Maryland’s Changing Demographics
Leadership Challenge XV
June 13, 2006
Presented by
Mark Goldstein
Maryland Department of Planning
Demographic Topics
• Statewide look at pop change by race &
Hispanic Origin
• Foreign born population
• Pop change by race & Hispanic origin by
jurisdiction
• Age data
Data Sources
• Decennial Census Data, 1990 & 2000
• Post 2000 Census Population Estimates,
2000 – 2004
Data Definition
• Minority is everyone who is NOT non-Hispanic
White
• Includes African Americans, Asians & Pacific
Islanders, American Indians, Multi-Race and
Hispanics
• Hispanics are an ETHNIC and not a RACIAL
minority. Hispanics can be of any race, but in
Maryland most (over 90%) are white
Growth in Non-Hispanic White & Minority
Population in Maryland,1980-1990
500,000
359,355
400,000
300,000
204,465
200,000
100,000
36%
64%
Non-Hispanic White
Minorities
0
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census Data, 1990 MARS and 2000 Modified Race
data
Growth in Non-Hispanic White & Minority
Population in Maryland, 1990 - 2000
480,749
500,000
400,000
300,000
200,000
100,000
0
-27,520
-100,000
Non-Hispanic White
Minorities
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census Data, 1990 MARS and 2000 Modified Race
data
Growth in Non-Hispanic White & Minority
Population in Maryland, 2000 - 2004
500,000
400,000
300,000
237,150
200,000
100,000
24,402
0
-100,000
Non-Hispanic White
Minorities
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census Data, 2000 Modified Race data &
population estimates, 2004
Net Domestic Migration For Maryland,
1995 - 2000
60,000
43,553
40,000
20,000
0
-20,000
-40,000
-60,000
-69,002
-80,000
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic White
African American
African American
Prepared by the Maryland Dept of Planning, Planning Data Services from Census 2000 Migration DVD
Population Change for Maryland by Race
and Hispanic Origin, 1990 – 2000 *
350,000
297,304
250,000
150,000
102,823
79,107
50,000
1,515
-50,000
-27,520
White
African
American
Asian
American
Indian
Hispanic
* Race for 1990 and 2000 are for non Hispanics. For 2000 includes single race only
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Share of 1990 – 2000 Pop Change for Maryland
0%
16%
63%
21%
African American
Hispanic
Asian
Amer Ind
Population Change for Maryland by Race
and Hispanic Origin, 2000 – 2004 *
350,000
250,000
150,000
114,134
69,801
50,000
41,661
24,423
284
11,270
-50,000
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
Two+
* Race for 2000 and 2004 are for non Hispanics.
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Share of 2000 – 2004 Pop Change for Maryland
4%
9%
16%
44%
27%
African American
Hispanic
Asian
Two+
NH_White
Maryland Population Share by Race & Hispanic
Origin, 1990
70%
69.6%
60%
50%
40%
30%
24.7%
20%
10%
2.9%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.3%
2.6%
American Hispanic
Indian
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs
Maryland Population Share by Race & Hispanic
Origin, 2000
70%
62.3%
60%
50%
40%
30%
27.9%
20%
10%
4.3%
4.1%
0.3%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
1.2%
Two +
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 2000 MARs
Maryland Population Share by Race & Hispanic
Origin, 2004
70%
60%
59.8%
50%
40%
28.6%
30%
20%
10%
5.4%
4.6%
0.3%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
1.3%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Foreign Born Population
•
•
•
•
•
Totals Over the Decades
Distribution
Impact on Population Growth
Origin of the Foreign Born
Ability to Speak English
Foreign-Born Entering Maryland by
Decade
250,000
228,429
200,000
147,953
150,000
100,000
50,000
86,233
44,665
0
1960s
1970s
1980s
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
1990s
Foreign-Born Entering Maryland by
Decade*
250,000
228,429
213,500
200,000
147,953
150,000
100,000
50,000
86,233
90,721
44,665
0
1960s
1970s
1980s
1990s
* For 2000s, estimates for 2000-2004 and extrapolation to 2010
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
2000s
Total Foreign Born in Maryland
595,089
600,000
518,315
500,000
400,000
313,494
300,000
195,581
200,000
100,000
94,178
124,345
0
