1950’s American Culture
If only the
Gov’t. came
up with
some dumb
way to
protect me.
1950’s American Culture
•
Fashion
– Women
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Dresses
blouses
Skirts
Pants
Hair
Swimsuits
Shoes
Makeup
Prom and Evening Dresses
Teenagers
– Men
•
•
•
•
•
Hair
Suits
Shirts
Hats
Shoes
• Music of the 1950’s
• Houses
– Levittowns
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Community Planning
House Styles
Floor Plans Plans
Apartments
Regulations
Notable 50’s Events
Inventions
Fads
Slang
Alan Freed and Sam Phillips
• Alan Freed Cleveland
DJ coins the term
Rock and Roll
• Sam Phillips owner of
Sun Records in
Memphis
Alan Freed
Sam
Phillips
Sun Records
• Owned by Sam
Phillips
• Memphis, TN
Johnny Cash, Elvis,
Sam Perkins, and
Jerry Lee Lewis “The
Million Dollar Quartet”
1950-1954 Music
• Coined Bubble Gum
Music because of its
sweet sound and nice
lyrics
• Light Melodies
• Innocent Lyrics
• Wholesome Singers
• Music reflected the Post
W.W.II good feelings
• Artists such as Perry
Como, Rosemary
Clooney, and Pat Boone
Dominated the charts
Music of the 1950’s
• 1950-1954 Music
Overview
• Freed and Phillips
– Sun Records
• 1955
– Influential Songs
• 1956
– American Bandstand
The Rat Pack
1957
1958
1959
The Rat Pack
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Frank Sinatra
Dean Martin
Lauren Bacall
Judy Garland
Humphrey Bogart
Sammy Davis Jr.
Peter Lawford
Joey Bishop
– Cast in the 1960’s
American Bandstand
• Begin in 1952 as a local
show in Philadelphia
• 1956 ABC picks it up as a
national show Dick Clark
becomes the host
• Starts off as a daily show,
then becomes weekly in
1963
• American Bandstand
Theme song
• Moves to LA in 1964
• Jerry Lee Lewis performs
the first song on the
national edition- “Whole
Lotta Shaking Going On”
• Dick Clark’s podium that
he stood at, is now in the
Smithsonian.
• B.B. King is the only
performer to not lip sync
on American Bandstand
American Bandstand Theme
Song
• "Bandstand Boogie"
Music by Charles Albertine
Words by Barry Manilow and Bruse Sussman
"We're goin' hoppin' (Hop!)
We're goin' hopin' today
Where things are poppin'(Pop!)
The Philadelphia way We're goin' drop in (Drop!)
On all the music they play On the Bandstand.! "
1956
• Elvis takes over
• The Platters
• Frankie Lymon and
the Teenagers
• Johnny Cash
• Little Richard
1957 was the last year in the history of Rock in which all of the year end Top Ten artists
were American
1957
•
•
•
•
•
Buddy Holly
Everly Brothers
Fats Domino
Pat Boone
Chuck Berry
• Jerry Lee Lewis’
marriage
• Danny and the
Juniors
• Chimpmunks
• Connie Francis
• Little Anthony
• Elvis is in the Army
1958
1959
• The day the music
dies
Ritchie Valens, Big
Bopper, and Buddy
Holly all killed in a
plane crash
Paul Anka
Bobby Darin
1955
• Chess Records in
Chicago signs Chuck
Berry
• Leonard Chess is
introduced to Berry by
Muddy Waters
• Bill Haley and His
Comets have a hit
with “Rock around the
Clock”
• Chuck Berry record
Maybellene which
was called Ida Red
• Berry had been
studying cosmetology
before this song
1955
• 1955 spawned five titles considered by the
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame to be among
the 500 Most Influential - Ain't That a
Shame (Fats Domino), Earth Angel (The
Penguins), Mannish Boy (Muddy Waters),
Maybellene (Chuck Berry), and Rock
Around the Clock (Bill Haley and the
Comets).
Inventions of the 1950’s
•
•
•
•
•
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
•
•
•
•
•
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1950
• Zenith introduces "lazy bones" tuning - change
all television stations from the comfort of your
easy chair. Hand held device plugs into TV
• Antihistamines enter popular use for treatment of
allergies and head-colds.
• Leo Fender's guitar company introduced their
Broadcaster and Esquire models, the first massproduced solid body electric guitars.
• Telephone Answering Machine created by Bell
Laboratories and Western Electric.
1951
• UNIVAC 1 First commercial computer.
• A.E.C. (Atomic Energy Commission) produces electricity
from atomic energy.
• Super glue invented.
• American automobile manufacturer Chrysler Corporation
introduces power steering., which they called
Hydraguide.
• Charles Ginsburg invented the first videotape recorder
(VTR).
