‫בָ‬
Vowel name: qamets
ָ
sound: a as in father
transliteration: ā
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: patach
ָ
sound: a as in “cat”
transliteration: a
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: chatef-patach
ָ
sound: a as in “cat” also
basically indistinguishable from patach
transliteration: ă (superscripted)
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: seghol
ָ
sound: e as in “bet”
transliteration: e
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: tsere
ָ
sound: ey as in “grey”
transliteration: ē
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: chatef-seghol
sound: e as in “bet”
basically indistinguishable from seghol
transliteration: ĕ (superscripted)
ָ
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: chireq
ָ
sound: i as in “hit”
transliteration: i
‫בי‬
Vowel name: chireq-yodh
‫ָי‬
sound: long i (“ee”) as in “machine”
transliteration: ı̂
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: cholem
sound: o as in “hole”
transliteration: ō
‫בוָ‬
Vowel name: cholem-waw
sound: o as in “hole”
transliteration: ô
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: qibbuts
ָ
sound: u as in “hut”
transliteration: u
‫בּו‬
Vowel name: shureq
sound: long u as in “mule”
transliteration: û
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: qamets-chatuf
sound: o as in “odd”
same sign as qamets (a)
transliteration: o
ָ
‫בָ‬
Vowel name: chatef-qamets
ָ
sound: o as in “odd”
indistinguishable from qamets-chatuf
transliteration: ŏ (superscripted)
VOWEL CHART
From Mark Futato, Beginning Hebrew
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