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English Song — Beautiful Boy
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Spaghetti
The American Educational System
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English Song — Beautiful Boy
John Lennon
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1. A Brief Introduction to John Lennon
2. Questions about John Lennon
3. Chronology of John Lennon
Beautiful Boy
Questions about the Song and the Texts
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Spaghetti
Definition
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Listen and Practice
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After Reading
The American Educational System
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The U.S. Grade
System
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A Brief Introduction to John Lennon
John Lennon (1940~1980) was an English rock
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musician and cofounder
ofReading
The Beatles, the most lauded
and influential rock group of all time.
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Questions about John Lennon
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Who was John Lennon?
Which country was
heReading
from?
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What was his profession?
Do you know any songs by him?
Can you tell us anything about Lennon?
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Chronology of John Lennon
— October 9, 1940
Born John Winston Lennon, in Liverpool , England.
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— September 1957
Enrolled at Liverpool College of Art.
— August 23, 1962
Married college girlfriend Cynthia Powell (divorced 1968).
— February 19, 1963
Please Please Me reached Number One in the U.K. charts.
— February 12, 1964
The Beatles started their first U.S. tour.
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— June 15, 1965
The Beatles received MBEs (Member of the Order of the
British Empire) from Queen Elizabeth II.
— March 14, 1969 Detailed Reading
Married Yoko Ono .
— November 25, 1969
Lennon returned his MBE in peace protest.
— December 8, 1980
Shot dead outside his apartment in the Dakota building
in New York City. The killer was a crazed fan, Mark
Chapman , who had recently obtained Lennon’s
autograph(亲笔签名).
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Liverpool
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Cynthia Powell
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The Beatles
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MBE
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Yoko
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Mark Chapman
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Beautiful Boy
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Questions about the Song and the Texts
1. In your opinion, what is the song Beautiful Boy going
to tell us?
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2. What does Lennon think of growing up? Is it easy or
full of adventures?
3. Can you guess what the texts in this unit are going to
be about?
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Definition
Spaghetti is the Italian-style thin noodle, cooked by
boiling and served with sauce. Unlike some Chinese
noodles, it is not served
inReading
soup and will never taste pulpy
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(软乎乎、没有嚼劲的).
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Listen and Practice
Read the words given below and then listen to the
passage. After listening to the passage, one student is
required to come upDetailed
and Reading
show the right way of eating
spaghetti before the class.
poke 戳
scoop 挖
prong 尖头
remainder 剩余物
twirl 快速转动
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The Right Way of Eating Spaghetti
1. Hold the fork in your hand as if to poke the spaghetti.
2. Scoop up a small amount of spaghetti on your fork and
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raise it about 30cm above your plate.
3. Make sure the spaghetti on your fork is completely
disconnected from the remainder on your plate.
4. Put the prongs of the fork at an edge of the plate that is
free of food.
5. Quickly point the prongs of the fork straight down
toward the plate and place the points on the plate.
6. Twirl the fork to gather the spaghetti around the prongs.
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7. With a quick scooping movement, gather up the roll
around the prongs and place it in your mouth.
8. Gently gather up any
stray
Detailed
Readingspaghetti ends that don’t
make it all the way into your mouth.
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The American Educational System
In the United States, education is the responsibility of
individual states, not of the federal government, so
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requirements may vary
from one state to another. The
following is a generalization:
kindergarten: under 5 years old
elementary / primary school (grades 1~6): 6~11 years old
junior high / middle school (grades 7~8): 12~13 years old
senior / high school (grades 9~12): 14~17 years old
college, institute, academy (学院), university
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Scanning
Part Division of the Text
Further Understanding
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Further Understanding
For Part 1 True or False
For Part 2 Multiple Choice
For Part 3 Questions and Answers
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Scanning
Scan Text A and find out all the time words, phrases
and clauses.
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since my childhood in Belleville (Para. 1)
until my third year in high school (Para. 1)
until then (Para. 1)
when our class was assigned to Mr. Fleagle for thirdyear English (Para. 2)
late in the year (Para. 3)
until the night before the essay was due (Para. 3)
when I finished (Para. 6)
next morning (Para. 6)
two days passed (Para. 6)
when I saw him lift my paper from his desk ... (Para. 6)
when Mr. Fleagle finished (Para. 9)
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Part Division of the Text
Parts
Para(s)
Main Ideas
1
1~2
Baker was bored by everything
associated with English courses,
including his new English teacher.
2
3~5
Baker found himself attracted by
one particular topic and wrote
about it for his own enjoyment.
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Parts
3
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Para(s)
6~9
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Main Ideas
The experience of writing the
essay helped Baker discover his
talent for writing and realize
what he wished to do in life.
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True or False
1. Baker had never thought of becoming a writer until
( F )
he was in the eleventh grade.
As a child in Belleville, he had thought of becoming
a writer from time to time.
2. Teachers found it painful to read students’ long and
lifeless essays.
( T )
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3. Before Mr. Fleagle became the English teacher for
Baker’s class, the English course had been interesting.
( F )
From the words “another cheerless year” we can see
the English course had been quite boring.
4. In Baker’s opinion, Mr. Fleagle was really a formal, rigid
and out-of-date teacher only because of Fleagle’s
manner of speaking. ( F )
Besides the manner of speaking, Fleagle’s appearance and
dress also showed that he was a dull and rigid teacher.
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Multiple Choice
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
1. At first, Baker thought Mr. Fleagle’s English course
was ___________.
A. interesting
B. dull
C. hopeful
D. attractive
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Multiple Choice
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
1. At first, Baker thought Mr. Fleagle’s English course
A
was ___________.
A. interesting
B. dull
C. hopeful
D. attractive
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Multiple Choice
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
1. At first, Baker thought Mr. Fleagle’s English course
B
was ___________.
A. interesting
B. dull
C. hopeful
D. attractive
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Multiple Choice
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
1. At first, Baker thought Mr. Fleagle’s English course
C
was ___________.
A. interesting
B. dull
C. hopeful
D. attractive
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Multiple Choice
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
1. At first, Baker thought Mr. Fleagle’s English course
D
was ___________.
A. interesting
B. dull
C. hopeful
D. attractive
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2. In Baker’s opinion, the title of the composition “What
I Did on My Summer Vacation” was _________.
A. dull
B. unfruitful
C. difficult
D. foolish and dull
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2. In Baker’s opinion, the title of the composition “What
A
I Did on My Summer Vacation” was _________.
A. dull
B. unfruitful
C. difficult
D. foolish and dull
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2. In Baker’s opinion, the title of the composition “What
B
I Did on My Summer Vacation” was _________.
A. dull
B. unfruitful
C. difficult
D. foolish and dull
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2. In Baker’s opinion, the title of the composition “What
C
I Did on My Summer Vacation” was _________.
A. dull
B. unfruitful
C. difficult
D. foolish and dull
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2. In Baker’s opinion, the title of the composition “What
D
I Did on My Summer Vacation” was _________.