• J. Andre-Thomas invents the first heart-lung machine,
allowing advanced life-support during open-heart
surgery.
• Still camera gets built-in flash units.
1952
• The first patent for bar code (US Patent
#2,612,994) issued to inventors Joseph
Woodland and Bernard Silver
• American automobile manufacturer
Chrysler Corporation introduces power
steering., which they called Hydraguide.
• Sony, a brand new Japanese company,
introduces the first pocket-sized transistor
radio More
1953
• Radial tires invented.
• The first musical synthesizer invented by RCA
• The first 3-D movie is shown: Arch Oboler's Bwana Devil,
starring Robert Stack. Learn More
• Francis Crick and James Watson discover the ``double
helix'' of DNA.
• Con-Tact paper debuts
• Dr. Jonas Salk announces discovery of the vaccine for
poliomyelitis
• White Rose Redi-tea is the world's first instant iced tea
• Dow Chemical creates Saran Wrap
• TV color broadcasting began in 1953
1954
• Oral contraceptives invented.
• The first nonstick pan produced.
• The solar cell invented by Chaplin, Fuller and
Pearson.
• The first successful kidney transplant is
performed in the U.S. by Harvard physicians.
The patient will survive for seven more years.
• General Electric introduces colored kitchen
appliances. Bye, bye white!
1955
• Tetracycline invented.
• Optic fiber invented Zenith engineer
Eugene Polley invented the "Flashmatic,"
which represented the industry's first
wireless TV remote.
• Gregory Pincus develops the first oral
contraceptive
1956
• The first computer hard disk used.
• As a result of the joint research of Sherman and
Smith, the Scotchgard™ Protector was launched
in the marketplace
• Secretary Bette Nesmith Graham invented
"Mistake Out" later renamed, Liquid Paper
• The first commercial videotape recorder is
introduced. The device is intended for industrial
applications, and it quickly revolutionizes the
way television programming is produced.
1957
• Fortran (computer language) invented.
• Velcro is patented by George de Mestral of
Switzerland.
• Eveready produces "AA" size alkaline
batteries
1958
• The modem invented.
• Gordon Gould invents the laser.
• The integrated circuit invented by Jack
Kilby and Robert Noyce.
• Sterophonic recordings, which use two
separately recorded channels of sound to
recreate a sense of space, come into
commercial use.
1959
• The internal pacemaker invented by
Wilson Greatbatch.
• In 1959, Joseph-Armand Bombardier of
Valcourt, Quebec, Canada patented the
Ski-Doo, originally christened the Ski-Dog,
but renamed because of a typographical
error that Bombardier decided not to
change. You know it as a snowmobile.
Notable 50’s
•
•
•
•
•
•
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1959
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The Day the Music Dies
One word: Barbie
Jiffy Pop
Last Confederate soldier dies(the South will not
rise again)
Bonanza debuts
The Guggenheim
Sleeping Beauty
Vince Lombardi starts in Green Bay
Metrecal is introduced
1950
•
•
•
•
•
Silly Putty is introduced
Smokey the Bear starts
Peanuts starts
23% Divorce Rate
Average age of marriage is 22
years old
• Kraft Cheese Slices are introduced
1951
– Topps sells it first complete Baseball Card set
– Catcher in the Rye is published
– S and H green stamps are started in Denver
– Dennis the Menace is in over 750,000
newspapers
– Alice in Wonderland released
– First Jack in the Box opens in San Diego
1952
– Old Man and the Sea is published
– Mr. Potato Head
– 50,000 stricken with Polio and 3,300 die
– Sugar Frosted Flakes
– The Power of Positive Thinking comes out.
– Gibson introduces the Les Paul guitar
– Sony comes out with a transistor radio
1953
• Playboy first published; first
pictorials were of Marilyn Monroe.
• Jonas Salk comes up with
discovery for polio
• Kraft Cheese Whiz
• Fahrenheit 451 is published
1954
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Sports Illustrated is Born
Burger King Opens
M & M’s come out
Lord of the Rings is published
Play Doh
Bazooka Joe Comics
Bannister breaks the 4 minute mile
TV dinner is born
1955
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ann Landers columns starts in Chicago
Home microwave sales start $1300
KFC starts
McDonalds starts
Disneyland opens
Ford Thunderbird debuts
1956
•
•
•
•
•
Yahtzee is Born
Certs save the world from bad breath
Wizard of Oz appears on TV
Last Union soldier dies from the Civil War
Marilyn Monroe marries Arthur Miller
1957
•
•
•
•
•
•
47 million tv sets
Tang is introduced
West Side Story hits Broadway
Jackie Robinson
Frisbee is nationally marketed
American Bandstand Goes National: Dick Clark
is the Host
• On the Road is published
• Ed Gein’s killing spree stops
• Barry Gordy starts MoTown Records
1958
• Dr. Zhivago is published in the US.
