Reported Speech 2 ＋ Vocabulary 17 & 19 Grammar and Vocabulary Ⅱ January 10, 2012 VOA Special English Do you like listening to English songs? Do you think English songs may help studying English? Are You Learning English? These Songs May Help http://www.voanews.com/learningenglish/home/ education/Are-You-Learning-English-TheseSongs-May-Help-112973119.html This is the VOA Special English Education Report. (MUSIC) Songs teach language. Consider a song like "Tom's Diner" by Suzanne Vega. An American teaching English overseas once told us that students love it. (MUSIC) Recently we asked people on Facebook to suggest other songs that English learners might like. Noemi Nito wrote: I'm one of those English students who love "Tom's Diner." I started learning English with "Lemon Tree" by Fool's Garden. Another person, Asi Tambunan, suggested the song "God Only Knows" by Orianthi. (MUSIC) Gyongyi Jako wrote that ABBA's songs from Sweden are perfect for class work. Also, the Beatles and John Lennon, as well as Louis Armstrong's "Wonderful World." Paul Cifuentes says Bob Marley's songs are amazing for teaching. But another teacher, Joseph Deka, says songs by Johnny Cash have always worked in his classroom. He says his students can hear the words, plus the songs often have stories. But he says young children love "C Is for Cookie" by Cookie Monster from the TV show "Sesame Street.“ (MUSIC) Aurelio Lourenco Costa Gusmao says he began to like English after his teacher played the Westlife song "I Have a Dream": That was eight years ago. I was in the seventh grade. And from that day on, my dream of improving my English skills became attached in my mind. Teachers can use this song to convey the message to their students that they should have their own dream for the future. Aurelio's story was no surprise to another commenter, Katie Kivenko: When you listen to your favorite songs, you feel emotionally high and it moves you to action. And that's the VOA Special English Education Report. You can share other music suggestions for English learners at voaspecialenglish.com or on Facebook at VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember. Reported Speech Reported Speech Speech that is reported without using the exact words of the speaker. Sometimes called ‘indirect speech.’ e.g. Tom said that he was feeling sick. Direct Speech Speech that is written using the exact words of the speaker, without any changes. e.g. Tom said, “I’m feeling sick.” ONLY TIME by Enya Who can say （ ）（ ）（ （ ）（ ）（ -- only time And who can say （ ）（ ）（ as your heart chose -- only time ）（ ）（ ） ） ）（ ） ONLY TIME by Enya Who can say where the road goes where the day flows -- only time And who can say if your love grows as your heart chose -- only time 誰にわかるというの？ 道がどこに向かっているのか 一日がどこに流れていくのか 時だけが知っているのよ 誰にわかるというの？ あなたの心が選んだ愛が 大きく育っていくかどうか 時だけが知っているのよ Who can say where the road goes where the day flows -- only time And who can say if your love grows as your heart chose -- only time Who can say when the roads meet that love might be in your heart And who can say when the day sleeps if the night keeps all your heart Who can say why your heart sighs as your love flies -- only time And who can say why your heart cries when your love lies -- only time Night keeps all your heart Who can say if your love grows as your heart chose -- only time And who can say where the road goes where the day flows -- only time Who knows -- only time I Don’t Know What He Looks Like A: What does the bank robber look like? B: I don’t know* what he looks like. *Or: I don’t know…, I don’t remember…, I can’t remember…, I’ve forgotten…, I’m not sure…, I have no idea… Do You Know if Honey Is Bad for My Teeth? A: Do you know if* honey is bad for my teeth? B: I’m not really sure. Why don’t you ask your dentist? HE can tell you if* honey is bad for your teeth. *Or: whether A: Can you tell me whether* anybody here found a black wallet? B: I’m not really sure. Why don’t you ask the manager? SHE can tell you whether* anybody here found a black wallet. *Or: if BBC Learning English Grammar Challenge http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/lear ningenglish/radio/specials/145_gramc hallenge36/ Indirect questions There's more than one way to ask a question. Indirect questions are more polite and don't need a change in word order in the main question. Vocabulary 17 and 19 WEB Exercise Vocabulary_17_1（マッチング） Vocabulary_17_2（日⇒英） Vocabulary_19_1（マッチング） Vocabulary_19_2（日⇒英） Take care of yourself!