A. dull
B. unfruitful
C. difficult
D. foolish and dull
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3. Baker liked to write a composition with the title “The
Art of Eating Spaghetti” because __________.
A. neither Baker nor Doris had ever eaten spaghetti
before
B. Baker and Doris argued about it at a supper
C. spaghetti was from Italy and quite new then
D. it reminded him of the pleasure of that evening
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3. Baker liked to write a composition with the title “The
A
Art of Eating Spaghetti” because __________.
A. neither Baker nor Doris had ever eaten spaghetti
before
B. Baker and Doris argued about it at a supper
C. spaghetti was from Italy and quite new then
D. it reminded him of the pleasure of that evening
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3. Baker liked to write a composition with the title “The
B
Art of Eating Spaghetti” because __________.
A. neither Baker nor Doris had ever eaten spaghetti
before
B. Baker and Doris argued about it at a supper
C. spaghetti was from Italy and quite new then
D. it reminded him of the pleasure of that evening
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3. Baker liked to write a composition with the title “The
C
Art of Eating Spaghetti” because __________.
A. neither Baker nor Doris had ever eaten spaghetti
before
B. Baker and Doris argued about it at a supper
C. spaghetti was from Italy and quite new then
D. it reminded him of the pleasure of that evening
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3. Baker liked to write a composition with the title “The
D
Art of Eating Spaghetti” because __________.
A. neither Baker nor Doris had ever eaten spaghetti
before
B. Baker and Doris argued about it at a supper
C. spaghetti was from Italy and quite new then
D. it reminded him of the pleasure of that evening
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4. Which of the following statements is TRUE? _________
A. You’ll not write a good composition until you like
the topic.
B. When Baker wrote the essay, he thought his
teacher would like it.
C. Mr. Fleagle had liked Baker’s compositions before.
D. Baker succeeded in writing two compositions.
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A
4. Which of the following statements is TRUE? _________
A. You won’t write a good composition until you like
the topic.
B. When Baker wrote the essay, he thought his
teacher would like it.
C. Mr. Fleagle had liked Baker’s compositions before.
D. Baker succeeded in writing two compositions.
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B
4. Which of the following statements is TRUE? _________
A. You won’t write a good composition until you like
the topic.
B. When Baker wrote the essay, he thought his
teacher would like it.
C. Mr. Fleagle had liked Baker’s compositions before.
D. Baker succeeded in writing two compositions.
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C
4. Which of the following statements is TRUE? _________
A. You won’t write a good composition until you like
the topic.
B. When Baker wrote the essay, he thought his
teacher would like it.
C. Mr. Fleagle had liked Baker’s compositions before.
D. Baker succeeded in writing two compositions.
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D
4. Which of the following statements is TRUE? _________
A. You won’t write a good composition until you like
the topic.
B. When Baker wrote the essay, he thought his
teacher would like it.
C. Mr. Fleagle had liked Baker’s compositions before.
D. Baker succeeded in writing two compositions.
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Questions and Answers
1. Do you think Baker would write another essay if he
had enough time? Why?
2. What was Baker prepared for when he found all the
papers had been given back but his?
3. Whose essay did Mr. Fleagle read to the class? How
did the class respond?
4. Which paragraph in this part gives readers the
impression that Baker’s essay was very good?
5. Why did Baker feel so delighted?
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Writing for Myself
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Russell Baker
The idea of becoming a writer had come to me off
and on since my childhood in Belleville, but it wasn’t
until my third year in high school that the possibility
took hold.
Until then I’d been bored by everything
associated with English courses. I found English
grammar dull and difficult.
I hated the assignments
to turn out long, lifeless paragraphs that were agony for
teachers to read and for me to write.
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When our class was assigned to Mr.
Fleagle for third-year English I anticipated
another cheerless year in that most
tedious of subjects. Mr. Fleagle had a
reputation among students for dullness and
inability to inspire. He was said to be very formal, rigid and
hopelessly out of date. To me he looked to be sixty or
seventy and excessively prim. He wore primly severe
eyeglasses, his wavy hair was primly cut and primly combed.
He wore prim suits with neckties set primly against the
collar buttons of his white shirts. He had a primly pointed
jaw, a primly straight nose, and a prim manner of speaking
that was so correct, so gentlemanly, that he seemed a comic
antique.
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I prepared for an unfruitful year
with Mr. Fleagle and for a long time was
not disappointed. Late in the year we
tackled the informal essay. Mr. Fleagle
distributed a homework sheet offering us
a choice of topics. None was quite so
simple-minded as “What I Did on My Summer Vacation,” but
most seemed to be almost as dull.
I took the list home
and did nothing until the night before the essay was due.
Lying on the sofa, I finally faced up to the unwelcome task,
took the list out of my notebook, and scanned it. The topic
on which my eye stopped was “The Art of Eating Spaghetti.”
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This title produced an
extraordinary sequence of mental
images.
Vivid memories came flooding
back of a night in Belleville when all of
us were seated around the supper
table — Uncle Allen, my mother, Uncle
Charlie, Doris, Uncle Hal — and Aunt Pat served spaghetti for
supper. Spaghetti was still a little known foreign dish in
those days.
Neither Doris nor I had ever eaten spaghetti,
and none of the adults had enough experience to be good at
it. All the good humor of Uncle Allen’s house reawoke in my
mind as I recalled the laughing arguments we had that night
about the socially respectable method for moving spaghetti
from plate to mouth.
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Suddenly I wanted to write about that, about the
warmth and good feeling of it, but I wanted to put it
down simply for my own joy, not for Mr. Fleagle. It was a
moment I wanted to recapture and hold for myself. I
wanted to relive the pleasure of that evening. To write it
as I wanted, however, would violate all the rules of
formal composition I’d learned in school, and Mr. Fleagle
would surely give it a failing grade. Never mind. I would
write something else for Mr. Fleagle after I had written
this thing for myself.
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When I finished it the night was half
gone and there was no time left to
compose a proper, respectable essay for
Mr. Fleagle. There was no choice next
morning but to turn in my tale of the
Belleville supper. Two days passed
before Mr. Fleagle returned the graded papers, and he
returned everyone’s but mine.
I was preparing myself for
a command to report to Mr. Fleagle immediately after school
for discipline when I saw him lift my paper from his desk and
knock for the class’s attention.
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“Now, boys,” he said. “I want to
read you an essay. This is titled, ‘The Art
of Eating Spaghetti.’”
And he started to read. My words!
He was reading my words out loud to the
entire class. What’s more, the entire
class was listening. Listening attentively. Then somebody
laughed, then the entire class was laughing, and not in
contempt and ridicule, but with open-hearted enjoyment.
Even Mr. Fleagle stopped two or three times to hold back a
small prim smile.
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I did my best to avoid showing pleasure, but what I
was feeling was pure delight at this demonstration that
my words had the power to make people laugh.
