Interacting with
Figurative Language
and Poetry
Alliteration
EQ: What is Alliteration?? Why do writers use it?
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What is the poetic device that is being used in
“Animalia”?
What types of figurative language do you see in
the words/illustrations?
Johnny Carson video – can you keep track of
this story??
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjquGpmgwOo
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Tantalizing Tongue Twisters
ADJECTIVE IN THE FIRST BLANK, ADVERB IN THE
SECOND BLANK
An
armadillo ate
Both
badgers begged
The
coyote crawled
A
dog dug
Each
emu eats
Some
fleas flew
The
goose grabbled
Our
hen hopped
An
iguana implored
Some
jackals jumped
A
koala kissed
The
llama leapt
Many
monkeys mumbled
.
Your Turn!

Create your own tongue twister using
one of the following beginning sounds:
R
S
T
K
Allusion
EQ: What is Allusion? Why do writers
use it? What do I need to identify it?
 “Unbreakable” Alicia Keys
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2xUuIdDJ
j7E&safe=active
Ain’t I a Woman? Sojourner Truth
That man over there say
A woman needs to be helped into carriages
And lifted over ditches
And to have the best place everywhere.
Nobody ever helped me into carriages
Or over mud puddles
Or gives me a best place. . .
And ain't I a woman?
Look at me
Look at my arm!
I have plowed and planted
And gathered into barns
And no man could head me. . .
And ain't I a woman?
I could work as much
And eat as much as a man—
When I could get to it—
And bear the lash as well
And ain't I a woman?
I have born 13 children
and seen most all sold into slavery
and when I cried out a mother's grief
none but Jesus heard me. . .
and ain't I a woman?
That little man in black there say
a woman can't have as much rights as a man
cause Christ wasn't a woman
Where did your Christ come from?
From God and a woman!
Man had nothing to do with him!
If the first woman God ever made
was strong enough to turn the world
upside down, all alone
together women ought to be able to turn it
rightside up again.
“Ain’t I a Woman” Activity
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Line 1: Who is the “man” to which the author
refers?
Line 6: What is the author alluding to, “Or over mud
puddles”?
Line 10: What does the author mean, “I have
plowed and planted”?
Line 12: Explain the “and no man could head me.”
Line 24: Who is the “little man in black”
Line 28/29: What famous moment is the author
alluding to?
Line 30, 31, 32: What other famous moment is the
author alluding to?
What is your impression of the author? Why?
Allusion Activity
List 10 characters from fairy tales, folk tales,
or mythology.
 Come up with 3 original examples (1-2
sentences) that allude to these characters
and offer an explanation why the character
you are writing about compares to the
character you’re alluding to.
Ex. Gillian was a modern day Sleeping Beauty.
She lay motionless and radiant on the park
bench.
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Simile/Metaphor
EQ: What is a simile? A
metaphor? What effect do
these figures of speech
have on the reader?
Simile examples:
 She is as sweet as
candy.
 Bob runs like a deer.
 He is as thin as a rail.
Metaphor examples:
 My dad is a bear in
the mornings.
 The bar of soap
was a slippery eel
sliding through my
hands.
 Victoria was a ray
of sunshine.
Similes and Metaphors in
Music
Song/Artist:
Simile/Metaphor (specify which one)
1.
Explanation (What is being compared):
2.
Explanation:
Sparks Fly : Taylor Swift
The way you move is like a full on
rain storm
And I’m a house of cards
Song/Artist: Sparks Fly/ Taylor Swift
Simile/Metaphor (specify which one)
1. The way you move is like a full on rain storm
Explanation: This boy is like a storm that blows past
her.
2. I’m a house of cards
Explanation: He makes her weak in the knees.
A Hard Day’s Night: The
Beatles
It’s been a hard day’s night
And I’ve been working like a dog
It’s been a hard days night
I should be sleeping like a log
Heartless: Kanye West
How could you be so
Cold as the winter wind
when it breeze yo?
