Reported speech
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El estilo indirecto (reported speech) se usa para contar lo que alguien ha dicho
sin citar exactamente sus palabras.
Podemos contar en presente lo que alguien acaba de decir, para lo cual basta
Con quitar las comillas y cambiar el pronombre sujeto y la persona del verbo.
“ I am tired”
He says that he is tired
Pero lo normal es que el verbo que introduce la subordinada en estilo indirecto
(say o tell, normalmente) vaya en pasado, y entonces el cambio más importante
es que el verbo de la subordinada da un salto atrás ( de present simple a
Past simple, de éste a past perfect, etc)
“I like noodles”
He said that he liked noodles
Además de suprimir las comillas y cambiar los tiempos verbales, también
es necesario que hagamos algunos cambios en los pronombres y en
las expresiones de tiempo y de lugar.
La oración subordinada va introducida por “ that” , aunque en inglés hablado
se suele omitir.
Cuando la frase enuncia una verdad general no hay cambio en los tiempos
verbales.
“Crime is punished by the law”, she said
She said that crime is punished by the law
Cambios en los tiempos verbales
Tense
Present simple
Direct Speech
“He works as an editor”
Tense
Indirect Speech
Past simple
He said that he worked as
an editor
Present continuous “He is working as an
editor”
Past
continuous
He said that he was working
as an editor
Past simple
“He worked as an editor”
Past perfect
He said that he had worked
as an editor
Past continuous
“He was working as an
editor”
Past perfect
continuous
He said that he had been
working as an editor
Present perfect
simple
“He has worked as an
editor”
Past perfect
He said that he had worked
as an editor
Present perfect
continuous
“He has been working as
an editor”
Present
perfect
continuous
He said that he had been
working as an editor
Past perfect
simple
“He had worked as an
editor”
Past perfect
simple
He said that he had worked
as an editor
Past perfect
continuous
“He had been working as
an editor”
Past perfect
continuous
He said that he had been
working as an editor
Future simple
“He will work as an editor” Would + infin.
He said that he would work
as an editor
Cambios en los modales
Can
Could
May
Might
Must / have to
Must / had to
Will
Would
Cambios en otras palabras
Now
Then
Today
That day
Tonight
That night
Yesterday
The previous day / the day before
Last week
The previous week / the week before
A month ago
The previous month / the month before
Tomorrow
The following day / the next day / the day after
Next week
The following week / the week after
Here
There
This
That
These
Those
Reported questions
Hay dos tipos de preguntas:
 LAS YES / NO QUESTIONS son las que se contestan con un “si” o un “no”.
para ponerlas en estilo indirecto utilizamos el verbo ask, y a continuación if o whether.
Entonces la pregunta deja de serlo y se convierte en una frase afirmativa, ya no hay
inversión sujeto-verbo(A+S+V), ni signo de interrogación, ni comillas.
“Did you speak to John last night?” She asked
aux
suj
verb
She asked if / whether I had spoken to John last night
 LAS WH-QUESTIONS son las que empiezan por una palabra interrogativa (Wh- word)
Al pasarlas al estilo indirecto ponemos dicha palabra (wh-) y luego el sujeto + verbo.
►Who told you that story? She asked
Sujeto → no aux
She asked who had told us that story
Who are you writing to? She asked
She asked who I was writing to
suj
► Where did you go last summer? He asked me
He asked me where I had gone the previous summer
suj
Reported orders
Para poner una orden en estilo indirecto cambiamos el imperativo por un infinitivo con to.
Pero antes del infinitivo debemos poner un verbo que exprese mandato, como
Tell u order , seguido del complemento indirecto.
Hay otros verbos que siguen esta estructura aunque no expresen orden.
Ask o beg para peticiones.
Warn para advertir a alguien de algo.
Advise para dar consejo
Invite para hacer una invitación.
“Stop driving so fast”.
My mother ordered me to stop driving so fast.
Si la oración es negativa , ponemos not delante de to.
“Don´t tell anybody”
He begged me not to tell anybody
Reported suggestions
Primero ponemos el sujeto y el verbo suggest en pasado y después lo que se sugirió.
Las sugerencias se pueden pasar a estilo indirecto de dos formas:
 usando una oración introducida por that, con su sujeto y el verbo en la forma base.
(El verbo demand, que expresa mandato, también sigue esta estructura)
“Let´s watch the news” Tom suggested
Tom suggested that we watch the news
 Usando el gerundio, sin especificar ningún sujeto.
“ Let´s phone the police inmediately”
He suggested phoning the police inmediately
Reported verbs
+
Admit
Agree
Answer
Apologise
Boast (presumir, alardear)
Claim
?
Enquire
Request
orders
Complain
Declare
Deny
Explain
Inform
Insist
Want to know
Wonder
Demand
Order
requests
Shout
Warn
Suggestions
Advise
Invite
Suggest
Recommend
Mention
Offer
Promise
Refuse
Remind
Reply
Beg
Choose the correct answer
1. Frank promised that he will take / would take photographs on the trip.
2. The shop claimed that they have / had no more Harry Potter books.
3. Bob explained that he couldn’t / can’t come that evening.
4. Dad mentioned that he was going / is going to the dentist.
5. Laura admitted that she doesn’t know / didn’t know the answer.
Choose the correct continuation.
1. I wondered … .
a. if Mike was still angry
b. if Mike still loves me
2. Reporters asked eyewitnesses … .
a. what had they seen
b. if they had seen anyone leave the building
3. My parents wanted to know … .
a. which film I was going to
b. what time I will get home
4. Joe asked the doctor … .
a. when could he go back to work
b. if he could go back to work
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
1.“My parents are reading the paper.”