In the
eleventh grade, at the eleventh hour as it were, I had
discovered a calling. It was the happiest moment of my
entire school career. When Mr. Fleagle finished he put
the final seal on my happiness by saying, “Now that, boys,
is an essay, don’t you see. It’s — don’t you see — it’s of
the very essence of the essay, don’t you see.
Congratulations, Mr. Baker.”
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Until then I’d been bored by everything associated
with English courses.
What can we infer from this sentence?
Up to then, Baker had had no interest in things
related to English courses.
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I hated the assignments to turn out long, lifeless
paragraphs that were agony for teachers to read and for
me to write.
Paraphrase the sentence.
I found it painful to write long, boring essays as
required by teachers; neither did teachers enjoy
what I wrote.
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another cheerless year in that most tedious of subjects
What can we learn from this phrase?
We can know from this phrase that before Mr.
Fleagle became Baker’s English teacher, all English
courses were dull.
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I prepared for an unfruitful year with Mr. Fleagle and for
a long time was not disappointed.
What does the author really mean when he says “ I ...
was not disappointed”?
He means that his expectation was right that Mr.
Fleagle’s lessons were dull.
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I took the list home and did nothing until the night before
the essay was due. Lying on the sofa, I finally faced up to
the unwelcome task, took the list out of my notebook, and
scanned it.
1. What can we infer from these sentences?
Baker was unwilling to write his essay.
2. List phrases to support your inference.
did nothing until … the essay was due; faced up to
the unwelcome task.
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This title produced an extraordinary sequence of mental
images.
Paraphrase the sentence and translate it into Chinese.
1. At the sight of the title I saw an unusual series of
pictures in my mind’s eye.
2. 这个题目在我脑海里唤起了一连串不同寻常的图像。
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Vivid memories came flooding back of a night in Belleville
when all of us were seated around the supper table — Uncle
Allen, my mother, Uncle Charlie, Doris, Uncle Hal — and Aunt
Pat served spaghetti for supper.
Analyze the structure of the sentence.
在这个长句中,came flooding back 是谓语,其余
的都是主语。为了使句子结构平衡,避免头重脚轻,
作者运用了割裂修饰法,把谓语前移,主语中心语
的修饰成分后置,使谓语紧接主语。例如:
A list has been drawn up of words we have learned
so far.
All is not gold that glitters.
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Neither Doris nor I had ever eaten spaghetti, and none of
the adults had enough experience to be good at it.
What is the relationship between Baker and Doris?
Why?
Doris was Baker’s sister or his female cousin.
Two reasons for that:
1. Doris is a female name;
2. The author mentioned “none of the adults ...”,
which shows that they were still children, not
adults.
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I was preparing myself for a command to report to Mr.
Fleagle immediately after school for discipline when I saw
him lift my paper from his desk and knock for the class’s
attention.
1. Paraphrase this part of the sentence: I was prepared …
for discipline.
I was ready for Mr. Fleagle’s order to see him soon
after school for the purpose of punishing me ...
2. Why did Baker think he would be punished?
Because to his mind this time he had violated the rules
of formal composition.
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3. What’s the function of the word “when” in the
sentence?
The word “when” here doesn’t mean “at or during
the time that” (当…时). Instead, it means “and then”
(在那时).
More examples:
He had just drifted off to sleep when the bell rang.
I was about to ask after his wife when I suddenly
remembered that they were getting a divorce.
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In the eleventh grade, at the eleventh hour as it were, I
had discovered a calling.
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
就在十一年级,可谓是最后的时刻,我找到了一件
今生想做的事。
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off and on (or on and off):
from time to time; now and again; irregularly
It has been raining on and off for a week. That’s
why the clothes feel damp.
As her patient slept soundly during the night, Nurse
Betty was able to doze off and on in a bedside chair.
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take hold:
become established
The idea of one child has taken hold in many
Chinese families.
老习惯是很难摆脱的。这就是为什么你要在习惯养成
前戒烟。
Old habits die hard. That’s why you should stop
smoking before the habit takes hold.
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bore: vt.
make (sb.) feel tired and lose interest
The speaker went on and on, and the audience grew
bored by his speech.
Tom Sawyer grew bored with painting
the garden fence, so he thought of a
way to make others paint for him.
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Collocation:
a crashing bore
讨厌至极的人/事
a frightful bore
讨厌得要命的家伙
an insufferable bore
讨厌得令人无法忍受的人
an utter bore
极惹人厌烦的事
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associate: vt.
join or connect together; connect or bring in the mind
我们总是把埃及与金字塔联系起来。
We often associate Egypt with
pyramids.
I can’t associate this gentle young
woman with the radical political
essays she has written.
Jim wished to forget everything associated with his
former life.
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turn out:
1) come out or gather as for a meeting, public event, etc.
2) prove to be
3) shut off
4) produce; make
Match the above definitions with the sentences below.
A large group of protesters have turned out.
The school has turned out some great scholars.
Turn out the light before you go to bed.
The plan turned out a failure.
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1) come out or gather as for a meeting, public event, etc.
2) prove to be
3) shut off
4) produce; make
Match the above definitions with the sentences below.
We are to turn out 100,000,586 computers next year
to meet the market requirements.
The experiment turned out to be a success.
Crowds turned out for the procession.
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anticipate: vt.
expect (usu. followed by gerund or that-clause)
The police had anticipated trouble from the soccer
fans and were at the ground in large numbers.
他们预测到2012年死于艾滋病的人数将增加一倍。
They anticipate that deaths from AIDS
will have doubled by 2012.
N.B. 该动词所接的宾语可以是动名词,
不可用不定式代替。
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We anticipate running into problems in carrying out
the medical welfare reform.
We anticipate hearing from you again.
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tedious: adj.
boring and lasting for a long time
The movie was so tedious that many viewers left
before it was over.
Laura found George to be tedious and decided not to
see him anymore.
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inspire: vt.
fill (sb.) with confidence, eagerness, etc.
Martin Luther King, Jr.’s speeches inspired people to
fight for equal treatment of African Americans.
The last leaf on the tree that never fell
off inspired the dying patient with the
will to live on.
Collocation:
inspire sth. in sb. (= inspire sb. with sth.)
使某人产生某种感情;激发某人的某种感情
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rigid: adj.
(often disapproving) fixed in behavior; based on correct
or accepted rules
如果他从前对事情不那么严格苛刻的话,他女儿就不会
这么年轻就离家出走了。
If he had been a little less rigid about things, his
daughter would not have left home at such a young age.
The rigid headmaster would button up his clothes
even on the hottest days.
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severe: adj.
1) completely plain
The widow wore a severe black dress to
her husband’s funeral.
海明威以其朴实的写作风格而闻名于世。
Hemingway is known for his severe
writing style.
2) stern; strict
Only those who have undergone severe training can
be accepted into the air force.
Fu Lei was so severe with his son that even his wife
would cry.
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3) causing very great pain, difficulty, worry, etc.
The severe chest pain experienced by the Vice-President
proved to be a heart attack.