Glass: Thompson Square
Tryin' to live and love
With a heart that can't be broken
Is like tryin' to see the light
With eyes that can't be opened
We may shine, we may shatter
We may be pickin' up the pieces here on after
We are fragile, we are human
We are shaped by the light we let through us
But we break fast 'cause we are glass
'Cause we are glass
We might be oil in water
This could be a big mistake
We might burn like gasoline and fire
It's a chance we'll have to take
Stereo Hearts: Gym Class
Heroes
My heart's a stereo
It beats for you, so listen close
Hear my thoughts in every no-o-o-te
Make me your radio
And turn me up when you feel low
This melody was meant for you
Just sing along to my stereo
Stereo Hearts: Gym Class
Heroes
Gym Class Heroes baby!
If I was just another dusty record on the shelf
Would you blow me off and play me like everybody else?
If I asked you to scratch my back, could you manage that?
Like yea [scratched], check it Travie, I can handle that
Furthermore, I apologize for any skipping tracks
It's just the last girl that played me left a couple cracks
I used to used to used to, now I'm over that
'Cause holding grudges over love is ancient artifacts
Stereo Hearts: Gym Class
Heroes
If I could only find a note to make you understand
I'd sing it softly in your ear and grab you by the
hand
Just keep it stuck inside your head, like your
favorite tune
And know my heart's a stereo that only plays
for you
Stereo Hearts: Gym Class
Heroes
If I was an old-school fifty pound boombox (remember them?)
Would you hold me on your shoulder wherever you walk
Would you turn my volume up in front of the cops (turn it up)
And crank it higher everytime they told you to stop
And all I ask is that you don't get mad at me
When you have to purchase mad D batteries
Appreciate every mixtape your friends make
You never know we come and go like on the interstate
I only pray you'll never leave me behind (never leave me)
Because good music can be so hard to find (so hard to find)
I take your hand and hold it closer to mine
Thought love was dead, but now you're changing my mind
Diamonds: Rihanna
Shine bright like a diamond
Shine bright like a diamond
Find light in the beautiful sea
I choose to be happy
You and I, you and I
We’re like diamonds in the sky
You’re a shooting star I see
A vision of ecstasy
When you hold me, I’m alive
We’re like diamonds in the sky
Times Like These: The Foo
Fighters
I am a one way motorway
I'm the one that drives away
Then follows you back home
I am a street light shining
I'm a wild light blinding bright
Burning off alone
I am a new day rising
I'm a brand new sky
To hang the stars upon tonight
I am a little divided
Do I stay or run away
And leave it all behind?
Love, Love, Love, Love, Love
ACTIVITY
Take notes about the similes you hear in
this song
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fycGFGSeKpc&safe
=active
Onomatopoeia
EQ: What is onomatopoeia and what does it create
for a reader/listener?
Boom Boom Powwwwwwwwwww
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4m48GqaOz90&safe=active
Batman, Robin, and the Riddler!
Look for examples of onomatopoeia that you can see
AND hear.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQYU8UEgudQ
An excerpt from THE CONGO by Vachel Lindsay
THEN I SAW THE CONGO, CREEPING THROUGH THE BLACK,
CUTTING THROUGH THE JUNGLE WITH A GOLDEN TRACK.
Then along that river-bank
A thousand miles
Tattoed cannibals danced in files;
Then I heard the boom of the blood-lust song
And a thigh-bone beating on a tin-pan gong.
And "BLOOD" screamed the whistles and the fifes of the warriors,
"BLOOD" screamed the skull-faced, lean witch-doctors,
"Whirl ye the deadly voodoo rattle,
THE
CONGO
CONT.
Harry the uplands,
Steal all the cattle,
Rattle-rattle, rattle-rattle,
Bing!
Boomlay, boomlay, boomlay, Boom,"
A roaring, epic, rag-time tune
From the mouth of the Congo
To the Mountains of the Moon.
Death is an Elephant,
Torch-eyed and horrible,
Foam-flanked and terrible.
Boom,
Boom,
Boom,
Like the wind
Hoo, Hoo, Hoo.
Thinking about “The Congo”
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What examples of onomatopoeia did
you see in “The Congo”?
What effect does the use of
onomatopoeia have on the poem and
on you as a reader?
Comic book artists!
Your goal: create a comic of at least
10 frames
 Depict:
1. One conflict
2. A climax (check out the plotter coaster)
3. At least 8 different sounds
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Interacting with Figurative Language and Poetry