Section B - Writing
Questions 5 & 6 – Writing
Approaching and answering
Questions 5 & 6
Language devices used
in non-fiction writing.
Which do you think you
could confidently use in
your own writing? Do
certain devices suit
certain text types?
Hint: Think about Reading Question 4
• 1st, 2nd or 3rd person
(narrative viewpoint)
• Directly addressing the
• Imperatives
• Rhetorical questions
• Register - Formal/Informal
• Diction - Simple/Complex
• Figurative Language &
Imagery: Similes/Metaphor/
Personification etc.
• Word play & puns
Rhyme & Rhythm
Anecdote & Allusion
Slogan & Catchphrase
Statistics & Facts
Exaggeration & Hyperbole
Emotive language
Punctuation type
Expert advice
Short sentences
Question 5: Shorter Writing Task
•16 marks (10 for content; 6 for skills)
•Spend 25 minutes on this question
•You need to plan 4-6 ideas, in response to the question
•Your writing needs to:
•Be well-organised, in paragraphs
•Be accurate in terms of spelling and sentence structure
•Be engaging, interesting, passionate and exciting!
Question 6: Shorter Writing Task
•24 marks (16 for content; 8 for skills)
•Spend 35 minutes on this question
•You need to plan 6 or more ideas, in response to the question
•Your writing needs to:
•Be well-organised, in paragraphs
•Be accurate in terms of spelling and sentence structure
•Be engaging, interesting, passionate and exciting!
DROPS – A useful acronym to remind you of what to include in the writing section…
E.g. rhetorical questions,
humour, alliteration,
repetition, facts and
statistics, lists…
Range of punctuation
! ; : … - () . , ?
Openings / Closings
‘Grab’ or ‘hook’ your reader;
leave a lasting impression on
Short sentences /
Passion / Voice
Anger, enthusiasm,
sympathy, knowledge,
Give shape and variation to
your writing…
Range of punctuation: Match up…
Punctuation mark
used to indicate that what follows it is an
explanation or elaboration of what precedes
used to add extra information without
distracting too much from the main idea
used to separate items in a list, or in
compound sentences (with coordinating
used to join two complete sentences into a
single written sentence when there is no
connecting word which would require a
comma, such as and or but
used at the end of a direct question
usually shows strong feeling, such as
surprise, anger or joy
Openings and Closings…
The opening and closing of your piece will decide what the examiner thinks
about you.
What to avoid:
“In this article I’m going to write about…” = D
“I am going to write about…” = D
“I am writing this letter to…” = D
What to do more of:
Open/Close with a question: ‘Have you ever considered why people are so
Open/Close with a fact: ‘The majority of young people wish they lived in
another era….’
Open/Close with a setting: ‘Imagine the scene: tons of litter scattered around
on a beautiful, calm beach…’
…should ‘grab’ your reader
Write a magazine article advising teenagers about the dangers of smoking.
Cough. Cough. Sorry, I am struggling to say this as – cough, cough – I find
it difficult to talk as I have had one lung removed due to cancer.
Smoking is bad. It is the cause of millions of deaths every year.
I know you can’t help it, but smoking is terrible and it makes you stink.
£5000 is exactly how much money you waste on smoking each year.
I am going to teach you about the dangers of smoking. In this article, I
will give you the reasons as to why you shouldn’t smoke.
Imagine you are on a date. Your date arrives. In the distance, they look
gorgeous and worth the hours it has taken you to get ready. As they get
closer, you notice something – a smell. The scent of an ashtray.
…should leave a lasting impression
Write a magazine article advising teenagers about the dangers of smoking.
So, if you want to be another statistic on a long and ever expanding list,
then carry on smoking.
Finally, the reasons for not smoking are clear – it is bad; it causes cancer;
it stunts your growth; it costs a lot of money.
Act now and stub it out or expect to be ash quicker than you think.
Smoking costs. Smoking smells. Smoking kills.
To conclude, smoking is very bad, so to save your life, do something now.