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2004
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from Decennial Census data and 2004 ACS
Foreign Born as a Pct of Total
Population in Maryland
12%
11.0%
10%
9.8%
8%
6.6%
6%
4.6%
4%
3.0%
3.2%
2%
0%
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2004
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Decennial Census and ACS
Where Foreign-Born Settled
During the 1990s
31.6%
45.4%
23.0%
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Montgomery
Prince George's
Remainder
Where Foreign-Born Settled
During the 1980s
23.7%
50.1%
26.2%
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Montgomery
Prince George's
Remainder
“Rest” of the 1980s
12.0%
10.0%
8.0%
6.0%
8.1%
6.0%
4.2%
4.0%
2.8%
2.6%
2.0%
0.0%
Baltimore Baltimore
County
City
Howard
Anne
Arundel
Rest of
State
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
“Rest” of the 1990s
12.0%
10.7%
10.0%
8.0%
6.0%
6.3%
6.2%
5.0%
4.0%
3.4%
2.0%
0.0%
Baltimore Baltimore
County
City
Howard
Anne
Arundel
Rest of
State
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Total Foreign Born in Maryland by Jurisdiction – 2000
Montgomery
232,996
Prince George's
110,481
Baltimore Co
53,784
Baltimore City
29,638
Howard
28,113
Anne Arundel
23,211
Frederick
7,779
Harford
7,364
Charles
3,470
Wicomico
3,264
Carroll
3,046
Washington
2,477
0
50,000
100,000
150,000
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
200,000
250,000
Foreign Born as a Percent of Total Population – 2000
Montgomery
26.7%
Prince George's
13.8%
Howard
11.3%
Baltimore Co
7.1%
Anne Arundel
4.7%
Baltimore City
4.6%
Frederick
4.0%
Wicomico
3.9%
Harford
3.4%
Talbot
3.3%
Kent
2.9%
Charles
2.9%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
25%
30%
Components of Population Change,
1990 – 2000, Maryland
350,000
333,634
300,000
250,000
200,000
166,079
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
Net Natural Increase
Net Migration
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Components of Population Change,
1990 – 2000, Maryland
350,000
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
-50,000
-100,000
333,634
228,429
-62,350
Net Natural
Increase
Domestic Migration
Foreign
Immigration
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Components of Population Change for
Montgomery County, 1990 – 2000
120,000
80,000
103,686
73,617
40,000
0
-40,000
-61,148
-80,000
Net Natural
Increase
Domestic Migration
Foreign
Immigration
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Components of Population Change for
Prince George’s County, 1990 – 2000
80,000
78,950
52,460
60,000
40,000
20,000
0
-20,000
-40,000
-60,000
Net Natural
Increase
-58,776
Domestic Migration
Foreign
Immigration
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Components of Population Change for
Baltimore County, 1990 – 2000
30,000
25,361
24,550
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
7,736
5,000
0
Net Natural
Increase
Domestic Migration
Foreign
Immigration
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Components of Population Change for
Howard County, 1990 – 2000
30,000
23,402
25,005
20,000
11,372
10,000
0
Net Natural
Increase
Domestic Migration
Foreign
Immigration
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Components of Migration for
Baltimore City, 1990 – 2000
40,000
20,307
14,057
0
-40,000
-80,000
-120,000
-125,231
-160,000
Net Natural
Increase
Domestic Migration
Foreign
Immigration
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Origin of the Foreign Born in Maryland
(Entered 1990 – 2000)
100,000
80,000
79,585
75,430
60,000
40,000
36,978
34.8%
33.0%
32,064
20,000
16.2%
14.0%
3,451
0
Latin
America
Asia
Africa
Europe
North
America
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
921
Oceania
Country of Origin for the Foreign Born in
Maryland
El Salvador
India
41,818
32,276
Korea
China & Hong Kong
31,249
25,581
Philippines
21,007
Mexico
Jamaica
Nigeria
19,287
18,988
15,071
Vietnam
Germany
14,807
14,555
0
5,000
10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 40,000 45,000
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Country of Origin for the Foreign Born in
Maryland (cont.)
