Overarching Principles
These principles should be kept in mind at all times when thinking about preschool
curriculum and working with young children.
1.
All children are capable of learning
2.
Children show individual differences in development
3.
Knowledge of child growth and development is essential for program
development and implementation
4.
Children’s language skills are the best indicators of academic success
5.
Developmental domains are highly interrelated
6.
Young children learn by doing
7.
Families are the primary caregivers and educators of their young children
Overview of the History and Social
Science Preschool Learning
Experiences
Review the Overview of the History and Social Science
document before continuing this module.
Learning Guidelines 1
1. Discuss and identify the order of
daily routines.
Image courtesy of BoardMakerAt
(http://www.angelfire.com/pa5/as/boardmaker/lu
nchschedule.pdf) Creative Commons 2.0
Learning Guidelines 2
2. Discuss and use vocabulary
related to time in relevant
activities.
Time Words
Morning
Noon
Afternoon
Evening
Night
Clock
Before
After
Month
Year
Today
Tomorrow
Image courtesy of Maria
(http:[email protected]/1332620
063) (2007) Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0
Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
Learning Guidelines 3
3. Identify and describe cause and
effect as they relate to personal
experiences and ageappropriate stories.
Numeroff, L. and F. Bond. (1998).
If You Give a Pig a Pancake. New
York: Harper Collins.
Image courtesy of Flickr
(http://www.flickr.com/photos/gozalewis/3670957644/)
(2009) Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0)
Learning Guidelines 4

Personal information

Address

Phone number

Town, state, country

Types of Transportation

Familiar buildings

Post office

Fire station

School

Direction Words

Geographic Features

Hills

Rivers

Ocean
4. Engage
in activities that build
understanding of words for
location and direction.
Image courtesy of Karen Apricot
(http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carrollton
_firehouse.jpg) (2006) Creative Commons
Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic
Learning Guidelines 5
5. Construct and describe simple
maps of their immediate
neighborhood.
Image courtesy of Flickr
(http://www.flickr.com/photos/photosbyemily/4395709022/)
(2010) Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC
2.0)
Image courtesy of Leo Reynolds
(http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/5363249/in/
photostream/) (2005) AttributionNonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC
BY-NC-SA 2.0)
Learning Guidelines 6
6. Discuss examples of rules,
fairness, personal
responsibilities, and authority
in their own experiences and in
stories read to them.
Morning Job Chart Video
Image courtesy of Linda
(http://www.flickr.com/photos/lindah/113841605/in/p
hotostream/) (2004) Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY
2.0)
Learning Guidelines 7
7. Talk about the qualities we value
in a person's character such as
honesty, courage, courtesy,
willingness to work hard,
kindness, fairness,
trustworthiness, selfdiscipline, loyalty, and
personal responsibility.
Books to teach about character
Taking Turns Video

Rainbow Fish by Marcus Pfister

Dr. Seuss Books

Stellaluna by Janel Cannon

The Wednesday Surprise by Eve
Bunting

Jamaica's Find by Juanita Havill

Frog and Toad are Friends by
Arnold Lobel
Learning Guidelines 8
8. Discuss classroom
responsibilities in daily
activities.
Snack Helper Video
Image courtesy of Edupics.com
(http://www.edupics.com/coloring-page-handout-books-i14757.html) Creative Commons 2.0
Learning Guidelines 9
9. Discuss roles and responsibilities
of family or community
members who promote the
welfare and safety of children
and adults.
Being a Firefighter
Image courtesy of Reellady
(http://farm1.static.flickr.com/112/263029775_75e4c
4b370.jpg) Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0
Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
Learning Guidelines 10
10. Observe and discuss the
various kinds of work people do
outside and inside their homes.
Firefighter Video
Image courtesy of Flickr
(http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4002/4396733242_b1bc34fcc1
.jpg) (2010) Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic
(CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
Learning Guidelines 11
11. Observe, discuss, and
dramatize basic economic
concepts such as buying and
selling, producing, and
consuming.
Gas Station Video
Learning Guidelines 12
12. Observe some U.S. national
holidays and discuss how and
why we celebrate them.
Image courtesy of Dave
(http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2008/1964905867_8b9447
601f_o.jpg) (2007) Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BYND 2.0)
Learning Guidelines 13
13. Observe or listen to important
American symbols including
the American flag and its
colors and shapes; the melody
of the national anthem; the
picture and name of the
current President, and the
words of the Pledge of
Allegiance.
Image courtesy of U.S. Air Force
(http://www.af.mil/shared/media/ggallery/hires/afg_0
21223_001.jpg)
Next Steps

Read the articles included below that support why these
standards are being taught and the best ways to teach
them.

Look over the History and Social Science scope and
sequence checklist and inventory for meeting the standards
and keeping track of how you meet them. This is also a tool
that can be used to plan progress monitoring for students.

Complete the module quiz.

Complete and turn in your module assignment via
Blackboard.
Congratulations!! You have completed the History and Social
Science Module.
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Massachusetts State Preschool Learning Experiences …