Mike said his parents ………………………
were reading
(read) the paper.
2.“David will arrive soon.”
would arrive (arrive) soon.
Bill mentioned that David ………………………
3.“John forgot my birthday!”
had forgotten (forget) her birthday.
Tessa complained that John ………………………
4.”I’m not waiting for you.”
wasn’t waiting (wait) for us.
Simon said that he ………………………
5.“Were you speaking to the publisher?”
He wanted to know if I
………………………
had
been speaking (speak) to the publisher.
6. “Barbara can meet us later.”
could meet
She mentioned that Barbara ………………………
(meet) us later.
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
hadn’t broken
1. The boys claimed that they ………………………
(not break) the window.
would take (take) me to the party.
2. Rita promised that she ………………………
preferred (prefer).
3. The salesgirl asked Jenny which sweater she ………………………
4. Ingrid admitted that she
couldn’t
understand
………………………
(cannot understand) the maths.
have / was having (have) a test
5. The student wanted to know if the class would………………………
the following week.
had called (call) her when she was out.
6. Sandra wondered who ………………………
would give (give) him a ticket if he caught
7. The policeman warned Alex that he ………………………
him speeding again.
8. Jack said that he
had
been cleaning
………………………
(clean) his room when his mother had
come home the previous day.
9. Mr Roberts said that he ………………………
was using (use) the computer at that moment.
Write sentences using the words below.
1.they / had / the / museum / that / been / all / Sandra / working / week / said / at
They said that Sandra had been working at the museum all week
Sandra said that they had been working at the museum all week.
2.whether / raining / children / was / asked / the / it
The children asked whether it was raining.
3.told / mum / clean / house / my / me / to / the
My mum told me to clean the house
4.that / playing / Brian / friends / his / basketball / said / were
Brian said that his friends were playing basketball.
5.pizza / dinner / night / suggested / a / that / David / ordering / for
David suggested ordering a pizza for dinner that night.
Complete the sentences according to the meaning of the original sentences.
1. “Let’s invite the neighbours for coffee tomorrow,” said Mrs Thomas.
Mrs Thomas suggested..
.
..inviting / that we invite the neighbors for coffee the next / the following day
2. “Don’t walk on the grass,” said the park keeper to the children.
The park keeper told the children not to walk on the grass
.
3. “Why do I have to go to the dentist today?” asked the little boy.
The little boy asked why he had to go to the dentist that day .
4. “I’ll never hit Johnny again,” Daniel said.
Daniel promised that he would never hit Johnny again / never. to hit Johnny again
5. “We are watching the news on TV now,” her parents said.
Her parents told us that they were watching the news on TV then
.
Choose the correct time expression.
1. “Let’s go to lunch next week.”
She suggested going to lunch … .
a. the following week
b. next week
c. that week
2. “I am going to buy a new computer tomorrow.”
He said he was going to buy a new computer … .
a. the day before
b. the next day
c. tomorrow
3. “We are eating now.”
She said they were eating … .
a. now
b. later
c. then
4. “Did you call me last night?”
He asked whether I had called him … .
a. the night before
b. yesterday
c.last night
Complete the following sentences using reported speech.
Make all necessary changes.
1.“I have an important meeting with the editor.”
Victor said
(that)
. he had an important meeting with the editor
2.“Steve, don’t be late for the press conference.”
not to be late for the press conference
The secretary reminded Steve
.
3. “I went to the doctor yesterday.”
Linda said ..
.
…(that) she had been / had gone to the doctor the day before / the previous day
4.“Dad will be working late tonight.”
Mum said (that) Dad would be working late that night
Complete the sentences. Use reported speech.
1.“Stop making so much noise,” the teacher told the students.
The teacher told the students
The teacher told the students to stop making so much noise.
2. “Don’t turn on the television,” Tim’s mother said.
Tim’s mother told him
Tim’s mother told him not to turn on the television.
3. “Let’s meet at the café after work,” Anne suggested.
Anne suggested that
Anne suggested that we meet at the café after work
Write the sentences in direct speech.
1.I asked Regina where she was going for her holiday.
“Where are you going for your holiday?” I asked Regina.
2.Everyone asked Susan what she had done the day before.
“What did you do yesterday?” everyone asked Susan.
3.They said that they wouldn’t go to the party unless Sam invited them.
“We won’t go to the party unless Sam invites us,” they said.
4.The manager ordered Gina to finish typing those letters by five o’clock.
“Finish typing these letters by five o’clock!” the manager ordered Gina
5.Albert told us that he had finished the last Harry Potter book the week
before.
I finished the last Harry Potter book last week,” Albert said.
6.Tina suggested that we make Lucy a surprise party.
“Let’s make Lucy a surprise party,” Tina suggested.
Choose the correct verb in brackets. Then rewrite the sentences in reported
speech.
1.Anne: “My parents won’t allow me to work after school.” (complain / suggest)
Anne complained that her parents wouldn’t allow her to work after school
2.Shop manager: “We are closing the shop early today.” (order / explain)
The shop manager explained that they were closing the shop early that day
3.Teacher: “If you complete the assignment by next week, you’ll get extra
marks.” (enquire / promise)
The teacher promised that if we / they completed the assignment
by the following week / the week after, we / they would get extra marks.
4.Tim: “Don’t forget the party next week, Sam.” (remind / suggest)
Tim reminded Sam not to forget the party the following week /
the week after.
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