclasses
• Detailed outline
• Schedule itself
• Any auxiliary tables
• Detailed index
AGRICULTURE
SYNOPSIS
S
SB
SD
SF
SH
SK
AGRICULTURE
PLANT CULTURE
FORESTRY
ANIMAL CULTURE
AQUACULTURE. FISHERIES.
ANGLING
HUNTING SPORTS
AGRICULTURE
OUTLINE
S
AGRICULTURE (GENERAL)
403 Agricultural missions,
voyages, etc.
520-559 Agricultural education
539.5-542 Research. Experimentation
544-545 Agricultural extension work
548-548.6 Historic farms
Range of numbers for
...
agricultural education
Warning…
Never class from the
outline!
AGRICULTURE
S
AGRICULTURE (GENERAL)
Class
letter
1
3
5
S
Periodicals. By language of
publication
For works about societies and
serial publications of societies,
see S21+
For general yearbooks, see S414
English (American)
English
French
AGRICULTURE
S
AGRICULTURE (GENERAL)
S
Periodicals. By language of
publication
For works about societies and
Class
serial publications of societies,
numbers see S21+
For general yearbooks, see S414
1
English (American)
3
English
5
French
AGRICULTURE
S
AGRICULTURE (GENERAL)
S
Periodicals. By language of
publication
Captions For works about societies and
serial publications of societies,
see S21+
For general yearbooks, see S414
1
English (American)
3
English
5
French
AGRICULTURE
S
AGRICULTURE (GENERAL)
1
3
5
S
Periodicals. By language of
publication
For works about societies and
serial publications of societies,
see S21+
For general yearbooks, see S414
English (American)
English
French
S1 Agricultural digest
AGRICULTURE
QD
CHEMISTRY
QD
Inorganic chemistry
181.A-Z
Special elements. By chemical
symbol, A-Z (Table Q1)
Class here works on the origin,
properties, preparation,
Scope
reactions, isotopes, and
note
analytical chemistry of
individual elements and their
inorganic compounds.
AGRICULTURE
S
AGRICULTURE (GENERAL)
S
Periodicals. By language of
publication
For works about societies and
See
serial publications of societies,
references see S21+
For general yearbooks, see S414
1
English (American)
3
English
5
French
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
SB
Parks and public reservations
Including works on theory,
management, history, etc.
Cf. QH75-77 Nature reserves,
Confer
wilderness areas
notes
Cf. QH91.75.A1-Z Marine parks
and reserves [H R]
AGRICULTURE
INDEX
A
Abalone: SH371.5+
Abandoned farm lands
(Improvement, reclamation,
etc.): S606
Aberdeen-Angus cattle: SF199.A14
Abies alba (Sylviculture):
SD3974.A18
...
Divisions within a class
• Preliminary section
• General form subdivision
• Philosophy
• History
• Biography
• General works
• Study and teaching
• Logical breakdown of discipline
into subtopics
AGRICULTURE
S
AGRICULTURE (GENERAL)
1
3
5
S
Periodicals. By language of
publication
For works about societies and
serial publications of societies,
see S21+
For general yearbooks, see S414
English (American)
English
French
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
SB
Periodicals and societies
1
American
For societies under state
auspices see SB21
4
English
7 American
French farmer's monthly
10
German
13
Other
SB1
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
45
45.5
SB
Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Nomenclature
Communication in crop science
45.6
General works
45.65
Crop science in literature
46
Receipts and rule books. Calendars
50
Vocational guidance
The encyclopedia
of horticulture
Study and teaching.
Research
51
General works
51.8.A-Z International institutions. By
name, A-Z
SB45
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
SB
Study and teaching. Research
51
General works
51.8.A-Z International institutions. By
name, A-Z
52.A-Z
By region or country, A-Z
Teaching
crops and
Under field
each country:
.x horticulture
General works
.x2A-.x2Z
Local, A-Z
.x3A-.x3Z
Special schools or
institutions. By name, A-Z
SB51
AGRICULTURE
SB
324.85
PLANT CULTURE
SB
Care and preparation of vegetables
for market
Including cold storage
Cf. TX612.V4 Home storage of
Subtopic vegetables or types of
vegetables
Culture of individual vegetables or
types of vegetables
325
Asparagus
327
Beans. Common bean
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
324.85
SB
Care and preparation of vegetables
for market
coldasparagus
storage
HowIncluding
to grow
Cf. TX612.V4 Home storage of
vegetables or types of
vegetables
Culture of individual vegetables or
types of vegetables
325
Asparagus
327
Beans. Common bean
SB325
AGRICULTURE
SB
325
327
329
331
PLANT CULTURE
SB
Culture of individual vegetables or
types of vegetables
Asparagus
Beans. Common bean
Cf. SB203-205 Feed and forage
legumes
Beets
Beans
in yourMangel-wurzel
garden
Cf. SB207.M35
Cf. SB218-221 Sugar beets
Cabbage
Including cabbage and cauliflower
SB327
AGRICULTURE
SB
325
327
329
331
PLANT CULTURE
SB
Culture of individual vegetables or
types of vegetables
Asparagus
Growing broccoli
Beans. Common bean
Cf. SB203-205 Feed and forage
legumes
Beets
Cf. SB207.M35 Mangel-wurzel
Cf. SB218-221 Sugar beets
Cabbage
Including cabbage and cauliflower
SB330?
