Identification of High Potential Students Scaling-Up Project CRITICAL Harlem Renaissance Technology Center August 17, 2009 NRC G/T The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented www.gifted.uconn.edu [email protected] “Schools are places for talent development.” Joseph Renzulli Theme: A Rising Tide Lifts All Ships The main focus of Joe Renzulli’s work has been to apply the pedagogy of gifted education to all students. Not every child has an equal talent or an equal ability or equal motivation; but all children have the equal right to develop their talent, ability, and motivation. ~John F. Kennedy What is Gifted & Talented? Gifted Behaviors vs. Gifted People How We Perceive “Gifted?” Matilda What is Gifted & Talented? Identification Activity Two Types of Giftedness School House or Lesson Learning Giftedness Creative/Productive Giftedness Conservative vs. Liberal Identification Methods • Conservative • Liberal – IQ/Cognitive test scores only – Top 1%-5% of student population – Under representation of culturally, linguistically, economically diverse & twice exceptional students – Multiple identification criteria – Top 10%-15% of student population – More inclusive Factors Influencing Gifted Behavior • Personality Factors Perception of Self, SelfEfficacy Courage Character Intuition Charm/Charisma Need for Achievement Ego Strength Energy Sense of Destiny Personal Attractiveness • Environmental Factors SES Parental Personalities Education of Parents Stimulation of Childhood Interests Family Position Formal Education Role Model Availability Physical Illness and/or Well Being Chance Factors Zeitgeist It’s difficult to reprimand some children for inattention in class. Three Ring Conception of Giftedness WHAT MAKES GIFTEDNESS? Task Commitment Above Average Ability Creativity Above Average Ability: Characteristics • General Ability Above Average Ability High levels of abstract thinking, verbal & numerical reasoning, spatial relations, memory and word fluency Adapts to novel situations Automization of information processing; rapid, accurate & selective retrieval of information Above Average Ability: Characteristics • Specific Ability Above Average Ability Application of various combinations of general abilities to one or more specialized areas of knowledge or performance Capacity for acquiring and using advanced knowledge, techniques, logistics and strategies Capacity to determine relevance of information Task Commitment: Characteristics • High levels of interest, Task Commitment • • • • enthusiasm, fascination, & involvement Shows perseverance, endurance, determination, hard work & dedicated practice Self-confident, belief in own ability, driven to achieve Ability to identify problems; tune in to new developments in field Sets high standards, open to criticism, developing sense of taste, quality & excellence about work products Creativity: Characteristics • Fluency, flexibility & originality Creativity of thought • Openness to experience; receptive to new and different thoughts, actions & products • Curious, speculative, adventurous, and “mentally playful”; willing to take risks in thought and action; uninhibited • Sensitive to detail, aesthetic characteristics of ideas and things; willing to act on and react to external stimulation and own ideas and feelings Three Ring Conception of Giftedness WHAT MAKES GIFTEDNESS? Task Commitment Above Average Ability Giftedness Is Evident Creativity Giftedness Appears… At Certain Times In Certain People A I Under Certain Circumstances U C C T P Identifying Talent Pool Students What are we looking for? Learning Profile? Personality Traits? IQ? We realize you do better on your IQ tests than you do in anything else, but you just cannot major in IQ. The Renzulli Identification System • Based on the 3-Ring Conception of Giftedness & the Enrichment Triad Model • Strives for equity, excellence & economy • Designed to be flexible (e.g. to follow state guidelines on cut-off scores) • Based on research of behavioral characteristics of highly creative & productive people WHAT MAKES GIFTEDNESS? Task Commitment Above Average Ability Creativity Talent Pool Membership • Students who demonstrate above average ability on cognitive tests • Students who would most benefit from supplementary services • May be based on state guidelines Test Score Nominations [Automatic, and Based on Local Norms] Step 1 92nd %ile Step 2 Alternative Pathways Teacher Nominations [Automatic Except in Cases of Teachers Who Are Over or Under Nominators] Step 3 Alternative Pathways Step 4 Special Nominations Step 5 Notification of Parents Action Information Nominations Step 6 Renzulli Identification System Total Talent Pool Consists of Approximately 15% of the General Population 99th %ile Student Profile: Trina • Curious, quick learner • Achieved English proficiency in one year • Family fled Bosnia • Self-Motivated • Likes languages Student Profile: Jake • Learning disabilities • Verbal, curious • Parents helped with reading & writing • Wide range of interests • IQ • Junior herpetologist Student Profile: Iris • Shy, quiet • Good grades • First generation American • Family values education • Gifted writer Student Profile: Reynaldo • Reluctant student • Easily disappointed & frustrated • Problems at home • Poor grades • Deep thinker, curious Student Profile: Keith • • • • Precocious learner Impatient with peers Needy mother Acts out • Great writer, mathematician, scientist Student Profile: Angelo • • • • Voracious reader Highly educated family Socially awkward Hates writing • Excellent mathematician, creative thinker Top 1% IQ Reading, Writing, Math Top 5-10% IQ Reading, Writing, Math Top 10-15% Alternate Pathways Identifying Talent Pool Students Local decision for criteria Use multiple criteria Top 10-15% - About 2-5 students Look beyond the obvious - look for potential as well as talent that is already developed Gifted class indeed! One is gifted in science but can’t read; one is gifted in reading, but won’t even try in math… The Golden Rule of Gifted Education There should be a direct relationship between the identification system and the types of services provided by the program!