United Kingdom
Trinidad and Tobago
Guatemala
Iran
Canada
Russia
Peru
Taiwan
Pakistan
Ghana
14,206
11,050
10,309
9,733
9,019
8,723
8,407
7,928
7,183
6,550
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
40,000
50,000
Origin of the Foreign Born in Montgomery
(Entered 1990 – 2000)
50,000
40,000
36,898
36,113
30,000
20,000
15,387
10,000
35.6%
34.8%
14.8%
13,606
13.1%
1,215
0
Latin
America
Asia
Africa
Europe
North
America
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
467
Oceania
Country of Origin for the Foreign Born in
Montgomery County
El Salvador
India
China & Hong Kong
Korea
Vietnam
Iran
Philippines
Peru
Mexico
Jamaica
Taiwan
24,106
16,169
14,318
12,175
8,782
6,795
6,149
5,781
5,108
5,105
4,709
0
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
25,000
30,000
Origin of the Foreign Born in Prince
George’s (Entered 1990 – 2000)
40,000
30,000
25,209
20,000
13,238
11,231
10,000
48.0%
25.2%
21.4%
2,254
0
Latin
America
Africa
Asia
Europe
474
North
America
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
54
Oceania
Country of Origin for the Foreign Born in
Prince George’s County
El Salvador
Mexico
Jamaica
Nigeria
Philippines
India
Trinidad and Tobago
Guatemala
Sierra Leone
Guyana
China & Hong Kong
13,913
8,012
7,788
7,570
6,370
4,804
4,243
4,153
3,215
3,161
3,040
0
2,000
4,000 6,000
8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Origin of the Foreign Born in Baltimore
County (Entered 1990 – 2000)
20,000
15,000
10,000
9,518
7,142
5,000
3,992
38.8%
29.1%
16.8%
3,302
13.4%
549
0
Asia
Europe
Latin
America
Africa
North
America
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
47
Oceania
Country of Origin for the Foreign Born in
Baltimore County
Korea
India
Russia
China & Hong Kong
Ukraine
Philippines
Nigeria
Jamaica
Germany
United Kingdom
Trinidad and Tobago
4,022
4,020
2,896
2,803
2,485
2,422
2,108
1,933
1,874
1,847
1,349
0
1,000
2,000
3,000
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
4,000
5,000
Origin of the Foreign Born in Howard
County (Entered 1990 – 2000)
15,000
10,000
5,939
5,000
2,072
52.2%
1,877
18.2%
16.5%
Latin
America
Europe
1,140
193
0
Asia
Africa
North
America
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
151
Oceania
Country of Origin for the Foreign Born in
Howard County
Korea
India
China & Hong Kong
Philippines
Mexico
United Kingdom
Germany
Taiwan
Jamaica
Pakistan
Iran
4,706
3,098
1,863
1,081
994
892
811
810
803
736
709
0
1,000
2,000
3,000
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
4,000
5,000
Number in Maryland Who Speak
English “Not Well or Not at All”
120,000
111,256
80,000
62,184
40,000
28,033
0
1980
1990
2000
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Maryland Residents Who Speak English,
“Not Well” or “Not at All” by Language
Spoken at Home
60,000
59,326
50,000
111,256 total
40,000
30,000
27,001
21,544
20,000
10,000
53.3%
24.3%
19.4%
3,385
0
Spanish
Asian
Indo-European
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Other
Maryland Residents Who Speak English,
“Not Well” or “Not at All” by Language
Spoken at Home
16,000
14,000
12,000
10,000
9,946
8,777
8,000
6,000
4,374
4,365
4,000
2,000
0
Korean
Chinese
Russian
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Vietnamese
Montgomery Co. Residents Who Speak
English, “Not Well” or “Not at All” by
Language Spoken at Home
25,000
24,218
20,000
15,000
12,979
10,000
7,436
5,000
52.8%
28.3%
16.2%
1,202
0
Spanish
Asian
Indo-European
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Other
Montgomery Co. Residents Who Speak
English, “Not Well” or “Not at All” by