Passion and voice…
Inject some life into these statements! Think about more interesting
vocabulary (adjectives and adverbs in particular) or sentence structure.
What could punctuation do? What techniques might be used?…
I disagree with this point of view.
We need to try to change things.
I was happy when I received my grade.
The street looked nice.
Short sentences and paragraphs…
Shape 2
Shape 1
Which of these text shapes is more inviting? Which do you want to read?
Section B: Writing – Shorter task: A letter to your local newspaper arguing for better leisure facilities in your community
As a teenager living in the Waterloo area I would like to point out that although the area provides leisure facilities there is still much that can be
done to improve these for young people and families. It is easy to criticise young people and accuse them of “hanging round street corners” but
you need to look at it from a young person’s perspective.
Most of the facilities round Waterloo costs money. The Imax cinema for example charges more than other cinemas, if a family of one adult and
two children go to see a film during the school holiday this outing will cost £40! Adult tickets are £16 and children under 16 pay £12 each. In the
current economic climate this is a large sum of money for any family. Why not run half price shows for children and one supervising adult during
school holidays that start at 10am? I am sure so many tickets will be sold it will make these shows worthwhile.
The only free activity for youngsters on the South Bank is the skate board park underneath the Royal Festival Hall. The decorated murals
encourage tourists to take pictures. Why not include other areas on the South Bank for skate boarders? What about having some champions to
come in to demonstrate some skate boarding tricks during school holidays? Or encouraging students to run their own informal competitions?
I recently learnt that the Royal Festival Hall is run as a charity and that the area is open to all but this is not publicised. As a teenager I feel
intimidated going in, I am not sure if I am meant to be there. It would be useful if more was done to make us aware of this and if there were more
exhibitions in the open areas that are of interest to young people.
Art is one of my GCSE subjects but the Hayward Gallery has a high entry fee. Why not introduce a free one hour pass valid from Monday to Friday
so that school students can visit exhibits after school and take their time to see only a few works at a time. After all, if young people are not
encouraged to take an interest in art where will tomorrow’s audience come from?
I think local leisure facility organisers and owners should work with local schools to have a local council of school students to advise them on how
local facilities can be improved and have special activities for young people and families, some of them free, so that local people feel they have a
part to play in the local area.
Yours faithfully,
Johnny Bloggs
What’s good about this?
How could it be improved?
Describe a time when you had to make a difficult decision.
! ? () ;
•Your first step
is to plan.
•Without a plan
you’ll be lost
and won’t write
•Plan structure,
content and
some of the
techniques you
might use…
Idea /
Idea /
Idea /
and Similes
Idea /
Idea /
Shorter writing task: 25 minutes
Writing up ideas - hints
•Aim for a powerful opening!
•Organise your writing into paragraphs, and vary
the length of your paragraphs for effect
•When searching for a word and a dull one
comes to mind, reject it and find a more
interesting one!
•Decide what devices suit the kind of writing
you’re doing (e.g. persuasive? descriptive?) and
use them!
•Be original and engaging, inspiring and
Question 5: Shorter Writing Task– Sample Mark Scheme
(10 marks)
Question 5: Shorter Writing Task– Sample Mark Scheme
(6 marks)
Question 6: Longer Writing Task– Sample Mark Scheme
(16 marks)
Question 6: Longer Writing Task– Sample Mark Scheme
(8 marks)
Describe a person you admire.
Shorter writing task: 25 minutes
We have all seen ‘disaster’ holidays on the TV.
Write a letter to a travel company in which you
try to persuade them that your holiday was not
satisfactory and that you deserve
Longer writing task: 35 minutes
The Blogosphere
A Mirror Made Of Words
All I Need Is A Keyboard
An MK's Meandering Mind
Balderdash Reviews
Heroic Endeavors
Kirsten Writes!
Lev AC Rosen
Miriam Joy Writes
Musings and Random Thoughts
Nearly Published
Ocean Owl
One Dork And A Blog
One Life Glory
Tales of an Unpublished Writer
Teenage Enthusiasm
Teens Can Write, Too!
