Neutrinos y materia oscura
REDFAE
Desarrollo de detectores
• Desarrollar estudios detallados de
prototipos de detectores de materia
oscura con objetivo a largo plazo y de
frontera. A desarrollarse en México
• Busqueda sistemática del sitio
subterráneo (~ Industria minera)
Desarrollo de detectores
• Desarrollar prototipos de detectores de
neutrinos para salvaguardas (~ CFE)
• Buscar la conexión con colaboraciones
internacionales
Evidence for Dark Matter
• Flat Rotation
curves of Galaxies.
Rubin and W.K. Ford
(1970) “What you see
is not what you get.”
•
vc ~ r 1/2
Alternative Explanations
 Local
density :
3
0.3

Modified Newtonian Dynamics (Moglim 1983)

Modified Gravity such as Scalar tensor vector
gravity theory (Moffat 2006)
4
Evidence for Dark Matter
Lambda-Cold Dark Matter (concordance) model explains cosmic microwave background observations
(WMAP), as well as large scale structure observations (Sloan Digital Sky Survey) and supernovae Ia
data of the accelerating expansion of the universe.
The Composition of the Universe
5
WIMP DETECTION

f

f
Indirect Detection
 SuperK, AMANDA,
ICECUBE, GLAST
Annihilation
•Search for neutrinos, gamma rays, radio waves, antiprotons, positrons in earth- or
space-based experiments
Direct and indirect
methods are
_ 
complementary
p


techniques along
with a possible
discovery at the
e+

LHC
6
CDMS-II, ZEPLIN
Edelweiss,
DAMA, GENIUS,
etc




f
Direct Detection
of halo
particles in
terrestrial
detectors
DETECTION
f
WIMP
Scattering
7
Current direct detection
experiments
Discriminati
on
Name
CUORICINO
Location
Gran Sasso
Technique
Heat
Material
41 kg TeO2
Status
running
GENIUS-TF
Gran Sasso
Ionization
10 to 40 kg Ge in N2
running ???
HDMS
Gran Sasso
Ionization
0.2 kg Ge diodes
stopped
IGEX
Canfranc
Ionization
2 kg Ge Diodes
stopped
DAMA
Gran Sasso
Light
100 kg NaI
stopped
LIBRA
Gran Sasso
Light
250 kg NaI
running
NaIAD
Boulby mine
Light
46 kg NaI
stopped
ZEPLIN-I
Boulby mine
Light
4 kg Liquid Xe
stopped
XENON
Surface to
GS
Light+ Ionization
3 to 10 kg Liquid Xe
running
ZEPLIN II
Boulby mine
Light+ Ionization
6 kg Liquid Xe
running
CDMS-I
Stanford
Heat + Ionization
1 Kg Ge + 0.2 Kg Si
stopped
CDMS-II
Soudan mine
Heat + Ionization
2 to 7 kg Ge + 0.4 to 1.4
Kg Si
running
CRESST-I
Gran Sasso
Heat + Light
0.262 kg Al2O3
stopped
CRESST-II
Gran Sasso
Heat + Light
0.6 to 9.9 kg CaWO4
running
EDELWEISS-I
Modane
Heat + Ionization
1 kg Ge
stopped
EDELWEISSII
Modane
Heat + Ionization
10 to 30 kg Ge
In istallation
PICASSO
SNO
Bubble chamber
20 g Freon
running
8
Detección de materia oscura
COUPP
COUPP
Busqueda del sitio
Física de neutrinos
Neutrinos solares
Double Chooz
Proyecto
Angra
en Rio
Desarrollo de detectores
• Desarrollar estudios detallados de
prototipos de detectores de materia
oscura con objetivo a largo plazo y de
frontera. A desarrollarse en México
• Busqueda sistemática del sitio
subterráneo (~ Industria minera)
Desarrollo de detectores
• Desarrollar prototipos de detectores de
neutrinos para salvaguardas (~ CFE)
• Buscar la conexión con colaboraciones
internacionales
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Neutrinos y materia oscura