Elaborado por: Ing Edson Rodriguez
Ingles o Idioma Extranjero I
L/O/G/O
www.themegallery.com
Contenidos
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Vocabulario Técnico
Reported Speech o Estilo Indirecto
Listening Activity
Marcadores Is/Are/Is define as
Verbos Auxiliares
Vocabulario Técnico
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Beams
Surveying
Building Materials
3 Storey building
Concrete
Brick mason
Reported Speech
• Definition
• Reported speech is often also called indirect
speech. When we use reported speech, we are
usually talking about the past (because
obviously the person who spoke originally spoke
in the past). The verbs therefore usually have to
be in the past too. For example:
• "I'm going to the cinema".
He said he was going to the cinema.
Reported speech
En las oraciones interrogativas usamos el mismo
orden gramatical: el sujeto va después del verbo
pero no es necesario usar el auxiliar "do" o "did".
Direct speech/ Reported speech"Where do
Susan and Ann work? " He asked me where
Susan and Ann worked."¿Dónde trabajan
Susan y Ann?"Él me preguntó dónde trabajaban
Mary y Tom.
Casos de Reported Speech
• 3. Question words:
• This type of question is reported by using 'ask' (or another verb like
'ask') + question word + clause. The clause contains the question, in
normal word order and with the necessary tense change.
• "What is your name?" he asked me. He asked me what my name
was.
• "How old is your mother?", he asked. He asked how old her
mother was.
• The policeman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" The policeman
asked the boy where he lived.
• "What time does the train arrive?" she asked. She asked what time
the train arrived.
• "When can we have dinner?" she asked. She asked when they
could have dinner.
• Peter said to John, "Why are you so late?" Peter asked John why
he was so late.
Listening Activity
• Organízate en pareja
• Escucha atentamente y completa los
espacios en blanco
Marcadores Is, Are, Is define as
• El verbo 'To be' tiene una importancia
especial en inglés. Se corresponde a los
verbos españoles "ser" y "estar".
Dependiendo del sentido de la frase
deduciremos de cual de los dos se trata.
• I am English / Soy inglés
I am in England / Estoy en Inglaterra
• Tiene algunos usos especiales distintos a
sus equivalentes españoles.
• Sirve para expresar la edad, en cuyo caso
se traduce por 'tener':
• Mary is 20 years old / Maria tiene 20
años
I am 21 / Yo tengo 21 años
How old are you? / ¿Cuántos años
tienes?
• Para expresar las sensaciones también se
emplea el verbo 'to be' y equivale al 'tener'
español.
• Are you hungry? / ¿Tienes hambre?
He is thirsty / Tiene sed
• - También para hablar sobre el tiempo
atmosférico. En este caso se traduce por
'hacer'
• It's windy / Hace viento
It's very cold / Hace mucho frío
Define as
• define as Verbo
• definir como define the measure as a
dangerous thing, Defino la medida como
un peligro
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1. Pon una de las formas del verbo "to be" en cada espacio.
1. This ________________ a lion.
2. They ________________ dolphins.
3. It ________________ a bycicle.
4. They ________________ oranges.
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5. We ________________ friends.
6. I ________________ a teacher.
7. It ________________ a bus.
8. You ________________ a doctor.
9. We ________________ happy.
10. She ________________ beautiful.
Actividades de Marcadores
• Actividad
• Coloque en los espacios en blanco IS-ARE-IS
DEFINE AS según corresponda.
• Immigrate ____________to enter and settle in a
country or region to which one is not native.
• Hyper Text Markup Language ___________ the
coding that is used to format web pages on
Servers so that Browsers can display them.
• Viruses _________ inactive until you run an
infected program, start your computer from a disk
with infected system files, or open an infected file.
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A type of modem that provides very high speed access to
the Internet over the same cable that your cable TV
service uses. Rates ________ asymmetric. This means
that downloads _________much faster than uploads.
The Central Processing Unit ________ a special chip
that controls what happens in a PC
The famous word “cost-cutting” _________ saving, or
reducing costs of the stuffs on business or just the items
we buy on a daily basis.
Universal Serial Bus ________ a high speed serial bus
found on all newer PCs
Worms _________ a close cousin to viruses and Trojan
Horses. Unlike a virus they don't infect other programs
Evolution ____________ any change in the frequency of
alleles within a gene pool from one generation to the next
Copyright _________the legal right of authors or other
creators of works tocontrol the reproduction and use of
their works.
Verbos auxiliares
• TO HAVE: Se usa para la formación de los tiempos
compuestos de pasado.
TO BE: Se usa para la forma progresiva o contínua y la
voz pasiva: I am eating apples, estoy comiendo
manzanas; Hamlet was written by Shakespeare, Hamlet
fue escrito por Shakespeare.
DO - DID: Son auxiliares para las formas interrogativas y
negativas de Presente Simple y Pasado Simple.
Trabajo en equipo
• Organízate en equipos de trabajo de 6
integrantes
• Elabora oraciones empleando los
marcadores, y definiendo términos de
ingeniería civil
• Ayúdate con las Lecturas (folletos)
estudiados
Thank You!
L/O/G/O
www.themegallery.com
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Elaborado por: Ing Edson Rodriguez Ingles o Idioma