Language Spoken at Home
8,000
6,000
4,821
3,783
4,000
2,469
2,000
0
Chinese
Korean
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Vietnamese
Prince George’s Co. Residents Who Speak
English, “Not Well” or “Not at All” by
Language Spoken at Home
20,000
19,259
15,000
10,000
5,000
3,692
2,323
73.3%
14.0%
8.8%
Spanish
Asian
Indo-European
998
0
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Other
Baltimore Co. Residents Who Speak
English, “Not Well” or “Not at All” by
Language Spoken at Home
5,000
4,461
4,000
3,159
3,000
2,980
2,000
40.4%
28.6%
27.0%
1,000
439
0
Indo-European
Spanish
Asian
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Other
Baltimore Co. Residents Who Speak
English, “Not Well” or “Not at All” by
Language Spoken at Home
3,000
2,148
2,000
1,139
1,058
Chinese
Korean
1,000
0
Russian
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, from U.S. Census data
Population Change by Race and
Hispanic Origin for Jurisdictions
• Total Change
– 1990 – 2000
– 2000 - 2004
• Share of Total Pop
– 1990
– 2004
Percent Minority Population - 1990
Baltimore City
PrinceGeorge'
Somerset
39.5%
Maryland
30.4%
Dorchester
28.9%
Montgomery
27.5%
Wicomico
24.1%
Kent
22.8%
Worcester
22.7%
Charles
21.7%
Talbot
18.9%
Howard
18.0%
Caroline
17.8%
Calvert
17.3%
St Mary's
16.5%
Baltimore Co.
15.8%
AnneArundel
15.3%
Queen Anne's
12.3%
Harford
11.6%
Frederick
7.6%
Washington
7.4%
Cecil
6.0%
Carroll
3.8%
Allegany 2.9%
Garrett 1.0%
0%
20%
40%
61.4%
58.4%
60%
80%
100%
Percent Minority Population - 2000
Prince George's
Baltimore City
Somerset
Mongtomery
Maryland
Charles
Dorchester
Wicomico
Howard
Baltimore Co
Kent
Anne Arundel
Worcester
St, Mary's
Caroline
Talbot
Calvert
Harford
Frederick
Queen Anne's
Washington
Allegany
Cecil
Carroll
Garrett
75.5%
68.8%
44.1%
40.0%
37.7%
32.5%
31.1%
28.3%
27.1%
26.3%
21.5%
20.0%
19.5%
19.4%
19.1%
18.7%
16.9%
14.0%
11.7%
11.4%
10.8%
7.4%
7.3%
4.8%
1.5%
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Percent Minority Population - 2004
Prince George's
Baltimore City
Somerset
Montgomery
Charles
Maryland
Howard
Dorchester
Baltimore County
Wicomico
Anne Arundel
Kent
St. Mary's
Caroline
Worcester
Talbot
Calvert
Harford
Frederick
Washington
Queen Anne's
Cecil
Allegany
Carroll
Garrett
69.9%
44.4%
43.4%
40.2%
40.2%
31.5%
30.8%
30.6%
29.2%
22.0%
20.2%
19.8%
19.4%
18.5%
18.0%
17.1%
16.3%
15.2%
12.4%
10.9%
8.5%
7.8%
6.2%
1.4%
0%
20%
40%
60%
80.0%
80%
100%
Pct Point Change in Minority Population
Share, 1990 -2004
Prince George's
Charles
Montgomery
Baltimore
Howard
Maryland
Baltimore City
Frederick
Anne Arundel
Wicomico
Washington
Somerset
Allegany
Harford
St. Mary's
Cecil
Carroll
Dorchester
Caroline
Garrett
Calvert
Talbot
Queen Anne's
Kent
Worcester
-10%
-0.3%
-0.9%
-1.3%
-2.6%
-4.2%
-5%
9.8%
8.5%
7.6%
6.6%
5.1%
4.9%
4.9%
4.8%
4.8%
3.3%
2.5%
2.4%
1.8%
1.6%
0.5%
0%
5%
10%
18.5%
16.0%
14.8%
13.4%
15%
20%
21.7%
25%
Population Change for Montgomery Co. by
Race & Hispanic Origin, 1990 – 2000*
50,000
43,258
40,000
44,922
39,337
30,000
20,000
10,000
216
0
-10,000
-20,000
-30,000
-24,966
White
African
American
Asian
American
Indian
Hispanic
* Race for 1990 and 2000 are for non Hispanics. For 2000 includes single race only
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Population Change for Montgomery Co. by
Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 – 2004 *
50,000
40,000
30,000
20,811
19,218
20,000
8,667
10,000
2,524
0
-39
-2,832
-10,000
-20,000
-30,000
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
Two+
* Race for 2000 and 2004 are for non Hispanics.