Banned in the USSR
• American Express and Visa are born
• HULA Hoop rolls out
• Grammy Award comes out
• 4,063 Drive Ins
• Rice a Roni
• Cocoa Krispies comes out(43% sugar)
1950’s Fads
• 3-D Movies
• Chlorophyll
• Coonskin Caps
• Think Pink
• Poodles
• Telephone Cramming
• Burma Shave
Burma Shave
• Altho insured
Remember, kiddo
They don't pay you
They pay
Your widow
Burma-Shave
• Spring
Has sprung
The grass has riz
Where last year's
Careless drivers is
Burma-Shave
Burma Shave Cont’d.
• Proper
Distance
To him was bunk
They pulled him
out
Of some guy's
trunk
Burma-Shave
• A beard
That's rough
And overgrown
Is better than
A chaperone
Burma-Shave
Poodles
• Poodles become
very popular.
Poodles influence
everything from
skirts to lamps,
even hair
influenced by the
poodles.
•
Cholorphyl
Beat odor. I figured your first question
would be - what is that supposed to do
for you? And the answer is that it was
widely believed that chlorophyll
eliminated bad smells.
So they added it to every kind of product
imaginable. The picture at left just
suggests the variety and number of items
to which chlorophyll became a
promotable ingredient.
Yes, chlorophyll is the stuff that makes
plants green. Today many people still
tout the benefits of it for health. No, I
don't think you can just go out and eat a
shrub and get the same result.
While not engaging in the debate of
chlorophyll's therapeutic properties,
suffice it to say that it sold well. Until
"The Journal of the American Medical
Association" pointed out grazing goats
virtually live on chlorophyll and they
smell bad just the same.
Coonskin Caps
• Davy Crockett was a
big influence on kids.
These hats were very
popular with the kids
who liked anything to
do with the West, or
cowboys or indians.
• 100 million dollars
worth of coonskin
caps were sold in a
year.
Telephone Cramming
• Starts in South Africa,
goes to England, and
then comes to
California in 1959.
• Record of 25 people
set in S.Africa 22 in
America
• VW Beetle cramming
also was a short-lived
fad.
Pink
•
Formerly considered a "girlish" color, pink invaded
men's wear. Yessir, pilgrims, even real tough hombres
were donning pink ties, shirts, and bathrobes. Serious
corporate types could be seen wearing pink under their
grey flannel suits. This display of sartorial splendor was
a radical departure from the drab neutral colors that once
limited men's clothing choices.
Pink was everywhere. There were pink bathrooms with
accessories to match, pink cosmetics and of course, the
ubiquitous pink poodle. And then there was Elvis with his
famous pink Cadillacs.
3-D Movies
•
•
•
•
Reemerge during the 1950’s
Images appear to be coming out at you
Moviegoers are giving the 3-D glasses
Most films were sci-fi or monster movies
The misunderstood Creature
Hi kids. Wanna go for
a swim?
Kitchen
Levittowns Models
Apartment Living 50’s Style
Levittowner Floor Plan
Planning the Community
The Community “Plan” included schools, places of worship, recreation areas and
shopping facilities as well as houses. This comprehensive approach is analogous
Levitt's house planning which, for example, included landscaping as well as providing a
washer, stove and refrigerator in each house. Levitt’s approach to community planning
and design created a full-service community with "built-in" features—just like its
houses. For example, elementary schools were centered inside each master block of
sections so that, in Levitt's words, "no child will have to walk more than one half mile to
school or cross any major road."
The Community Plan and design included:
41 Sections with 17,311 single family houses
171 miles of roads
5 Olympic-sized community swimming pools
Little League baseball fields
Lots of green space and neighborhood parks
Large, multi-purpose Community Hall
Two large, centralized Shopping Centers
Sites set aside & donated for churches & schools
I’ve got
mad
hops.
Teenage Girls
Should I
play
Pantera or
RATT?
They
should
intern her
dress.
Did you see what Suzie was
wearing? Hello, it is not 1945,
the war is over.
Shoes
Shirts
Hats
1950’s Hair
Heyyy!!
I can’t even
have my own
shake.
Yes, I am
this cool.
Men’s Suits
Women’s Shoes
Evening and Prom Dresses
1950’s Makeup
Lilac Pastel, Apricot Pastel,
Honey Pastel, Pink Pastel,
Peach Pastel, Strawberry
Pastel. See what I mean? And
across, Snow Ball of Fire.
1950’s Pants/Outfits
1950’s Swimsuits
Technically, any two piece suit is a bikini. But
do you know where the name comes from?
Originally created by Parisian designer Louis
Reard in 1946, he named it after the Bikini Atoll,
where the atomic bomb was tested!
1950’s Women’s Dresses
Women’s Hairstyles
Women’s Skirts
Blouses
Descargar

1950’s American Culture