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
SB
Biography
61 Collective
63.A-Z Individual, A-Z
e.g.
Biographies
of eminent
Appleseed, Johnny
see SB63.C46
.B9
Burbank, Luther
horticulturalists
.C46
Chapman, John
.H5
Henderson, Peter
SB61
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
SB
Biography
61 Collective
LutherA-Z
Burbank
63.A-Z Individual,
e.g.
Appleseed, Johnny see SB63.C46
.B9
Burbank, Luther
.C46
Chapman, John
.H5 of Henderson,
Peter
Biography
Luther Burbank
SB63 .B9
SB63 Biographies of individual
horticulturalists
SB63
.C46
Henderson
Chapman
Burbank
SB63
.B9
SB63
.H5
Class
cutter
Cutter numbers
• Capital letter with one, two, or
more Arabic numerals
• Used to maintain alphabetization
• May be based on personal names,
corporate names, geographic
names, words for topics, or on
titles
• Name derived from C.A. Cutter's
tables
Cutter numbers (cont'd)
• Decimal form for infinite
division
.B2 .B25 .B3
• Library of Congress avoids
use of 0 and 1
• Maximum of two cutters
Smallest call number for book
one class
letter
main entry
cutter letter
one class
number
Z6
.G2
1990
year
1-digit main
entry cutter
number
Large call number for book
3 class
letters
class Cutter
letter
main entry
Cutter letter
year
3 class
numbers
KDG540
2-digit class
.C65
Cutter no.
.G355 3-digit main
1990 entry Cutter
number
c.2 copy no.
Two main types of Cutters
class
Cutter
KDG540
.C65
.G355
1990
c.2
main entry
Cutter
(item no.)
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
SB
History and conditions
71
General
History
Antiquity of agriculture
73
General works
75
Greeks
77
Romans
79
Middle Ages
By region or country
A history
of Roman
horticulture
United
States
83
General works
SB77
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
SB
History and conditions
…
History
of agriculture
By region
or country - state
United States
83
General works
85.A-Z
By region or state, A-Z
Under each state:
.x
works
A history of plant
culture General
in Colorado
.x2A-.x2Z
Local, A-Z
SB85
Where to find country or state
Cutters:
Subject
Cataloging
Manual
Shelflisting
American States and Canadian
Provinces G302
United States
Alabama . . . . A2
Alaska . . . . A4
Arizona . . . . A6
Arkansas . . . . A8
California. . . . C2
Colorado . . . . C6
Connecticut. . C8
Delaware . . . . D3
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Subject Cataloging Manual: Shelflisting
. . . . F6
. . . . G4
. . . . H3
. . . . I2
. . . . I3
. . . . I6
. . . . I8
. . . . K2
AGRICULTURE
SB
PLANT CULTURE
SB
History and conditions
…
History
of agriculture
By region
or country - state
United States
83
General works
85.A-Z
By region or state, A-Z
Under each state:
.x
works
A history of plant
culture General
in Colorado
.x2A-.x2Z
Local, A-Z
SB85 .C6
Adding a main entry Cutter
SB
PLANT CULTURE
SB
Culture of individual vegetables or
types of vegetables
325
Asparagus
327
Beans. Common bean
Cf. SB203-205 Feed and forage
legumes
329How
Beets
to grow asparagus
Cf. SB207.M35 Mangel-wurzel
Schultz
Cf. by
SB218-221
Sugar beets
331
Cabbage
Including cabbage and cauliflower
SB325
Cutter Table
After initial vowels
for the second letter:
use number:
b d
2 3
After initial letter S
for the second letter:
use number:
a ch
2 3
l-m n
4 5
e
4
h-i m-p
5 6
After initial letters QU
How
to grow asparagus
for
the second
a e
i o
[i.e.,
third
letter:
by
Schultz
3 4
5 6
use number:
SB325 .S3
p
6
r
7
r s-t u-y
7 8 9
t
7
u w-z
8 9
t
8
y
9
How to grow cabbage by Amigo
Cutter Table
After initial vowels
for the second letter:
use number:
b d
2 3
After initial letter S
for the second letter:
use number:
a ch
2 3
l-m n
4 5
e
4
After initial letters QU
How
to grow cabbage
for
the second
a e
i
[i.e.,
third
letter:
by
Amigo
3 4
5
use number:
SB331 .A 4
p
6
h-i m-p
5 6
o
6
r
7
r s-t u-y
7 8 9
t
7
u w-z
8 9
t
8
y
9
How to grow beans by Quilter
Cutter Table
After initial vowels
for the second letter: b d l-m n
How
to grow beans
use number:
2 3
4 5
by
Quilter
After initial letter S
for the second
SB327
.Q 5letter:
use number:
a ch
2 3
After initial letters QU
for the second
a
[i.e., third letter:
3
use number:
e
4
e
4
i
5
p
6
h-i m-p
5 6
o
6
r
7
r s-t u-y
7 8 9
t
7
u w-z
8 9
t
8
y
9
How to grow beans by Quilter
Cutter Table
After initial letters QU
for the second
a
[i.e., third letter:
3
use number:
e
4
i
5
o
6
r
7
t
8
y
9
How to grow beans
.
by Quilter
.