工厂必须生产出更新更好的产品,才能在激烈的商业竞
争形势中获胜。
A factory must turn out newer and better products to
win in the climate of severe business competition.
CF: severe, stern & strict
severe 作“严厉”解时,可以用来形容人(severe
father 严厉的父亲),人的面貌(severe look 严厉
的神色),人的态度(The teacher is severe with
his students. 教师对学生很严厉。)。
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CF: stern 与 severe 相近,但用途比较窄,一般用于人的
容貌或态度。例如:a stern father 和 a severe
father 都可以用,但含义稍有不同:a severe father
指对于子女有严厉的要求,积极的意义较多;a stern
father 则指对子女不含温情,要他们服从,消极的意
味较多。
strict 相当于汉语的 “严格的”,须先假定有一种客
观的标准(如规章、纪律、定义、真理等)。例如:
The teacher is strict with his students.
There is a strict regulation against smoking in the
auditorium.
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tackle: vt.
deal with
Toshiba (东芝) recently designed a robot that can
tackle almost any kinds of housework.
The question set by the teacher was so difficult that
the pupils did not know how to tackle it.
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face up to:
be brave enough to accept or deal with (a problem or
difficulty)
Yeltsin faced up to the fact that he was
no longer fit for the Russian presidency
and resigned on New Year’s Eve.
既然你女儿已经诞生了,你就要承担起做父亲的责任。
Now that your daughter was born, you’ll have to face
up to the responsibilities of being a father.
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sequence: n.
connected line of events, ideas, etc.
连续的歉收(bad harvest)迫使一些非洲国家请求外国
援助(foreign aid)。
A sequence of bad harvests forced some African
countries to ask for foreign aid.
The Fall of the Roman Empire was written in historical
sequence.
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CF: sequence & series
sequence 是指“先后衔接的次序”。这种次序可以
是历史性的,即事态发生时的先后次序;也可以是逻
辑性的,即论点先后的衔接,相当于汉语的“语无伦
次”中的“伦次”。例如:
I have a poor memory for dates and often mix up the
sequence of events.
我记日期的能力很差,常把事情的先后次序弄混。
Your argument lacks logical sequence, for your second
point does not follow the first.
你的论据缺乏逻辑顺序,因为你的第二点与第一点衔接
不上。
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CF: series 是指“系列”、“组”,可以有先后衔接的次
序,也可以没有,但一系列或一组的东西一定自成一
个完整的单位。例如:
Professor Li will give a series of lectures on the Middle
East issue.
李教授将就中东问题做一系列的讲座。
The post office has issued a series of stamps
commemorating the Olympic Games.
邮政局发行了一组纪念奥运会的邮票。
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Collocation:
in sequence
顺次,挨次
in rapid sequence
紧接着,一个接着一个
in regular sequence
按次序,有条不紊
the sequence of events
事情的先后顺序
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recall: vt.
bring back to the mind; remember (usu. followed by
noun / gerund, or that-clause)
I recognize the face but can’t recall her name.
I don’t recall ever meeting her.
She recalled that she had to see the doctor again
that afternoon.
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CF: recall, remember & remind
这三个词都与“记忆”有关,前两个词有时可通用。
recall“想起”,把忘记的东西又想起来了,其动作
包含有意识的努力,因此常与 can,could 等词连用,
强调一次的回忆。例如:
Try as I might, I could not recall where I had left the
book.
我怎么也想不起来我把书丢在哪里了。
I remember her face but I cannot recall where I met
her.
我记得她的脸,但是想不起在什么地方见过她。
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CF: remember “想起”,用处比较广泛,指事物自然在
记忆中出现,不包含努力或意志。例如:
I suddenly remembered I had left the book in the
library.
我突然想起我把书忘在图书馆里了。
如果 remember 表示有意识的行动,常指“记住”。
例如:
You must remember this phone number.
你必须记住这个电话号码。
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CF: remind 指“使某人想起”,“提醒”,宾语是人。
具体用法如下:
1) 接宾语;
2) 接宾语+of+宾语;
3) 接宾语+不定式;
4) 接宾语+that-clause。
例如:
1) If I forget it, please remind me.
如果我忘了,请提醒我。
2) This reminds me of last year.
这使我想起去年的事。
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3) Remind me to write to my Mom.
提醒我给妈妈写信。
4) The sight of the clock reminded me that I was late.
看到钟我想起自己迟到了。
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argument: n.
1) a disagreement; a quarrel
Mary found that compromise was always the best
policy when she had an argument with her husband.
2) a reason given to support or disprove sth.
There are many arguments against smoking.
那位著名的教授总能把论点讲透彻。
The famous professor can always drive home an
argument.
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Collocation:
get into an argument
加入/卷入争论
break off an argument
中断一场争论
terminate an argument
结束一场争论
settle an argument
解决一场争论
a bitter / violent / heated argument
激烈的争论
put forward / offer an argument
提出论点
confute an argument
驳倒一个论点
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put down:
write down
管家把每天的开支记在小记事本上。
The housekeeper puts down the
daily expenses in a little notebook.
Put down what you hear, please.
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violate: vt.
act against
Speeding in downtown areas violates traffic
regulations.
A country isn’t respected if it violates an international
agreement.
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compose: vt.
write or create (music, poetry, etc.)
The president’s speech is really brilliant. Do you think
it was composed by himself or by someone else?
John Lennon composed the
song Beautiful Boy for his son.
little Lennon
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CF: compose, consist of, comprise & constitute
这组动词的一般含义为“组成”或“构成”。
compose 常见于被动语态,构成 be composed of 的
结构,表示“由…构成”;在用于主动语态时,一般
包含着“融合为一”的意思,而且主语或者是复数名
词或者是集体名词。例如:
Concrete is composed of cement, sand and gravel
mixed with water.
混凝土由水泥、沙、石子与水掺和而成。
England, Scotland and Wales compose the island of
Great Britain.
英格兰、苏格兰和威尔士构成大不列颠岛。
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CF: consist of 意为“由…构成”,强调结果是一个统一
整体。例如:
New York City consists of five boroughs.
纽约市由五个行政区组成。
comprise 可表示“由…构成”;也可表示“构成”。
例如:
The committee comprises men of widely different views.
这个委员会由见解甚为殊异的人组成。
Fifty states comprise the United States.
美国由50个州组成。
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CF: constitute 的主语可以是复数名词也可以是单数名词,
所“构成”的事物在属性和特征上,亦或在组织上,
与组成成分是一致的。例如:
Seven days constitutes a week.
七天构成一个星期。
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turn in:
1. hand in; give over
2. deliver (a person or thing) to the police
3. give back; return
Match the above definitions with the sentences below.
The criminal turned herself in.
2
For your final grade, each of you must turn in a 7-page
1
paper.
You must turn in your uniform when you leave the
3
army.
Have you all turned in your homework for last night?
1
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command:
1. n. order
The commander gave the command that all prisoners
of war should be well treated.