That One Is An It
The Afictionado
The Aviculture Obsessed
The Last Muggle
The Leaning Tower Of Plot
The Office of Letters and Light
The Teenage Writer
The Zebra Clan
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
One of the best places to look for inspiration for writing is to look at teenagers’ blogs online.
Above are a selection of blogs; many are about being a blogger or writer, but there are lots of
posts on various things teenagers care about. These will give you a good idea about how to
achieve a ‘voice’ in your writing. Remember, you need to appear passionate and opinionated
in order to engage your reader (the examiner!)
From the Blogosphere…
Teenage Love and its Downside
I’m going to be honest. I’ve never been in love. And since I’m only 17, I’m totally fine with that.
Around the age of thirteen we start to want to prove ourselves as grown ups. We want to shave, use potty words, wear bras, and have that
thing called ‘love’. It’s basically programmed into our DNA. Being able to live like the adults in our lives, who seem to have it all, is
everything we dream about as teens and we will try anything to be these glamorous adults. Unfortunately, we focus so much on this that we
forget to enjoy our childhood.
As a teenager I see ‘love’ almost every day. It’s usually when I’m at my locker and this one couple is exchanging saliva right in front of the
lock. Then I see it later when I’m walking down the stairs and the couple in front of me is holding hands and walking like they’ve never heard
of moving their feet. I see it after class when a boy is waiting by the door, excited to see his girlfriend after the agonizing 45 minutes they’ve
been apart. But this isn’t the ‘love’ that I’m talking about. I’m talking about the kind of relationships.
It’s ridiculous! When I fall in love, I want it to be more than just some ridiculous dating thing. I want it to be this feeling that I’m with the
right person, someone who will always be able to make me smile. Not just someone who expressed interest in me for five minutes and we
last for three weeks. I don’t understand this ‘teenage love’ thing. It’s so confusing.
The worst part of all of these relationships is usually how they end. A friend of mine recently had her heart broken (send her your prayers),
and it opened my eyes to how messy it all really can be. Some teen relationships end with pregnancy. Some with cheating. Some with
wanting different things. Some with reasons that don’t even make sense. And these are all reasons that make me glad that I’ve never
opened up to a teenage male. Don’t get me wrong, I like the boys, but I would hate to remember high school as that one time some guy I
dated for three months went and slept with some trashy sophomore.
Now, please don’t think I’m dissing on love. I’m all for people dating in high school; I actually encourage it. But I think that love, that feeling
of being dependent on someone, is not the way to spending high school. We’re entitled to our own opinion, but I really think that I have so
many years coming ahead of me, and right now I want to focus on having fun and meeting new people, not worried that my boyfriend didn’t
text me right back.
What are your thoughts on teenage love? Are you all for teenagers thinking they’ve met the love of their life at 16, or are you more for fun,
non-serious dating? Please leave your response down in the comments!
From: Teenage Enthusiasm
From the Blogosphere…
Being Well-Read
As you might have guessed, I didn’t finish a book last week (Emma is taking longer than expected), and things have been crazy lately.
However, even if I haven’t been reading particularly quickly, I have been thinking a lot about reading, books, and what it really means to be
My main goal with the book-a-week “project” (for lack of a better word) was to force myself to finish books I had started but not finished, as
well as continue reading despite my busy schedule. It’s done that quite well, but it has also made me really consider what books I want to
read and how I organize my TBR list. Should I read that new YA novel, or finish The Lord of the Rings? Should I try to read The Great Gatsby?
It’s not too long- I could totally read that in a week. This is what I’ve been thinking about every time I pass the library since school started.
Like I said before, it’s also got me thinking about what it means to be truly well-read. Does the volume of books read matter, or is it just the
titles of the books you’re reading? This is a pretty difficult question to answer.