SB327. .Q 5 5
For expansion
for the [third] letter:
use number:
a-d e-h
3
4
i-l
5
m-o p-s t-v w-z
6
7
8
9
How to grow beans by Quiche
Cutter Table
After initial letters QU
for the second
a
[i.e., third letter:
3
use number:
e
4
i
5
o
6
r
7
t
8
y
9
How to grow beans
.
by Quiche
.
SB327. .Q 5 3
For expansion
for the [third] letter:
use number:
a-d e-h
3
4
i-l
5
m-o p-s t-v w-z
6
7
8
9
How to grow asparagus
Cutter Table
After initial vowels
for the second letter:
use number:
b d
2 3
After initial letter S
for the second letter:
use number:
…
l-m n
4 5
a ch
2 3
e
4
a
3
i
5
p
6
h-i m-p
5 6
r s-t u-y
7 8 9
t
7
u w-z
8 9
t
8
y
9
After other initial consonants
For the second letter:
use number:
e
4
o
6
r
7
by Aragorn by Gamgee by Surry
SB325 .A7 SB325 .G 3 SB325 .S8
SB327 Growing beans
Schultz
Quilter
Quiche
Amigo
SB327 SB327 SB327 SB327
.A45
.Q53
.Q55
.S38
Mainentry
Cutters
Add the publication year
Schultz
Quilter
Quiche
Amigo
SB327 SB327 SB327 SB327
.A45
.Q53
.Q55
.S38
2003
2007
2006
2005
Publ.
year
Library of Congress
Classification Web
http://classificationweb.net/
http://classweb.loc.gov
Click on Outline
Classification Outline (1)
A -- GENERAL WORKS
B -- PHILOSOPHY. PSYCHOLOGY.
RELIGION
C -- AUXILIARY SCIENCES OF HISTORY
D -- HISTORY: GENERAL AND OLD
WORLD
E -- HISTORY: AMERICA
F -- HISTORY: AMERICA
G -- GEOGRAPHY. ANTHROPOLOGY.
RECREATION
H -- SOCIAL SCIENCES
Classification Outline (2)
J -- POLITICAL SCIENCE
K -- LAW
L -- EDUCATION
M -- MUSIC AND BOOKS ON MUSIC
N -- FINE ARTS
P -- LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE
Q -- SCIENCE
R -- MEDICINE
S – AGRICULTURE
T -- TECHNOLOGY
Log in
Beginning of the Agriculture
class
Scheme hierarchy
Schedule hierarchy
Outline: Agriculture
(General) - 1
S1-972
Agriculture (General)
SB1-1110 Plant culture
For climatic aspects of particular
Range of
crops, see the crop, e.g.
numbers
SB191.M2 Corn
for plant
For soil aspects of particular
culture
crops see S597.A-Z
For fertilizers for particular crops
see S667.A-Z
Outline: Agriculture
(General) - 2
SD1-668
Forestry [H R B L S]
Cf. QK474.8-493.5 Trees [H R]
Range of numbers
Cf. S494.5.A45 Agroforestry [H R]
for forestry
SF1-1100 Animal culture [H R B L S]
Cf. HD9410-9429 Animal industry
Range of
(Economic aspects) [H R]
numbers
Cf. HG9968.6 Livestock insurance
for animal
[H R]
culture
Warning…
Don’t class from this
screen!
Outline: Agriculture
(General)
S1-972
Agriculture (General) [H R B L S]
SB1-1110 Plant culture [H R B L S]
For climatic aspects of particular
crops, see the crop, e.g.
Click on
SB191.M2 Corn
plant
culture
For soil aspects of particular
crops see S597.A-Z [H R]
For fertilizers for particular crops
see S667.A-Z [H R]
Plant culture
Range
of call
nos.
SB1-13
SB16.A1-Z
SB19-29
SB39
Call
number
SB41-43
Periodicals and societies
[H R B L S]
Congresses [H R B L S]
Documents [H R B L S]
Horticultural voyages,
etc. [H R B L S]
Collections [H R B L S]
Click on periodicals
and societies
Plant culture--Periodicals
and societies
SB1
American [H R B L S]
For societies under
state auspices see
SB21 [H R]
SB4
English [H R B L S]
SB7
French [H R B L S]
SB10
German
[H R B L
S]
The American
farmer's
monthly
SB13
Other [H R B L S]
SB1
Descargar

Library of Congress Subject Headings