The rebellious army would not obey any command
from the President.
2. v. give an order (to)
船长命令船员立刻离船。
The captain commanded his men to leave the ship
immediately.
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If you command wisely, you’ll be obeyed cheerfully.
[谚语]指挥有方,人人乐从。
He is not fit to command others that cannot command
himself.
[谚语]不能指挥自己就不能指挥别人。
NB: 像 suggest, demand 等动词一样,跟在 command
后面的 that 从句中要用虚拟语气,谓语用
“should+原形动词”或直接加原形动词,而不管从
句中的人称或时态。例如:
He commanded that all the gates (should) be shut.
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Collocation:
get command of
控制
have a good command of
能自由应用
have … at one’s command
能充分掌握…
take command of
开始担任…指挥
under (the) command of
由…指挥;在…指挥之下
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CF: command & order
command 暗含“必须服从”的意思,比较正式。例如:
The officer commanded his soldiers to open fire on the
enemy.
军官命令士兵开枪射击敌人。
order 指一般的上级“命令”下级,较普通、常用。例如:
He was ordered to write a full report on the matter.
他奉命写一篇关于那件事的详细报告。
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what’s more:
in addition; more importantly
Ms. Stewart manages a successful business and gives a
weekly TV cooking show. What’s more, she has already
published three books on gardening.
你怎么会爱上这个人。他整天看电视,更有甚者,他好像
几个月没刷牙了!
How can you love this man? He watches TV all day
long, and what’s more, he seems not to have brushed
his teeth for months!
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hold back:
1) prevent the expression of (feelings, tears, etc.)
Johnny cried bitterly in the classroom, not even
attempting to hold back the tears.
2) make sb. or sth. stop moving forward
The men built banks of earth to hold back the rising
flood water.
3) prevent the development of
You could become a good musician, but your lack of
practice is holding you back.
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4) keep (sth.) secret
把事情全告诉我,不要隐瞒任何细节。
Tell me about it — don’t hold anything back.
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avoid: vt.
keep or get away from (usu. followed by noun / gerund)
The little boy who had broken a neighbor’s window ran
away to avoid punishment / being punished.
我横穿马路以便避开他,但他看到了我并朝我跑过来。
I crossed the street to avoid meeting him, but he saw
me and came running towards me.
NB: 英语中有些动词或词组后面只能跟名词或动名词,不
能跟不定式,如:avoid,deny,enjoy,escape,
finish,mind,miss,postpone,suggest,feel like,
give up,put off 等,我们在使用中要特别注意。
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CF: avoid & escape
两词均有“避”的意思。
avoid 指“(有意识地)躲避”不愉快的或可能发生的
危险或情况,而不是“逃避”实际的威胁。例如:
He deliberately avoided seeing me.
他故意回避我。
The danger can be avoided if we lay our plans carefully.
如果我们计划定得周密,危险就可以避免。
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CF: escape 作及物动词时,表示“逃脱”,常用于抽象、
借喻的情况中。例如:
How did he imagine that things like that could escape
detection?
他怎么会认为像那样的事情可以不被发觉呢?
The name has escaped my memory.
我记不得那名字了。
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the eleventh hour:
the last moment before sth. important happens
John turned in the report at the eleventh hour.
那位总统的访问在最后时刻被取消了。
The president’s visit was called off at the eleventh
hour.
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career: n.
a job or profession for which one is trained and which
one intends to follow for the whole of one’s life
My farmer parents have never expected me to make
novel writing my career.
我祖父教了一辈子书,教书是他所干过的唯一的工作。
My grandfather was a career
teacher; it’s the only job he’d
ever done.
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Collocation:
carve (out) a career for oneself 闯出一番事业;谋求发迹
in (the) full career
开足马力地,全速地
make a career
在事业上有所成就
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put / set the seal on:
make sth. definite or complete
A last-minute goal set / put the seal on Tottenham’s
victory.
The experience set the seal on their friendship.
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Useful Expressions
Sentence Translation
Synonyms
Writing Practice
Spot Dictation
Talk about the Pictures
Proverbs and Quotations
Supplementary Reading
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Writing Practice
A Brief Introduction
Sample Letters
Homework
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Useful Expressions
1. 断断续续
off and on
2. 对…感到腻味
be bored by ...
3. 觉得…枯燥难懂
find ... dull and difficult
4. 以…而出名
have a reputation for ...
5. 据说某人…
sb. be said to be ...
6. 拘谨刻板,落后于时代
formal, rigid and out-of-date
7. 随笔小品文
an informal essay
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8. 躺在沙发上
lie on a sofa
9. 不得不面对…
face up to ...
10. 围坐在晚餐桌旁
be seated around the supper table
11. …重现在我脑海中
... reawake in my mind
12. 自得其乐
for one’s own joy
13. 违反规定
violate the rules
14. 不及格分
a failing grade
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15. 别无选择,只好做… There is no choice but to do ...
16. 更重要的是,而且
what’s more
17. 专心地听
listen attentively
18. 乐呵呵地开怀大笑
laugh with open-hearted enjoyment
19. 心花怒放
pure delight
20. 最后的时刻
at the eleventh hour
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Synonyms
Find out the synonymous words and phrases from Text
A for the words and phrases below.
dull (Para. 1): _____________________________________
lifeless (Para. 1), cheerless, tedious (Para. 2)
turn out (Para. 1): _________________________________
write (Para. 1), put down (Para. 5),
_________________________________
compose (Para. 6)
anticipate (Para. 2): ________________
prepare for (Para. 3)
formal (Para. 2): _________________________________
rigid, prim, correct (Para. 2), proper,
respectable (Para. 6)
_________________________________
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topic (Para. 3): ___________
title (Para. 4)
vivid memories of sth. come flooding back to sb. (Para. 4) :
sth. reawakes in sb’s mind; sb. recalls sth. (Para. 4)
_______________________________________________
recapture (Para. 5) : _____________
relive (Para. 5)
contempt (Para. 8): _______________
ridicule (Para. 8)
pleasure (Para. 9): _______________________
delight, happiness (Para. 9)
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A Brief Introduction
A letter of congratulations, or congratulation letter,
is used in both personal and business situations. Its
primary purpose is to formally congratulate someone on
an outstanding achievement. Certain types of
congratulation letters are also referred to as
“commendation letters” in some situations. In order to
write an effective congratulation letter, you can follow
the following tips:
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1. Write the congratulation letter as soon as possible
after the fortunate event takes place.
2. State in the beginning the specific occasion that has
motivated you to write your letter.
3. Express praise and approval of the reader’s
accomplishments.
4. Keep your congratulation letter simple and concise —
under one page in length.
5. Be positive and don’t include any negative comments
or unhappy news.
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Don’t suggest that the fortunate event should benefit
the letter-writer in any way.
7. Don’t exaggerate your congratulatory words, or your
letter may seem sarcastic or mocking.
8. Edit your letter for correct structure, grammar, and
punctuation.