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Montgomery Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 1990
80%
72.5%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
11.8%
8.1%
10%
7.4%
0.2%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs
Montgomery Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004
80%
70%
60%
56.6%
50%
40%
30%
20%
15.3%
13.2%
13.0%
10%
0.2%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
1.7%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Population Change for Prince George’s Co.
by Race & Hispanic Origin, 1990 – 2000*
150,000
136,538
100,000
Influence of
migration from
Wash, D.C.
50,000
27,087
4,542
0
171
-50,000
-100,000
-106,814
-150,000
White
African
American
Asian
American
Indian
Hispanic
* Race for 1990 and 2000 are for non Hispanics. For 2000 includes single race only
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Population Change for Prince George’s Co.
by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 – 2004 *
Continued loss of white pop;
relatively stronger growth in
Hispanics – nearly equal to
previous 10-yr. growth
150,000
100,000
42,978
50,000
25,106
860
0
-62
749
-28,179
-50,000
-100,000
-150,000
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
Two+
* Race for 2000 and 2004 are for non Hispanics.
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Prince George’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 1990
80%
70%
60%
50.2%
50%
41.6%
40%
30%
20%
10%
3.8%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.3%
4.1%
American Hispanic
Indian
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs
Prince George’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004
80%
70%
64.7%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
20.0%
9.7%
10%
3.9%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.3%
American Hispanic
Indian
1.4%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Population Change for Charles County by
Race & Hispanic Origin, 1990 – 2000*
14,000
13,052
12,000
Nearly 90 % of
gain is minority
growth
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
2,193
1,017
976
131
0
White
African
American
Asian
American
Indian
Hispanic
* Race for 1990 and 2000 are for non Hispanics. For 2000 includes single race only
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Population Change for Charles County by
Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 – 2004 *
14,000
12,760
12,000
Growth is entirely
minority. In four
years nearly equal to
previous 10 for AA
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
1,261
744
688
-36
-156
-2,000
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
Two+
* Race for 2000 and 2004 are for non Hispanics.
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Charles County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 1990
80%
78.3%
70%
Over ¾ white;
less than 1/5 AA
60%
50%
40%
30%
18.1%
20%
10%
1.3%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.7%
1.7%
American Hispanic
Indian
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs
Charles County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004
80%
70%
60%
59.8%
White share less
than 60%; AA share
approaching 1/3
50%
40%
32.5%
30%
20%
10%
2.2%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.6%
2.9%
American Hispanic
Indian
2.0%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Population Change for Baltimore County
by Race & Hispanic Origin, 1990 – 2000*
66,671
70,000
AA - Influence of
migration from
Baltimore City
60,000
50,000
40,000
30,000
20,000
9,333
10,000
0
-10,000
-20,000
-30,000
392
-26,986
White
African
American
Asian
American
Indian
5,643
Hispanic
* Race for 1990 and 2000 are for non Hispanics. For 2000 includes single race only
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Population Change for Baltimore County
by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 – 2004 *
70,000
Nearly same pattern; but
Hispanic growth nearly
equal to previous 10
years
60,000
50,000
40,000
29,461
30,000
20,000
10,000
0
-10,000
-20,000
-30,000
4,678
184
4,042
1,861
-13,697
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
Two+
* Race for 2000 and 2004 are for non Hispanics.
