Namaskar !!
Welcome
to
India
Introduction
India is a land of rich
cultural heritage and
myriad facets.
India is the biggest and
most ancient
experiment where
almost all racial and
ethnic groups of the
world have met and
mixed.
Location on World map
India is situated in
Southern Asia, between
Burma and Pakistan.
India is a peninsula
flanked by the Arabian
Sea in West , Bay of
Bengal in East & Indian
Ocean in South
India – a Political Unit
India comprises of 27
states & 7 union
territories
India is a quasi federal
political system wherein
each state acts
independently as well as
there is a central govt. to
control the political unit
India – Cultural heritage
This free flow of
thought, life style from
times immemorial has
been taking its own
course and the end
result has been shaping
the humanity and the
rich cultural heritage of
India
Cultural heritage - Language
India is cradle of 416
different languages
• Official language
Hindi/English
• Two major language
families are
–Indo-Aryan
(North India)
–Dravidian (South
India)
Literature – Poets & Epics
• Indian literature is generally
acknowledged as one of the
oldest in the world.
• It is Inspired by music ,
religion & rich traditions.
• Famous poets like Rabindra
Nath Tagore & Kalidas were
born here.
Literature – Poets & Epics
• Great epics like Ramayana
and Mahabharata belong to
the land of India
• These epics serve as folk
epics of other Asian
countries like Thailand,
Malaysia and Indonesia too
Performing Arts – Music & Dance
• Includes variety of
folk, popular, pop
and classical music
• Diverse regional
dances like Bhangra
in Punjab , Bihu in
Assam , Ghoomar of
Rajasthan, Kathak in
U.P, Bharatnatyam
in Tamil nadu
Visual Arts - Painting
• India has rich heritage of
Rock paintings (older than
550 B.C.)
• Cave paintings in Ajanta and
Ellora testify love of God
• Freshly made coloured flour
design (Rangoli) is coomon
Different types of painting
•
•
•
•
Madhubani painting
Mysore painting
Rajput painting
Mughal painting
Visual Arts – Sculpture & Architecture
• India is famous for Stone
and bronze carvings, Temple
carvings,Pink sandstone
culture of Mathura,Fatehpur
Sikri,Taj Mahal,Qutab Minar,
Red Fort , Victoria
Memorial ,Lotus temple
• The white marble TAJ
MAHAL is amongst the
SEVEN WONDERS OF THE
WORLD
Recreation & Sports
• India sports numerous
indigenous as well as
international games like
kabaddi , chess, cricket ,
hockey etc.
Clothing
• India has given birth to a
variety of clothing and has
been the hub of innovation
• Various ensembles like
saree, salwaar kameez ,
dhoti , kurta as well as
western outfits are
fashioned by Indians
Cuisine
• India has given birth to the
use of spices and herbs that
has given birth to Ayurveda,
Homeopathy used for
treating ailments
Various preparations like
chutneys and pickles are
Indian speciality
Cinema
Indian cine industry popularly
called Bollywood (Hindi
movies) produces max.
movies and ranks #1 in
terms of no. of tickets sold
Movies are also made in
various other languages like
Kannada, Tamil, Marathi.
Religion & Philosophy
India is a home of diverse
religions in the world were
born in India like Hinduism,
Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism,
Islam ,Christianity ,
Zoroastrianism, Judaism.
India is a living example of
UNITY in DIVERSITY
Rajasthan – the Great Indian desert
• Rajasthan is the largest state
of India
• It is a colorful state with
multi facet culture
• Jaipur – pink city is the
capital
Rajasthan – the Great Indian desert
• Rajasthan is also known as
“The Great Indian Desert” as
the western region
comprises of Thar desert
• This state has lakes in
Udaipur , desert in
Jaisalmer, vegetation in
Ganganagar , mines in
Bhilwara & palaces & forts
all across the length &
breadth
Rajasthan – fairs & dance
• Celebration for every
religious occasion, every
change of season, every
harvest almost round the
year
• Part of life in Rajasthan
• Lively and exhilarating
• Famous dance is ghumar
Jaipur – the pink city
• Jaipur, the pink city was
founded in 1727 by Maharaja
Jai Singh II, a Kachhwaha
Rajput, who ruled from 16991744.
• Jaipur is the first planned city of
India and the King took great
interest while designing this city
of victory. He consulted several
books on architecture and
architects before making the lay
out of Jaipur
Jaipur – Splendid city
• In 1853, when Prince of Wales
visited Jaipur, the whole city was
painted in Pink color to welcome
him. Still, the neat and broadly laidout avenues, painted in pink provide
a magical charm to the city.
• Jaipur is rich in its cultural and
architectural beauty, which can be
traced in the various historical and
aesthetic places that reside in the
city.
• This city of victory really wins the
hearts of the people with its splendid
charisma
Jaipur - Monuments
• Jaipur has various
monuments which are
famous all over the world
for majestic grandeur.
• Famous among them are
Hawa Mahal , Jantar
Mantar, City Palace, Amber
Fort etc.
Hawa
Mahal
City
Amber
Jal Palace
Mahal
Fort
Jaipur – Fairs & Festivals
• Elephant Festival commences
with a parade of decorated
Elephants marching towards the
ground.
• Different competitions are
organized to enjoy the festival to
its full. Elephants engaged in
races, polo-matches and tug-ofwar with men make the
spectators spellbound.
Jaipur – Fairs & Festivals
• Teej Festival is one of the most
popular festivals of India. Festival
of Teej is widely celebrated, but
its real charm can be found only
in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Teej
celebrates the arrival of
monsoon, after the scorching
sun of summers.
• Kite Festival is celebrated in
January when kites of different
colors are flown in sky
Jaipur – Fairs & Festivals
• Gangaur is a significant festival of
Jaipur, especially meant for the women.
Gangaur festival is widely acclaimed and
celebrated throughout the state of
Rajasthan.
• The festival of Gangaur starts with the
subsequent day of Holi and persists for
about 2 weeks.
• Gangaur is celebrated in the honor of
Goddess Gauri, who is considered as the
symbol of virtue, devotion, fertility and
a perfect married woman
Jaipur – Specialties
• Jaipur is renowned all over
the world for semi-precious
stones , camel leather items,
jewellery , blue pottery ,
block printing, carpets etc.
• To conclude , I would
like to invite u all to the
city of palaces &
splendour – Jaipur
• Come to feel the
magnificance !!
It was a presentation by
Smriti Gangwal !!
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s
Vidyashram
Jaipur, India
Shukriya!!
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