Traditional Fantasy January 30, 2011 Prepared and presented by: Michele Marrocco History of Traditional Fantasy The first traditional fantasy stories originated from an oral telling and the author more than likely was unknown. These stories contained tales and folklore that may have involved magic, talking animals or stories of a time long, long ago. Traditional fantasy can be a picture book or a book with little to no pictures. Characteristics of Fantasy Tales Character development is lean Plots are simplistic Books are generally thematic in nature with kindness, rewards, good, justice, mercy, etc. Settings are normally in a distant past such as ‘long, long ago,….’ Time passes quickly Types of Fantasy stories: Folktales: (Cumulative, Why, Beasts, Humor, Trickster, Realistic and Fairy Tales) Tall Tales Fables Myths Epics, ballads and legends Early to now Fantasy Tales 700 AD 9th century 1470 1595 1937 1954 1726 1865 Why Fantasy? Fantasy is the ‘mother’ of all other genres since everything started orally. Everyone, young and old, wants to escape their reality at some time or another. Imaginations are sparked by far away lands and magical beings. Creates an understanding that the reader can identify with universal struggles relating to mankind. Great pleasure is derived from reading the fantasy genre by its readers. Next we have some samples with summaries of classic traditional fantasy stories…….. Beauty and The Beast Author/Illustrator: Marianna Mayer/Mercer Mayer This story depicts true love that comes from within. It examines the elements of social and cultural censorship. Belle is strong-willed, independent, and smart. She grows to love the Beast for his inner beauty. Despite his frightening appearance, the Beast has a very sensitive side. He displays this act of self-sacrifice when he risks his life for Belle. Because she learns to truly love the Beast for his inward appearance and not his outward appearance, Belle breaks the evil spell that captured him and he is able to enjoy life with beautiful Belle. Mufaro’s Beautiful Daughters: An African Tale Author/Illustrator: John Steptoe Mufaro’s Beautiful Daughters is an African tale similar to the Cinderella story. Mufaro is a happy man who has two beautiful daughters: one is kind and sweet and the other is mean and cruel. The king decided that he wanted to get married so he summoned all the beautiful women who felt worthy of becoming his queen. Manyara wanted to cheat her way to the throne. She tried everything to make sure she was chosen, but Nyasha’s kindness won the heart of the king. This is a really good book for teaching diversity, hospitality, and a lesson on honesty. Little Red Riding Hood Author/Illustrator: Grimm Brothers/Trina Schart Hyman Little Red Riding Hood is a classic tale that depicts the adventure a little girl had with a wolf while visiting her grandmother. This book encourages early language skills and it is easy reading material for young children. The Three Little Pigs Author/Illustrator: Steven Kellogg The mother pig tells her three little pigs to go out and find new homes. As they journey to complete this task, the pigs are faced with decisions in reference to the best material to use to build their houses. Of course the big bad wolf comes along and destroys two of the houses, but he is unable to destroy the third house. There is a moral to this story and it reveals how the third pig acted wisely. This story also encourages children to be careful and aware of strangers and to act wisely. The Water of Life Author/Illustrator: Grimm Brothers (retold by Barbara Rogasky)/Trina Schart Hyman • Three sons are determined to find a cure for their gravely ill father, the king. It was told to them that the only thing that would save their father was the Water of Life, but it is very hard to get. The two older sons journey to find this Water of Life, they had ulterior motives: one felt that the father would make him sole heir to his kingdom and the other felt that if his brother was surely dead the kingdom would be his. The two older brothers met an elf and were very mean to him. He could have helped them, but was too proud to ask or take advice. The third brother responded to the elf with kindness. Because of this, the elf helped him. As a result, he found the Water of Life. The elf released the brothers, but he warned the third brother of their wickedness. The youngest brother endured some hardships, but he overcame and was rewarded tremendously. Interesting Facts • In the early 19th century, the Brothers Grimm were responsible for the writing down and preserving the oral traditions in Germany such as Snow White, Rapunzel, and Hansel and Gretel. Interesting Facts (cont’d) • Thomas Malory's Morte d'Arthur and Robin Hood weren't written with children in mind but children in the 15th century were fascinated by the stories. Interesting Facts (cont’d) • Charles Perrault laid the foundation of the fairy tale in France. His stories include Little Red Riding Hood, Sleeping Beauty, Puss in Boots, and Cinderella. Interesting Facts (cont’d) • In 1744 John Newberry published A Pretty Little Pocketbook in England. He sold it with a ball for boys or a pincushion for girls. Interesting Facts (cont’d) • In 1900 L Frank Baum published The Wizard of Oz in the United States. It has been translated in to 40 different languages and has 13 sequels. References •A Brief History of Fantasy retrieved 1/19/2001 from http://home.austarnet.com.au/petersykes/fantasy100/admin_history.html •Absolute Astronomy retrieved 1/18/2001 from http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Children's_literature •EAC Faculty retrieved 1/19/2001 from http://www.eacfaculty.org/morales/ECE281%20Chapter%209%20notes_fall2010.pdf •Images retrieved from: http://www.google/images.com and http://www.amazon.com •Norton, D.E. Norton, D. E. (2011). Through the eyes of a child. Pearson Education, Inc. as Allyn & Bacon, 261-293.