Introduction
U. B. Desai
Department of Electrical Engineering
[email protected]
EPBAX: 7414
ICT as a Socio-Political-Techno System
Technology
Govt. / Policy
ICT
for
Development
Industry /
Local Entrep.
Community
Organization
Use of ICT for Bridging Digital-X
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Education Divide
Health Divide
Income Divide
Opportunity Divide
Improve quality of life
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Many in the upper strata of the society have benefited
from ICT
The question today is: How can we take this benefit
to a much larger section of the society; rural areas
and small towns
Some Illustrative Examples
Example of ICT support for Agriculture
Before
• Village in Madurai
• Lady’s finger was turning
yellow
• Web-cam image was sent to
Madurai Agriculture college
• They diagnosed it as “yellow mosaic
disease” and suggested a remedy
• The farmer was able to save
nearly one lakkh
After
ICT for Veterinary Support
• Goat had a wound near
its mouth
• Could not eat
• A web-cam picture sent to
the vet college in Madurai
• The suggestions from the
vet cured the goat in
two days
Outsourcing to Rural Areas from Urban Areas
Rural ATM
• Urban ATMs
cost Rs.8 lakhs
• Develop a
rural AT for
Rs. 40k
• Will generate
cash flow in
rural areas at
market defined
interest rates
Fingerprint Authentication
Use of plastic ID cards
“smart or otherwise”
not viable in rural
areas
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Examples described are from the work
done by Tenet Group, IIT-Madras and
n-Logue
Such activity is going on all over the
country, albiet, in small pockets
At IITB, Prof. Ramamrithm, Prof. Joshi
have been working on projects involving
use of ICT for rural areas and have been
deployed in Pabal
Partial List of Some ICT4D projects in India
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eSeva, Integrated Citizen
Services, Andhra Pradesh
Lok Mitra and Jan Mitra
Projects from Rajasthan
e- BillPost and e- Post Services
of the Department of Posts
RASI (Rural Access to Services
through the Internet) earlier
called SARI and n- Logue
Communications
Gyandoot
Community Information
Centres (CIC) Project (Dept.
of Info Tech., Govt.of India)
Bhoomi
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Drishtee dot. com Ltd.
ITC eChoupal
Kuppam i- community, Andhra
Pradesh
Akshaya- Kerala Govt's
Hundred Percent ICT Literacy
Project
Information Village Research
Project- IVRP by MSSRF
Swayam Krishi Sangam (SKS)
TARAhaat
GRAMDOOT
M. S. Swaminathan Foundation
Partial List of Some ICT4D projects in India …
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ICT for Women’s
Empowerment
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Community Radio- Deccan
Development Society
Community Radio- Kutch
Mahila Vikas Sangathan
(KMVS):
Sisu Samrakshak ICTenabled Child health care
by UNICEF
Change InitiativesNabanna- Empowering
women 94
SEWA
Research Areas in ICT4D
with focus on Small Town and Rural
India
Networking and
Information Management
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What is the best, network architecture for
delivering voice, video and data
Wireless, fiber or copper or combination?
 Intermittent or always on connectivity?
 Mobile or stationary?
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Information management systems
What kind of information
 Fast access to information at low cost and
over low bandwidth connectivity
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User Interfaces
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Universal User Interface for multiple
languages and low literacy levels
Speech
 Iconic user interfaces
 Task-specific interfaces
 Universality possible?
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Affordable Devices
Affordability of device and network
connectivity extremely critical for ICT
penetration
 Are PCs, Hand-helds the only kind of
affordable devices?
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Health Care and Education
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Health Care
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ICT for affordable health care in rural areas
and small towns
Education
Training (CAD-CAM etc.)
 Learning
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Host of projects at KReSIT in e-education
Power
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Affordable and Reliable Power
Solar Power
 Locally generated power with local distribution
as opposed to centralized distribution system
 Low power electronics
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Microfinance and e-Commerce
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Microfinance
Micro Credit
 Micro Transactions
 Micro Payment
 What kind of models will be applicable
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e-Commerce
How to exploit the ubiquitous cellular
technology for microfinance?
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e-Governance
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e.g. Bhoomi Project – digitization of land
records
e-Banking
Already available for urbanites with
reasonable incomes
 How can this be extended to low income
groups and rural areas – rural ATM is step
towards this
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Business Models
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New Business Models
for sustainable use of ICT in rural and small
town India, as well as urban India
 e.g. we have the lowest cell phone tariff in
the world – 2 cents per minute, based not on
technology but clever business models which
has very low OPEX
 Grameen Phone in Bangladesh
 n-Logue
 e-choupal
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Services
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Services
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Which are the services that will be of interest
to rural population
Price of crops?
 Price of produce?
 ???
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Boils down to developing right content.
Easily said than done.
Entertainment
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Affordable Entertainment thru ICT
e.g. showing VCDs is very common in rural kiosks
 Financially lucrative
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Issues of providing quality entertainment on
low bandwidth network
Some Issues
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Is too much money (Govt. and private) being
diverted towards ICT4D at the expenses of real
social cause and infrastructure development (like
water ways, electricity, food distribution etc)?
How is ICT affecting gender equality in urban,
semi-urban and rural areas?
Is there a lot of hype in ICT4D which will fade
with time?
What has been the real impact of ICT for rural
folks?
…
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Questions
Comments
Thoughts
…
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ICT for Socioeconomic Development (ICT4SD)