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Baltimore County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 1990
90%
84.2%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
12.2%
10%
2.2%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.2%
1.2%
American Hispanic
Indian
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs
Baltimore County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004
90%
80%
70%
Whites < 70%;
AA approaching
1/4 ; Asians &
Hispanics < 5 %
69.4%
60%
50%
40%
30%
23.2%
20%
10%
3.7%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.3%
2.3%
American Hispanic
Indian
1.1%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Population Change for Harford Co. by
Race & Hispanic Origin, 1990 – 2000*
30,000
26,867
White growth
5.6/1 to AA
growth
20,000
10,000
4,778
1,002
0
White
African
American
Asian
7
American
Indian
1,348
Hispanic
* Race for 1990 and 2000 are for non Hispanics. For 2000 includes single race only
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Pop Change for Harford County by Race
Hispanic & Origin, 2000–2004 *
30,000
White growth now 1.9
to 1 to AA growth.
Hispanic growth
=previous 10-year gain
20,000
10,000
9,169
4,842
825
0
White
African
American
Asian
26
1,315
American Hispanic
Indian
827
Two+
* Race for 2000 and 2004 are for non Hispanics.
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Harford County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 1990
90%
88.4%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
8.4%
10%
1.3%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.2%
1.5%
American Hispanic
Indian
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs
Harford County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004
90%
83.7%
80%
70%
Change in shares about
equal to previous 10
years for whites, a bit
more for AA
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10.6%
10%
1.8%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.2%
2.3%
American Hispanic
Indian
1.4%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Population Change for Frederick County
by Race & Hispanic Origin, 1990 – 2000*
35,000
33,525
30,000
Overwhelmingly
white. Ratio of
white to AA = 7.6
to 1
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
4,420
5,000
1,885
0
White
African
American
Asian
2,951
105
American
Indian
Hispanic
* Race for 1990 and 2000 are for non Hispanics. For 2000 includes single race only
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Population Change for Frederick County
by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 – 2004 *
35,000
White share much smaller
than previous 10 years (78%
vs. 55%). AA change almost
as much; Hispanic > previous
10 years
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
12,314
10,000
5,000
3,040
2,104
0
White
African
American
Asian
3,783
119
American Hispanic
Indian
1,017
Two+
* Race for 2000 and 2004 are for non Hispanics.
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Frederick County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 1990
90%
92.4%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
5.3%
1.0%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.2%
1.1%
American Hispanic
Indian
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs
Frederick County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004
90%
84.8%
80%
White share drops
almost as much as
in previous 10
years (3.5 vs. 4.1)
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
7.1%
2.5%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.2%
3.9%
American Hispanic
Indian
1.5%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Population Change for Carroll County by
Race & Hispanic Origin, 1990 – 2000*
30,000
24,979
Overwhelmingly
white gain (94%)
20,000
10,000
539
0
White
African
American
441
Asian
137
American
Indian
586
Hispanic
* Race for 1990 and 2000 are for non Hispanics. For 2000 includes single race only
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Population Change for Carroll County by
Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 – 2004 *
30,000
Still mostly white, but
less so (79.5%). AA &
Hispanic increase
greater than in
previous 10 years
20,000
12,130
10,000
1,194
799
African
American
Asian
0
White
43
873
American Hispanic
Indian
223
Two+
* Race for 2000 and 2004 are for non Hispanics.
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Carroll County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 1990
100%
96.2%
80%
60%
40%
20%
2.3%
0%
White
African
American
0.6%
Asian
0.1%
0.7%
American Hispanic
Indian
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs
Carroll County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004
100%
93.8%
80%
60%
40%
20%
2.8%
0%
White
African
American
1.2%
Asian
0.2%
1.4%
American Hispanic
Indian
0.6%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Population Change for Howard County by
Race & Hispanic Origin, 1990 – 2000*
30,000
27,248
White is largest
increase but
less than ½ of
total increase
(48.2%)
20,000
14,105
11,261
10,000
3,791
162
0
White
African
American
Asian
American
Indian
Hispanic
* Race for 1990 and 2000 are for non Hispanics. For 2000 includes single race only
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Population Change for Howard County by
Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 – 2004 *
30,000
White gain now
fourth largest
20,000
10,000
8,157
4,974
2,487
1,987
30
0
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
1,261
Two+
* Race for 2000 and 2004 are for non Hispanics.
