Experiences with WSUS/SUS as
Patch Deployment Solution for
Windows at DESY
Reinhard Baltrusch,
Melvin Alfaro
DESY IT
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
1
WIN.DESY.DE
Situation
Over 2500 Windows clients in the domain to manage.
Discovered security holes requires more and more a quicker patch deployment
mechanism.
In former times group administrators install service packs and security fixes on
PCs of their group. Today it is absolute necessary and more efficient to
centralize these task.
SUS (Software Update Service) was for us the first suitable and free Microsoft
solution to deploy security fixes, but some functionality is missing.
Main problem was and still is, to control the success of security fix deployment
on every machine. Solutions in old manner are several scripts used for checking
status of patch installation. The development of programs like the “Microsoft
Baseline Security Analyzer” was a great step in the right direction.
WSUS 2.0 (Windows Server Update Service) as successor of SUS is the more
sophisticated solution and stands after IT internal tests in front of its DESY wide
usage.
XP Service Pack 2 is distributable over WSUS, but the rollout starts before WSUS
was available.
Server systems are managed over HFNetCheckPro.
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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The idea of updating clients with WSUS/SUS
Windows Update
WSUS/SUS
Internet
Microsoft
Update
Firewall
Database
Automatic Update Clients
Services :
Automatic Update
Background Intelligent
Transfer Service
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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Software Update Service (SUS)
Working on a Windows 2003 Server with IIS 6.0 (HP Blade 20p).
Supports most of the clients in the domain, has approved updates only for
Windows XP and Windows 2003 in english, but not for Windows 2000.
No integrated function to control success of deployment (only log files).
Clients are configured over group policy (“Automatically download updates
and install them on the schedule specified below”).
Laptop presentation problem (every day at 11:00 AM).
Users without local admin rights unable to hold up reboot after update
installation.
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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SUS Admin web interface
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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WSUS (Windows Server Update Service)
Next generation deployment service with advanced features, builds on the
features of SUS.
Windows 2003 Server with IIS6 (HP Blade 20p).
Better client side options per group policy (e.g.“Allow non-administrators to
receive update notifications”).
Update client (wuauclt) with command line options (e.g. force update
detection with : “wuauclt /detectnow”).
Options to define groups of computers for testing, reporting and other
purposes (“Targeting”).
Problems with updates of administrative Office installations (over NetInstall),
so at the moment no approval for installation of Office updates, only detection
of needed updates.
No approval for installation of “Service Packs”.
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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WSUS Admin web interface
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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New functions and advantages of WSUS
More updates for Microsoft products .
Ability to automatically download updates from Microsoft Update by product
and type.
Additional language support for customers worldwide (18 different languages).
Maximized bandwidth efficiency through Background Intelligent Transfer
Service (BITS) 2.0. (BITS 2.0 is not installed by WSUS, but is available on
Windows Update).
Ability to target updates to specific computers and computer groups.
Ability to verify that updates are suitable for each computer before
installation (this feature runs automatically for critical and security updates).
Flexible deployment options.
Reporting capabilities.
Flexible database options.
Data migration and import/export capabilities.
Extensibility through the application programming interface (API).
Better options for client configuration.
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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Overview of update classes from Microsoft
Connectors Software
Development Kits
Feature Packs *
Security Updates * #
Tools
*
Update Rollups *
Critical Updates * #
Drivers *
Guidance
Service Packs *
Updates (non-critical, non-security) *
* class can be distributed over WSUS
# class is automatically approved for detection
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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Supported products for update over WSUS
Windows XP
Windows XP 64-bit edition
Windows Server 2003 (all editions, 64-bit)
Windows 2000 (all edtions)
Office 2002/XP applications (incl. Project, Visio etc.)
Office 2003 applications (incl. Project, Visio etc.)
SQL server
Exchange Server 2003
All products in different languages
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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WSUS Admin - Updates
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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WSUS Admin - Update Approval
Approval actions :
•
Install
• Remove (this action is
possible only if the update
supports uninstall)
• Detect-only
• Decline
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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WSUS Admin - Reporting
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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WSUS Admin – Status of Updates
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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WSUS Admin – Status of Computers
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WSUS Admin - Computers
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Targeting of clients in different groups
Group A
Group A
WSUS
Group B
Group B
Group C …
All Computers
Unassigned Computers
Group C
Database
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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WSUS chains
WSUS
(upstream server)
WSUS
(downstream server)
Internet
Microsoft
Update
Database
Database
(MS tested max. 5 server/ recommended max. 3 server)
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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WIN.DESY.DE
Update of clients without direct Internet
connection
WSUS
(upstream server)
Internet
WSUS
(downstream server)
CD / DVD
Microsoft
Update
Database
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
Database
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WIN.DESY.DE
The database of WSUS
Contains WSUS server configuration information.
„Metadata“ for every update (information about update, among others
EULA).
Information about client, about updates and update state of client
computers.
Every WSUS Server has it’s own database.
With W2K3 WMSDE will be recommended (free and without spacelimit).
Interaction with database (MSDE or WMSDE) only over WSUS engine.
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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Storage of updates on the WSUS server
During synchronisation only the metadata of updates and one hash
value for the updates are downloaded from the Microsoft Update
server.
Not until after the approval for installation the update files will be
saved locally on the WSUS server (under WSUS Content).
The size of the necessary storage capacity varied intensely
depending on the quantity of approved updates (min. 6 GB,
recommended 30 GB).
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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Impact for the network through WSUS
Not until after the approval action „Install“ the necessary files for an
update were downloaded from the MU server to the WSUS server.
The approval action „Detect only“ allows to determin first if and for
how many computers an update is needed.
Through the usage of „Express installation files“ the Intranet can be
relieved.
MU
~300MB
~30MB
Express enabled
~100MB
~100MB
Express disabled
WSUS
CLIENT
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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Background Intelligent Transfer Service
(BITS 2.0)
Windows Service which allows the asynchronous download of files
over http.
Organizes transfer jobs through a system of queues with different
priorities and a time window for every priority.
Works inbetween foreground jobs with full bandwidth and background
jobs with unused bandwidth.
Reacts tolerant on interruption of synchronization.
BITS never initialize a network connection by itself.
Is „not“ distributable over WSUS, but is part of XP SP2.
API can be used for/with other applications.
XP supporttool „bitsadmin“ allows to use the service over a command
line for other purposes.
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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Problems / To do / Outlook
How to handle PCs where nobody log on locally (“somewhere in the
tunnel”) ?
How to handle Laptops which seldom connected to DESY network ?
How to handle “DESY-Home”-PCs which only connected from time to
time over VPN ?
How to handle Windows computers which are not in the domain ?
(local computer policy/registry)
Look for solution for the problem with administrative Office
installations.
Test service pack installations.
Find a good targeting structure.
Looking forward whether other products become available to get
updates over WSUS.
No look on advanced solutions like SMS 2003 in the near future.
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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References/Links
http://www.microsoft.com/wsus
http://www.wsuswiki.com/
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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The end – Questions ?
HEPiX Fall Meeting, SLAC 12.10.2005
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