9. Don’t forget to spell check your letter.
10. Wait some time and proof-read your letter again
before sending it.
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Sample Letters
Informal
Hi Moon,
I am very glad to hear from you that you are getting
married. Congratulations on your marriage.
You are so lucky. You married a handsome and intelligent
man. Anyway, I wish you happiness.
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By the way, since you are getting married, how are you
going to plan your wedding? Is there a wedding ceremony
or a wedding party? I think it would be romantic if the
ceremony is held in a church. And where are you going to
spend your honeymoon? I really hope to join your
wedding ceremony. Congratulations again. How lovely to
hear the good news.
Yours sincerely,
Edward
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Formal
June 25, 2009
Belinda Asher
620 Mayview Ave.
Pineville, WV 24874
Dear Belinda:
On behalf of everyone here at Deerwood Resorts Ltd., I
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would like to sincerely congratulate you on your recent
graduation from Mountain State University with your
M.B.A. (Marketing).
I must say that I was not surprised to read of your success
in the newspaper. During your first of four summers as an
employee at our Lakeland Family Resort, I noted how
bright and quick-minded you are for business. Combine
those attributes with your relentless work ethic and
commitment to quality customer service, and it is
obvious that you have a wide-open future ahead of you.
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I can only hope that your experience working with us
contributed in some small way to your success.
On behalf of the management and staff at Deerwood
Resorts, I wish you all the best in your future career and
life endeavors, whatever they may be.
Yours sincerely,
Bruce Atkinson
President and CEO
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Homework
You are required to write a letter of congratulations
based on the information below.
1. XX是你高中的同班同学。
2. 获悉他(她)考上XX大学,攻读XX专业,特此祝贺。
3. 他(她)的成绩是他(她)刻苦努力的结果,希望他
(她)在新的环境里取得更好成绩。
4. 再次表示祝贺。
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29th July, 2009
Dear Xiao Ma,
I am writing to congratulate you on having been admitted
to Southeast University and majoring in electronic
engineering.
All that you have gained is the result of your hard work. I
wish you would continue your efforts and gain further
success in the new environment. Although we live in
different cities, we still feel close to each other. Please
keep in touch with me. I often recall our life in
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high school. In those days, we stayed, played and studied
together. We enjoyed each other’s company so much that
we have maintained our friendship till now. Besides, I
have learnt a lot from you, and even today I often
remember how hard you studied. You told me that you
were determined to be an expert in Double E, and now
you are beginning to realize your dream. Your success
tells me that hard work will pay off in the end.
Congratulations again.
Sincerely yours,
Tang Jinguo
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Spot Dictation
During the course of growing up, many children will meet
different kinds of problems. The passage you’re going to
listen to is about two letters between an eleven-year-old
girl and an editor of a children’s magazine. When you’re
listening, you’re required to fill in the gaps with the words or
phrases you hear.
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A Letter from a Girl
Sometimes my three-year-old sister makes a mess
____
(一团糟) in my room. When I tell her to clean
_____ it up
___ , she
doesn’t. Can you help
____ me?
A Letter from an Editor
Having a younger sibling (同胞) can be a challenge
________.
It’s great that you are looking for a peaceful solution
_______.
______ that she
Your sister is very young
_____ and may not realize
a mess .When little children play, they ______
tend to
is making
____________
spread things everywhere. Perhaps you could ___________
make a game
____and you
out of cleaning up together. Tell her it’s a race
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up faster than you can.
want to see if she can clean
_______
If you help your sister now, she’ll probably learn to
clean by herself when she is _________
a bit older .
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Sentence Translation
1. The idea of becoming a writer had come to me off and on
since my childhood in Belleville, but it wasn’t until my
third year in high school that the possibility took hold.
从孩提时代,我还住在贝尔维尔时,我的脑子里就断
断续续地转着当作家的念头,但直等到我高中三年级,
这一想法才有了实现的可能。
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2. Mr. Fleagle had a reputation among students for dullness
and inability to inspire.
弗利格尔先生在学生中以其说话干巴和激励学生无术
而出名。
3. Lying on the sofa, I finally faced up to the unwelcome
task, took the list out of my notebook, and scanned it.
我躺在沙发上,最终不得不面对这一讨厌的功课,便
从笔记本里抽出作文题目单粗粗看了一下。
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4. 我的目光落在“吃意大利细面条的艺术”这个题目上。
The topic on which my eye stopped was “The Art of
Eating Spaghetti.”
5. 突然我就想描述那一切,描述当时那种温馨美好的气氛,
但我把它写下来仅仅是想自得其乐,而不是为弗利格尔先
生而写。
Suddenly I wanted to write about that, about the
warmth and good feeling of it, but I wanted to put
it down simply for my own joy, not for Mr. Fleagle.
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6. 等我写完时已是半夜时分,再没时间为弗利格尔先生写一
篇循规蹈矩、像模像样的文章了。
When I finished it the night was half gone and there
was no time left to compose a proper, respectable
essay for Mr. Fleagle.
7. 我尽力不流露出得意的心情,但是看到我写的文章竟然能
使别人大笑,我真是心花怒放。
I did my best to avoid showing pleasure, but what I
was feeling was pure delight at this demonstration
that my words had the power to make people laugh.
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Talk about the Pictures
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Proverbs and Quotations
1. Youth and age will never agree.
少年和老头,永远不相投。
2. Youth is the season of hope.
青春是希望的季节。
3. Youth must have its fling (猛冲).
年轻人要敢闯。
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4. You have to believe in yourself. That’s the secret of
success.
— Charles Chaplin, American actor
人必须相信自己,这是成功的秘诀。
—— 美国演员 C. 卓别林
5. Follow your own course, and let people talk.
— Dante, Italian poet
走自己的路,让人家去说吧。
—— 意大利诗人 但丁
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Valedictorian & Valediction
Definition
Origin
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Dialogue
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Definition
Valedictorian:
“Valedictorian” refers to the
student who has received the best
marks all the way through school, and
usually makes a speech at the
graduation ceremony. The title of class
valedictorian is common in educational
institutions in the United States and
Canada, and its equivalent in Australia,
New Zealand, and Scotland is “dux”.
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Valediction:
Valediction is also called valedictory address. It is
the closing or farewell statement delivered at a
graduation ceremony. It is an oration (正式演说) at
commencement exercises (毕业典礼) in U.S. high
schools, colleges, and universities delivered by one of
the graduates.
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Origin
In his diary for 1759, the Reverend Edward Holyoke,
president of Harvard College, noted that “Officers of the
Sophisters chose Valedictorian.” Made up of suitably
solemn words from Latin, “valedictorian” simply means
“farewell sayer.”
Twenty years later, there was a record of a
valedictory speech at the College of New Jersey in
Princeton by one of the six graduating students. The
practice spread to colleges and schools throughout the
land, so that now it is customary everywhere to appoint
the student with the highest academic standing as
valedictorian to speak at graduation ceremony.