When I was little, I would burn through books, usually finishing more than a book a week. However, most of these books were short and not
of very much importance- I was a very big fan of the Magic Tree House series. As I’ve grown, I have moved on to a little more sophisticated
reading, but it was really only in the past year or two that I’ve started trying to read classics or anything outside of my comfort zone readingwise. So even though I was reading a lot of books and could be considered well-read, I wasn’t reading books that are “important”, or
However, I think that there’s something wrong with forcing yourself to read difficult books just to say that you’ve read them. Yes, saying
that you have read all the works of Dickens is very impressive, but if you didn’t understand or like a word of it, then why even bother? To
me, buying a book, looking at the words, and not getting any meaning out of them isn’t reading. It isn’t even a good use of your time; if you
feel the need to read books you don’t want to to look cool/smart/interesting, then you need to find new friends. Although every book has
someone who will love it, they have someone who will hate it as well.
I don’t think that being well-read is about the books read themselves; I think it’s about deriving meaning from them. Even if you don’t read
much and when you do, it’s all trashy genre fiction, you can still be well-read, as long as you can find meaning and communicate it. Writers
write to be heard and although the medium is frustratingly one-sided, books are supposed to open up a conversation. That’s why popular
book series such as Harry Potter have thousands of forums dedicated to their analysis and discussion. The sign of a good reader is someone
who understands what they are reading so thoroughly that they can, in their own way, open up a conversation with the book and gain a
deeper understanding as to its meaning. Then they, as well as the book in question, are truly well-read.
From: Kirsten Writes
From the Blogosphere…
Bonus Post: A Little Bit of Self Pity
I know I’m not supposed to be blogging until tomorrow, but I’m still getting out of the Wednesday/Sunday swing of things, so it feels weird not to have
blogged in so many days. I’m so out of it right now… There are so many things I want to complain about. Maybe I should put this in my journal instead of
on my blog, but y’all are here for the good, the bad, and the ugly, so bear with me.
I’ve been reading this really cute blog that’s always really upbeat and inspirational, and I’m over here with my big, puffy, hideous face and my greasy hair
and my pajamas and just feel so blah. I mean, granted, I got my wisdom teeth out on Tuesday, so nobody expects me to be skipping about in a meadow
with an iced coffee and classic novel, singing about the sunshine and flipping my perfect hair.
Because that’s how I am usually, right?
Anyway, my cheeks are swollen to the point that I look like Winston Churchill, my diet consists of mush and pudding and mashed potatoes and mac and
cheese and yogurt. Yesterday I sneaked a chocolate chip – I opened poor, chubby little mouth as far open as possible (which is not very far), and set the
chocolate chip on my tongue and let it melt there.
At which point I felt depressed.
I’m all drugged up, all I want to do is sleep, but instead I have to do chemistry and help clean the house because we’re trying to sell it/rent it/whatever. I
keep catching glimpses of myself in the mirror: from chin-up I look like someone on The Biggest Loser. It’s embarrassing. I just want to cry.
The problem is, I’m sitting here holding myself to this stupid, impossible standard by reading all these happy blogs about people who have this really
active spiritual life and read all these good books and smile all the time. I can’t expect myself to dress fabulously all the time and eat healthily and be
upbeat about everything and do all these bible study whatevers that I can’t do. I mean, I should journal. Yes. I should pray more. Yes. I should do many
many things besides cramming Kraft mac-and-cheese into my swollen mouth and attempting to stab my Latin book with all these stupid broken pencils
that my stupid broken pencil sharpener keeps breaking.
But I can’t right now. Nobody expects me to. I feel like crap. So right now, it’s okay for me to just sit here and feel like crap. I’m offering up my suffering,
like Angela, our Marian Group leader, told me I should, but I’m still suffering, with a big old scowl on my big swollen hideous mug.
Because I can’t drink peppy iced coffee because I currently am FORBIDDEN FROM UTILIZING A STRAW.
From: Heroic Endeavours
A newspaper publishes an article with the headline,
‘Young people today have it too easy; they lack
challenges and don’t have to work for anything.’
Write a letter to the newspaper agreeing or
disagreeing with this point of view.
Longer writing task: 35 minutes

Section A - Reading Question 1: Retrieval