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs and 2000 Modified Race data
Howard County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 1990
100%
80%
82.0%
60%
40%
20%
11.6%
4.3%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
0.2%
2.0%
American Hispanic
Indian
* Race share is non-Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Data 1990MARs
Howard County’s Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004
100%
80%
68.5%
60%
White share drops
another 4.4 pct pts.,
Increase spread out
40%
20%
15.3%
10.3%
0.2%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
3.7%
American Hispanic
Indian
2.0%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Age Data
• Arrest rates by age and gender
• Pop Distribution by Age and Race
U.S. Arrest Rates by Age and Gender - 2004
(per 10,000 population)
1,600
1,400
1,200
1,000
800
600
400
200
0
10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64
Males
65+
Females
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning, using arrest statistics from the FBI (Crime in the U.S. in 2004), and U.S.
Census Bureau population estimates
2004 Population Distribution by
Race/Hispanic Origin from Maryland
14%
12%
10%
8%
6%
4%
2%
0%
4
0-
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
5- 0-1 5-1 0-2 5-2 0-3 5-3 0-4 5-4 0-5 5-5 0-6 5-6 0-7 5-7 0-8
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
+
85
White
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from Census Bureau population estimates
2004 Population Distribution by
Race/Hispanic Origin from Maryland
14%
12%
10%
8%
6%
4%
2%
0%
4
0-
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
5- 0-1 5-1 0-2 5-2 0-3 5-3 0-4 5-4 0-5 5-5 0-6 5-6 0-7 5-7 0-8
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
White
+
85
Afr. American
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from Census Bureau population estimates
2004 Population Distribution by
Race/Hispanic Origin from Maryland
14%
12%
10%
8%
6%
4%
2%
0%
4
0-
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
5- 0-1 5-1 0-2 5-2 0-3 5-3 0-4 5-4 0-5 5-5 0-6 5-6 0-7 5-7 0-8
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
White
+
85
Asian
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from Census Bureau population estimates
2004 Population Distribution by
Race/Hispanic Origin from Maryland
14%
12%
10%
8%
6%
4%
2%
0%
4
0-
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
9
4
5- 0-1 5-1 0-2 5-2 0-3 5-3 0-4 5-4 0-5 5-5 0-6 5-6 0-7 5-7 0-8
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
White
+
85
Hispanic
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from Census Bureau population estimates
Montgomery Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004
80%
70%
60%
56.6%
50%
40%
30%
20%
15.3%
13.2%
13.0%
10%
0.2%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
1.7%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Montgomery Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004, Males 15-19
80%
70%
60%
54.4%
50%
40%
30%
20%
16.3%
15.1%
11.6%
10%
0.2%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
2.5%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Montgomery Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004, Males 20-24
80%
70%
60%
50%
45.5%
40%
30%
22.1%
20%
16.8%
13.4%
10%
0.2%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
2.0%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
Montgomery Population Share by Race &
Hispanic Origin, 2004, Males 25-29
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
40.5%
30%
24.8%
20%
17.0%
15.9%
10%
0.2%
0%
White
African
American
Asian
American Hispanic
Indian
1.5%
Two +
Prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning from U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
2004 Percent Minority by Age Group for
Montgomery County
60%
49.7%
50%
52.5%
49.4%
43.4%
40%
32.2%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Total
0-14
15-29
Source: Census Bureau Population Estimates
30-44
45+
Summary – A Few Key Points
• Maryland is a diverse state and one that is
becoming more diverse over time
• This diversity is being promoted by net outmigration of non-Hispanic whites, inmigration of African Americans and steady
and significant foreign immigration
Summary – A Few Key Points
• Foreign immigration plays a major role in
population growth in the State in general,
and an even larger role for particular
counties
• Although the minority population is
growing in 19 out of 24 jurisdictions, it is
not uniform as to its race/ethnic makeup
Summary – A Few Key Points
• In many jurisdictions, growth in Asians and
Hispanics over the 2000-2004 period nearly
matches, or exceeds, growth over the
previous 10 years
• Spanish speakers are the largest share of
those that have trouble speaking English,
although this can vary by jurisdiction.
Summary – A Few Key Points
• In almost all cases, minority population is
younger than the non-Hispanic white
population
• As a result, minority share of the population
in key crime age cohorts will be larger than
their share of the general population
Thank You…..
Mark Goldstein
[email protected]
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Maryland’s Changing Demographics