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The Scholarship Jacket
Marta Salinas
The small Texas school that I attended carried out a
tradition every year during the eighth grade graduation;
a beautiful gold and green jacket was awarded to the
class valedictorian, the student who had maintained the
highest grades for eight years.
I was fourteen and in the eighth grade. I had been a
straight A student since the first grade, and the last year
I had looked forward to owning the jacket. My father was
a farm laborer who couldn’t earn enough money to feed
eight children, so when I was six I was given to my
grandparents to raise.
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We couldn’t participate in sports at school because
there were registration fees, uniform costs, and trips
out of town; so there would never be a sports school
jacket for us. This one, the scholarship jacket, was our
only chance.
One day in May, on the way from my history class to
the gym, I remembered my P.E. shorts were still in the
classroom. I had to walk back and get them. I was almost
back at the door when I heard angry voices and arguing in
my classroom. I recognized the voices: Mr. Schmidt, my
history teacher, and Mr. Boone, my math teacher. They
seemed to be arguing about me. I couldn’t believe it.
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I still remember the shock that rooted me flat against
the wall.
“I refuse to do it! I don’t care who her father is,
her grades don’t even begin to compare to Martha’s. I
won’t lie or falsify records. Martha has a straight A plus
average and you know it.” That was Mr. Schmidt and he
sounded very angry. Mr. Boone’s voice sounded calm and
quiet.
“Look, Joann’s father is not only on the Board, he
owns the only store in town; we could say it was a close
tie and — ”
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The pounding in my ears drowned out the rest of
the words, only a word here and there filtered through.
“ … Martha is Mexican … resign … won’t do it …”
To this day I don’t remember how I made it through
the rest of the afternoon. I went home very sad and
cried into my pillow that night so Grandmother wouldn’t
hear me.
The next day when the principal called me into his
office, I knew what it would be about. He looked
uncomfortable and unhappy.
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“Martha,” he said, “there’s been a change in policy
this year regarding the scholarship jacket. As you know,
it has always been free.” He cleared his throat and
continued. “This year the Board decided to charge
fifteen dollars — which still won’t cover the complete
cost of the jacket.”
I stared at him in shock and a small sound of dismay
escaped my throat. I hadn’t expected this.
“So if you are unable to pay the fifteen dollars for
the jacket, it will be given to the next one in line.”
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Standing with all the dignity I could muster, I said,
“I’ll speak to my grandfather about it, sir, and let you
know tomorrow.” I cried on the walk home from the bus
stop.
“Where’s Grandpa?” I asked Grandma.
“I think he’s out back working in the bean field.”
I went outside and looked out at the fields. There
he was. I walked slowly out to him, trying to think how I
could best ask him for the money. I wanted that jacket
so much. It represented eight years of hard work and
expectation. He saw me and looked up.
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He waited for me to speak. I cleared my throat
nervously and clasped my hands behind my back so he
wouldn’t see them shaking. “Grandpa, I have a big favor
to ask you,” I said in Spanish, the only language he knew.
He still waited silently. I tried again. “Grandpa, this
year the principal said the scholarship jacket is not
going to be free. It’s going to cost fifteen dollars and I
have to take the money in tomorrow, otherwise it’ll be
given to someone else.” The last words came out in an
eager rush. I waited, desperately hoping he’d say I could
have the money.
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He turned to me and asked quietly, “What does a
scholarship jacket mean?”
I answered quickly; maybe there was a chance. “It
means you’ve earned it by having the highest grades for
eight years and that’s why they’re giving it to you.”
Too late I realized the significance of my words.
Grandpa knew that I understood it was not a matter of
money. It wasn’t that. He went back to hoeing the
weeds that sprang up between the delicate little bean
plants. Finally he spoke again.
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“Then if you pay for it, Marta, it’s not a scholarship
jacket, is it? Tell your principal I will not pay the fifteen
dollars.”
I walked back to the house and locked myself in the
bathroom for a long time. I was angry with Grandfather
even though I knew he was right, and I was angry with
the Board, whoever they were. Why did they have to
change the rules just when it was my turn to win the
jacket?
It was a very sad and withdrawn girl who dragged
into the principal’s office the next day.
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“What did your grandfather say?”
I sat very straight in my chair.
“He said to tell you he won’t pay the fifteen
dollars.”
“Why?” he asked. “Your grandfather has the money.
Doesn’t he own a small bean farm?”
I looked at him, forcing my eyes to stay dry. “He
said if I had to pay for it, then it wouldn’t be a
scholarship jacket,” I said and stood up to leave. I was
almost to the door when he stopped me.
“Martha — wait.”
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I turned and looked at him, waiting. He looked at
me, biting his lip, as if thinking.
“Okay, damn it. We’ll make an exception in your
case. I’ll tell the Board. You’ll get your jacket.”
I could hardly believe it. I spoke in a trembling rush.
“Oh, thank you, sir!” Suddenly I felt great. I wanted to
yell, jump, run the mile, do something. I ran out so I
could cry in the hall where there was no one to see me.
At the end of the day, Mr. Schmidt winked at me and
said, “I hear you’re getting a scholarship jacket this
year.”
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His face looked as happy and innocent as a
baby’s, but I knew better. Without answering I gave him
a quick hug and ran to the bus. I cried on the walk home
again, but this time because I was so happy. I couldn’t
wait to tell Grandpa and ran straight to the field.
“The principal said he’s making an exception for me,
Grandpa, and I’m getting the jacket after all. That’s
after I told him what you said.”
Grandpa didn’t say anything, he just gave me a pat
on the shoulder and a smile.
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award: vt.
give or grant (by official decision) (award sb. sth.; award
sth. to sb.)
She was awarded the Nobel Prize for her work in medical
research.
主管部门以给每人增加百分之五工资的方式奖励所有员工。
The management has / have awarded all factory
employees a 5% pay increase.
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maintain: vt.
keep up; continue
The Department maintains many close contacts with the
chemical industry.
如果为了孩子们,离异的双亲能维持友好关系的话,那
是最理想的。
It is best if divorced parents can maintain friendly
relations for the sake of their children.
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look forward to:
think about (sth.) which will happen in the future (usu.
with pleasure) (used in the pattern: look forward to sth.
/ doing sth.)
I’m really looking forward to our vacation.
我妈妈说她盼望着见你。
My mother says she’s looking forward to meeting you.
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participate in:
become involved in
I’d like to thank everyone who has participated in
tonight’s show.
学生们期待他们的老师能参加毕业典礼。
The students expected their professors to participate
in the graduation ceremony.
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sth. doesn’t / can’t compare (with / to sth. else):
If sth. does not compare with / to sth. else, it is not as
good, large etc.
The rides at the fair just can’t compare with the rides
at Disneyland.
这辆车根本无法与我的老车相比,那车真是漂亮极了。
This car just doesn’t compare to my old car, which is
a real beauty.
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plus:
1. adj. more than the amount or number indicated
He works 10 hours a day plus.
这些车售价不低于一万五千美元。
Those cars cost $15,000 plus.
2. prep. added to
The jacket costs $49.95 plus tax.
租金是每周100美元,外加煤气和电费。
The rent will be $100 a week, plus (= added to the
cost of) gas and electricity.
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here and there:
in different places
There were a few books here and there, but apart from
that the room was quite bare.
房子处处都需要粉刷。
The house just needs a bit of paint here and there.
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resign: v.
officially tell your employer that you are going to leave
your job
Mr. Smith resigned from the company in order to take a
more challenging job.
Idiom:
resign oneself to sth. / doing sth.:
make yourself accept sth. that is bad but cannot be changed
John resigned himself to the long walk home.
十六岁那年,我接受了自己不能成为一名舞蹈家的现实。
At sixteen, I resigned myself to the fact that I’d never
be a dancer.
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make it:
succeed in arriving somewhere; be successful in a job or
activity
We made it to the station just as the bus was leaving.
很多运动员想在奥林匹克运动会上获金牌,但他们中很
少的人能得偿所愿。
A lot of athletes want to win gold medals at the
Olympic Games, but very few of them actually make it.
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regarding: prep.
concerning
The company is being questioned regarding its
employment policy.
警察急切地想要得到与那位妇女死亡相关的任何信息。
The police are anxious for any information regarding
the woman’s death.
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represent: vt.
be a sign or symbol of
Each class will elect two students to represent them on
the School Council.
六百多名运动员代表中国参加了2008北京奥运会。
More than six hundred athletes represented China in
the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.
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expectation: n.
a strong belief or hope that sth. will happen (followed by
of / that-clause)
For some time Lesley lived with the expectation that
she was going to win the lottery.
肖恩(Sean)参加竞争但不抱太大成功的希望。
Sean entered the competition without much expectation
of success.
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significance: n.
meaning; importance (followed by of / for / to)
The discovery of the new drug is of great significance
for / to people suffering from heart problems.
直到后来,我们才意识到他话里的意义。
Only later did we realize the true significance of his
remark.
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delicate: adj.
fragile; soft
Delicate plants need to be kept in a greenhouse during
the winter.
太阳很容易晒坏孩子娇嫩的皮肤。
The sun can easily damage a child’s delicate skin.
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exception: n.
person or thing that is left out
Most of the students did well in the exam, though there
were one or two exceptions.
set expressions:
with the exception of sb. / sth.; without exception
We all laughed, with the exception of Maggie.
每种植物都毫无例外地含有某种盐。
Each plant, without exception, contains some kind of
salt.
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tremble: vi.
shiver
Jane’s voice began to tremble and I thought she was
going to cry.
她的下嘴唇在颤抖,眼泪涌出眼眶。
Her bottom lip trembled and tears welled up in her eyes.
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yell: vi.
say, shout, or cry loudly
Kids were pushing past me down the corridor, all
shouting and yelling to each other.
很抱歉,昨晚我对你大喊大叫。
I’m sorry I yelled at you last night.
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innocent: adj.
knowing nothing of evil or wrong; free from guilt or
blame
She has such an innocent face that I find it hard to
believe anything bad of her.
苏珊只有十三岁,非常天真无邪。
Susan is only thirteen years old and very innocent.
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pat: n.
a light touch with the open hand
The coach gave him a pat on the shoulder.
他在狗的头上拍了一下。
He gave the dog a pat on the head.
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The pounding in my ears drowned out the rest of the
words, only a word here and there filtered through.
“ … Martha is Mexican … resign … won’t do it …”
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
我耳朵里嗡嗡作响,听不见他们后来讲的话,只东
一点西一点渗入片言只语。“…玛莎是墨西哥人…
辞职…不干…”
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Too late I realized the significance of my words.
Grandpa knew that I understood it was not a matter of
money. It wasn’t that.
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
等我意识到我这番话的意思时,为时已晚。爷爷知
道我明白那不是钱的问题。不是那个问题。
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It was a very sad and withdrawn girl who dragged into
the principal’s office the next day.
Paraphrase the sentence.
She was very sad, quiet, and didn’t want to talk to
other people. Unwillingly she walked into the
principal’s office the next day.
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His face looked as happy and innocent as a baby’s, but
I knew better.
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
他看上去像孩子般开心,像孩子般天真无邪,可是我
心里比谁都明白。
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Dialogue
Text B tells us a story about how a girl from a poor
family gets a scholarship jacket. Now you are
required to have a dialogue with one of your
classmates.
The dialogue should cover the following aspects:
1) something about the tradition of student award;
2) something about the family background of the girl;
3) the teachers’ argument and the girl’s first talk
with the principal;
4) the talk between the girl and her grandpa;
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5) the girl’s second talk with the principal;
6) what happened to the girl and her family after
she got the good news.
NB: Students may also choose to do this exercise in the
form of a role-play.
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Listening and Discussion
In this part, you will hear two short passages about
APIASF and its recipients. You are required to listen
to them carefully and write down some important
information. After your listening, you are asked to
have a discussion based on the questions
following the passage.
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Passage one
Based in Washington, D.C., the Asian & Pacific
Islander American Scholarship Fund (APIASF) is one of the
largest non-profit U.S. organizations devoted solely to
providing scholarships for Asian and Pacific Islander
Americans (APIA). Since 2003, APIASF has provided a
critical bridge to higher education for APIA students
across the country by awarding more than $2.4 million in
scholarships to 1,075 students.
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Questions for discussion:
1) What does APIASF stand for?
2) What is the function of it? And who can get it?
3) How many students have got it since 2003?
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Passage two
A turning point in my life was in 2002, when I came
from China to the United States. Adapting to a new
culture was not easy: speaking a different language,
knowing new people, getting used to a new school system.
My parents never pursued a higher education, but
accomplished a lot nevertheless. They are working in lowwage jobs in Chinatown. Thanks to their sacrifices, I now
have the opportunities they never had. Going to a fouryear university at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo will give me
the proper education to achieve success in life.
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I am planning to study either civil engineering or
computer engineering, because both majors can help
my community. When I walk through Chinatown, I see
old buildings full of people living in small apartments
less than 50 square feet. There are always traffic jams
in Chinatown because the roads are so narrow.
If I have this opportunity I would like to reorganize
some of the buildings in Chinatown and lift the living
standard of the community. I come from a low-income
family, and both of my parents have a hard time paying
for my college tuition. When I found out I was selected
as a recipient of the APIASF Scholarship, I was very
surprised. Without this scholarship my family would
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have to borrow money from the government and
relatives. Thank you for your confidence in me and
willingness to help me. I am really honored to receive
this scholarship.
Qing He
San Francisco, CA
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Questions for discussion:
1) What can we learn from the passage about his
family?
2) Why does the author choose civil engineering or
computer engineering as his major?
3) Why was the author so happy when he got this
scholarship?
4) What may happen to the family without this
scholarship?
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